1996 Census of Canada: Electronic Area Profiles

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Profile of Federal Electoral Districts (1996 Representation Order), 1996 Census

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:95F0180XDB96001
Release date:October 29, 1998
Topic:Profile: All Variables
Data dimensions:

Note

Updated March 17, 1999.


Non-permanent Residents

In 1991 and 1996, the Census of Population enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Non-permanent residents are persons who held a student or employment authorization, Minister's permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them, at the time of the Census.

Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the UN recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

According to the 1991 Census, there were 223,410 non-permanent residents in Canada, representing slightly less than 1% of the total population. There were fewer non-permanent residents in Canada at the time of the 1996 Census: 166,715 non-permanent residents or 0.6% of the total population in 1996.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991 or 1996 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents. These include the major metropolitan areas in Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties and the reluctance to complete a government form or understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population and resulted in undercounting.


Ethnic Origin Area Profile Description:

This table shows counts for the 100 most frequently reported ethnic origins in Canada, based on single response counts (persons who reported one ethnic origin only).

Respondents who reported one ethnic origin are included in the single response row. Respondents who reported more than one ethnic origin are included in the multiple response row for each ethnic group they reported. The total response row indicates the number of respondents who reported each ethnic origin.

Users should be careful when interpreting multiple response counts because respondents who reported more than one ethnic origin are counted in the multiple response row for each ethnic origin they reported. This table cannot be used to calculate the ethnic distribution of the population.

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'. It is used to denote a residual ethnic grouping which contains either a very general ethnic response or several ethnic origins not included as separate groups within an ethnic category. For example, the group 'African (Black), n.i.e.' includes responses such as 'African', 'African Black', 'West African', 'Senegalese', 'Zimbabwean', 'Bantu', 'Zulu', etc.

Comparability of ethnic origin data between the 1996 Census and previous censuses has been affected by several factors, including changes in the question format, wording, examples (such as 'Canadian'), instructions and data processing, as well as by the social environment at the time of the census. The 1996 Census required that respondents write in their ethnic origin(s) on four write-in lines, whereas previous censuses provided the respondent with both mark-in categories and write-in lines.

For more information on ethnic origin, please refer to the 'User Guide: Ethnic Origin' in the electronic documentation supplied with this product. (C:\Rec96cen\Document\English\Other\Ethnic.txt)


Visible Minority Population Area Profile Description:

This table provides counts of the visible minority population as defined for employment equity purposes. The 1996 Census was the first census to ask a direct question to provide data on visible minorities. The data included in this table are obtained from the population group question (Question 19).

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'. The mark-in groups, other than 'White', listed in the population group question are those that are likely to be members of a visible minority group.

For more information on the visible minority population, please refer to the 'User Guide: Visible Minority and Population Group' in the electronic documentation supplied with this product. (C:\Rec96cen\Document\English\Other\Pop.txt)


Note: For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity data with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E in the electronic documentation supplied with this product.


Data Quality Notes: Industry Divisions

Division N - Government Service Industries: The entire Government Service Industries Division is a difficult area to code. Census respondents tend to give the response 'government' for any number of administrative government or government-related activities. The classification calls for most government-related activities to be coded to divisions other than Government Service Industries. For example, road maintenance services or postal services are not coded to the Government Service Industries Division. For these industries and others of similar type, detailed descriptions are required for accurate coding. Detailed descriptions are often not given on Census questionnaires. Users should be cautious when dealing with estimates of the Government Service Industries Division taken from the Census.

Division P - Health and Social Service Industries and Division R - Other Service Industries are affected by changes in the instructions given to coders for the coding of 'babysitters'.

In 1986 and 1991, the instructions read:

- Babysitters who perform this task in their own home are coded to 979 - Other Personal and Household Services.
- Babysitters who perform childcare in another person's home (including live-in babysitters) are coded to 974 - Private Households.
- Babysitters who are employed by an agency are coded to 864 - Non-institutional Social Services.

In 1996, the instructions read:

- Babysitters who babysit in another person's home are coded to 979 - Other Personal and Household Services (e.g. this code would include teenagers doing babysitting for neighbours).
- Babysitters who take children into their own home are coded to 864 - Non-institutional Social Services.

Exceptions:
- Live-in babysitters/nannies who perform childcare in another person's home are coded to 974 - Private Households.
- Babysitters who are employed by an agency (whether or not they work in their own home) are coded to 979 - Other Personal and Household Services.

These instructions differ significantly. Only the live-in babysitters/nannies would receive the same code in 1991 and 1996. At the Division level, these revisions should lead to fewer respondents coded to Division R and more respondents coded to Divison P. Clients should be aware of these changes when trying to make comparisons of 1996 Census data to those from the 1986 and/or 1991 Censuses.


Data table

Select data categories for this table


Geography = Canada Footnote 1
Profile of Federal Electoral Districts (1996 Representation Order)(1696) Values

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

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Footnote 2

These figures have not been subjected to random rounding.

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Footnote 3

Age

Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 14, 1996). This variable is derived from date of birth.


Sex

Refers to the gender of the respondent.

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Footnote 4

Legal Marital Status

Refers to the legal conjugal status of a person.

The various responses are defined as follows:

Legally married (and not separated) *
Persons whose husband or wife is living, unless the couple is separated or a divorce has been obtained.

Separated, but still legally married
Persons currently married, but who are no longer living with their spouse (for any reason other than illness or work) and have not obtained a divorce.

Divorced
Persons who have obtained a legal divorce and who have not remarried.

Widowed
Persons who have lost their spouse through death and who have not remarried.

Never married (single)
Persons who have never married (including all persons less than 15 years of age) and persons whose marriage has been annulled and who have not remarried.

* In 1996, Aboriginal people married according to traditional customs were instructed to report themselves as legally married.

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Footnote 5

Census Family

Refers to a now-married couple (with or without never-married sons and/or daughters of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without never-married sons and/or daughters of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one never-married son or daughter living in the same dwelling.

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Footnote 6

Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.

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Footnote 7

Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.

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Footnote 8

The average number of never-married sons and/or daughters at home per family is calculated using the total number of never-married sons and/or daughters at home and the total number of families.

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Footnote 9

Census Family Living Arrangements

Refers to the classification of persons in terms of whether they are members of a family household or a non-family household,* and whether they are family or non-family persons.**

*Household Type
Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is a married couple with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a couple living common-law with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a lone parent living with one or more never-married sons or daughters (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other non-family persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to one in which two or more census families (with or without additional non-family persons) occupy the same private dwelling.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

**Census Family Status
Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not they are members of a census family.

Family persons refers to household members who belong to a census family. They, in turn, are further classified as follows:

Spouses refers to persons of opposite sex who are legally married to each other and living in the same dwelling.

Common-law partners are two persons of opposite sex who are not legally married to each other but live together as husband and wife in the same dwelling.

Lone parent refers to a mother or a father, with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more never-married sons and/or daughters.

Never-married sons and/or daughters refers to blood, step or adopted sons and daughters who have never married (regardless of age) and are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family even if they are living in the same dwelling. In addition, those never-married sons and daughters who do not live in the same dwelling as their parent(s) are not considered members of their parent(s)' census family.

Non-family persons refers to household members who do not belong to a census family. They may be related to Person 1, the household reference person (e.g., Person 1's divorced brother, brother-in-law, cousin, grandparent), or unrelated (e.g., lodger, room-mate, employee). A person living alone is always a non-family person.

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Footnote 10

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 11

These non-relatives must constitute a census family.

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Footnote 12

Census Family Living Arrangements

Refers to the classification of persons in terms of whether they are members of a family household or a non-family household,* and whether they are family or non-family persons.**

*Household Type
Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is a married couple with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a couple living common-law with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a lone parent living with one or more never-married sons or daughters (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other non-family persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to one in which two or more census families (with or without additional non-family persons) occupy the same private dwelling.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

**Census Family Status
Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not they are members of a census family.

Family persons refers to household members who belong to a census family. They, in turn, are further classified as follows:

Spouses refers to persons of opposite sex who are legally married to each other and living in the same dwelling.

Common-law partners are two persons of opposite sex who are not legally married to each other but live together as husband and wife in the same dwelling.

Lone parent refers to a mother or a father, with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more never-married sons and/or daughters.

Never-married sons and/or daughters refers to blood, step or adopted sons and daughters who have never married (regardless of age) and are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family even if they are living in the same dwelling. In addition, those never-married sons and daughters who do not live in the same dwelling as their parent(s) are not considered members of their parent(s)' census family.

Non-family persons refers to household members who do not belong to a census family. They may be related to Person 1, the household reference person (e.g., Person 1's divorced brother, brother-in-law, cousin, grandparent), or unrelated (e.g., lodger, room-mate, employee). A person living alone is always a non-family person.

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Footnote 13

Non-relatives may be present.


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Footnote 14

These non-relatives must constitute a census family.


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Footnote 15

Occupied Private Dwelling

Refers to a private dwelling in which a person or a group of persons are permanently residing. Also included are private dwellings whose usual residents are temporarily absent on Census Day. Unless otherwise specified, all data in housing reports are for occupied private dwellings rather than unoccupied private dwellings or dwellings occupied solely by foreign and/or temporary residents.


Structural Type of Dwelling

Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

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Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

Private Household

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Household Size

Refers to the number of persons in a private household.

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Footnote 18

Citizenship

Refers to legal citizenship status of the respondent. Persons who are citizens of more than one country were instructed to indicate this fact.

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Footnote 19

Place of Birth

Refers to specific provinces or territories if born in Canada or to specific countries if born outside Canada.

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Footnote 20

Includes persons born in a province other than the province of residence, as well as persons born outside Canada who have Canadian citizenship by birth and, therefore, will not have immigrated to Canada.

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Footnote 21

The countries shown are the 50 most frequent ones for the total immigrant population for Canada.


Immigrant: Immigrant Population

Refers to people who are, or have been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada.

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Footnote 22

Includes persons who reported 'Yugoslavia', whether they referred to the former or to the new republic of the same name.

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Footnote 23

The official name is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 24

The official name is the Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 25

Includes Faroe Islands.

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Footnote 26

Includes persons who reported 'Czechoslovakia'.


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Footnote 27

Formerly known as Kampuchea.

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Footnote 28

Refers to persons who, at the time of the census, held a student or employment authorization, Minister's permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them.

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Footnote 29

The countries shown are the 40 most frequent ones for those who immigrated to Canada between 1991 and 1996 (first four months only of 1996).


Place of Birth

Refers to specific provinces or territories if born in Canada or to specific countries if born outside Canada.


Immigrant: Immigrant Population

Refers to people who are, or have been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada.

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Footnote 30

Includes persons who reported 'Yugoslavia', whether they referred to the former or to the new republic of the same name.

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Footnote 31

The official name is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 32

The official name is the Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 33

In previous censuses, Ethiopia included Eritrea, but in 1996, Eritrea was collected as a separate country.

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Footnote 34

Immigration: Period of Immigration

Refers to groupings of years derived from the year of immigration question. Year of immigration refers to the year landed immigrant status was first obtained.

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Footnote 35

Includes the first four months only of 1996.

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Footnote 36

Immigration: Age at Immigration

Refers to the age at which the respondent first obtained landed immigrant status. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 37

Language: Mother Tongue

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.

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Footnote 38

This is a subtotal of all non-official languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here.


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Footnote 39

Language: Knowledge of Official Languages

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French or in neither of the official languages of Canada.

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Footnote 40

Language: First Official Language Spoken

Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

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Footnote 41

The official language minority is English in Quebec and French in all other provinces and territories.

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Footnote 42

The official language minority is English in Quebec and French in all other provinces and territories.

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Footnote 43

Language: Home Language

Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census.

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Footnote 44

This is a subtotal of all non-official languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 45

Language: Knowledge of Non-official Languages

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation.

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Footnote 46

This is a subtotal of all non-official languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 47

Aboriginal Groups

Special Note:

A grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, with Aboriginal persons further divided into Aboriginal groups, based on their responses to three questions on the 1996 Census form. Included in the Aboriginal population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, i.e. North American Indian, Métis or Inuit (Eskimo) and/or who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada and/or who reported they were members of an Indian Band or First Nation.


Special Note:

Users should be aware that the population counts associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographical area under study. In 1996, a total of 77 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 77 communities are not included in the census counts.

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Footnote 48

Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographical area under study. In 1996, a total of 77 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 77 communities are not included in the census counts.

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Footnote 49

Includes those who identified themselves as Registered Indians and/or Band members without Aboriginal identity response.

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Footnote 50

The count for 'Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses) (20% sample data)' represents the total population of Canada, excluding institutional residents. It also represents the sum of persons who reported single ethnic origins and multiple ethnic origins in the census.

The count for 'Total population - Single responses' represents the total number of persons who reported only one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of single responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

The count for 'Total population - Multiple responses' represents the total number of persons who reported more than one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of multiple responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.


Ethnic Origin Supplementary Definition:

Refers to the ethnic or cultural group(s) to which the respondent's ancestors belong. Ethnic or cultural origin refers to the ethnic 'roots' or ancestral background of the population, and should not be confused with citizenship or nationality.

Comparability of ethnic origin data between the 1996 Census and previous censuses has been affected by several factors including changes in the question format, wording, examples, instructions and data processing, as well as by the social environment at the time of the census.

In 1996, comparability with previous census data will be particularly affected by the change in format and the examples provided on the questionnaire. While the 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories and two write-in spaces, in 1996 respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. Twenty-four examples were provided.

The change in format to an open-ended question in 1996 is likely to affect response patterns especially for groups which had been included as mark-in response categories in 1991. In addition, the presence of examples such as 'Canadian', which were not included in previous censuses, may also affect response patterns.

Since 1986, an instruction to specify as many ethnic groups as applicable has been included in the ethnic origin question. This has affected data comparability for all ethnic groups and categories because of the increase in multiple responses. Prior to the 1981 Census, only the respondent's paternal ancestry was to be reported. If multiple ethnic origins were provided, only one origin was captured, resulting in one ethnic origin per respondent. In 1981, multiple origins were allowed and a write-in space was added to the question, although respondents were not instructed to provide more than one origin. In 1986, respondents were permitted to write in up to three origins other than those shown in the mark-in circles. In 1991, they were permitted to write in up to two additional origins. In 1996, four write-in spaces were provided on the questionnaire and up to six ethnic origins were captured.

For more information on ethnic origin, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

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Footnote 51

The count for 'Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses) (20% sample data)' represents the total population of Canada, excluding institutional residents. It also represents the sum of persons who reported single ethnic origins and multiple ethnic origins in the census.

The count for 'Total population - Single responses' represents the total number of persons who reported only one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of single responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

The count for 'Total population - Multiple responses' represents the total number of persons who reported more than one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of multiple responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

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Footnote 52

The count for 'Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses) (20% sample data)' represents the total population of Canada, excluding institutional residents. It also represents the sum of persons who reported single ethnic origins and multiple ethnic origins in the census.

The count for 'Total population - Single responses' represents the total number of persons who reported only one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of single responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

The count for 'Total population - Multiple responses' represents the total number of persons who reported more than one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of multiple responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

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Footnote 53

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Canadian' ethnic origin between censuses.

The increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' is the result of a number of factors. The change in the format of the ethnic origin question between 1996 and 1991 has had an impact on counts for this group.

The 1991 Census questionnaire included fifteen mark-in categories and two write-in spaces for the ethnic origin question. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. Twenty-four examples, including 'Canadian', were provided. 'Canadian' was included as one of the examples on the 1996 Census questionnaire because it was one of the most frequently reported ethnic origins in the 1991 Census.

As a result of the change in format of the ethnic origin question in 1996, many respondents who checked a mark-in category to indicate their ethnic origin in 1991 may have written in 'Canadian' as their ethnic origin in 1996.

Although the increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' ethnic origins may have impacted the reporting of single ethnic origins for many groups, British Isles origins and French origins appear to have been particularly affected.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for 'Canadian', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

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Footnote 54

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Canadian' ethnic origin between censuses.

The increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' is the result of a number of factors. The change in the format of the ethnic origin question between 1996 and 1991 has had an impact on counts for this group.

The 1991 Census questionnaire included fifteen mark-in categories and two write-in spaces for the ethnic origin question. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. Twenty-four examples, including 'Canadian', were provided. 'Canadian' was included as one of the examples on the 1996 Census questionnaire because it was one of the most frequently reported ethnic origins in the 1991 Census.

As a result of the change in format of the ethnic origin question in 1996, many respondents who checked a mark-in category to indicate their ethnic origin in 1991 may have written in 'Canadian' as their ethnic origin in 1996.

Although the increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' ethnic origins may have impacted the reporting of single ethnic origins for many groups, British Isles origins and French origins appear to have been particularly affected.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for 'Canadian', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

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Footnote 55

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Canadian' ethnic origin between censuses.

The increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' is the result of a number of factors. The change in the format of the ethnic origin question between 1996 and 1991 has had an impact on counts for this group.

The 1991 Census questionnaire included fifteen mark-in categories and two write-in spaces for the ethnic origin question. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. Twenty-four examples, including 'Canadian', were provided. 'Canadian' was included as one of the examples on the 1996 Census questionnaire because it was one of the most frequently reported ethnic origins in the 1991 Census.

As a result of the change in format of the ethnic origin question in 1996, many respondents who checked a mark-in category to indicate their ethnic origin in 1991 may have written in 'Canadian' as their ethnic origin in 1996.

Although the increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' ethnic origins may have impacted the reporting of single ethnic origins for many groups, British Isles origins and French origins appear to have been particularly affected.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for 'Canadian', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

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Footnote 56

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 57

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 58

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 59

In 1991, 'East Indian, n.i.e.' included 'Goan', 'Gujarati' and 'South Asian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, these groups were collected as separate responses.

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Footnote 60

In 1991, 'East Indian, n.i.e.' included 'Goan', 'Gujarati' and 'South Asian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, these groups were collected as separate responses.

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Footnote 61

In 1991, 'East Indian, n.i.e.' included 'Goan', 'Gujarati' and 'South Asian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, these groups were collected as separate responses.

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Footnote 62

In 1991, 'Frisian' was included in 'Dutch (Netherlands)'. In 1996, 'Frisian' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 63

In 1991, 'Frisian' was included in 'Dutch (Netherlands)'. In 1996, 'Frisian' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 64

In 1991, 'Frisian' was included in 'Dutch (Netherlands)'. In 1996, 'Frisian' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 65

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Jamaican', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

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Footnote 66

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Jamaican', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Jamaican', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Haitian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Haitian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Haitian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as British, Anglo, Celtic, Cornish, Gaelic, Jersey Islander, Manx, United Empire Loyalist, United Kingdom, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: English, Irish, Scottish and Welsh.

Return to footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as British, Anglo, Celtic, Cornish, Gaelic, Jersey Islander, Manx, United Empire Loyalist, United Kingdom, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: English, Irish, Scottish and Welsh.

Return to footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as British, Anglo, Celtic, Cornish, Gaelic, Jersey Islander, Manx, United Empire Loyalist, United Kingdom, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: English, Irish, Scottish and Welsh.

Return to footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Arab, Assyrian, Kuwaiti, Libyan, Middle Eastern, Saudi Arabian, Yemeni, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Egyptian, Iraqi, Jordanian, Lebanese, Algerian, Berber, Moroccan, Tunisian, Maghrebi n.i.e., Palestinian and Syrian.

Return to footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Arab, Assyrian, Kuwaiti, Libyan, Middle Eastern, Saudi Arabian, Yemeni, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Egyptian, Iraqi, Jordanian, Lebanese, Algerian, Berber, Moroccan, Tunisian, Maghrebi n.i.e., Palestinian and Syrian.

Return to footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Arab, Assyrian, Kuwaiti, Libyan, Middle Eastern, Saudi Arabian, Yemeni, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Egyptian, Iraqi, Jordanian, Lebanese, Algerian, Berber, Moroccan, Tunisian, Maghrebi n.i.e., Palestinian and Syrian.

Return to footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

In 1996, as in 1991, the 'West Indian' ethnic group includes only responses of 'West Indian'. Other British West Indian origins are included in 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' (or 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' in 1991). In 1986, 'Other West Indian' was a general group which included responses of 'West Indian' as well as other British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'West Indian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

In 1996, as in 1991, the 'West Indian' ethnic group includes only responses of 'West Indian'. Other British West Indian origins are included in 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' (or 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' in 1991). In 1986, 'Other West Indian' was a general group which included responses of 'West Indian' as well as other British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'West Indian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

In 1996, as in 1991, the 'West Indian' ethnic group includes only responses of 'West Indian'. Other British West Indian origins are included in 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' (or 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' in 1991). In 1986, 'Other West Indian' was a general group which included responses of 'West Indian' as well as other British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'West Indian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as African, Black African, Bantu, Beninese, Cameroonian, Guinean, Ivorian (Black), Malagasy (Black), Malian, Senegalese (Black), Seychellois (Black), Sierra Leonian, Swahili, Togolese, Tutsi, West African, Yoruba, Zambian, Zimbabwean (Black), Zulu, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Black, Burundian, East African, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Ghanaian, Kenyan, Mauritian, Nigerian, Rwandan, Somali, South African, Sudanese, Tanzanian, Ugandan and Zairian.

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'African (Black)' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as African, Black African, Bantu, Beninese, Cameroonian, Guinean, Ivorian (Black), Malagasy (Black), Malian, Senegalese (Black), Seychellois (Black), Sierra Leonian, Swahili, Togolese, Tutsi, West African, Yoruba, Zambian, Zimbabwean (Black), Zulu, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Black, Burundian, East African, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Ghanaian, Kenyan, Mauritian, Nigerian, Rwandan, Somali, South African, Sudanese, Tanzanian, Ugandan and Zairian.

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'African (Black)' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as African, Black African, Bantu, Beninese, Cameroonian, Guinean, Ivorian (Black), Malagasy (Black), Malian, Senegalese (Black), Seychellois (Black), Sierra Leonian, Swahili, Togolese, Tutsi, West African, Yoruba, Zambian, Zimbabwean (Black), Zulu, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Black, Burundian, East African, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Ghanaian, Kenyan, Mauritian, Nigerian, Rwandan, Somali, South African, Sudanese, Tanzanian, Ugandan and Zairian.

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'African (Black)' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Somali', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Somali', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Somali', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Yugoslav, Montenegrin, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian and Slovenian.

Return to footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Yugoslav, Montenegrin, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian and Slovenian.

Return to footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Yugoslav, Montenegrin, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian and Slovenian.

Return to footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Black' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

In 1996, a new question was introduced to measure the visible minority population, including Blacks, more directly. Please refer to the 'Visible Minority Population' Area Profile for data on Blacks.

For more information on data for 'Black', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Black' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

In 1996, a new question was introduced to measure the visible minority population, including Blacks, more directly. Please refer to the 'Visible Minority Population' Area Profile for data on Blacks.

For more information on data for 'Black', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Black' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

In 1996, a new question was introduced to measure the visible minority population, including Blacks, more directly. Please refer to the 'Visible Minority Population' Area Profile for data on Blacks.

For more information on data for 'Black', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as South Asian, Kashmiri, Nepalese, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Bangladeshi, Bengali, East Indian, Goan, Gujarati, Pakistani, Punjabi, Sinhalese, Sri Lankan and Tamil.

In 1991, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was included in 'East Indian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as South Asian, Kashmiri, Nepalese, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Bangladeshi, Bengali, East Indian, Goan, Gujarati, Pakistani, Punjabi, Sinhalese, Sri Lankan and Tamil.

In 1991, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was included in 'East Indian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as South Asian, Kashmiri, Nepalese, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Bangladeshi, Bengali, East Indian, Goan, Gujarati, Pakistani, Punjabi, Sinhalese, Sri Lankan and Tamil.

In 1991, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was included in 'East Indian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Trinidadian/Tobagonian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Trinidadian/Tobagonian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Trinidadian/Tobagonian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Guyanese', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Guyanese', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Guyanese', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Latin American, Central American, South American, Latino, Bolivian, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Argentinian, Brazilian, Central/South American Indian, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Hispanic, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Salvadorean, Uruguayan and Venezuelan.

Return to footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Latin American, Central American, South American, Latino, Bolivian, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Argentinian, Brazilian, Central/South American Indian, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Hispanic, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Salvadorean, Uruguayan and Venezuelan.

Return to footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Latin American, Central American, South American, Latino, Bolivian, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Argentinian, Brazilian, Central/South American Indian, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Hispanic, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Salvadorean, Uruguayan and Venezuelan.

Return to footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ethiopian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ethiopian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ethiopian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ghanaian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ghanaian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ghanaian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Barbadian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Barbadian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Barbadian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Excludes 'Czech' and 'Slovak' which were collected as separate responses in 1996.

Return to footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Excludes 'Czech' and 'Slovak' which were collected as separate responses in 1996.

Return to footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Excludes 'Czech' and 'Slovak' which were collected as separate responses in 1996.

Return to footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Scandinavian, Laplander, Nordic, Viking, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian and Swedish.

Return to footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Scandinavian, Laplander, Nordic, Viking, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian and Swedish.

Return to footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Scandinavian, Laplander, Nordic, Viking, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian and Swedish.

Return to footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Caribbean, Belizian, Dominican, Martiniquais, Montserratian, Puerto Rican, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Antiguan, Bahamian, Barbadian, Bermudan, Cuban, Grenadian, Guyanese, Haitian, Jamaican, Kittitian/Nevisian, St. Lucian, Trinidadian/Tobagonian, Vincentian/Grenadinian and West Indian.

In 1996 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' and in 1991 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' included British West Indian origins as well as other Caribbean origins. In 1986, this group included mainly non-British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Caribbean, Belizian, Dominican, Martiniquais, Montserratian, Puerto Rican, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Antiguan, Bahamian, Barbadian, Bermudan, Cuban, Grenadian, Guyanese, Haitian, Jamaican, Kittitian/Nevisian, St. Lucian, Trinidadian/Tobagonian, Vincentian/Grenadinian and West Indian.

In 1996 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' and in 1991 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' included British West Indian origins as well as other Caribbean origins. In 1986, this group included mainly non-British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Caribbean, Belizian, Dominican, Martiniquais, Montserratian, Puerto Rican, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Antiguan, Bahamian, Barbadian, Bermudan, Cuban, Grenadian, Guyanese, Haitian, Jamaican, Kittitian/Nevisian, St. Lucian, Trinidadian/Tobagonian, Vincentian/Grenadinian and West Indian.

In 1996 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' and in 1991 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' included British West Indian origins as well as other Caribbean origins. In 1986, this group included mainly non-British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as European, Caucasian, Eastern European, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Austrian, Belgian, Dutch (Netherlands), Flemish, Frisian, German, Luxembourger, Swiss, Finnish, Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Scandinavian n.i.e., Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Byelorussian, Czech, Czechoslovakian, Slovak, Hungarian (Magyar), Polish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovenian, Yugoslav n.i.e., Cypriot, Greek, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese, Spanish, Basque, Gypsy (Roma), Jewish and Slav.

Return to footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as European, Caucasian, Eastern European, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Austrian, Belgian, Dutch (Netherlands), Flemish, Frisian, German, Luxembourger, Swiss, Finnish, Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Scandinavian n.i.e., Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Byelorussian, Czech, Czechoslovakian, Slovak, Hungarian (Magyar), Polish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovenian, Yugoslav n.i.e., Cypriot, Greek, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese, Spanish, Basque, Gypsy (Roma), Jewish and Slav.

Return to footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as European, Caucasian, Eastern European, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Austrian, Belgian, Dutch (Netherlands), Flemish, Frisian, German, Luxembourger, Swiss, Finnish, Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Scandinavian n.i.e., Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Byelorussian, Czech, Czechoslovakian, Slovak, Hungarian (Magyar), Polish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovenian, Yugoslav n.i.e., Cypriot, Greek, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese, Spanish, Basque, Gypsy (Roma), Jewish and Slav.

Return to footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Nigerian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Nigerian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Nigerian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Includes respondents who belong to a visible minority group.


Visible Minority Population Supplementary Definition:

Refers to the visible minority group to which the respondent belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'.

The visible minority population includes the following groups: Chinese, South Asian, Black, Arab/West Asian, Filipino, Southeast Asian, Latin American, Japanese, Korean and Pacific Islander.

The 1996 Census was the first census to ask a direct question on visible minorities. Information on the visible minority population is obtained from the population group question (Question 19).

For more information on the visible minority population, please refer to electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Includes respondents who reported a single write-in response indicating a Pacific Islander group (for example, 'Fijian' or 'Polynesian') or another single write-in response likely to be a visible minority group (for example, 'Guyanese', 'Mauritian', 'South American' or 'West Indian'). For more information, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, for example, 'Black and South Asian'. For more information, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to Question 18 (Aboriginal Identity, known in the 1996 Census Dictionary as Aboriginal Self-Reporting) as well as repondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group. For more information, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

Age
Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 14, 1996). This variable is derived from date of birth.


Sex
Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

Return to footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Age
Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 14, 1996). This variable is derived from date of birth.


Sex
Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

Return to footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Age
Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 14, 1996). This variable is derived from date of birth.


Sex
Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

Return to footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Household, Private:
Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Labour Market Activities: Presence of Children
This variable classifies the population 15 years of age and over in private households into those with no children at home and those with children at home. Those persons with children at home are further classified on the basis of the age groups of all of their children.

This variable is based on census family concept. It is derived specifically for the purposes of analysis and dissemination of census labour force activity data.

The term 'children' is also referred to as 'never-married sons and/or daughters' in the census. It includes all blood, step- or adopted sons and daughters who have never married, regardless of age, in census families (in private households), who are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family, even if they are living in the same dwelling.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

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Footnote 142

Sex
Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Household, Private:
Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Labour Market Activities: Presence of Children
This variable classifies the population 15 years of age and over in private households into those with no children at home and those with children at home. Those persons with children at home are further classified on the basis of the age groups of all of their children.

This variable is based on census family concept. It is derived specifically for the purposes of analysis and dissemination of census labour force activity data.

The term 'children' is also referred to as 'never-married sons and/or daughters' in the census. It includes all blood, step- or adopted sons and daughters who have never married, regardless of age, in census families (in private households), who are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family, even if they are living in the same dwelling.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

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Footnote 143

Sex
Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Household, Private:
Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Labour Market Activities: Presence of Children
This variable classifies the population 15 years of age and over in private households into those with no children at home and those with children at home. Those persons with children at home are further classified on the basis of the age groups of all of their children.

This variable is based on census family concept. It is derived specifically for the purposes of analysis and dissemination of census labour force activity data.

The term 'children' is also referred to as 'never-married sons and/or daughters' in the census. It includes all blood, step- or adopted sons and daughters who have never married, regardless of age, in census families (in private households), who are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family, even if they are living in the same dwelling.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

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Footnote 144

Labour Market Activities: Industry (Based on 1980 Standard Industrial Classification)
Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked, as indicated by the name of the employer and the kind of business, industry or service. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. If the person did not have a job during the week prior to enumeration, data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

The 1996 industry data are produced according to the 1980 Standard Industrial Classification. This classification consists of a systematic and comprehensive arrangement of industries structured into 18 divisions, 75 major groups and 296 groups. These industrial groups are based on the general nature of the establishment's business, industry or service. For further information on the classification, see the Standard Industrial Classification, 1980, Catalogue No. 12-501E.


Labour Market Activities: Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

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Footnote 145

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 146

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 147

View the 'Industry Data Quality Notes' by choosing 'Summary' from the 'File' menu.

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Footnote 148

View the 'Industry Data Quality Notes' by choosing 'Summary' from the 'File' menu.

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Footnote 149

View the 'Industry Data Quality Notes' by choosing 'Summary' from the 'File' menu.

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Footnote 150

Labour Market Activities: Occupation (Based on 1991 Standard Occupational Classification)
Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the most important duties in their job. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. If the person did not have a job during the week prior to enumeration, the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.


Labour Market Activities: Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.


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Footnote 151

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 152

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 153

Labour Market Activities: Occupation (Based on 1991 Standard Occupational Classification)
Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the most important duties in their job. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. If the person did not have a job during the week prior to enumeration, the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

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Footnote 154

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 155

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 156

Labour Market Activities: Occupation (Based on 1991 Standard Occupational Classification)
Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the most important duties in their job. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. If the person did not have a job during the week prior to enumeration, the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

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Footnote 157

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 158

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 159

Labour Market Activities: Class of Worker
This variable classifies persons who reported a job into those who (a) worked mainly for wages, salaries, commissions or payments 'in kind' (payments in goods or services rather than money), (b) worked without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice owned or operated by a related household member, (c) worked mainly for themselves, with or without paid help. The job reported was the one held in the week prior to enumeration if the person was employed, or the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995, if the person was not employed during the reference week. Persons with two or more jobs in the reference week were to provide information for the job at which they worked the most hours. Incorporation status refers to the legal status of a business or farm. An incorporated business is a business or farm which has been formed into a legal corporation, having a legal entity under either federal or provincial laws.


Labour Market Activities: Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

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Footnote 160

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 161

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 162

Labour Market Activities: Class of Worker
This variable classifies persons who reported a job into those who (a) worked mainly for wages, salaries, commissions or payments 'in kind' (payments in goods or services rather than money), (b) worked without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice owned or operated by a related household member, (c) worked mainly for themselves, with or without paid help. The job reported was the one held in the week prior to enumeration if the person was employed, or the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995, if the person was not employed during the reference week. Persons with two or more jobs in the reference week were to provide information for the job at which they worked the most hours. Incorporation status refers to the legal status of a business or farm. An incorporated business is a business or farm which has been formed into a legal corporation, having a legal entity under either federal or provincial laws.

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Footnote 163

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 164

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 165

Labour Market Activities: Class of Worker
This variable classifies persons who reported a job into those who (a) worked mainly for wages, salaries, commissions or payments 'in kind' (payments in goods or services rather than money), (b) worked without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice owned or operated by a related household member, (c) worked mainly for themselves, with or without paid help. The job reported was the one held in the week prior to enumeration if the person was employed, or the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995, if the person was not employed during the reference week. Persons with two or more jobs in the reference week were to provide information for the job at which they worked the most hours. Incorporation status refers to the legal status of a business or farm. An incorporated business is a business or farm which has been formed into a legal corporation, having a legal entity under either federal or provincial laws.

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Footnote 166

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 167

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 168

Household Activities: Hours Spent Doing Unpaid Housework
Refers to the number of hours persons spent doing unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. It includes hours spent doing housework for one's own household or the household of others. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 169

Household Activities: Hours Spent Doing Unpaid Housework
Refers to the number of hours persons spent doing unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. It includes hours spent doing housework for one's own household or the household of others. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 170

Household Activities: Hours Spent Doing Unpaid Housework
Refers to the number of hours persons spent doing unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. It includes hours spent doing housework for one's own household or the household of others. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 171

Household Activities: Hours Spent Looking After Children, Without Pay
Refers to the number of hours persons spent taking care of their own or someone else's children without pay in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.


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Footnote 172

Household Activities: Hours Spent Looking After Children, Without Pay
Refers to the number of hours persons spent taking care of their own or someone else's children without pay in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.


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Footnote 173

Household Activities: Hours Spent Looking After Children, Without Pay
Refers to the number of hours persons spent taking care of their own or someone else's children without pay in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.


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Footnote 174

Household Activities: Hours Spent Providing Unpaid Care or Assistance to Seniors
Refers to the number of hours persons spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 175

Household Activities: Hours Spent Providing Unpaid Care or Assistance to Seniors
Refers to the number of hours persons spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 176

Household Activities: Hours Spent Providing Unpaid Care or Assistance to Seniors
Refers to the number of hours persons spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 177

Labour Market Activities: Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:

(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.


Journey to Work: Place of Work Status
Refers to the place of work of non-institutional residents 15 years of age and over who have worked since January 1, 1995. The variable usually relates to the individual's job held in the week prior to enumeration. However, if the person had not worked during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 1995, the information relates to the job held longest during that period.

Supplementary Definition:
Worked at home - Persons whose job is located in the same building as their place of residence, persons who live and work on the same farm, and teleworkers who spend most of their work week working at home.

Worked outside Canada - Persons who work as diplomats, Armed Forces personnel and other persons enumerated abroad. Includes also recent immigrants who may not currently be employed but whose job of longest duration since January 1, 1995 was held outside Canada.

No fixed workplace address - Persons who do not go from home to the same workplace location at the beginning of each shift. Such persons include building and landscape contractors, travelling salespersons, independent truck drivers, etc.

Worked at the address specified below - Persons who are not included in the categories described above and who report to the same (usual) workplace location at the beginning of each shift are included here. Respondents were asked to provide the street address, city, town, village, township, municipality or Indian reserve, province/territory and postal code of their workplace. If the full street address was not known, the name of the building or nearest street intersection could be substituted.

Teleworkers who spend less than one-half of their work week working at their home office were asked to report the full address of their employer. Persons whose actual workplace location varied but who reported regularly to an employer's headquarters at the beginning of each shift were asked to report the full address of the headquarters.

For more information on the comparability of place of work status with previous censuses, please refer to the appendix on Historical Comparability of Journey to Work Data in the electronic documentation supplied with this product.


Note on Comparability of 1996 Place of Work Data:
Working at home can be measured in different ways. In the Census, the 'worked at home' category includes persons who live and work at the same physical location, such as farmers, teleworkers and work camp workers. In addition, the 1996 Census Guide instructed persons who worked part of the time at home and part of the time at an employer's address to indicate that they worked at home if most of their time was spent working at home (e.g. 3 days out of 5).

The 1995 Survey of Work Arrangements asked respondents whether they did some or all of their paid work at home. The difference between the 1996 Census and the 1995 Survey of Work Arrangements work at home data is the result of differences in the way these workers are measured.

The place of work question has been asked in virtually the same format in each census since 1971. However, the term 'no fixed workplace address' replaced 'no usual place of work' in 1996. For 1996, the Census questionnaire was modified by adding a check box for the 'no fixed workplace address' response category. In previous censuses, respondents were asked to write 'no usual place of work' in the address fields. It is believed that previous censuses have undercounted the number of persons with 'no fixed workplace address'.

Annexations, incorporations and amalgamations of municipalities could create some difficulties when comparing spatial units and structures which change over time.

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Footnote 178

Labour Market Activities: Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:

(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.


Journey to Work: Mode of Transportation
Refers to the mode of transportation to work of non-institutional residents 15 years of age and over who have worked since January 1, 1995. Persons who indicated in the place of work question that they either had no fixed workplace address, or specified a usual place of work address, were asked to identify the mode of transportation they most frequently used to commute between home and work. The variable usually relates to the individual's job in the week prior to enumeration. However, if the person had not worked during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 1995, the information relates to the job held longest during that period.

Supplementary Definition:
Persons who use more than one mode of transportation were asked to identify the single mode they used for most of the travel distance. As a result, the question provides data on the primary mode of transportation to work. It does not measure multiple modes of transportation, nor does it measure seasonal variation in mode of transportation or trips made for purposes other than the commute between home and work.


Note on Comparability of 1996 Place of Work Data:
The place of work question has been asked in virtually the same format in each census since 1971. However, the term 'no fixed workplace' replaced 'no usual place of work' in 1996. For 1996, the Census questionnaire was modified by adding a check box for the 'no fixed workplace' response category. In previous censuses, respondents were asked to write 'no usual place of work' in the address fields. It is believed that previous censuses have undercounted the number of persons with 'no fixed workplace'.

Annexations, incorporations and amalgamations of municipalities could create some difficulties when comparing spatial units and structures which change over time.

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Footnote 179

Schooling: School Attendance

Refers to either full-time or part-time (day or evening) attendance at school, college or university during the eight-month period between September 1995 and May 14, 1996. Attendance is counted only for courses which could be used as credits towards a certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 180

Schooling: Highest Level of

Refers to the highest grade or year of elementary or secondary school attended, or the highest year of university or other non-university completed. University education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than other non-university. Also, the attainment of a degree, certificate or diploma is considered to be at a higher level than years completed or attended without an educational qualification.


Note on Data Quality for Highest Level of Schooling:

The overall quality of the education variables from the 1996 Census is acceptable. However, a specific data problem has been identified. There is an inconsistency in the 'Highest Grade of Elementary-secondary' variable in the province of Quebec. The proportion of persons with the value of 'No schooling or kindergarten only' has increased from 0.8% (44,440) in 1991 to 1.2% (72,070) in 1996. The problem appears to be the wording of Question 24 on the French 2B Census questionnaire. The 'Highest Level of Schooling' and 'Total Years of Schooling' variables are also affected as they are derived from a number of education questions including 'Highest Grade of Elementary-secondary'.

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Footnote 181

Includes 'Never attended school or attended kindergarten only'.

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Footnote 182

Refers to courses completed at postsecondary institutions which normally require a secondary school graduation certificate or equivalent for entrance, as well as to other courses in related or like institutions which may not require a secondary school graduation certificate for entrance.

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Footnote 183

Includes trades certificate or diploma, other non-university certificate or diploma and university certificate or diploma below bachelor level.

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Footnote 184

Includes trades certificate or diploma, other non-university certificate or diploma and university certificate or diploma below bachelor level.

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Footnote 185

Schooling: Major Field of Study (MFS)

Refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest postsecondary degree, certificate or diploma. The major field of study classification structure consists of 10 broad or major categories: educational, recreational and counselling services; fine and applied arts; humanities and related fields; social sciences and related fields; commerce, management and business administration; agricultural and biological sciences/technologies; engineering and applied sciences; engineering and applied science technologies and trades; health professions, sciences and technologies; and mathematics and physical sciences. This structure is, in turn, subdivided into over 100 'minor' classification categories and about 425 'unit' groups.

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Footnote 186

Schooling: Major Field of Study (MFS)

Refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest postsecondary degree, certificate or diploma. The major field of study classification structure consists of 10 broad or major categories: educational, recreational and counselling services; fine and applied arts; humanities and related fields; social sciences and related fields; commerce, management and business administration; agricultural and biological sciences/technologies; engineering and applied sciences; engineering and applied science technologies and trades; health professions, sciences and technologies; and mathematics and physical sciences. This structure is, in turn, subdivided into over 100 'minor' classification categories and about 425 'unit' groups.

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Footnote 187

Mobility 1: Mobility Status - Place of Residence 1 Year Ago

Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence one year earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classed as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility Status (1 Year Ago). Within the category movers, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address which they occupied one year earlier.

Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address than the one at which they resided one year earlier.

Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address but in the same census subdivision (CSD) that they occupied one year earlier.

Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD one year earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada one year earlier (external migrants).

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Footnote 188

Mobility 5: Mobility Status - Place of Residence 5 Years Ago

Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence five years earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classed as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility Status (5 Years Ago). Within the category movers, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address which they occupied five years earlier.

Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address than the one at which they resided five years earlier.

Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address but in the same census subdivision (CSD) that they occupied five years earlier.

Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD five years earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada five years earlier (external migrants).

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Footnote 189

Includes persons who did not work in 1995 but reported employment income.


Income: Employment Income/Earnings

Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during 1995 as:

Wages and Salaries

Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and unemployment insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 1995. The value of taxable allowances and benefits provided by employers, such as free lodging and free automobile use, is excluded.

Net Non-farm Income from Unincorporated Business and/or Professional Practice

Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 1995 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income of persons babysitting in their own homes, self-employed fishermen, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as from freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net Farm Income

Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 1995 from the operation of a farm, either on own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Also included are cash advances, dividends from cooperatives, gross insurance proceeds and all rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (e.g., milk subsidies and marketing board payments). However, the value of income 'in kind', such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Supplementary definition:

Average Income of Individuals

Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

This concept and procedure applies to total income, employment income, wages and salaries and any other component of income.

Median Income of Individuals

The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

This concept and procedure applies to total income, employment income, wages and salaries and any other component of income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Sex

Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Labour Market Activities: Work Activity in 1995 (Derived)

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 1995 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

Weeks worked in the reference year include weeks of paid vacation, weeks on sick leave with pay and all weeks in which training was paid for by the employer. Persons who worked less than a year but who were paid on a twelve-month basis, such as school teachers, were instructed to report 52 weeks. Persons who operated a farm, business or professional practice for the full year, including weeks of vacation, were also instructed to report 52 weeks.

The term 'full-year full-time workers' refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who worked 49-52 weeks on a full time basis in the reference year for pay or in self-employment.

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Footnote 190

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly full time.

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Footnote 191

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly part time, or worked 1-49 weeks.

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Footnote 192

Includes persons who did not work in 1995 but reported employment income.

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Footnote 193

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly full time.

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Footnote 194

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly part time, or worked 1-49 weeks.

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Footnote 195

Includes persons who did not work in 1995 but reported employment income.

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Footnote 196

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly full time.

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Footnote 197

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly part time, or worked 1-49 weeks.

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Footnote 198

Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding of the data.


Income: Composition of Income

The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area.

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Footnote 199

Income: Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Individuals

Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

This concept and procedure applies to total income, employment income, wages and salaries and any other component of income.

Median Income of Individuals

The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

This concept and procedure applies to total income, employment income, wages and salaries and any other component of income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Sex

Refers to the gender of the respondent.

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Footnote 200

Including loss.

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Footnote 201

For persons with income.

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Footnote 202

For persons with income.

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Footnote 203

For persons with income.

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Footnote 204

Including loss.

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Footnote 205

For persons with income.

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Footnote 206

For persons with income.

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Footnote 207

For persons with income.

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Footnote 208

Including loss.

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Footnote 209

For persons with income.

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Footnote 210

For persons with income.

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Footnote 211

For persons with income.

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Footnote 212

Includes male and female lone-parent families.


Income: Census Family Total Income

The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

Average census family income refers to the weighted mean total income of census families.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (e.g., husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. Similarly, the average income of a group of non-family persons is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of the specified group by the number of all non-family persons 15 years of age and over in the group, whether or not they reported income.

Median Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

The median income of a specified group of census families or non-family persons 15 years of age and over is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of the families or non-family persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

The median income of census families and non-family persons is calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.

Supplementary definition:

Families of now-married couples and those of common-law couples together constitute 'husband-wife families'.

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Footnote 213

Including loss.

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Footnote 214

Income: Census Family Total Income

The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

Average census family income refers to the weighted mean total income of census families.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (e.g., husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. Similarly, the average income of a group of non-family persons is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of the specified group by the number of all non-family persons 15 years of age and over in the group, whether or not they reported income.

Median Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

The median income of a specified group of census families or non-family persons 15 years of age and over is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of the families or non-family persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

The median income of census families and non-family persons is calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.

Supplementary definition:

Families of now-married couples and those of common-law couples together constitute 'husband-wife families'.

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Footnote 215

Including loss.

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Footnote 216

Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.

Supplementary definition:

Families of now-married couples and those of common-law couples together constitute 'husband-wife families'.


Income: Census Family Total Income

The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

Average census family income refers to the weighted mean total income of census families.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (e.g., husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. Similarly, the average income of a group of non-family persons is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of the specified group by the number of all non-family persons 15 years of age and over in the group, whether or not they reported income.

Median Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

The median income of a specified group of census families or non-family persons 15 years of age and over is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of the families or non-family persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

The median income of census families and non-family persons is calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.

Return to footnote 216 referrer

Footnote 217

Income: Census Family Total Income

The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

Average census family income refers to the weighted mean total income of census families.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (e.g., husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. Similarly, the average income of a group of non-family persons is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of the specified group by the number of all non-family persons 15 years of age and over in the group, whether or not they reported income.

Median Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

The median income of a specified group of census families or non-family persons 15 years of age and over is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of the families or non-family persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

The median income of census families and non-family persons is calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Census Family Status

Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not they are members of a census family.

Family persons refers to household members who belong to a census family

Non-family persons refers to household members who do not belong to a census family. They may be related to Person 1, the household reference person (e.g., Person 1's divorced brother, brother-in-law, cousin, grandparent), or unrelated (e.g., lodger, room-mate, employee). A person living alone is always a non-family person.


Sex

Refers to the gender of the respondent.


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Footnote 218

Including loss.

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Footnote 219

Including loss.

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Footnote 220

Including loss.

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Footnote 221

Economic Family

Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption.

Supplementary definition:

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be either male or female spouse, male or female common-law partner or never-married son or daughter with a parent present. The concept of economic family may therefore refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example: a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be treated as a non-family person under the definition of a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a man and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, will form an economic family, but not a census family since they do not meet the requirements for the latter. All census family persons are economic family persons.

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Footnote 222

Income: Incidence of Low Income

The incidence of low income is the proportion or percentage of economic families or unattached individuals in a given classification below the low income cut-offs. These incidence rates are calculated from unrounded estimates of economic families and unattached individuals 15 years of age and over. Since all members of an economic family share a common status, incidence of low income can also be calculated for the population in private households.

Income Status

Refers to the position of an economic family or an unattached individual 15 years of age and over in relation to Statistics Canada's low income cut-offs (LICOs).

Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs)

Measures of low income known as low income cut-offs (LICOs) were first introduced in Canada in 1968 based on 1961 Census income data and 1959 family expenditure patterns. At that time, expenditure patterns indicated that Canadian families spent about 50% of their income on food, shelter and clothing. It was arbitrarily estimated that families spending 70% or more of their income on these basic necessities would be in 'straitened' circumstances. With this assumption, low income cut-off points were set for five different sizes of families.

Subsequent to these initial cut-offs, revised low income cut-offs were established based on national family expenditure data from 1969, 1978, 1986 and 1992. These data indicated that Canadian families spent, on average, 42% in 1969, 38.5% in 1978, 36.2% in 1986 and 34.7% in 1992 of their income on basic necessities. By adding the original difference of 20 percentage points to the basic level of expenditure on necessities, new low income cut-offs were set at income levels differentiated by family size and degree of urbanization. Since then, these cut-offs have been updated yearly by changes in the consumer price index.

Note: For more information on Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs) and for the 1990 and 1995 matrices of Low Income Cut-offs, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product. c:\Rec96cen\Document\English\Other\Specnotes.txt

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Footnote 223

Unattached Individual

Refers to a household member who is not a member of an economic family. Unattached individuals may either live alone or in a household where they are not related to any other member of that household. Income statistics are produced for unattached individuals who are at least 15 years of age.

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Footnote 224

Income: Incidence of Low Income

The incidence of low income is the proportion or percentage of economic families or unattached individuals in a given classification below the low income cut-offs. These incidence rates are calculated from unrounded estimates of economic families and unattached individuals 15 years of age and over. Since all members of an economic family share a common status, incidence of low income can also be calculated for the population in private households.

Income Status

Refers to the position of an economic family or an unattached individual 15 years of age and over in relation to Statistics Canada's low income cut-offs (LICOs).

Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs)

Measures of low income known as low income cut-offs (LICOs) were first introduced in Canada in 1968 based on 1961 Census income data and 1959 family expenditure patterns. At that time, expenditure patterns indicated that Canadian families spent about 50% of their income on food, shelter and clothing. It was arbitrarily estimated that families spending 70% or more of their income on these basic necessities would be in 'straitened' circumstances. With this assumption, low income cut-off points were set for five different sizes of families.

Subsequent to these initial cut-offs, revised low income cut-offs were established based on national family expenditure data from 1969, 1978, 1986 and 1992. These data indicated that Canadian families spent, on average, 42% in 1969, 38.5% in 1978, 36.2% in 1986 and 34.7% in 1992 of their income on basic necessities. By adding the original difference of 20 percentage points to the basic level of expenditure on necessities, new low income cut-offs were set at income levels differentiated by family size and degree of urbanization. Since then, these cut-offs have been updated yearly by changes in the consumer price index.

Note: For more information on Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs) and for the 1990 and 1995 matrices of Low Income Cut-offs, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product. c:\Rec96cen\Document\English\Other\Specnotes.txt

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Footnote 225

Household, Private

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

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Footnote 226

Income: Incidence of Low Income

The incidence of low income is the proportion or percentage of economic families or unattached individuals in a given classification below the low income cut-offs. These incidence rates are calculated from unrounded estimates of economic families and unattached individuals 15 years of age and over. Since all members of an economic family share a common status, incidence of low income can also be calculated for the population in private households.

Income Status

Refers to the position of an economic family or an unattached individual 15 years of age and over in relation to Statistics Canada's low income cut-offs (LICOs).

Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs)

Measures of low income known as low income cut-offs (LICOs) were first introduced in Canada in 1968 based on 1961 Census income data and 1959 family expenditure patterns. At that time, expenditure patterns indicated that Canadian families spent about 50% of their income on food, shelter and clothing. It was arbitrarily estimated that families spending 70% or more of their income on these basic necessities would be in 'straitened' circumstances. With this assumption, low income cut-off points were set for five different sizes of families.

Subsequent to these initial cut-offs, revised low income cut-offs were established based on national family expenditure data from 1969, 1978, 1986 and 1992. These data indicated that Canadian families spent, on average, 42% in 1969, 38.5% in 1978, 36.2% in 1986 and 34.7% in 1992 of their income on basic necessities. By adding the original difference of 20 percentage points to the basic level of expenditure on necessities, new low income cut-offs were set at income levels differentiated by family size and degree of urbanization. Since then, these cut-offs have been updated yearly by changes in the consumer price index.

Note: For more information on Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs) and for the 1990 and 1995 matrices of Low Income Cut-offs, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product. c:\Rec96cen\Document\English\Other\Specnotes.txt

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Footnote 227

Income: Household Total Income

The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household.

Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Households

Average household income refers to the weighted mean total income of households.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (e.g., family households) by the number of households in that group, whether or not they reported income.

Median Income of Households

The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

The median income of households is calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Household, Private

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Household Size

Refers to the number of persons in a private household.

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Footnote 228

Including loss.

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Footnote 229

Including loss.

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Footnote 230

Including loss.

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Footnote 231

Economic Family

Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption.


Household, Private

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

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Footnote 232

Economic Family Status

Refers to the classification of population according to whether or not they are members of an economic family.

Economic family persons refers to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption and thereby constitute an economic family.

Unattached individuals refers to household members who are not members of an economic family. A person living alone is always an unattached individual.

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Footnote 233

Economic Family Status

Refers to the classification of population according to whether or not they are members of an economic family.

Economic family persons refers to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption and thereby constitute an economic family.

Unattached individuals refers to household members who are not members of an economic family. A person living alone is always an unattached individual.

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Footnote 234

Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.


Census Family Status

Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not they are members of a census family.

Family persons refers to household members who belong to a census family. They, in turn, are further classified as follows:

Spouses refers to persons of opposite sex who are legally married to each other and living in the same dwelling.

Common-law partners are two persons of opposite sex who are not legally married to each other but live together as husband and wife in the same dwelling.

Lone parent refers to a mother or a father, with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more never-married sons and/or daughters.

Never-married sons and/or daughters refers to blood, step or adopted sons and daughters who have never married (regardless of age) and are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family even if they are living in the same dwelling. In addition, those never-married sons and daughters who do not live in the same dwelling as their parent(s) are not considered members of their parent(s)' census family.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity

Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed

Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed

Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force

Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)

Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate

Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio

Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate

Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

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Footnote 235

Dwelling, Occupied Private

Refers to a private dwelling in which a person or a group of persons are permanently residing. Also included are private dwellings whose usual residents are temporarily absent on Census Day. Unless otherwise specified, all data in housing reports are for occupied private dwellings rather than unoccupied private dwellings or dwellings occupied solely by foreign and/or temporary residents.

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Footnote 236

Rooms

Refers to the number of rooms in a dwelling. A room is an enclosed area within a dwelling which is finished and suitable for year-round living.


Dwelling

Refers to a set of living quarters in which a person or a group of persons reside or could reside.

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Footnote 237

Users of 1996 Census data on Number of Bedrooms are cautioned that the counts for dwellings having no bedroom may be too high, due to the editing procedure used in processing the 1996 data. It is estimated that, at the national level, the counts for dwellings with no bedroom may be over-reported by 25%. These dwellings would have been classified as having one bedroom. The over-reporting is concentrated among dwellings with two rooms.


Bedrooms

Refers to all rooms designed and furnished as bedrooms and used mainly for sleeping purposes, even though the use may be occasional (i.e., spare bedroom).


Dwelling

Refers to a set of living quarters in which a person or a group of persons reside or could reside.

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Footnote 238

Value of Dwelling

Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.


Dwelling

Refers to a set of living quarters in which a person or a group of persons reside or could reside.

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Footnote 239

Tenure

Refers to whether some member of the household owns or rents the dwelling, or whether the dwelling is Band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 240

Tenure

Refers to whether some member of the household owns or rents the dwelling, or whether the dwelling is Band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 241

Condition of Dwelling

Refers to whether, in the judgement of the respondent, the dwelling requires any repairs (excluding desirable remodelling or additions).

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Footnote 242

Condition of Dwelling

Refers to whether, in the judgement of the respondent, the dwelling requires any repairs (excluding desirable remodelling or additions).

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Footnote 243

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 244

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 245

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 246

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 247

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 248

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 249

Household, Private

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Household Type

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is a married couple with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a couple living common-law with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a lone parent living with one or more never-married sons or daughters (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other non-family persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to one in which two or more census families (with or without additional non-family persons) occupy the same private dwelling.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.


Census Family

Refers to a now-married couple (with or without never-married sons and/or daughters of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without never-married sons and/or daughters of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one never-married son or daughter living in the same dwelling.


Census Family Status

Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not they are members of a census family.

Family persons refers to household members who belong to a census family. They, in turn, are further classified as follows:

Spouses refers to persons of opposite sex who are legally married to each other and living in the same dwelling.

Common-law partners are two persons of opposite sex who are not legally married to each other but live together as husband and wife in the same dwelling.

Lone parent refers to a mother or a father, with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more never-married sons and/or daughters.

Never-married sons and/or daughters refers to blood, step or adopted sons and daughters who have never married (regardless of age) and are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family even if they are living in the same dwelling. In addition, those never-married sons and daughters who do not live in the same dwelling as their parent(s) are not considered members of their parent(s)' census family.

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Footnote 250

Household, Private

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

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Footnote 251

Rent, Gross

Refers to the total average monthly payments paid by tenant households to secure shelter.

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Footnote 252

Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income

Refers to the proportion of average monthly 1995 total household income which is spent on gross rent (for tenant-occupied dwellings). Calculation - Gross Rent X 100 ÷ Total annual household income in 1995 ÷ 12.

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Footnote 253

Owner's Major Payments

Refers to the total average monthly payments made by owner households to secure shelter.

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Footnote 254

Owner's Major Payments or Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income

Refers to the proportion of average monthly 1995 total household income which is spent on owner's major payments (in the case of owner-occupied dwellings) or on gross rent (in the case of tenant-occupied dwellings).

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Population, 1996 (100% data) Footnote 2 28,846,761
Total population by sex and age groups (100% data) Footnote 3 28,846,765
Male, total 14,170,025
0-4 982,560
5-9 1,019,290
10-14 1,023,365
15 205,905
16 204,840
17 200,160
18 196,295
19 196,150
15-19 1,003,355
20-24 951,825
25-29 1,005,280
30-34 1,221,680
35-39 1,258,015
40-44 1,144,995
45-49 1,040,835
50-54 806,685
55-59 643,450
60-64 580,870
65-69 523,070
70-74 420,295
75-79 276,935
80-84 167,250
85+ 100,275
Female, total 14,676,735
0-4 935,260
5-9 970,725
10-14 970,080
15 195,650
16 193,360
17 189,915
18 187,205
19 189,635
15-19 955,770
20-24 946,225
25-29 1,025,395
30-34 1,246,555
35-39 1,286,015
40-44 1,172,675
45-49 1,053,015
50-54 809,860
55-59 658,260
60-64 606,875
65-69 582,875
70-74 535,700
75-79 401,315
80-84 283,335
85+ 236,795
Total population 15 years and over by legal marital status (100% data) Footnote 4 22,945,485
Never married (single) 7,382,585
Legally married (and not separated) 11,738,705
Separated, but still legally married 695,675
Divorced 1,649,900
Widowed 1,478,615
Total number of census families in private households by family size (20% sample data) Footnote 5 7,837,865
Size of census family, 2 persons 3,404,345
Size of census family, 3 persons 1,768,675
Size of census family, 4 persons 1,805,060
Size of census family, 5 or more persons 859,780
Total husband-wife families by family structure (20% sample data) Footnote 6 6,700,355
Total families of now-married couples 5,779,720
Total without sons and/or daughters at home 2,244,085
Total with sons and/or daughters at home 3,535,635
1 son or daughter 1,211,700
2 sons and/or daughters 1,556,815
3 or more sons and/or daughters 767,110
Total families of common-law couples 920,640
Total without sons and/or daughters at home 485,685
Total with sons and/or daughters at home 434,950
1 son or daughter 219,300
2 sons and/or daughters 152,275
3 or more sons and/or daughters 63,375
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent (20% sample data) Footnote 7 1,137,510
Male parent 192,275
1 son or daughter 126,895
2 sons and/or daughters 50,350
3 or more sons and/or daughters 15,025
Female parent 945,235
1 son or daughter 547,680
2 sons and/or daughters 287,325
3 or more sons and/or daughters 110,235
Total number of never-married sons and/or daughters at home (20% sample data) 9,369,750
Under 6 years of age 2,257,085
6 - 14 years 3,504,885
15 - 17 years 1,138,725
18 - 24 years 1,684,425
25 years and over 784,630
Average number of never-married sons and/or daughters at home per census family Footnote 8 1.2
Total number of persons in private households (20% sample data) Footnote 9 28,390,685
Number of non-family persons 4,482,710
Living with relatives Footnote 10 842,640
Living with non-relatives only Footnote 11 1,017,885
Living alone 2,622,180
Number of family persons 23,907,975
Average number of persons per census family 3.1
Total number of persons 65 years and over (20% sample data) Footnote 12 3,252,260
Number of non-family persons 65 years and over 1,235,005
Living with relatives Footnote 13 242,110
Living with non-relatives only Footnote 14 59,225
Living alone 933,670
Number of family persons 65 years and over 2,017,255
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling (20% sample data) Footnote 15 10,820,050
Single-detached house 6,120,380
Semi-detached house 502,095
Row house 538,365
Apartment, detached duplex 451,495
Apartment building, five or more storeys 979,470
Apartment building, less than five storeys 2,028,325
Other single attached house 39,555
Movable dwelling Footnote 16 160,370
Total number of private households by household size (20% sample data) Footnote 17 10,820,050
1 person 2,622,180
2 persons 3,420,660
3 persons 1,828,255
4 - 5 persons 2,596,305
6 or more persons 352,660
Total population by citizenship (20% sample data) Footnote 18 28,528,125
Canadian citizenship 26,984,840
Citizenship other than Canadian 1,543,285
Total population by place of birth (20% sample data) Footnote 19 28,528,120
Non-immigrant population Footnote 20 23,390,340
Born in province of residence 19,782,600
Total immigrants by selected countries of birth Footnote 21 4,971,070
United Kingdom 655,535
Italy 332,110
United States 244,690
Hong Kong 241,095
India 235,935
China, People's Republic of 231,050
Poland 193,375
Philippines 184,550
Germany 181,645
Portugal 158,815
Viet Nam 139,320
Netherlands 124,545
Jamaica 115,795
Greece 79,690
Guyana 77,705
Sri Lanka 67,425
Lebanon 63,135
France 62,600
Trinidad and Tobago 62,020
Yugoslavia Footnote 22 61,230
Hungary 54,230
Haiti 49,395
Taiwan 49,290
Iran Footnote 23 47,410
Romania 46,400
Korea, South Footnote 24 45,895
Ukraine 41,880
Pakistan 39,245
El Salvador 39,020
Egypt 33,925
Croatia 33,595
Russian Federation 31,515
Ireland, Republic of (Eire) 28,940
South Africa, Republic of 28,465
Mexico 27,485
Austria 24,600
Chile 23,875
Belgium 21,800
Fiji 20,580
Morocco 20,440
Denmark Footnote 25 20,365
Czechoslovakia, n.i.e. Footnote 26 19,730
Malaysia 19,460
Cambodia Footnote 27 19,355
Switzerland 19,310
Tanzania, United Republic of 18,130
Kenya 18,005
Iraq 16,790
Somalia 16,740
Israel 15,510
All other places of birth 567,415
Non-permanent residents Footnote 28 166,715
Total recent immigrants by selected countries of birth (20% sample data) Footnote 29 1,038,990
Hong Kong 108,915
China, People's Republic of 87,875
India 71,335
Philippines 71,330
Sri Lanka 44,235
Poland 36,965
Taiwan 32,145
Viet Nam 32,060
United States 29,025
United Kingdom 25,420
Yugoslavia Footnote 30 21,975
Iran Footnote 31 21,410
Jamaica 21,400
Lebanon 19,740
Romania 17,485
Pakistan 17,405
Korea, South Footnote 32 16,225
Guyana 15,485
Trinidad and Tobago 14,320
El Salvador 13,240
Somalia 13,215
France 11,890
Haiti 11,585
Russian Federation 10,965
Iraq 9,780
Portugal 9,240
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,170
Mexico 8,410
Germany 8,400
Egypt 7,835
Ukraine 7,535
Ghana 7,375
Ethiopia Footnote 33 7,015
South Africa, Republic of 6,845
Bangladesh 6,780
Afghanistan 5,860
Peru 5,815
Guatemala 5,680
Fiji 5,630
Morocco 4,985
All other places of birth 156,970
Total immigrant population by period of immigration (20% sample data) Footnote 34 4,971,070
Before 1961, period of immigration 1,054,935
1961-1970, period of immigration 788,580
1971-1980, period of immigration 996,165
1981-1990, period of immigration 1,092,405
1991-1996, period of immigration Footnote 35 1,038,995
Total immigrant population by age at immigration (20% sample data) Footnote 36 4,971,070
0-4 years, age at immigration 505,570
5-19 years, age at immigration 1,376,255
20 years and over, age at immigration 3,089,245
Total population by mother tongue (20% sample data) Footnote 37 28,528,125
Single responses 28,125,565
English 16,890,615
French 6,636,655
Non-official languages 4,598,290
Italian 484,500
Chinese 715,635
German 450,140
Portuguese 211,290
Polish 213,410
Ukrainian 162,700
Spanish 212,890
Dutch 133,800
Punjabi 201,785
Greek 121,180
Arabic 148,555
Tagalog (Pilipino) 133,215
Hungarian 77,235
Vietnamese 106,515
Cree 76,835
Persian (Farsi) 60,275
Croatian 50,105
Gujarati 45,185
Korean 54,540
Russian 57,500
Hindi 42,775
Tamil 66,835
Japanese 33,545
Creoles 35,050
Finnish 24,735
Czech 24,985
Armenian 26,295
Yiddish 21,415
Urdu 39,770
Inuktitut (Eskimo) 26,960
Romanian 35,715
Ojibway 22,710
Danish 20,285
Slovak 18,285
Macedonian 19,300
Khmer (Cambodian) 15,160
Norwegian 10,240
Hebrew 13,125
Estonian 10,685
Swedish 9,760
Lao 12,685
Lithuanian 9,385
Serbian 28,620
Latvian (Lettish) 9,635
Slovenian 14,085
Turkish 11,850
Bengali 15,780
Maltese 7,115
Flemish 6,980
Montagnais-Naskapi 8,745
Bulgarian 6,330
Micmac 6,755
Gaelic languages 2,175
South Slave 2,470
Chipewyan 1,310
Dogrib 2,040
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 350
Tlingit 110
Serbo-Croatian 17,940
Dakota/Sioux 4,030
Malay-Bahasa 4,920
Blackfoot 3,460
Malayalam 4,795
Thai 2,650
Kurdish 4,090
Pashto 2,365
Other languages Footnote 38 172,710
Multiple responses 402,560
English and French 107,945
English and non-official language 249,540
French and non-official language 35,845
English, French and non-official language 9,230
Total population by knowledge of official languages (20% sample data) Footnote 39 28,528,125
English only 19,134,250
French only 4,079,085
English and French 4,841,320
Neither English nor French 473,475
Total population by first official language spoken (20% sample data) Footnote 40 28,528,125
English 20,921,770
French 6,890,880
English and French 254,345
Neither English nor French 461,130
Official language minority - (number) Footnote 41 7,018,050
Official language minority - (percentage) Footnote 42 24.6
Total population by home language (20% sample data) Footnote 43 28,528,125
Single responses 27,947,670
English 19,031,335
French 6,359,500
Non-official languages 2,556,835
Chinese 586,810
Italian 215,100
Portuguese 123,325
Spanish 141,645
German 114,085
Polish 119,640
Punjabi 154,490
Greek 68,705
Vietnamese 93,775
Arabic 91,580
Cree 49,850
Tagalog (Pilipino) 72,505
Ukrainian 32,010
Persian (Farsi) 44,490
Korean 41,985
Hungarian 24,650
Tamil 55,675
Gujarati 26,675
Croatian 24,200
Armenian 19,540
Inuktitut (Eskimo) 22,460
Hindi 23,235
Urdu 27,080
Japanese 17,685
Russian 33,765
Creoles 17,580
Dutch 12,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,315
Ojibway 11,015
Romanian 20,880
Czech 8,395
Lao 9,500
Macedonian 10,515
Finnish 6,315
Montagnais-Naskapi 8,155
Hebrew 6,810
Yiddish 6,705
Serbian 19,935
Bengali 11,820
Slovak 5,735
Estonian 4,220
Turkish 7,300
Lithuanian 3,410
Latvian (Lettish) 3,505
Micmac 4,510
Slovenian 4,080
Bulgarian 4,120
Serbo-Croatian 14,100
Dakota/Sioux 2,570
South Slave 1,285
Malay-Bahasa 1,970
Maltese 1,520
Blackfoot 1,740
Dogrib 1,370
Danish 1,310
Swedish 1,205
Malayalam 1,935
Thai 950
Kurdish 3,125
Pashto 1,885
Flemish 670
Chipewyan 530
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 75
Norwegian 575
Gaelic languages 130
Tlingit 10
Other languages Footnote 44 96,225
Multiple responses 580,455
English and French 119,965
English and non-official language 397,435
French and non-official language 48,660
English, French and non-official language 14,395
Knowledge of non-official languages (20% sample data): Italian Footnote 45 694,125
German 654,260
Chinese 791,160
Spanish 505,775
Portuguese 259,490
Ukrainian 218,320
Polish 258,470
Dutch 165,610
Punjabi 248,695
Arabic 222,660
Greek 161,765
Tagalog (Pilipino) 191,970
Vietnamese 147,780
Hindi 152,975
Hungarian 93,685
Cree 102,220
Russian 112,020
Gujarati 65,340
Yiddish 46,635
Hebrew 60,740
Urdu 76,535
Creoles 70,500
Persian (Farsi) 72,815
Croatian 63,905
Japanese 56,780
Korean 59,285
Tamil 80,635
Finnish 28,325
Armenian 31,705
Romanian 44,440
Ojibway 31,625
Czech 31,080
Danish 25,190
Non-verbal languages 40,620
Inuktitut (Eskimo) 30,410
Turkish 25,110
Macedonian 25,845
Slovak 22,340
Khmer (Cambodian) 21,870
Swedish 17,565
Swahili 21,355
Norwegian 14,275
Lao 18,380
Malay-Bahasa 16,965
Serbian 35,380
Lithuanian 11,210
Estonian 11,460
Latvian (Lettish) 10,605
Bengali 19,510
Maltese 10,070
Flemish 8,695
Slovenian 16,515
Gaelic languages 7,855
Sinhalese 11,180
Montagnais-Naskapi 9,425
Serbo-Croatian 21,545
Thai 8,020
Micmac 8,145
Blackfoot 5,600
Bulgarian 7,665
Malayalam 6,155
Dakota/Sioux 4,755
South Slave 3,260
Icelandic 3,170
Nishga 1,165
Frisian 3,655
Chipewyan 1,865
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 490
Tlingit 185
Dogrib 2,465
Kurdish 5,290
Pashto 3,980
Other languages Footnote 46 243,690
Total population by Aboriginal groups and non-Aboriginal population (20% sample data) Footnote 47 28,528,125
Total Aboriginal population 799,010
North American Indian single response Footnote 48 529,035
Métis single response 204,115
Inuit single response 40,225
Multiple Aboriginal responses 6,415
Other Aboriginal response Footnote 49 19,215
Total non-Aboriginal population 27,729,115
Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses) (20% sample data) Footnote 50 28,528,125
Total population - Single responses Footnote 51 18,303,630
Total population - Multiple responses Footnote 52 10,224,495
Canadian - Total responses Footnote 53 8,806,275
Canadian - Single responses Footnote 54 5,326,995
Canadian - Multiple responses Footnote 55 3,479,285
French - Total responses 5,597,845
French - Single responses 2,665,250
French - Multiple responses 2,932,595
English - Total responses 6,832,095
English - Single responses 2,048,275
English - Multiple responses 4,783,825
Chinese - Total responses Footnote 56 921,585
Chinese - Single responses Footnote 57 800,475
Chinese - Multiple responses Footnote 58 121,110
Italian - Total responses 1,207,475
Italian - Single responses 729,455
Italian - Multiple responses 478,020
German - Total responses 2,757,140
German - Single responses 726,145
German - Multiple responses 2,030,990
Scottish - Total responses 4,260,840
Scottish - Single responses 642,970
Scottish - Multiple responses 3,617,870
Irish - Total responses 3,767,615
Irish - Single responses 504,030
Irish - Multiple responses 3,263,580
East Indian - Total responses Footnote 59 548,085
East Indian - Single responses Footnote 60 438,770
East Indian - Multiple responses Footnote 61 109,310
North American Indian - Total responses 867,225
North American Indian - Single responses 394,555
North American Indian - Multiple responses 472,675
Ukrainian - Total responses 1,026,475
Ukrainian - Single responses 331,680
Ukrainian - Multiple responses 694,795
Dutch (Netherlands) - Total responses Footnote 62 916,215
Dutch (Netherlands) - Single responses Footnote 63 313,880
Dutch (Netherlands) - Multiple responses Footnote 64 602,340
Polish - Total responses 786,735
Polish - Single responses 265,930
Polish - Multiple responses 520,805
Portuguese - Total responses 335,110
Portuguese - Single responses 252,635
Portuguese - Multiple responses 82,470
Filipino - Total responses 242,880
Filipino - Single responses 198,420
Filipino - Multiple responses 44,460
Jewish - Total responses 351,710
Jewish - Single responses 195,810
Jewish - Multiple responses 155,900
Greek - Total responses 203,345
Greek - Single responses 144,940
Greek - Multiple responses 58,405
Jamaican - Total responses Footnote 65 188,770
Jamaican - Single responses Footnote 66 128,570
Jamaican - Multiple responses Footnote 67 60,200
Vietnamese - Total responses 136,810
Vietnamese - Single responses 110,390
Vietnamese - Multiple responses 26,415
Hungarian (Magyar) - Total responses 250,525
Hungarian (Magyar) - Single responses 94,185
Hungarian (Magyar) - Multiple responses 156,335
Lebanese - Total responses 131,385
Lebanese - Single responses 87,670
Lebanese - Multiple responses 43,715
Spanish - Total responses 204,365
Spanish - Single responses 72,470
Spanish - Multiple responses 131,895
Haitian - Total responses Footnote 68 83,680
Haitian - Single responses Footnote 69 72,330
Haitian - Multiple responses Footnote 70 11,350
Korean - Total responses 66,655
Korean - Single responses 63,060
Korean - Multiple responses 3,595
Québécois - Total responses 80,400
Québécois - Single responses 55,640
Québécois - Multiple responses 24,760
Croatian - Total responses 84,495
Croatian - Single responses 55,275
Croatian - Multiple responses 29,220
Iranian - Total responses 64,405
Iranian - Single responses 53,545
Iranian - Multiple responses 10,860
Japanese - Total responses 77,130
Japanese - Single responses 51,800
Japanese - Multiple responses 25,330
Métis - Total responses 220,735
Métis - Single responses 49,800
Métis - Multiple responses 170,935
Norwegian - Total responses 346,305
Norwegian - Single responses 47,810
Norwegian - Multiple responses 298,500
Russian - Total responses 272,335
Russian - Single responses 46,885
Russian - Multiple responses 225,450
British, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 71 150,230
British, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 72 44,330
British, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 73 105,895
Romanian - Total responses 107,150
Romanian - Single responses 39,140
Romanian - Multiple responses 68,010
Danish - Total responses 163,130
Danish - Single responses 36,115
Danish - Multiple responses 127,015
Finnish - Total responses 108,725
Finnish - Single responses 33,590
Finnish - Multiple responses 75,130
Inuit - Total responses 49,845
Inuit - Single responses 33,275
Inuit - Multiple responses 16,570
Arab, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 74 48,935
Arab, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 75 32,750
Arab, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 76 16,180
Sri Lankan - Total responses 46,585
Sri Lankan - Single responses 32,640
Sri Lankan - Multiple responses 13,945
Belgian - Total responses 123,595
Belgian - Single responses 31,375
Belgian - Multiple responses 92,225
West Indian - Total responses Footnote 77 54,475
West Indian - Single responses Footnote 78 31,255
West Indian - Multiple responses Footnote 79 23,220
Swedish - Total responses 278,975
Swedish - Single responses 31,200
Swedish - Multiple responses 247,770
Punjabi - Total responses 49,835
Punjabi - Single responses 31,160
Punjabi - Multiple responses 18,675
African (Black), n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 80 75,445
African (Black), n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 81 30,990
African (Black), n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 82 44,460
Serbian - Total responses 40,195
Serbian - Single responses 28,415
Serbian - Multiple responses 11,780
Somali - Total responses Footnote 83 30,195
Somali - Single responses Footnote 84 28,300
Somali - Multiple responses Footnote 85 1,895
Austrian - Total responses 140,520
Austrian - Single responses 28,085
Austrian - Multiple responses 112,430
Yugoslav, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 86 66,940
Yugoslav, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 87 28,060
Yugoslav, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 88 38,880
Black - Total responses Footnote 89 47,340
Black - Single responses Footnote 90 27,920
Black - Multiple responses Footnote 91 19,420
Welsh - Total responses 338,910
Welsh - Single responses 27,915
Welsh - Multiple responses 310,995
Pakistani - Total responses 38,655
Pakistani - Single responses 27,770
Pakistani - Multiple responses 10,885
South Asian, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 92 31,335
South Asian, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 93 26,750
South Asian, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 94 4,580
Armenian - Total responses 37,500
Armenian - Single responses 25,810
Armenian - Multiple responses 11,690
Czech - Total responses 71,910
Czech - Single responses 24,245
Czech - Multiple responses 47,665
Egyptian - Total responses 35,575
Egyptian - Single responses 24,125
Egyptian - Multiple responses 11,450
Chilean - Total responses 33,830
Chilean - Single responses 23,230
Chilean - Multiple responses 10,600
Swiss - Total responses 104,240
Swiss - Single responses 22,915
Swiss - Multiple responses 81,325
Trinidadian/Tobagonian - Total responses Footnote 95 44,025
Trinidadian/Tobagonian - Single responses Footnote 96 22,705
Trinidadian/Tobagonian - Multiple responses Footnote 97 21,320
Guyanese - Total responses Footnote 98 40,520
Guyanese - Single responses Footnote 99 22,115
Guyanese - Multiple responses Footnote 100 18,405
American - Total responses 211,785
American - Single responses 22,080
American - Multiple responses 189,705
Latin/Central/South American, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 101 30,365
Latin/Central/South American, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 102 21,460
Latin/Central/South American, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 103 8,900
Slovak - Total responses 45,230
Slovak - Single responses 20,160
Slovak - Multiple responses 25,065
Salvadorean - Total responses 24,125
Salvadorean - Single responses 19,455
Salvadorean - Multiple responses 4,675
Macedonian - Total responses 30,915
Macedonian - Single responses 19,080
Macedonian - Multiple responses 11,835
Acadian - Total responses 57,420
Acadian - Single responses 18,590
Acadian - Multiple responses 38,830
Tamil - Total responses 30,065
Tamil - Single responses 18,375
Tamil - Multiple responses 11,690
Cambodian - Total responses 21,435
Cambodian - Single responses 16,840
Cambodian - Multiple responses 4,590
Slovenian - Total responses 25,875
Slovenian - Single responses 15,605
Slovenian - Multiple responses 10,270
Maltese - Total responses 29,820
Maltese - Single responses 14,150
Maltese - Multiple responses 15,670
Laotian - Total responses 17,315
Laotian - Single responses 13,695
Laotian - Multiple responses 3,625
Ethiopian - Total responses Footnote 104 14,955
Ethiopian - Single responses Footnote 105 13,005
Ethiopian - Multiple responses Footnote 106 1,945
Ghanaian - Total responses Footnote 107 14,935
Ghanaian - Single responses Footnote 108 12,820
Ghanaian - Multiple responses Footnote 109 2,110
Lithuanian - Total responses 35,840
Lithuanian - Single responses 12,670
Lithuanian - Multiple responses 23,170
Afghan - Total responses 13,245
Afghan - Single responses 11,640
Afghan - Multiple responses 1,600
Icelandic - Total responses 70,685
Icelandic - Single responses 11,475
Icelandic - Multiple responses 59,205
Estonian - Total responses 22,695
Estonian - Single responses 11,245
Estonian - Multiple responses 11,450
Turk - Total responses 18,130
Turk - Single responses 10,720
Turk - Multiple responses 7,410
Latvian - Total responses 24,120
Latvian - Single responses 10,560
Latvian - Multiple responses 13,565
Barbadian - Total responses Footnote 110 21,415
Barbadian - Single responses Footnote 111 10,235
Barbadian - Multiple responses Footnote 112 11,175
Syrian - Total responses 19,390
Syrian - Single responses 9,300
Syrian - Multiple responses 10,095
Czechoslovakian - Total responses Footnote 113 39,180
Czechoslovakian - Single responses Footnote 114 9,165
Czechoslovakian - Multiple responses Footnote 115 30,020
Mexican - Total responses 23,300
Mexican - Single responses 8,895
Mexican - Multiple responses 14,400
Peruvian - Total responses 14,160
Peruvian - Single responses 8,780
Peruvian - Multiple responses 5,380
Moroccan - Total responses 14,625
Moroccan - Single responses 8,730
Moroccan - Multiple responses 5,895
Iraqi - Total responses 10,795
Iraqi - Single responses 7,805
Iraqi - Multiple responses 2,990
Bosnian - Total responses 8,980
Bosnian - Single responses 7,295
Bosnian - Multiple responses 1,685
Palestinian - Total responses 11,445
Palestinian - Single responses 7,200
Palestinian - Multiple responses 4,245
Scandinavian, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 116 31,170
Scandinavian, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 117 7,100
Scandinavian, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 118 24,070
Caribbean, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 119 15,375
Caribbean, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 120 6,720
Caribbean, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 121 8,650
European, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 122 13,950
European, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 123 6,600
European, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 124 7,350
Bulgarian - Total responses 12,390
Bulgarian - Single responses 6,380
Bulgarian - Multiple responses 6,010
Guatemalan - Total responses 8,460
Guatemalan - Single responses 6,110
Guatemalan - Multiple responses 2,350
Bangladeshi - Total responses 6,955
Bangladeshi - Single responses 6,045
Bangladeshi - Multiple responses 910
Taiwanese - Total responses Footnote 125 7,765
Taiwanese - Single responses Footnote 126 5,955
Taiwanese - Multiple responses Footnote 127 1,810
Colombian - Total responses 8,525
Colombian - Single responses 5,565
Colombian - Multiple responses 2,960
Eritrean - Total responses Footnote 128 6,225
Eritrean - Single responses Footnote 129 5,505
Eritrean - Multiple responses Footnote 130 720
Fijian - Total responses 9,435
Fijian - Single responses 5,220
Fijian - Multiple responses 4,220
Ecuadorian - Total responses 6,910
Ecuadorian - Single responses 4,845
Ecuadorian - Multiple responses 2,065
Algerian - Total responses 6,835
Algerian - Single responses 4,665
Algerian - Multiple responses 2,170
Nigerian - Total responses Footnote 131 6,225
Nigerian - Single responses Footnote 132 4,295
Nigerian - Multiple responses Footnote 133 1,930
Hispanic - Total responses 5,275
Hispanic - Single responses 3,905
Hispanic - Multiple responses 1,370
Total - Total population by visible minority population 28,528,120
Total visible minority population Footnote 134 3,197,480
Black 573,860
South Asian 670,585
Chinese 860,150
Korean 64,835
Japanese 68,130
Southeast Asian 172,760
Filipino 234,195
Arab/West Asian 244,660
Latin American 176,970
Visible minority, n.i.e. Footnote 135 69,745
Multiple visible minority Footnote 136 61,570
All others Footnote 137 25,330,640
Total population 15 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 138 22,628,925
In the labour force 14,812,700
Employed 13,318,740
Unemployed 1,493,960
Not in the labour force 7,816,225
Participation rate 65.5
Employment-population ratio 58.9
Unemployment rate 10.1
Total population 15-24 years by labour force activity (20% sample data) 3,849,025
In the labour force 2,361,660
Employed 1,943,605
Unemployed 418,060
Not in the labour force 1,487,365
Participation rate 61.4
Employment-population ratio 50.5
Unemployment rate 17.7
Total population 25 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) 18,779,900
In the labour force 12,451,040
Employed 11,375,140
Unemployed 1,075,900
Not in the labour force 6,328,860
Participation rate 66.3
Employment-population ratio 60.6
Unemployment rate 8.6
Males 15 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 139 11,022,455
In the labour force 8,007,955
Employed 7,191,125
Unemployed 816,830
Not in the labour force 3,014,500
Participation rate 72.7
Employment-population ratio 65.2
Unemployment rate 10.2
Males 15-24 years by labour force activity (20% sample data) 1,955,240
In the labour force 1,228,635
Employed 1,003,020
Unemployed 225,615
Not in the labour force 726,605
Participation rate 62.8
Employment-population ratio 51.3
Unemployment rate 18.4
Males 25 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) 9,067,215
In the labour force 6,779,320
Employed 6,188,105
Unemployed 591,220
Not in the labour force 2,287,895
Participation rate 74.8
Employment-population ratio 68.2
Unemployment rate 8.7
Females 15 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 140 11,606,470
In the labour force 6,804,745
Employed 6,127,615
Unemployed 677,130
Not in the labour force 4,801,725
Participation rate 58.6
Employment-population ratio 52.8
Unemployment rate 10.0
Females 15-24 years by labour force activity (20% sample data) 1,893,790
In the labour force 1,133,030
Employed 940,580
Unemployed 192,445
Not in the labour force 760,760
Participation rate 59.8
Employment-population ratio 49.7
Unemployment rate 17.0
Females 25 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) 9,712,680
In the labour force 5,671,720
Employed 5,187,035
Unemployed 484,685
Not in the labour force 4,040,965
Participation rate 58.4
Employment-population ratio 53.4
Unemployment rate 8.5
Population 15 years and over in private households by presence of children and labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 141 22,506,430
In the labour force 14,749,325
Employed 13,265,000
Unemployed 1,484,325
Not in the labour force 7,757,105
Participation rate 65.5
Employment-population ratio 58.9
Unemployment rate 10.1
Population 15 years and over in private households with no children at home 13,427,755
In the labour force 7,678,830
Employed 6,780,925
Unemployed 897,905
Not in the labour force 5,748,930
Participation rate 57.2
Employment-population ratio 50.5
Unemployment rate 11.7
Population 15 years and over in private households with children at home 9,078,670
In the labour force 7,070,495
Employed 6,484,075
Unemployed 586,420
Not in the labour force 2,008,175
Participation rate 77.9
Employment-population ratio 71.4
Unemployment rate 8.3
Population 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years only 1,773,600
In the labour force 1,426,490
Employed 1,282,050
Unemployed 144,440
Not in the labour force 347,110
Participation rate 80.4
Employment-population ratio 72.3
Unemployment rate 10.1
Population 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years and children 6 years and over 1,281,435
In the labour force 1,002,360
Employed 909,545
Unemployed 92,815
Not in the labour force 279,075
Participation rate 78.2
Employment-population ratio 71.0
Unemployment rate 9.3
Population 15 years and over in private households with children 6 years and over only 6,023,640
In the labour force 4,641,650
Employed 4,292,480
Unemployed 349,165
Not in the labour force 1,381,995
Participation rate 77.1
Employment-population ratio 71.3
Unemployment rate 7.5
Males 15 years and over in private households by presence of children and labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 142 10,954,475
In the labour force 7,966,195
Employed 7,156,705
Unemployed 809,490
Not in the labour force 2,988,280
Participation rate 72.7
Employment-population ratio 65.3
Unemployment rate 10.2
Males 15 years and over in private households with no children at home 6,791,620
In the labour force 4,298,510
Employed 3,746,025
Unemployed 552,490
Not in the labour force 2,493,105
Participation rate 63.3
Employment-population ratio 55.2
Unemployment rate 12.9
Males 15 years and over in private households with children at home 4,162,860
In the labour force 3,667,680
Employed 3,410,680
Unemployed 257,000
Not in the labour force 495,175
Participation rate 88.1
Employment-population ratio 81.9
Unemployment rate 7.0
Males 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years only 820,025
In the labour force 771,875
Employed 712,295
Unemployed 59,575
Not in the labour force 48,145
Participation rate 94.1
Employment-population ratio 86.9
Unemployment rate 7.7
Males 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years and children 6 years and over 600,585
In the labour force 560,980
Employed 518,385
Unemployed 42,600
Not in the labour force 39,600
Participation rate 93.4
Employment-population ratio 86.3
Unemployment rate 7.6
Males 15 years and over in private households with children 6 years and over only 2,742,245
In the labour force 2,334,820
Employed 2,179,990
Unemployed 154,830
Not in the labour force 407,425
Participation rate 85.1
Employment-population ratio 79.5
Unemployment rate 6.6
Females 15 years and over in private households by presence of children and labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 143 11,551,960
In the labour force 6,783,130
Employed 6,108,295
Unemployed 674,835
Not in the labour force 4,768,825
Participation rate 58.7
Employment-population ratio 52.9
Unemployment rate 9.9
Females 15 years and over in private households with no children at home 6,636,140
In the labour force 3,380,315
Employed 3,034,900
Unemployed 345,415
Not in the labour force 3,255,825
Participation rate 50.9
Employment-population ratio 45.7
Unemployment rate 10.2
Females 15 years and over in private households with children at home 4,915,815
In the labour force 3,402,815
Employed 3,073,395
Unemployed 329,420
Not in the labour force 1,513,000
Participation rate 69.2
Employment-population ratio 62.5
Unemployment rate 9.7
Females 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years only 953,575
In the labour force 654,610
Employed 569,750
Unemployed 84,855
Not in the labour force 298,965
Participation rate 68.6
Employment-population ratio 59.7
Unemployment rate 13.0
Females 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years and children 6 years and over 680,850
In the labour force 441,380
Employed 391,155
Unemployed 50,220
Not in the labour force 239,470
Participation rate 64.8
Employment-population ratio 57.5
Unemployment rate 11.4
Females 15 years and over in private households with children 6 years and over only 3,281,395
In the labour force 2,306,825
Employed 2,112,490
Unemployed 194,340
Not in the labour force 974,565
Participation rate 70.3
Employment-population ratio 64.4
Unemployment rate 8.4
Total labour force 15 years and over by industry divisions (20% sample data) Footnote 144 14,812,700
Industry - Not applicable Footnote 145 495,160
All industries Footnote 146 14,317,545
Division A - Agricultural and related service industries 485,605
Division B - Fishing and trapping industries 45,695
Division C - Logging and forestry industries 102,715
Division D - Mining (including milling), quarrying and oil well industries 168,320
Division E - Manufacturing industries 2,039,845
Division F - Construction industries 822,350
Division G - Transportation and storage industries 598,925
Division H - Communication and other utility industries 446,770
Division I - Wholesale trade industries 711,825
Division J - Retail trade industries 1,781,250
Division K - Finance and insurance industries 522,065
Division L - Real estate operator and insurance agent industries 265,725
Division M - Business service industries 937,635
Division N - Government service industries Footnote 147 887,450
Division O - Educational service industries 1,005,585
Division P - Health and social service industries Footnote 148 1,409,170
Division Q - Accommodation, food and beverage service industries 988,590
Division R - Other service industries Footnote 149 1,098,035
Total labour force 15 years and over by occupational broad categories and occupation major groups (20% sample data) Footnote 150 14,812,700
Occupation - Not applicable Footnote 151 495,160
All occupations Footnote 152 14,317,545
A Management occupations 1,289,125
A0 Senior management occupations 145,180
A1 Specialist managers 282,115
A2 Managers in retail trade, food and accommodation services 424,105
A3 Other managers n.e.c. 437,715
B Business, finance and administrative occupations 2,718,250
B0 Professional occupations in business and finance 255,805
B1 Finance and insurance administrative occupations 173,575
B2 Secretaries 402,695
B3 Administrative and regulatory occupations 209,255
B4 Clerical supervisors 93,670
B5 Clerical occupations 1,583,250
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 712,500
C0 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 385,435
C1 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 327,060
D Health occupations 719,455
D0 Professional occupations in health 144,495
D1 Nurse supervisors and registered nurses 246,805
D2 Technical and related occupations in health 162,770
D3 Assisting occupations in support of health services 165,385
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 975,385
E0 Judges, lawyers, psychologists, social workers, ministers of religion, and policy and program officers 278,705
E1 Teachers and professors 574,805
E2 Paralegals, social services workers and occupations in education and religion n.e.c. 121,870
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 386,315
F0 Professional occupations in art and culture 166,165
F1 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 220,155
G Sales and service occupations 3,724,430
G0 Sales and service supervisors 85,880
G1 Wholesale, technical, insurance, real estate sales specialists, and retail, wholesale and grain buyers 393,340
G2 Retail salespersons and sales clerks 554,375
G3 Cashiers 274,390
G4 Chefs and cooks 221,455
G5 Occupations in food and beverage service 286,530
G6 Occupations in protective services 245,825
G7 Occupations in travel and accommodation including attendants in recreation and sport 114,335
G8 Childcare and home support workers 356,630
G9 Sales and service occupations n.e.c. 1,191,675
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,018,355
H0 Contractors and supervisors in trades and transportation 140,280
H1 Construction trades 308,335
H2 Stationary engineers, power station operators and electrical trades and telecommunications occupations 150,250
H3 Machinists, metal forming, shaping and erecting occupations 94,255
H4 Mechanics 335,550
H5 Other trades n.e.c. 121,360
H6 Heavy equipment and crane operators including drillers 100,055
H7 Transportation equipment operators and related workers, excluding labourers 465,245
H8 Trades helpers, construction, and transportation labourers and related occupations 303,025
I Occupations unique to primary industry 680,685
I0 Occupations unique to agriculture excluding labourers 424,925
I1 Occupations unique to forestry operations, mining, oil and gas extraction, and fishing, excluding labourers 135,475
I2 Primary production labourers 120,290
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 1,093,045
J0 Supervisors in manufacturing 94,535
J1 Machine operators in manufacturing 519,980
J2 Assemblers in manufacturing 218,530
J3 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 260,005
Male labour force 15 years and over by occupational broad categories and occupation major groups (20% sample data) Footnote 153 8,007,950
Occupation - Not applicable Footnote 154 239,465
All occupations Footnote 155 7,768,485
A Management occupations 880,240
A0 Senior management occupations 115,645
A1 Specialist managers 199,640
A2 Managers in retail trade, food and accommodation services 253,845
A3 Other managers n.e.c. 311,110
B Business, finance and administrative occupations 766,570
B0 Professional occupations in business and finance 147,020
B1 Finance and insurance administrative occupations 40,520
B2 Secretaries 6,740
B3 Administrative and regulatory occupations 69,980
B4 Clerical supervisors 42,150
B5 Clerical occupations 460,155
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 585,415
C0 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 309,040
C1 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 276,375
D Health occupations 152,830
D0 Professional occupations in health 76,710
D1 Nurse supervisors and registered nurses 13,035
D2 Technical and related occupations in health 39,290
D3 Assisting occupations in support of health services 23,790
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 393,715
E0 Judges, lawyers, psychologists, social workers, ministers of religion, and policy and program officers 138,730
E1 Teachers and professors 219,715
E2 Paralegals, social services workers and occupations in education and religion n.e.c. 35,270
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 179,925
F0 Professional occupations in art and culture 72,795
F1 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 107,135
G Sales and service occupations 1,609,510
G0 Sales and service supervisors 41,840
G1 Wholesale, technical, insurance, real estate sales specialists, and retail, wholesale and grain buyers 268,585
G2 Retail salespersons and sales clerks 215,345
G3 Cashiers 38,805
G4 Chefs and cooks 121,290
G5 Occupations in food and beverage service 64,475
G6 Occupations in protective services 205,840
G7 Occupations in travel and accommodation including attendants in recreation and sport 48,615
G8 Childcare and home support workers 21,320
G9 Sales and service occupations n.e.c. 583,395
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 1,896,255
H0 Contractors and supervisors in trades and transportation 133,545
H1 Construction trades 300,200
H2 Stationary engineers, power station operators and electrical trades and telecommunications occupations 145,215
H3 Machinists, metal forming, shaping and erecting occupations 91,075
H4 Mechanics 330,815
H5 Other trades n.e.c. 92,420
H6 Heavy equipment and crane operators including drillers 98,740
H7 Transportation equipment operators and related workers, excluding labourers 424,835
H8 Trades helpers, construction, and transportation labourers and related occupations 279,415
I Occupations unique to primary industry 534,015
I0 Occupations unique to agriculture excluding labourers 304,865
I1 Occupations unique to forestry operations, mining, oil and gas extraction, and fishing, excluding labourers 127,830
I2 Primary production labourers 101,315
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 770,010
J0 Supervisors in manufacturing 80,645
J1 Machine operators in manufacturing 363,285
J2 Assemblers in manufacturing 157,880
J3 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 168,205
Female labour force 15 years and over by occupational broad categories and occupation major groups (20% sample data) Footnote 156 6,804,745
Occupation - Not applicable Footnote 157 255,690
All occupations Footnote 158 6,549,055
A Management occupations 408,880
A0 Senior management occupations 29,535
A1 Specialist managers 82,475
A2 Managers in retail trade, food and accommodation services 170,260
A3 Other managers n.e.c. 126,610
B Business, finance and administrative occupations 1,951,680
B0 Professional occupations in business and finance 108,785
B1 Finance and insurance administrative occupations 133,060
B2 Secretaries 395,950
B3 Administrative and regulatory occupations 139,270
B4 Clerical supervisors 51,520
B5 Clerical occupations 1,123,090
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 127,080
C0 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 76,400
C1 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 50,685
D Health occupations 566,625
D0 Professional occupations in health 67,785
D1 Nurse supervisors and registered nurses 233,765
D2 Technical and related occupations in health 123,485
D3 Assisting occupations in support of health services 141,590
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 581,670
E0 Judges, lawyers, psychologists, social workers, ministers of religion, and policy and program officers 139,975
E1 Teachers and professors 355,095
E2 Paralegals, social services workers and occupations in education and religion n.e.c. 86,600
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 206,390
F0 Professional occupations in art and culture 93,375
F1 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 113,015
G Sales and service occupations 2,114,920
G0 Sales and service supervisors 44,035
G1 Wholesale, technical, insurance, real estate sales specialists, and retail, wholesale and grain buyers 124,755
G2 Retail salespersons and sales clerks 339,030
G3 Cashiers 235,585
G4 Chefs and cooks 100,170
G5 Occupations in food and beverage service 222,060
G6 Occupations in protective services 39,980
G7 Occupations in travel and accommodation including attendants in recreation and sport 65,720
G8 Childcare and home support workers 335,315
G9 Sales and service occupations n.e.c. 608,280
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 122,100
H0 Contractors and supervisors in trades and transportation 6,735
H1 Construction trades 8,135
H2 Stationary engineers, power station operators and electrical trades and telecommunications occupations 5,040
H3 Machinists, metal forming, shaping and erecting occupations 3,180
H4 Mechanics 4,730
H5 Other trades n.e.c. 28,940
H6 Heavy equipment and crane operators including drillers 1,315
H7 Transportation equipment operators and related workers, excluding labourers 40,410
H8 Trades helpers, construction, and transportation labourers and related occupations 23,610
I Occupations unique to primary industry 146,670
I0 Occupations unique to agriculture excluding labourers 120,055
I1 Occupations unique to forestry operations, mining, oil and gas extraction, and fishing, excluding labourers 7,640
I2 Primary production labourers 18,970
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 323,035
J0 Supervisors in manufacturing 13,895
J1 Machine operators in manufacturing 156,695
J2 Assemblers in manufacturing 60,650
J3 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 91,795
Total labour force 15 years and over by class of worker (20% sample data) Footnote 159 14,812,700
Class of worker - Not applicable Footnote 160 495,160
All classes of worker Footnote 161 14,317,545
Paid workers 13,036,190
Employees 12,443,455
Self-employed (incorporated) 592,730
Without paid help 219,895
With paid help 372,835
Self-employed (unincorporated) 1,209,630
Without paid help 850,470
With paid help 359,160
Unpaid family workers 71,730
Male labour force 15 years and over by class of worker (20% sample data) Footnote 162 8,007,955
Class of worker - Not applicable Footnote 163 239,465
All classes of worker Footnote 164 7,768,485
Paid workers 6,959,735
Employees 6,523,955
Self-employed (incorporated) 435,780
Without paid help 158,495
With paid help 277,285
Self-employed (unincorporated) 787,565
Without paid help 526,910
With paid help 260,655
Unpaid family workers 21,185
Female labour force 15 years and over by class of worker (20% sample data) Footnote 165 6,804,750
Class of worker - Not applicable Footnote 166 255,690
All classes of worker Footnote 167 6,549,055
Paid workers 6,076,450
Employees 5,919,500
Self-employed (incorporated) 156,955
Without paid help 61,400
With paid help 95,555
Self-employed (unincorporated) 422,065
Without paid help 323,560
With paid help 98,505
Unpaid family workers 50,545
Population 15 years and over by hours of unpaid housework (20% sample data) Footnote 168 22,628,925
No hours of housework 2,612,070
Less than 5 hours of housework 5,138,765
5 to 14 hours of housework 6,867,640
15 to 29 hours of housework 4,348,355
30 to 59 hours of housework 2,582,905
60 or more hours of housework 1,079,180
Males 15 years and over by hours of unpaid housework (20% sample data) Footnote 169 11,022,455
No hours of housework 1,714,475
Less than 5 hours of housework 3,319,100
5 to 14 hours of housework 3,604,565
15 to 29 hours of housework 1,572,235
30 to 59 hours of housework 617,410
60 or more hours of housework 194,660
Females 15 years and over by hours of unpaid housework (20% sample data) Footnote 170 11,606,470
No hours of housework 897,600
Less than 5 hours of housework 1,819,670
5 to 14 hours of housework 3,263,075
15 to 29 hours of housework 2,776,115
30 to 59 hours of housework 1,965,490
60 or more hours of housework 884,520
Population 15 years and over by hours of unpaid childcare (20% sample data) Footnote 171 22,628,925
No hours of childcare 13,937,410
Less than 5 hours of childcare 2,205,130
5 to 14 hours of childcare 2,310,710
15 to 29 hours of childcare 1,534,260
30 to 59 hours of childcare 1,174,445
60 or more hours of childcare 1,466,965
Males 15 years and over by hours of unpaid childcare (20% sample data) Footnote 172 11,022,455
No hours of childcare 7,240,690
Less than 5 hours of childcare 1,200,415
5 to 14 hours of childcare 1,196,930
15 to 29 hours of childcare 698,160
30 to 59 hours of childcare 385,645
60 or more hours of childcare 300,605
Females 15 years and over by hours of unpaid childcare (20% sample data) Footnote 173 11,606,470
No hours of childcare 6,696,720
Less than 5 hours of childcare 1,004,710
5 to 14 hours of childcare 1,113,780
15 to 29 hours of childcare 836,100
30 to 59 hours of childcare 788,795
60 or more hours of childcare 1,166,360
Population 15 years and over by hours of unpaid care to seniors (20% sample data) Footnote 174 22,628,925
No hours of care to seniors 18,905,470
Less than 5 hours of care to seniors 2,443,210
5 to 9 hours of care to seniors 735,680
10 or more hours of care to seniors 544,560
Males 15 years and over by hours of unpaid care to seniors (20% sample data) Footnote 175 11,022,455
No hours of care to seniors 9,523,430
Less than 5 hours of care to seniors 1,054,310
5 to 9 hours of care to seniors 262,035
10 or more hours of care to seniors 182,675
Females 15 years and over by hours of unpaid care to seniors (20% sample data) Footnote 176 11,606,470
No hours of care to seniors 9,382,045
Less than 5 hours of care to seniors 1,388,895
5 to 9 hours of care to seniors 473,645
10 or more hours of care to seniors 361,880
Total employed labour force 15 years and over by place of work status (20% sample data) Footnote 177 13,318,740
Males 7,191,125
Usual place of work 5,807,585
At home 566,165
Outside Canada 33,550
No fixed workplace 783,825
Females 6,127,615
Usual place of work 5,365,140
At home 519,885
Outside Canada 15,725
No fixed workplace 226,860
Total employed labour force 15 years and over by mode of transportation (20% sample data) Footnote 178 12,183,410
Males with usual place of work or no fixed workplace 6,591,415
Car, truck, van as driver 5,181,095
Car, truck, van as passenger 355,720
Public transit 496,495
Walked to work 379,510
Bicycle 102,210
Motorcycle 10,430
Taxicab 9,725
Other method 56,220
Females with usual place of work or no fixed workplace 5,592,000
Car, truck, van as driver 3,752,935
Car, truck, van as passenger 543,620
Public transit 737,370
Walked to work 471,345
Bicycle 35,225
Motorcycle 1,110
Taxicab 13,565
Other method 36,835
Total population, 15 to 24 years by school attendance (20% sample data) Footnote 179 3,849,025
Not attending school 1,338,310
Attending school full-time 2,275,135
Attending school part-time 235,590
Total population 15 years and over by highest level of schooling (20% sample data) Footnote 180 22,628,925
Less than grade 9 Footnote 181 2,727,210
Grades 9 to 13 8,379,380
Without secondary school graduation certificate 5,140,790
With secondary school graduation certificate 3,238,590
Trades certificate or diploma 837,155
Other non-university education only Footnote 182 5,487,505
Without certificate or diploma 1,474,925
With certificate or diploma Footnote 183 4,012,580
University 5,197,665
Without degree 2,196,890
Without certificate or diploma 967,300
With certificate or diploma Footnote 184 1,229,585
With bachelor's degree or higher 3,000,780
Males with postsecondary qualifications by major field of study (20% sample data) Footnote 185 4,595,470
Educational, recreational and counselling services 259,290
Fine and applied arts 159,050
Humanities and related fields 247,840
Social sciences and related fields 415,585
Commerce, management and business administration 726,920
Agricultural and biological sciences/technologies 227,230
Engineering and applied sciences 328,300
Engineering and applied science technologies and trades 1,816,680
Health professions, sciences and technologies 198,810
Mathematics and physical sciences 207,435
No specialization and all other, n.e.c. 8,330
Females with postsecondary qualifications by major field of study (20% sample data) Footnote 186 4,484,630
Educational, recreational and counselling services 700,870
Fine and applied arts 350,670
Humanities and related fields 324,275
Social sciences and related fields 454,820
Commerce, management and business administration 1,288,150
Agricultural and biological sciences/technologies 201,000
Engineering and applied sciences 45,325
Engineering and applied science technologies and trades 183,040
Health professions, sciences and technologies 828,250
Mathematics and physical sciences 99,425
No specialization and all other, n.e.c. 8,795
Total by mobility status 1 year ago (20% sample data) Footnote 187 28,155,225
Non-movers 23,802,645
Movers 4,352,585
Non-migrants 2,540,400
Migrants 1,812,180
Internal migrants 1,583,490
Intraprovincial migrants 1,290,145
Interprovincial migrants 293,345
External migrants 228,690
Total by mobility status 5 years ago (20% sample data) Footnote 188 26,604,135
Non-movers 15,079,415
Movers 11,524,725
Non-migrants 6,130,735
Migrants 5,393,985
Internal migrants 4,465,295
Intraprovincial migrants 3,575,025
Interprovincial migrants 890,270
External migrants 928,690
All persons with employment income by work activity (20% sample data) Footnote 189 14,996,115
Average employment income $ 26,474
Standard error of average employment income $ 16
Worked full year, full time Footnote 190 7,513,790
Average employment income $ 37,556
Standard error of average employment income $ 26
Worked part year or part time Footnote 191 7,042,420
Average employment income $ 15,538
Standard error of average employment income $ 16
Males with employment income by work activity (20% sample data) Footnote 192 8,051,900
Average employment income $ 31,917
Standard error of average employment income $ 26
Worked full year, full time Footnote 193 4,514,850
Average employment income $ 42,488
Standard error of average employment income $ 39
Worked part year or part time Footnote 194 3,329,880
Average employment income $ 18,672
Standard error of average employment income $ 28
Females with employment income by work activity (20% sample data) Footnote 195 6,944,210
Average employment income $ 20,162
Standard error of average employment income $ 14
Worked full year, full time Footnote 196 2,998,940
Average employment income $ 30,130
Standard error of average employment income $ 22
Worked part year or part time Footnote 197 3,712,545
Average employment income $ 12,727
Standard error of average employment income $ 15
Total - Composition of total income % (20% sample data) Footnote 198 100.0
Employment income % 75.3
Government transfer payments % 14.0
Other % 10.7
Total income of population 15 years and over (20% sample data) Footnote 199 22,628,925
Without income 1,712,165
With income 20,916,755
Under $1,000 Footnote 200 1,178,905
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 1,058,310
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 918,450
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 1,078,420
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 1,586,065
$10,000 - $11,999 1,268,555
$12,000 - $14,999 1,650,315
$15,000 - $19,999 2,083,100
$20,000 - $24,999 1,784,845
$25,000 - $29,999 1,597,870
$30,000 - $34,999 1,461,340
$35,000 - $39,999 1,127,755
$40,000 - $44,999 974,625
$45,000 - $49,999 690,860
$50,000 - $59,999 1,051,110
$60,000 and over 1,406,235
Average income $ Footnote 201 25,196
Median income $ Footnote 202 18,891
Standard error of average income $ Footnote 203 13
Total income of males 15 years and over (20% sample data) 11,022,455
Without income 505,650
With income 10,516,805
Under $1,000 Footnote 204 533,690
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 417,960
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 350,295
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 416,570
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 604,335
$10,000 - $11,999 452,425
$12,000 - $14,999 640,550
$15,000 - $19,999 908,505
$20,000 - $24,999 863,090
$25,000 - $29,999 819,785
$30,000 - $34,999 814,735
$35,000 - $39,999 687,375
$40,000 - $44,999 638,440
$45,000 - $49,999 471,810
$50,000 - $59,999 769,660
$60,000 and over 1,127,560
Average income $ Footnote 205 31,117
Median income $ Footnote 206 25,270
Standard error of average income $ Footnote 207 23
Total income of females 15 years and over (20% sample data) 11,606,470
Without income 1,206,515
With income 10,399,950
Under $1,000 Footnote 208 645,215
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 640,350
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 568,155
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 661,850
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 981,725
$10,000 - $11,999 816,130
$12,000 - $14,999 1,009,765
$15,000 - $19,999 1,174,600
$20,000 - $24,999 921,755
$25,000 - $29,999 778,080
$30,000 - $34,999 646,600
$35,000 - $39,999 440,375
$40,000 - $44,999 336,180
$45,000 - $49,999 219,045
$50,000 - $59,999 281,445
$60,000 and over 278,670
Average income $ Footnote 209 19,208
Median income $ Footnote 210 14,508
Standard error of average income $ Footnote 211 12
Census family income of all families (20% sample data) Footnote 212 7,837,865
Under $10,000 Footnote 213 435,760
$ 10,000 - $19,999 795,895
$ 20,000 - $29,999 1,007,840
$ 30,000 - $39,999 992,015
$ 40,000 - $49,999 968,900
$ 50,000 - $59,999 883,520
$ 60,000 - $69,999 736,990
$ 70,000 - $79,999 568,055
$ 80,000 - $89,999 416,735
$ 90,000 - $99,999 286,880
$100,000 and over 745,265
Average family income $ 54,583
Median family income $ 46,951
Standard error of average family income $ 36
Census family income of husband-wife families (20% sample data) Footnote 214 6,700,355
Under $10,000 Footnote 215 259,135
$ 10,000 - $19,999 489,995
$ 20,000 - $29,999 809,320
$ 30,000 - $39,999 833,230
$ 40,000 - $49,999 856,125
$ 50,000 - $59,999 809,405
$ 60,000 - $69,999 691,465
$ 70,000 - $79,999 542,965
$ 80,000 - $89,999 401,820
$ 90,000 - $99,999 278,785
$100,000 and over 728,110
Average family income $ 58,763
Median family income $ 51,108
Standard error of average family income $ 40
All census families (20% sample data) Footnote 216 7,837,865
Average family income $ 54,583
Standard error of average family income $ 36
Husband-wife families 6,700,355
Average family income $ 58,763
Standard error of average family income $ 40
Male lone-parent families 192,270
Average family income $ 40,974
Standard error of average family income $ 153
Female lone-parent families 945,235
Average family income $ 27,721
Standard error of average family income $ 46
Total income of non-family persons 15 years and over (20% sample data) Footnote 217 4,360,430
Under $1,000 Footnote 218 278,645
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 119,070
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 122,845
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 208,865
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 309,645
$10,000 - $11,999 427,240
$12,000 - $14,999 518,610
$15,000 - $19,999 538,970
$20,000 - $24,999 382,880
$25,000 - $29,999 321,215
$30,000 - $34,999 281,880
$35,000 - $39,999 207,515
$40,000 - $44,999 172,695
$45,000 - $49,999 117,635
$50,000 - $59,999 163,195
$60,000 and over 189,520
Average income $ 22,366
Median income $ 16,195
Standard error of average income $ 22
Total income of male non-family persons 15 years and over (20% sample data) 2,033,045
Under $1,000 Footnote 219 142,990
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 60,025
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 64,765
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 115,910
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 154,120
$10,000 - $11,999 134,170
$12,000 - $14,999 169,215
$15,000 - $19,999 211,655
$20,000 - $24,999 181,960
$25,000 - $29,999 155,615
$30,000 - $34,999 145,820
$35,000 - $39,999 111,985
$40,000 - $44,999 98,530
$45,000 - $49,999 67,370
$50,000 - $59,999 98,365
$60,000 and over 120,545
Average income $ 24,629
Median income $ 18,804
Standard error of average income $ 39
Total income of female non-family persons 15 years and over (20% sample data) 2,327,385
Under $1,000 Footnote 220 135,650
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 59,045
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 58,075
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 92,955
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 155,525
$10,000 - $11,999 293,070
$12,000 - $14,999 349,395
$15,000 - $19,999 327,310
$20,000 - $24,999 200,915
$25,000 - $29,999 165,600
$30,000 - $34,999 136,065
$35,000 - $39,999 95,535
$40,000 - $44,999 74,170
$45,000 - $49,999 50,260
$50,000 - $59,999 64,830
$60,000 and over 68,975
Average income $ 20,390
Median income $ 15,207
Standard error of average income $ 24
Total - Economic families (20% sample data) Footnote 221 7,784,865
Low income 1,267,205
Other 6,517,660
Incidence of low income % Footnote 222 16.3
Total - Unattached individuals (20% sample data) Footnote 223 3,584,510
Low income 1,511,570
Other 2,072,940
Incidence of low income % Footnote 224 42.2
Total - Population in private households (20% sample data) Footnote 225 28,011,350
Low income 5,514,190
Other 22,497,160
Incidence of low income % Footnote 226 19.7
Household income of all private households (20% sample data) Footnote 227 10,820,050
Under $10,000 Footnote 228 865,955
$ 10,000 - $19,999 1,724,510
$ 20,000 - $29,999 1,453,680
$ 30,000 - $39,999 1,340,905
$ 40,000 - $49,999 1,215,060
$ 50,000 - $59,999 1,053,970
$ 60,000 - $69,999 849,860
$ 70,000 - $79,999 645,275
$ 80,000 - $89,999 473,285
$ 90,000 - $99,999 329,945
$100,000 and over 867,605
Average household income $ 48,552
Median household income $ 40,209
Standard error of average household income $ 29
Household income of one person households (20% sample data) 2,622,180
Under $10,000 Footnote 229 454,955
$ 10,000 - $19,999 942,780
$ 20,000 - $29,999 433,165
$ 30,000 - $39,999 319,040
$ 40,000 - $49,999 203,325
$ 50,000 - $59,999 121,325
$ 60,000 - $69,999 63,195
$ 70,000 - $79,999 30,100
$ 80,000 - $89,999 16,340
$ 90,000 - $99,999 9,515
$100,000 and over 28,440
Average household income $ 25,050
Median household income $ 18,258
Standard error of average household income $ 32
Household income of two or more person households (20% sample data) 8,197,870
Under $10,000 Footnote 230 410,995
$ 10,000 - $19,999 781,725
$ 20,000 - $29,999 1,020,515
$ 30,000 - $39,999 1,021,865
$ 40,000 - $49,999 1,011,735
$ 50,000 - $59,999 932,645
$ 60,000 - $69,999 786,670
$ 70,000 - $79,999 615,175
$ 80,000 - $89,999 456,945
$ 90,000 - $99,999 320,435
$100,000 and over 839,160
Average household income $ 56,070
Median household income $ 48,432
Standard error of average household income $ 35
Total number of economic families in private households (20% sample data) Footnote 231 7,865,030
Size of economic family, 2 persons 3,242,460
Size of economic family, 3 persons 1,761,645
Size of economic family, 4 persons 1,805,635
Size of economic family, 5 or more persons 1,055,295
Total number of persons in economic families Footnote 232 24,750,615
Average number of persons per economic family 3.1
Total number of unattached individuals Footnote 233 3,640,065
Total number of census families in private households by number and status of family members in the labour force (20% sample data) Footnote 234 7,837,865
Number of now-married and common-law couple families 6,700,355
No member in the labour force 1,142,435
Some members in the labour force 5,557,920
One member only 1,317,925
Two or more members 4,239,990
Both spouses/partners in the labour force 3,925,805
Number of lone-parent families 1,137,505
No member in the labour force 258,375
Some members in the labour force 879,135
Parent in labour force 717,385
Total number of occupied private dwellings (20% sample data) Footnote 235 10,820,050
Average number of rooms per dwelling Footnote 236 6.1
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling Footnote 237 2.6
Average value of dwelling $ Footnote 238 147,877
Owned Footnote 239 6,877,780
Rented Footnote 240 3,905,145
Band housing 37,125
Regular maintenance only 7,081,710
Minor repairs Footnote 241 2,837,000
Major repairs Footnote 242 901,345
Period of construction, before 1946 Footnote 243 1,723,745
Period of construction, 1946-1960 Footnote 244 1,807,700
Period of construction, 1961-1970 Footnote 245 1,830,645
Period of construction, 1971-1980 Footnote 246 2,446,710
Period of construction, 1981-1990 Footnote 247 2,084,225
Period of construction, 1991-1996 Footnote 248 927,025
Total number of private households by household type (20% sample data) Footnote 249 10,820,050
One-family households 7,540,625
Multiple-family households 144,850
Non-family households 3,134,585
Number of persons in private households (20% sample data) Footnote 250 28,390,685
Average number of persons in private households 2.6
Tenant one-family households without additional persons 1,808,505
Average gross rent $ Footnote 251 595
Gross rent spending 30% or more of household income on shelter costs Footnote 252 1,670,775
Owner one-family households without additional persons 4,938,815
Average owner's major payments $ Footnote 253 754
Owner's major payments spending 30% or more of household income on shelter costs Footnote 254 1,129,000

Source: Statistics Canada, 1996 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 95F0180XDB96001.

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