1996 Census of Canada: Electronic Area Profiles

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Profile of Census Metropolitan Areas, Tracted Census Agglomerations and Census Subdivisions, 1996 Census

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:95F0179XDB
Release date:October 29, 1998
Topic:Profile: All Variables
Data dimensions:

Note

Updated March 17, 1999.


Area profiles contain data from the 100% database as well as the 20% sample database. The suppression rules for the 100% database differ from those used for the 20% sample database. For this reason, some geographic areas will show 100% data but the 20% sample data will be suppressed.


Persons living on Indian reserves and Indian settlements, who were enumerated with the 1996 Census Form 2D questionnaire, were not asked the citizenship and immigration questions. Consequently, data are not shown for lower geographic levels (one census tract, many census subdivisions and enumeration areas) that were reserves or settlements, when the majority of the people were enumerated with the 1996 Census Form 2D questionnaire. The data for these Indian reserves and settlements, however, will be included in the totals for larger geographic areas, such as census divisions.


Non-permanent Residents

In 1991 and 1996, the Census of Population enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Non-permanent residents are persons who held a student or employment authorization, Minister's permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them, at the time of the Census.

Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the UN recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

According to the 1991 Census, there were 223,410 non-permanent residents in Canada, representing slightly less than 1% of the total population. There were fewer non-permanent residents in Canada at the time of the 1996 Census: 166,715 non-permanent residents or 0.6% of the total population in 1996.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991 or 1996 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents. These include the major metropolitan areas in Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties and the reluctance to complete a government form or understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population and resulted in undercounting.


Ethnic Origin Area Profile Description:

This table shows counts for the 100 most frequently reported ethnic origins in Canada, based on single response counts (persons who reported one ethnic origin only).

Respondents who reported one ethnic origin are included in the single response row. Respondents who reported more than one ethnic origin are included in the multiple response row for each ethnic group they reported. The total response row indicates the number of respondents who reported each ethnic origin.

Users should be careful when interpreting multiple response counts because respondents who reported more than one ethnic origin are counted in the multiple response row for each ethnic origin they reported. This table cannot be used to calculate the ethnic distribution of the population.

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'. It is used to denote a residual ethnic grouping which contains either a very general ethnic response or several ethnic origins not included as separate groups within an ethnic category. For example, the group 'African (Black), n.i.e.' includes responses such as 'African', 'African Black', 'West African', 'Senegalese', 'Zimbabwean', 'Bantu', 'Zulu', etc.

Comparability of ethnic origin data between the 1996 Census and previous censuses has been affected by several factors, including changes in the question format, wording, examples (such as 'Canadian'), instructions and data processing, as well as by the social environment at the time of the census. The 1996 Census required that respondents write in their ethnic origin(s) on four write-in lines, whereas previous censuses provided the respondent with both mark-in categories and write-in lines.

For more information on ethnic origin, please refer to the 'User Guide: Ethnic Origin' in the electronic documentation supplied with this product. (C:\Rec96cen\Document\English\Other\Ethnic.txt)


Visible Minority Population Area Profile Description:

This table provides counts of the visible minority population as defined for employment equity purposes. The 1996 Census was the first census to ask a direct question to provide data on visible minorities. The data included in this table are obtained from the population group question (Question 19).

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'. The mark-in groups, other than 'White', listed in the population group question are those that are likely to be members of a visible minority group.

For more information on the visible minority population, please refer to the 'User Guide: Visible Minority and Population Group' in the electronic documentation supplied with this product. (C:\Rec96cen\Document\English\Other\Pop.txt)


Note: For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity data with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E in the electronic documentation supplied with this product.


Data Quality Notes: Industry Divisions

Division N - Government Service Industries: The entire Government Service Industries Division is a difficult area to code. Census respondents tend to give the response 'government' for any number of administrative government or government-related activities. The classification calls for most government-related activities to be coded to divisions other than Government Service Industries. For example, road maintenance services or postal services are not coded to the Government Service Industries Division. For these industries and others of similar type, detailed descriptions are required for accurate coding. Detailed descriptions are often not given on Census questionnaires. Users should be cautious when dealing with estimates of the Government Service Industries Division taken from the Census.

Division P - Health and Social Service Industries and Division R - Other Service Industries are affected by changes in the instructions given to coders for the coding of 'babysitters'.

In 1986 and 1991, the instructions read:

- Babysitters who perform this task in their own home are coded to 979 - Other Personal and Household Services.
- Babysitters who perform childcare in another person's home (including live-in babysitters) are coded to 974 - Private Households.
- Babysitters who are employed by an agency are coded to 864 - Non-institutional Social Services.

In 1996, the instructions read:

- Babysitters who babysit in another person's home are coded to 979 - Other Personal and Household Services (e.g. this code would include teenagers doing babysitting for neighbours).
- Babysitters who take children into their own home are coded to 864 - Non-institutional Social Services.

Exceptions:
- Live-in babysitters/nannies who perform childcare in another person's home are coded to 974 - Private Households.
- Babysitters who are employed by an agency (whether or not they work in their own home) are coded to 979 - Other Personal and Household Services.

These instructions differ significantly. Only the live-in babysitters/nannies would receive the same code in 1991 and 1996. At the Division level, these revisions should lead to fewer respondents coded to Division R and more respondents coded to Divison P. Clients should be aware of these changes when trying to make comparisons of 1996 Census data to those from the 1986 and/or 1991 Censuses.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


Geography = St. John's Footnote 1
Profile of CSD(1699) Values

Footnotes

Footnote 1

1991 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

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Footnote 2

Based on 1996 area.


These figures have not been subjected to random rounding.

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Footnote 3

These figures have not been subjected to random rounding.

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Footnote 4

Age

Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 14, 1996). This variable is derived from date of birth.


Sex

Refers to the gender of the respondent.

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Footnote 5

Legal Marital Status

Refers to the legal conjugal status of a person.

The various responses are defined as follows:

Legally married (and not separated) *
Persons whose husband or wife is living, unless the couple is separated or a divorce has been obtained.

Separated, but still legally married
Persons currently married, but who are no longer living with their spouse (for any reason other than illness or work) and have not obtained a divorce.

Divorced
Persons who have obtained a legal divorce and who have not remarried.

Widowed
Persons who have lost their spouse through death and who have not remarried.

Never married (single)
Persons who have never married (including all persons less than 15 years of age) and persons whose marriage has been annulled and who have not remarried.

* In 1996, Aboriginal people married according to traditional customs were instructed to report themselves as legally married.

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Footnote 6

Census Family

Refers to a now-married couple (with or without never-married sons and/or daughters of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without never-married sons and/or daughters of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one never-married son or daughter living in the same dwelling.

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Footnote 7

Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.

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Footnote 8

Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.

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Footnote 9

The average number of never-married sons and/or daughters at home per family is calculated using the total number of never-married sons and/or daughters at home and the total number of families.

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Footnote 10

Census Family Living Arrangements

Refers to the classification of persons in terms of whether they are members of a family household or a non-family household,* and whether they are family or non-family persons.**


*Household Type

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is a married couple with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a couple living common-law with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a lone parent living with one or more never-married sons or daughters (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other non-family persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to one in which two or more census families (with or without additional non-family persons) occupy the same private dwelling.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

**Census Family Status

Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not they are members of a census family.

Family persons refers to household members who belong to a census family. They, in turn, are further classified as follows:

Spouses refers to persons of opposite sex who are legally married to each other and living in the same dwelling.

Common-law partners are two persons of opposite sex who are not legally married to each other but live together as husband and wife in the same dwelling.

Lone parent refers to a mother or a father, with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more never-married sons and/or daughters.

Never-married sons and/or daughters refers to blood, step or adopted sons and daughters who have never married (regardless of age) and are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family even if they are living in the same dwelling. In addition, those never-married sons and daughters who do not live in the same dwelling as their parent(s) are not considered members of their parent(s)' census family.

Non-family persons refers to household members who do not belong to a census family. They may be related to Person 1, the household reference person (e.g., Person 1's divorced brother, brother-in-law, cousin, grandparent), or unrelated (e.g., lodger, room-mate, employee). A person living alone is always a non-family person.

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Footnote 11

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 12

These non-relatives must constitute a census family.

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Footnote 13

Census Family Living Arrangements

Refers to the classification of persons in terms of whether they are members of a family household or a non-family household,* and whether they are family or non-family persons.**


*Household Type

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is a married couple with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a couple living common-law with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a lone parent living with one or more never-married sons or daughters (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other non-family persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to one in which two or more census families (with or without additional non-family persons) occupy the same private dwelling.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.


**Census Family Status

Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not they are members of a census family.

Family persons refers to household members who belong to a census family. They, in turn, are further classified as follows:

Spouses refers to persons of opposite sex who are legally married to each other and living in the same dwelling.

Common-law partners are two persons of opposite sex who are not legally married to each other but live together as husband and wife in the same dwelling.

Lone parent refers to a mother or a father, with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more never-married sons and/or daughters.

Never-married sons and/or daughters refers to blood, step or adopted sons and daughters who have never married (regardless of age) and are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family even if they are living in the same dwelling. In addition, those never-married sons and daughters who do not live in the same dwelling as their parent(s) are not considered members of their parent(s)' census family.

Non-family persons refers to household members who do not belong to a census family. They may be related to Person 1, the household reference person (e.g., Person 1's divorced brother, brother-in-law, cousin, grandparent), or unrelated (e.g., lodger, room-mate, employee). A person living alone is always a non-family person.

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Footnote 14

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 15

These non-relatives must constitute a census family.

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Footnote 16

Occupied Private Dwelling

Refers to a private dwelling in which a person or a group of persons are permanently residing. Also included are private dwellings whose usual residents are temporarily absent on Census Day. Unless otherwise specified, all data in housing reports are for occupied private dwellings rather than unoccupied private dwellings or dwellings occupied solely by foreign and/or temporary residents.


Structural Type of Dwelling

Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

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Footnote 17

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 18

Private Household

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Household Size

Refers to the number of persons in a private household.

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Footnote 19

Citizenship

Refers to legal citizenship status of the respondent. Persons who are citizens of more than one country were instructed to indicate this fact.

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Footnote 20

Place of Birth

Refers to specific provinces or territories if born in Canada or to specific countries if born outside Canada.

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Footnote 21

Includes persons born in a province other than the province of residence, as well as persons born outside Canada who have Canadian citizenship by birth and, therefore, will not have immigrated to Canada.

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Footnote 22

The countries shown are the 50 most frequent ones for the total immigrant population for Canada.


Immigrant: Immigrant Population

Refers to people who are, or have been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada.

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Footnote 23

Includes persons who reported 'Yugoslavia', whether they referred to the former or to the new republic of the same name.

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Footnote 24

The official name is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 25

The official name is the Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 26

Includes Faroe Islands.

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Footnote 27

Includes persons who reported 'Czechoslovakia'.

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Footnote 28

Formerly known as Kampuchea.

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Footnote 29

Refers to persons who, at the time of the census, held a student or employment authorization, Minister's permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them.

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Footnote 30

The countries shown are the 40 most frequent ones for those who immigrated to Canada between 1991 and 1996 (first four months only of 1996).


Place of Birth

Refers to specific provinces or territories if born in Canada or to specific countries if born outside Canada.


Immigrant: Immigrant Population

Refers to people who are, or have been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada.

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Footnote 31

Includes persons who reported 'Yugoslavia', whether they referred to the former or to the new republic of the same name.

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Footnote 32

The official name is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 33

The official name is the Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 34

In previous censuses, Ethiopia included Eritrea, but in 1996, Eritrea was collected as a separate country.

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Footnote 35

Immigration: Period of Immigration

Refers to groupings of years derived from the year of immigration question. Year of immigration refers to the year landed immigrant status was first obtained.

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Footnote 36

Includes the first four months only of 1996.

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Footnote 37

Immigration: Age at Immigration

Refers to the age at which the respondent first obtained landed immigrant status. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 38

Language: Mother Tongue

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.

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Footnote 39

This is a subtotal of all non-official languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 40

Language: Knowledge of Official Languages

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French or in neither of the official languages of Canada.

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Footnote 41

Language: First Official Language Spoken

Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

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Footnote 42

The official language minority is English in Quebec and French in all other provinces and territories.

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Footnote 43

The official language minority is English in Quebec and French in all other provinces and territories.

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Footnote 44

Language: Home Language

Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census.

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Footnote 45

This is a subtotal of all non-official languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 46

Language: Knowledge of Non-official Languages

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation.

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Footnote 47

This is a subtotal of all non-official languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 48

Aboriginal Groups

Special Note:

A grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, with Aboriginal persons further divided into Aboriginal groups, based on their responses to three questions on the 1996 Census form. Included in the Aboriginal population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, i.e. North American Indian, Métis or Inuit (Eskimo) and/or who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada and/or who reported they were members of an Indian Band or First Nation.


Special Note:

Users should be aware that the population counts associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographical area under study. In 1996, a total of 77 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 77 communities are not included in the census counts.

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Footnote 49

Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographical area under study. In 1996, a total of 77 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 77 communities are not included in the census counts.

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Footnote 50

Includes those who identified themselves as Registered Indians and/or Band members without Aboriginal identity response.

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Footnote 51

The count for 'Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses) (20% sample data)' represents the total population of Canada, excluding institutional residents. It also represents the sum of persons who reported single ethnic origins and multiple ethnic origins in the census.

The count for 'Total population - Single responses' represents the total number of persons who reported only one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of single responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

The count for 'Total population - Multiple responses' represents the total number of persons who reported more than one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of multiple responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.


Ethnic Origin Supplementary Definition:

Refers to the ethnic or cultural group(s) to which the respondent's ancestors belong. Ethnic or cultural origin refers to the ethnic 'roots' or ancestral background of the population, and should not be confused with citizenship or nationality.

Comparability of ethnic origin data between the 1996 Census and previous censuses has been affected by several factors including changes in the question format, wording, examples, instructions and data processing, as well as by the social environment at the time of the census.

In 1996, comparability with previous census data will be particularly affected by the change in format and the examples provided on the questionnaire. While the 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories and two write-in spaces, in 1996 respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. Twenty-four examples were provided.

The change in format to an open-ended question in 1996 is likely to affect response patterns especially for groups which had been included as mark-in response categories in 1991. In addition, the presence of examples such as 'Canadian', which were not included in previous censuses, may also affect response patterns.

Since 1986, an instruction to specify as many ethnic groups as applicable has been included in the ethnic origin question. This has affected data comparability for all ethnic groups and categories because of the increase in multiple responses. Prior to the 1981 Census, only the respondent's paternal ancestry was to be reported. If multiple ethnic origins were provided, only one origin was captured, resulting in one ethnic origin per respondent. In 1981, multiple origins were allowed and a write-in space was added to the question, although respondents were not instructed to provide more than one origin. In 1986, respondents were permitted to write in up to three origins other than those shown in the mark-in circles. In 1991, they were permitted to write in up to two additional origins. In 1996, four write-in spaces were provided on the questionnaire and up to six ethnic origins were captured.

For more information on ethnic origin, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

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Footnote 52

The count for 'Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses) (20% sample data)' represents the total population of Canada, excluding institutional residents. It also represents the sum of persons who reported single ethnic origins and multiple ethnic origins in the census.

The count for 'Total population - Single responses' represents the total number of persons who reported only one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of single responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

The count for 'Total population - Multiple responses' represents the total number of persons who reported more than one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of multiple responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

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Footnote 53

The count for 'Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses) (20% sample data)' represents the total population of Canada, excluding institutional residents. It also represents the sum of persons who reported single ethnic origins and multiple ethnic origins in the census.

The count for 'Total population - Single responses' represents the total number of persons who reported only one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of single responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

The count for 'Total population - Multiple responses' represents the total number of persons who reported more than one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of multiple responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

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Footnote 54

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Canadian' ethnic origin between censuses.

The increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' is the result of a number of factors. The change in the format of the ethnic origin question between 1996 and 1991 has had an impact on counts for this group.

The 1991 Census questionnaire included fifteen mark-in categories and two write-in spaces for the ethnic origin question. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. Twenty-four examples, including 'Canadian', were provided. 'Canadian' was included as one of the examples on the 1996 Census questionnaire because it was one of the most frequently reported ethnic origins in the 1991 Census.

As a result of the change in format of the ethnic origin question in 1996, many respondents who checked a mark-in category to indicate their ethnic origin in 1991 may have written in 'Canadian' as their ethnic origin in 1996.

Although the increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' ethnic origins may have impacted the reporting of single ethnic origins for many groups, British Isles origins and French origins appear to have been particularly affected.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for 'Canadian', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

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Footnote 55

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Canadian' ethnic origin between censuses.

The increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' is the result of a number of factors. The change in the format of the ethnic origin question between 1996 and 1991 has had an impact on counts for this group.

The 1991 Census questionnaire included fifteen mark-in categories and two write-in spaces for the ethnic origin question. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. Twenty-four examples, including 'Canadian', were provided. 'Canadian' was included as one of the examples on the 1996 Census questionnaire because it was one of the most frequently reported ethnic origins in the 1991 Census.

As a result of the change in format of the ethnic origin question in 1996, many respondents who checked a mark-in category to indicate their ethnic origin in 1991 may have written in 'Canadian' as their ethnic origin in 1996.

Although the increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' ethnic origins may have impacted the reporting of single ethnic origins for many groups, British Isles origins and French origins appear to have been particularly affected.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for 'Canadian', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

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Footnote 56

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Canadian' ethnic origin between censuses.

The increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' is the result of a number of factors. The change in the format of the ethnic origin question between 1996 and 1991 has had an impact on counts for this group.

The 1991 Census questionnaire included fifteen mark-in categories and two write-in spaces for the ethnic origin question. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. Twenty-four examples, including 'Canadian', were provided. 'Canadian' was included as one of the examples on the 1996 Census questionnaire because it was one of the most frequently reported ethnic origins in the 1991 Census.

As a result of the change in format of the ethnic origin question in 1996, many respondents who checked a mark-in category to indicate their ethnic origin in 1991 may have written in 'Canadian' as their ethnic origin in 1996.

Although the increase in the reporting of 'Canadian' ethnic origins may have impacted the reporting of single ethnic origins for many groups, British Isles origins and French origins appear to have been particularly affected.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for 'Canadian', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

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Footnote 57

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 58

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 59

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 60

In 1991, 'East Indian, n.i.e.' included 'Goan', 'Gujarati' and 'South Asian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, these groups were collected as separate responses.

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Footnote 61

In 1991, 'East Indian, n.i.e.' included 'Goan', 'Gujarati' and 'South Asian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, these groups were collected as separate responses.

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Footnote 62

In 1991, 'East Indian, n.i.e.' included 'Goan', 'Gujarati' and 'South Asian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, these groups were collected as separate responses.

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Footnote 63

In 1991, 'Frisian' was included in 'Dutch (Netherlands)'. In 1996, 'Frisian' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 64

In 1991, 'Frisian' was included in 'Dutch (Netherlands)'. In 1996, 'Frisian' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 65

In 1991, 'Frisian' was included in 'Dutch (Netherlands)'. In 1996, 'Frisian' was collected as a separate response.

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Footnote 66

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Jamaican', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Jamaican', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Jamaican', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Haitian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Haitian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Haitian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as British, Anglo, Celtic, Cornish, Gaelic, Jersey Islander, Manx, United Empire Loyalist, United Kingdom, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: English, Irish, Scottish and Welsh.

Return to footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as British, Anglo, Celtic, Cornish, Gaelic, Jersey Islander, Manx, United Empire Loyalist, United Kingdom, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: English, Irish, Scottish and Welsh.

Return to footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as British, Anglo, Celtic, Cornish, Gaelic, Jersey Islander, Manx, United Empire Loyalist, United Kingdom, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: English, Irish, Scottish and Welsh.

Return to footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Arab, Assyrian, Kuwaiti, Libyan, Middle Eastern, Saudi Arabian, Yemeni, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Egyptian, Iraqi, Jordanian, Lebanese, Algerian, Berber, Moroccan, Tunisian, Maghrebi n.i.e., Palestinian and Syrian.

Return to footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Arab, Assyrian, Kuwaiti, Libyan, Middle Eastern, Saudi Arabian, Yemeni, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Egyptian, Iraqi, Jordanian, Lebanese, Algerian, Berber, Moroccan, Tunisian, Maghrebi n.i.e., Palestinian and Syrian.

Return to footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Arab, Assyrian, Kuwaiti, Libyan, Middle Eastern, Saudi Arabian, Yemeni, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Egyptian, Iraqi, Jordanian, Lebanese, Algerian, Berber, Moroccan, Tunisian, Maghrebi n.i.e., Palestinian and Syrian.

Return to footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

In 1996, as in 1991, the 'West Indian' ethnic group includes only responses of 'West Indian'. Other British West Indian origins are included in 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' (or 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' in 1991). In 1986, 'Other West Indian' was a general group which included responses of 'West Indian' as well as other British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'West Indian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

In 1996, as in 1991, the 'West Indian' ethnic group includes only responses of 'West Indian'. Other British West Indian origins are included in 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' (or 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' in 1991). In 1986, 'Other West Indian' was a general group which included responses of 'West Indian' as well as other British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'West Indian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

In 1996, as in 1991, the 'West Indian' ethnic group includes only responses of 'West Indian'. Other British West Indian origins are included in 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' (or 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' in 1991). In 1986, 'Other West Indian' was a general group which included responses of 'West Indian' as well as other British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'West Indian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as African, Black African, Bantu, Beninese, Cameroonian, Guinean, Ivorian (Black), Malagasy (Black), Malian, Senegalese (Black), Seychellois (Black), Sierra Leonian, Swahili, Togolese, Tutsi, West African, Yoruba, Zambian, Zimbabwean (Black), Zulu, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Black, Burundian, East African, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Ghanaian, Kenyan, Mauritian, Nigerian, Rwandan, Somali, South African, Sudanese, Tanzanian, Ugandan and Zairian.

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'African (Black)' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as African, Black African, Bantu, Beninese, Cameroonian, Guinean, Ivorian (Black), Malagasy (Black), Malian, Senegalese (Black), Seychellois (Black), Sierra Leonian, Swahili, Togolese, Tutsi, West African, Yoruba, Zambian, Zimbabwean (Black), Zulu, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Black, Burundian, East African, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Ghanaian, Kenyan, Mauritian, Nigerian, Rwandan, Somali, South African, Sudanese, Tanzanian, Ugandan and Zairian.

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'African (Black)' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as African, Black African, Bantu, Beninese, Cameroonian, Guinean, Ivorian (Black), Malagasy (Black), Malian, Senegalese (Black), Seychellois (Black), Sierra Leonian, Swahili, Togolese, Tutsi, West African, Yoruba, Zambian, Zimbabwean (Black), Zulu, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Black, Burundian, East African, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Ghanaian, Kenyan, Mauritian, Nigerian, Rwandan, Somali, South African, Sudanese, Tanzanian, Ugandan and Zairian.

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'African (Black)' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Somali', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Somali', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Somali', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Yugoslav, Montenegrin, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian and Slovenian.

Return to footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Yugoslav, Montenegrin, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian and Slovenian.

Return to footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Yugoslav, Montenegrin, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian and Slovenian.

Return to footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Black' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

In 1996, a new question was introduced to measure the visible minority population, including Blacks, more directly. Please refer to the 'Visible Minority Population' Area Profile for data on Blacks.

For more information on data for 'Black', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Black' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

In 1996, a new question was introduced to measure the visible minority population, including Blacks, more directly. Please refer to the 'Visible Minority Population' Area Profile for data on Blacks.

For more information on data for 'Black', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Caution should be used in comparing data for 'Black' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

In 1996, a new question was introduced to measure the visible minority population, including Blacks, more directly. Please refer to the 'Visible Minority Population' Area Profile for data on Blacks.

For more information on data for 'Black', please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as South Asian, Kashmiri, Nepalese, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Bangladeshi, Bengali, East Indian, Goan, Gujarati, Pakistani, Punjabi, Sinhalese, Sri Lankan and Tamil.

In 1991, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was included in 'East Indian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as South Asian, Kashmiri, Nepalese, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Bangladeshi, Bengali, East Indian, Goan, Gujarati, Pakistani, Punjabi, Sinhalese, Sri Lankan and Tamil.

In 1991, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was included in 'East Indian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as South Asian, Kashmiri, Nepalese, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Bangladeshi, Bengali, East Indian, Goan, Gujarati, Pakistani, Punjabi, Sinhalese, Sri Lankan and Tamil.

In 1991, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was included in 'East Indian, n.i.e.'. In 1996, 'South Asian, n.i.e.' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Trinidadian/Tobagonian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Trinidadian/Tobagonian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Trinidadian/Tobagonian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Guyanese', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Guyanese', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Guyanese', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Latin American, Central American, South American, Latino, Bolivian, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Argentinian, Brazilian, Central/South American Indian, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Hispanic, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Salvadorean, Uruguayan and Venezuelan.

Return to footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Latin American, Central American, South American, Latino, Bolivian, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Argentinian, Brazilian, Central/South American Indian, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Hispanic, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Salvadorean, Uruguayan and Venezuelan.

Return to footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Latin American, Central American, South American, Latino, Bolivian, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Argentinian, Brazilian, Central/South American Indian, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Hispanic, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Salvadorean, Uruguayan and Venezuelan.

Return to footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ethiopian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ethiopian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ethiopian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ghanaian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ghanaian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Ghanaian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Barbadian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Barbadian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins, including 'Barbadian', between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Excludes 'Czech' and 'Slovak' which were collected as separate responses in 1996.

Return to footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Excludes 'Czech' and 'Slovak' which were collected as separate responses in 1996.

Return to footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Excludes 'Czech' and 'Slovak' which were collected as separate responses in 1996.

Return to footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Scandinavian, Laplander, Nordic, Viking, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian and Swedish.

Return to footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Scandinavian, Laplander, Nordic, Viking, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian and Swedish.

Return to footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Scandinavian, Laplander, Nordic, Viking, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian and Swedish.

Return to footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Caribbean, Belizian, Dominican, Martiniquais, Montserratian, Puerto Rican, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Antiguan, Bahamian, Barbadian, Bermudan, Cuban, Grenadian, Guyanese, Haitian, Jamaican, Kittitian/Nevisian, St. Lucian, Trinidadian/Tobagonian, Vincentian/Grenadinian and West Indian.

In 1996 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' and in 1991 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' included British West Indian origins as well as other Caribbean origins. In 1986, this group included mainly non-British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Caribbean, Belizian, Dominican, Martiniquais, Montserratian, Puerto Rican, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Antiguan, Bahamian, Barbadian, Bermudan, Cuban, Grenadian, Guyanese, Haitian, Jamaican, Kittitian/Nevisian, St. Lucian, Trinidadian/Tobagonian, Vincentian/Grenadinian and West Indian.

In 1996 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' and in 1991 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' included British West Indian origins as well as other Caribbean origins. In 1986, this group included mainly non-British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as Caribbean, Belizian, Dominican, Martiniquais, Montserratian, Puerto Rican, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Antiguan, Bahamian, Barbadian, Bermudan, Cuban, Grenadian, Guyanese, Haitian, Jamaican, Kittitian/Nevisian, St. Lucian, Trinidadian/Tobagonian, Vincentian/Grenadinian and West Indian.

In 1996 'Caribbean, n.i.e.' and in 1991 'Other Caribbean, n.i.e.' included British West Indian origins as well as other Caribbean origins. In 1986, this group included mainly non-British West Indian origins.

Caution should be used in comparing data for Caribbean origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for Caribbean origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as European, Caucasian, Eastern European, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Austrian, Belgian, Dutch (Netherlands), Flemish, Frisian, German, Luxembourger, Swiss, Finnish, Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Scandinavian n.i.e., Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Byelorussian, Czech, Czechoslovakian, Slovak, Hungarian (Magyar), Polish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovenian, Yugoslav n.i.e., Cypriot, Greek, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese, Spanish, Basque, Gypsy (Roma), Jewish and Slav.

Return to footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as European, Caucasian, Eastern European, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Austrian, Belgian, Dutch (Netherlands), Flemish, Frisian, German, Luxembourger, Swiss, Finnish, Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Scandinavian n.i.e., Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Byelorussian, Czech, Czechoslovakian, Slovak, Hungarian (Magyar), Polish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovenian, Yugoslav n.i.e., Cypriot, Greek, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese, Spanish, Basque, Gypsy (Roma), Jewish and Slav.

Return to footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'.

Includes responses such as European, Caucasian, Eastern European, etc.

Excludes the following groups which were collected as separate responses in 1996: Austrian, Belgian, Dutch (Netherlands), Flemish, Frisian, German, Luxembourger, Swiss, Finnish, Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Scandinavian n.i.e., Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Byelorussian, Czech, Czechoslovakian, Slovak, Hungarian (Magyar), Polish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovenian, Yugoslav n.i.e., Cypriot, Greek, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese, Spanish, Basque, Gypsy (Roma), Jewish and Slav.

Return to footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

In 1991, 'Taiwanese' was included in 'Chinese'. In 1996, 'Taiwanese' was collected as a separate response.

Return to footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

In 1991, 'Eritrean' was included in 'Ethiopian'. In 1996, 'Eritrean' was collected as a separate response.

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Nigerian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Nigerian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Caution should be used in comparing data for African origins, including 'Nigerian' between the 1996 and 1991 censuses.

Data for Caribbean, African and Black origins have been affected by changes in the format of the ethnic origin question and the examples listed on the census questionnaire. The 1991 Census question included fifteen mark-in categories, including 'Black', and two write-in spaces. In 1996, respondents were required to write in their ethnic origin(s) in four write-in spaces. The 'Black' mark-in group was replaced with the examples 'Haitian', 'Jamaican' and 'Somali'. Respondents who checked the 'Black' mark-in category in 1991 are likely to have written in an African, Caribbean or other ethnic origin response in 1996.

For more information on ethnic origin, including the historical comparability of data for African origins, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Includes respondents who belong to a visible minority group.


Visible Minority Population Supplementary Definition:

Refers to the visible minority group to which the respondent belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'.

The visible minority population includes the following groups: Chinese, South Asian, Black, Arab/West Asian, Filipino, Southeast Asian, Latin American, Japanese, Korean and Pacific Islander.

The 1996 Census was the first census to ask a direct question on visible minorities. Information on the visible minority population is obtained from the population group question (Question 19).

For more information on the visible minority population, please refer to electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Includes respondents who reported a single write-in response indicating a Pacific Islander group (for example, 'Fijian' or 'Polynesian') or another single write-in response likely to be a visible minority group (for example, 'Guyanese', 'Mauritian', 'South American' or 'West Indian'). For more information, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, for example, 'Black and South Asian'. For more information, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to Question 18 (Aboriginal Identity, known in the 1996 Census Dictionary as Aboriginal Self-Reporting) as well as repondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group. For more information, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product.

Return to footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Age
Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 14, 1996). This variable is derived from date of birth.


Sex
Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

Return to footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Age
Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 14, 1996). This variable is derived from date of birth.


Sex
Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

Return to footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Age
Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 14, 1996). This variable is derived from date of birth.


Sex
Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

Return to footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Household, Private:
Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Labour Market Activities: Presence of Children
This variable classifies the population 15 years of age and over in private households into those with no children at home and those with children at home. Those persons with children at home are further classified on the basis of the age groups of all of their children.

This variable is based on census family concept. It is derived specifically for the purposes of analysis and dissemination of census labour force activity data.

The term 'children' is also referred to as 'never-married sons and/or daughters' in the census. It includes all blood, step- or adopted sons and daughters who have never married, regardless of age, in census families (in private households), who are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family, even if they are living in the same dwelling.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

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Footnote 143

Sex
Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Household, Private:
Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Labour Market Activities: Presence of Children
This variable classifies the population 15 years of age and over in private households into those with no children at home and those with children at home. Those persons with children at home are further classified on the basis of the age groups of all of their children.

This variable is based on census family concept. It is derived specifically for the purposes of analysis and dissemination of census labour force activity data.

The term 'children' is also referred to as 'never-married sons and/or daughters' in the census. It includes all blood, step- or adopted sons and daughters who have never married, regardless of age, in census families (in private households), who are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family, even if they are living in the same dwelling.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

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Footnote 144

Sex
Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Household, Private:
Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Labour Market Activities: Presence of Children
This variable classifies the population 15 years of age and over in private households into those with no children at home and those with children at home. Those persons with children at home are further classified on the basis of the age groups of all of their children.

This variable is based on census family concept. It is derived specifically for the purposes of analysis and dissemination of census labour force activity data.

The term 'children' is also referred to as 'never-married sons and/or daughters' in the census. It includes all blood, step- or adopted sons and daughters who have never married, regardless of age, in census families (in private households), who are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family, even if they are living in the same dwelling.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity
Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force
Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate
Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio
Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate
Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

Note:
The components of Population and Labour Force Activity are illustrated in Figure 9 of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

For information on the comparability of Labour Force Activity with those of previous censuses and with the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix E of the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-351-XPE.

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Footnote 145

Labour Market Activities: Industry (Based on 1980 Standard Industrial Classification)
Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked, as indicated by the name of the employer and the kind of business, industry or service. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. If the person did not have a job during the week prior to enumeration, data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

The 1996 industry data are produced according to the 1980 Standard Industrial Classification. This classification consists of a systematic and comprehensive arrangement of industries structured into 18 divisions, 75 major groups and 296 groups. These industrial groups are based on the general nature of the establishment's business, industry or service. For further information on the classification, see the Standard Industrial Classification, 1980, Catalogue No. 12-501E.


Labour Market Activities: Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

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Footnote 146

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 147

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 148

View the 'Industry Data Quality Notes' by choosing 'Summary' from the 'File' menu.

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Footnote 149

View the 'Industry Data Quality Notes' by choosing 'Summary' from the 'File' menu.

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Footnote 150

View the 'Industry Data Quality Notes' by choosing 'Summary' from the 'File' menu.

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Footnote 151

Labour Market Activities: Occupation (Based on 1991 Standard Occupational Classification)
Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the most important duties in their job. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. If the person did not have a job during the week prior to enumeration, the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.


Labour Market Activities: Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.


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Footnote 152

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 153

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 154

Labour Market Activities: Occupation (Based on 1991 Standard Occupational Classification)
Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the most important duties in their job. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. If the person did not have a job during the week prior to enumeration, the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

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Footnote 155

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 156

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 157

Labour Market Activities: Occupation (Based on 1991 Standard Occupational Classification)
Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the most important duties in their job. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. If the person did not have a job during the week prior to enumeration, the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

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Footnote 158

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 159

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 160

Labour Market Activities: Class of Worker
This variable classifies persons who reported a job into those who (a) worked mainly for wages, salaries, commissions or payments 'in kind' (payments in goods or services rather than money), (b) worked without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice owned or operated by a related household member, (c) worked mainly for themselves, with or without paid help. The job reported was the one held in the week prior to enumeration if the person was employed, or the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995, if the person was not employed during the reference week. Persons with two or more jobs in the reference week were to provide information for the job at which they worked the most hours. Incorporation status refers to the legal status of a business or farm. An incorporated business is a business or farm which has been formed into a legal corporation, having a legal entity under either federal or provincial laws.


Labour Market Activities: Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)
Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

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Footnote 161

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 162

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 163

Labour Market Activities: Class of Worker
This variable classifies persons who reported a job into those who (a) worked mainly for wages, salaries, commissions or payments 'in kind' (payments in goods or services rather than money), (b) worked without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice owned or operated by a related household member, (c) worked mainly for themselves, with or without paid help. The job reported was the one held in the week prior to enumeration if the person was employed, or the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995, if the person was not employed during the reference week. Persons with two or more jobs in the reference week were to provide information for the job at which they worked the most hours. Incorporation status refers to the legal status of a business or farm. An incorporated business is a business or farm which has been formed into a legal corporation, having a legal entity under either federal or provincial laws.

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Footnote 164

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 165

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 166

Labour Market Activities: Class of Worker
This variable classifies persons who reported a job into those who (a) worked mainly for wages, salaries, commissions or payments 'in kind' (payments in goods or services rather than money), (b) worked without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice owned or operated by a related household member, (c) worked mainly for themselves, with or without paid help. The job reported was the one held in the week prior to enumeration if the person was employed, or the job of longest duration since January 1, 1995, if the person was not employed during the reference week. Persons with two or more jobs in the reference week were to provide information for the job at which they worked the most hours. Incorporation status refers to the legal status of a business or farm. An incorporated business is a business or farm which has been formed into a legal corporation, having a legal entity under either federal or provincial laws.

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Footnote 167

Unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked for pay or profit or who had worked only prior to January 1st of the previous year.

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Footnote 168

This category is also referred to as the 'Experienced Labour Force'.


Labour Market Activities: Experienced Labour Force
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, and who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 1995 or in 1996. The experienced labour force can be derived by excluding from the total labour force those unemployed persons 15 years of age and over who have never worked or who had last worked prior to January 1, 1995 only.

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Footnote 169

Household Activities: Hours Spent Doing Unpaid Housework
Refers to the number of hours persons spent doing unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. It includes hours spent doing housework for one's own household or the household of others. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 170

Household Activities: Hours Spent Doing Unpaid Housework
Refers to the number of hours persons spent doing unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. It includes hours spent doing housework for one's own household or the household of others. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 171

Household Activities: Hours Spent Doing Unpaid Housework
Refers to the number of hours persons spent doing unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. It includes hours spent doing housework for one's own household or the household of others. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 172

Household Activities: Hours Spent Looking After Children, Without Pay
Refers to the number of hours persons spent taking care of their own or someone else's children without pay in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.


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Footnote 173

Household Activities: Hours Spent Looking After Children, Without Pay
Refers to the number of hours persons spent taking care of their own or someone else's children without pay in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.


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Footnote 174

Household Activities: Hours Spent Looking After Children, Without Pay
Refers to the number of hours persons spent taking care of their own or someone else's children without pay in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.


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Footnote 175

Household Activities: Hours Spent Providing Unpaid Care or Assistance to Seniors
Refers to the number of hours persons spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 176

Household Activities: Hours Spent Providing Unpaid Care or Assistance to Seniors
Refers to the number of hours persons spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 177

Household Activities: Hours Spent Providing Unpaid Care or Assistance to Seniors
Refers to the number of hours persons spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

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Footnote 178

Labour Market Activities: Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:

(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.


Journey to Work: Place of Work Status
Refers to the place of work of non-institutional residents 15 years of age and over who have worked since January 1, 1995. The variable usually relates to the individual's job held in the week prior to enumeration. However, if the person had not worked during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 1995, the information relates to the job held longest during that period.

Supplementary Definition:
Worked at home - Persons whose job is located in the same building as their place of residence, persons who live and work on the same farm, and teleworkers who spend most of their work week working at home.

Worked outside Canada - Persons who work as diplomats, Armed Forces personnel and other persons enumerated abroad. Includes also recent immigrants who may not currently be employed but whose job of longest duration since January 1, 1995 was held outside Canada.

No fixed workplace address - Persons who do not go from home to the same workplace location at the beginning of each shift. Such persons include building and landscape contractors, travelling salespersons, independent truck drivers, etc.

Worked at the address specified below - Persons who are not included in the categories described above and who report to the same (usual) workplace location at the beginning of each shift are included here. Respondents were asked to provide the street address, city, town, village, township, municipality or Indian reserve, province/territory and postal code of their workplace. If the full street address was not known, the name of the building or nearest street intersection could be substituted.

Teleworkers who spend less than one-half of their work week working at their home office were asked to report the full address of their employer. Persons whose actual workplace location varied but who reported regularly to an employer's headquarters at the beginning of each shift were asked to report the full address of the headquarters.

For more information on the comparability of place of work status with previous censuses, please refer to the appendix on Historical Comparability of Journey to Work Data in the electronic documentation supplied with this product.


Note on Comparability of 1996 Place of Work Data:
Working at home can be measured in different ways. In the Census, the 'worked at home' category includes persons who live and work at the same physical location, such as farmers, teleworkers and work camp workers. In addition, the 1996 Census Guide instructed persons who worked part of the time at home and part of the time at an employer's address to indicate that they worked at home if most of their time was spent working at home (e.g. 3 days out of 5).

The 1995 Survey of Work Arrangements asked respondents whether they did some or all of their paid work at home. The difference between the 1996 Census and the 1995 Survey of Work Arrangements work at home data is the result of differences in the way these workers are measured.

The place of work question has been asked in virtually the same format in each census since 1971. However, the term 'no fixed workplace address' replaced 'no usual place of work' in 1996. For 1996, the Census questionnaire was modified by adding a check box for the 'no fixed workplace address' response category. In previous censuses, respondents were asked to write 'no usual place of work' in the address fields. It is believed that previous censuses have undercounted the number of persons with 'no fixed workplace address'.

Annexations, incorporations and amalgamations of municipalities could create some difficulties when comparing spatial units and structures which change over time.

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Footnote 179

Labour Market Activities: Employed
Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:

(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.


Journey to Work: Mode of Transportation
Refers to the mode of transportation to work of non-institutional residents 15 years of age and over who have worked since January 1, 1995. Persons who indicated in the place of work question that they either had no fixed workplace address, or specified a usual place of work address, were asked to identify the mode of transportation they most frequently used to commute between home and work. The variable usually relates to the individual's job in the week prior to enumeration. However, if the person had not worked during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 1995, the information relates to the job held longest during that period.

Supplementary Definition:
Persons who use more than one mode of transportation were asked to identify the single mode they used for most of the travel distance. As a result, the question provides data on the primary mode of transportation to work. It does not measure multiple modes of transportation, nor does it measure seasonal variation in mode of transportation or trips made for purposes other than the commute between home and work.


Note on Comparability of 1996 Place of Work Data:
The place of work question has been asked in virtually the same format in each census since 1971. However, the term 'no fixed workplace' replaced 'no usual place of work' in 1996. For 1996, the Census questionnaire was modified by adding a check box for the 'no fixed workplace' response category. In previous censuses, respondents were asked to write 'no usual place of work' in the address fields. It is believed that previous censuses have undercounted the number of persons with 'no fixed workplace'.

Annexations, incorporations and amalgamations of municipalities could create some difficulties when comparing spatial units and structures which change over time.

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Footnote 180

Schooling: School Attendance

Refers to either full-time or part-time (day or evening) attendance at school, college or university during the eight-month period between September 1995 and May 14, 1996. Attendance is counted only for courses which could be used as credits towards a certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 181

Schooling: Highest Level of

Refers to the highest grade or year of elementary or secondary school attended, or the highest year of university or other non-university completed. University education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than other non-university. Also, the attainment of a degree, certificate or diploma is considered to be at a higher level than years completed or attended without an educational qualification.


Note on Data Quality for Highest Level of Schooling:

The overall quality of the education variables from the 1996 Census is acceptable. However, a specific data problem has been identified. There is an inconsistency in the 'Highest Grade of Elementary-secondary' variable in the province of Quebec. The proportion of persons with the value of 'No schooling or kindergarten only' has increased from 0.8% (44,440) in 1991 to 1.2% (72,070) in 1996. The problem appears to be the wording of Question 24 on the French 2B Census questionnaire. The 'Highest Level of Schooling' and 'Total Years of Schooling' variables are also affected as they are derived from a number of education questions including 'Highest Grade of Elementary-secondary'.

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Footnote 182

Includes 'Never attended school or attended kindergarten only'.

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Footnote 183

Refers to courses completed at postsecondary institutions which normally require a secondary school graduation certificate or equivalent for entrance, as well as to other courses in related or like institutions which may not require a secondary school graduation certificate for entrance.

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Footnote 184

Includes trades certificate or diploma, other non-university certificate or diploma and university certificate or diploma below bachelor level.

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Footnote 185

Includes trades certificate or diploma, other non-university certificate or diploma and university certificate or diploma below bachelor level.

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Footnote 186

Schooling: Major Field of Study (MFS)

Refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest postsecondary degree, certificate or diploma. The major field of study classification structure consists of 10 broad or major categories: educational, recreational and counselling services; fine and applied arts; humanities and related fields; social sciences and related fields; commerce, management and business administration; agricultural and biological sciences/technologies; engineering and applied sciences; engineering and applied science technologies and trades; health professions, sciences and technologies; and mathematics and physical sciences. This structure is, in turn, subdivided into over 100 'minor' classification categories and about 425 'unit' groups.

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Footnote 187

Schooling: Major Field of Study (MFS)

Refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest postsecondary degree, certificate or diploma. The major field of study classification structure consists of 10 broad or major categories: educational, recreational and counselling services; fine and applied arts; humanities and related fields; social sciences and related fields; commerce, management and business administration; agricultural and biological sciences/technologies; engineering and applied sciences; engineering and applied science technologies and trades; health professions, sciences and technologies; and mathematics and physical sciences. This structure is, in turn, subdivided into over 100 'minor' classification categories and about 425 'unit' groups.

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Footnote 188

Mobility 1: Mobility Status - Place of Residence 1 Year Ago

Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence one year earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classed as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility Status (1 Year Ago). Within the category movers, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address which they occupied one year earlier.

Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address than the one at which they resided one year earlier.

Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address but in the same census subdivision (CSD) that they occupied one year earlier.

Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD one year earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada one year earlier (external migrants).

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Footnote 189

Mobility 5: Mobility Status - Place of Residence 5 Years Ago

Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence five years earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classed as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility Status (5 Years Ago). Within the category movers, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address which they occupied five years earlier.

Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address than the one at which they resided five years earlier.

Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address but in the same census subdivision (CSD) that they occupied five years earlier.

Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD five years earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada five years earlier (external migrants).

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Footnote 190

Includes persons who did not work in 1995 but reported employment income.


Income: Employment Income/Earnings

Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during 1995 as:

Wages and Salaries

Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and unemployment insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 1995. The value of taxable allowances and benefits provided by employers, such as free lodging and free automobile use, is excluded.

Net Non-farm Income from Unincorporated Business and/or Professional Practice

Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 1995 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income of persons babysitting in their own homes, self-employed fishermen, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as from freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net Farm Income

Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 1995 from the operation of a farm, either on own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Also included are cash advances, dividends from cooperatives, gross insurance proceeds and all rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (e.g., milk subsidies and marketing board payments). However, the value of income 'in kind', such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Supplementary definition:

Average Income of Individuals

Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

This concept and procedure applies to total income, employment income, wages and salaries and any other component of income.

Median Income of Individuals

The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

This concept and procedure applies to total income, employment income, wages and salaries and any other component of income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Sex

Refers to the gender of the respondent.


Labour Market Activities: Work Activity in 1995 (Derived)

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 1995 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents.

Weeks worked in the reference year include weeks of paid vacation, weeks on sick leave with pay and all weeks in which training was paid for by the employer. Persons who worked less than a year but who were paid on a twelve-month basis, such as school teachers, were instructed to report 52 weeks. Persons who operated a farm, business or professional practice for the full year, including weeks of vacation, were also instructed to report 52 weeks.

The term 'full-year full-time workers' refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who worked 49-52 weeks on a full time basis in the reference year for pay or in self-employment.

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Footnote 191

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly full time.

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Footnote 192

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly part time, or worked 1-49 weeks.

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Footnote 193

Includes persons who did not work in 1995 but reported employment income.

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Footnote 194

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly full time.

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Footnote 195

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly part time, or worked 1-49 weeks.

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Footnote 196

Includes persons who did not work in 1995 but reported employment income.

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Footnote 197

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly full time.

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Footnote 198

Worked 49-52 weeks in 1995, mostly part time, or worked 1-49 weeks.

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Footnote 199

Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding of the data.


Income: Composition of Income

The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area.

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Footnote 200

Income: Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Individuals

Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

This concept and procedure applies to total income, employment income, wages and salaries and any other component of income.

Median Income of Individuals

The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

This concept and procedure applies to total income, employment income, wages and salaries and any other component of income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Sex

Refers to the gender of the respondent.

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Footnote 201

Including loss.

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Footnote 202

For persons with income.

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Footnote 203

For persons with income.

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Footnote 204

For persons with income.

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Footnote 205

Including loss.

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Footnote 206

For persons with income.

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Footnote 207

For persons with income.

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Footnote 208

For persons with income.

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Footnote 209

Including loss.

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Footnote 210

For persons with income.

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Footnote 211

For persons with income.

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Footnote 212

For persons with income.

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Footnote 213

Includes male and female lone-parent families.


Income: Census Family Total Income

The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

Average census family income refers to the weighted mean total income of census families.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (e.g., husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. Similarly, the average income of a group of non-family persons is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of the specified group by the number of all non-family persons 15 years of age and over in the group, whether or not they reported income.

Median Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

The median income of a specified group of census families or non-family persons 15 years of age and over is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of the families or non-family persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

The median income of census families and non-family persons is calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.

Supplementary definition:

Families of now-married couples and those of common-law couples together constitute 'husband-wife families'.

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Footnote 214

Including loss.

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Footnote 215

Income: Census Family Total Income

The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

Average census family income refers to the weighted mean total income of census families.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (e.g., husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. Similarly, the average income of a group of non-family persons is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of the specified group by the number of all non-family persons 15 years of age and over in the group, whether or not they reported income.

Median Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

The median income of a specified group of census families or non-family persons 15 years of age and over is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of the families or non-family persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

The median income of census families and non-family persons is calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.

Supplementary definition:

Families of now-married couples and those of common-law couples together constitute 'husband-wife families'.

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Footnote 216

Including loss.

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Footnote 217

Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.

Supplementary definition:

Families of now-married couples and those of common-law couples together constitute 'husband-wife families'.


Income: Census Family Total Income

The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

Average census family income refers to the weighted mean total income of census families.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (e.g., husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. Similarly, the average income of a group of non-family persons is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of the specified group by the number of all non-family persons 15 years of age and over in the group, whether or not they reported income.

Median Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

The median income of a specified group of census families or non-family persons 15 years of age and over is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of the families or non-family persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

The median income of census families and non-family persons is calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.

Return to footnote 217 referrer

Footnote 218

Income: Census Family Total Income

The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

Average census family income refers to the weighted mean total income of census families.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (e.g., husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. Similarly, the average income of a group of non-family persons is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of the specified group by the number of all non-family persons 15 years of age and over in the group, whether or not they reported income.

Median Income of Census Families and Non-family Persons 15 Years of Age and Over

The median income of a specified group of census families or non-family persons 15 years of age and over is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of the families or non-family persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

The median income of census families and non-family persons is calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Census Family Status

Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not they are members of a census family.

Family persons refers to household members who belong to a census family

Non-family persons refers to household members who do not belong to a census family. They may be related to Person 1, the household reference person (e.g., Person 1's divorced brother, brother-in-law, cousin, grandparent), or unrelated (e.g., lodger, room-mate, employee). A person living alone is always a non-family person.


Sex

Refers to the gender of the respondent.


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Footnote 219

Including loss.

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Footnote 220

Including loss.

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Footnote 221

Including loss.

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Footnote 222

Economic Family

Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption.

Supplementary definition:

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be either male or female spouse, male or female common-law partner or never-married son or daughter with a parent present. The concept of economic family may therefore refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example: a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be treated as a non-family person under the definition of a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a man and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, will form an economic family, but not a census family since they do not meet the requirements for the latter. All census family persons are economic family persons.

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Footnote 223

Income: Incidence of Low Income

The incidence of low income is the proportion or percentage of economic families or unattached individuals in a given classification below the low income cut-offs. These incidence rates are calculated from unrounded estimates of economic families and unattached individuals 15 years of age and over. Since all members of an economic family share a common status, incidence of low income can also be calculated for the population in private households.

Income Status

Refers to the position of an economic family or an unattached individual 15 years of age and over in relation to Statistics Canada's low income cut-offs (LICOs).

Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs)

Measures of low income known as low income cut-offs (LICOs) were first introduced in Canada in 1968 based on 1961 Census income data and 1959 family expenditure patterns. At that time, expenditure patterns indicated that Canadian families spent about 50% of their income on food, shelter and clothing. It was arbitrarily estimated that families spending 70% or more of their income on these basic necessities would be in 'straitened' circumstances. With this assumption, low income cut-off points were set for five different sizes of families.

Subsequent to these initial cut-offs, revised low income cut-offs were established based on national family expenditure data from 1969, 1978, 1986 and 1992. These data indicated that Canadian families spent, on average, 42% in 1969, 38.5% in 1978, 36.2% in 1986 and 34.7% in 1992 of their income on basic necessities. By adding the original difference of 20 percentage points to the basic level of expenditure on necessities, new low income cut-offs were set at income levels differentiated by family size and degree of urbanization. Since then, these cut-offs have been updated yearly by changes in the consumer price index.

Note: For more information on Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs) and for the 1990 and 1995 matrices of Low Income Cut-offs, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product. c:\Rec96cen\Document\English\Other\Specnotes.txt

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Footnote 224

Unattached Individual

Refers to a household member who is not a member of an economic family. Unattached individuals may either live alone or in a household where they are not related to any other member of that household. Income statistics are produced for unattached individuals who are at least 15 years of age.

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Footnote 225

Income: Incidence of Low Income

The incidence of low income is the proportion or percentage of economic families or unattached individuals in a given classification below the low income cut-offs. These incidence rates are calculated from unrounded estimates of economic families and unattached individuals 15 years of age and over. Since all members of an economic family share a common status, incidence of low income can also be calculated for the population in private households.

Income Status

Refers to the position of an economic family or an unattached individual 15 years of age and over in relation to Statistics Canada's low income cut-offs (LICOs).

Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs)

Measures of low income known as low income cut-offs (LICOs) were first introduced in Canada in 1968 based on 1961 Census income data and 1959 family expenditure patterns. At that time, expenditure patterns indicated that Canadian families spent about 50% of their income on food, shelter and clothing. It was arbitrarily estimated that families spending 70% or more of their income on these basic necessities would be in 'straitened' circumstances. With this assumption, low income cut-off points were set for five different sizes of families.

Subsequent to these initial cut-offs, revised low income cut-offs were established based on national family expenditure data from 1969, 1978, 1986 and 1992. These data indicated that Canadian families spent, on average, 42% in 1969, 38.5% in 1978, 36.2% in 1986 and 34.7% in 1992 of their income on basic necessities. By adding the original difference of 20 percentage points to the basic level of expenditure on necessities, new low income cut-offs were set at income levels differentiated by family size and degree of urbanization. Since then, these cut-offs have been updated yearly by changes in the consumer price index.

Note: For more information on Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs) and for the 1990 and 1995 matrices of Low Income Cut-offs, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product. c:\Rec96cen\Document\English\Other\Specnotes.txt

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Footnote 226

Household, Private

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

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Footnote 227

Income: Incidence of Low Income

The incidence of low income is the proportion or percentage of economic families or unattached individuals in a given classification below the low income cut-offs. These incidence rates are calculated from unrounded estimates of economic families and unattached individuals 15 years of age and over. Since all members of an economic family share a common status, incidence of low income can also be calculated for the population in private households.

Income Status

Refers to the position of an economic family or an unattached individual 15 years of age and over in relation to Statistics Canada's low income cut-offs (LICOs).

Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs)

Measures of low income known as low income cut-offs (LICOs) were first introduced in Canada in 1968 based on 1961 Census income data and 1959 family expenditure patterns. At that time, expenditure patterns indicated that Canadian families spent about 50% of their income on food, shelter and clothing. It was arbitrarily estimated that families spending 70% or more of their income on these basic necessities would be in 'straitened' circumstances. With this assumption, low income cut-off points were set for five different sizes of families.

Subsequent to these initial cut-offs, revised low income cut-offs were established based on national family expenditure data from 1969, 1978, 1986 and 1992. These data indicated that Canadian families spent, on average, 42% in 1969, 38.5% in 1978, 36.2% in 1986 and 34.7% in 1992 of their income on basic necessities. By adding the original difference of 20 percentage points to the basic level of expenditure on necessities, new low income cut-offs were set at income levels differentiated by family size and degree of urbanization. Since then, these cut-offs have been updated yearly by changes in the consumer price index.

Note: For more information on Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs) and for the 1990 and 1995 matrices of Low Income Cut-offs, please refer to the electronic documentation supplied with this product. c:\Rec96cen\Document\English\Other\Specnotes.txt

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Footnote 228

Income: Household Total Income

The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household.

Total Income

Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 1995 by persons 15 years of age and over:

- wages and salaries (total);
- net farm income;
- net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice;
- federal Child Tax benefits;
- Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement;
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Unemployment Insurance;
- other income from government sources;
- dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income;
- retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs;
- other money income.

Receipts Not Counted as Income

Gambling gains and losses, money inherited during the year, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property or personal belongings, income tax refunds, loans received, loans repaid to an individual as the lender, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates of property taxes and other taxes, and refunds of pension contributions were excluded as was all income 'in kind' such as free meals, living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Average Income of Households

Average household income refers to the weighted mean total income of households.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (e.g., family households) by the number of households in that group, whether or not they reported income.

Median Income of Households

The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e. the incomes of the first half of households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

The median income of households is calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Standard Error of Average Income

Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and a half standard errors.


Household, Private

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Household Size

Refers to the number of persons in a private household.

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Footnote 229

Including loss.

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Footnote 230

Including loss.

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Footnote 231

Including loss.

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Footnote 232

Economic Family

Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption.


Household, Private

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

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Footnote 233

Economic Family Status

Refers to the classification of population according to whether or not they are members of an economic family.

Economic family persons refers to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption and thereby constitute an economic family.

Unattached individuals refers to household members who are not members of an economic family. A person living alone is always an unattached individual.

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Footnote 234

Economic Family Status

Refers to the classification of population according to whether or not they are members of an economic family.

Economic family persons refers to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption and thereby constitute an economic family.

Unattached individuals refers to household members who are not members of an economic family. A person living alone is always an unattached individual.

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Footnote 235

Census Family Structure

Refers to the classification of census families into families of now-married couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both spouses), families of common-law couples (with or without never-married sons or daughters of either or both partners) and lone-parent families by sex of parent.


Census Family Status

Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not they are members of a census family.

Family persons refers to household members who belong to a census family. They, in turn, are further classified as follows:

Spouses refers to persons of opposite sex who are legally married to each other and living in the same dwelling.

Common-law partners are two persons of opposite sex who are not legally married to each other but live together as husband and wife in the same dwelling.

Lone parent refers to a mother or a father, with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more never-married sons and/or daughters.

Never-married sons and/or daughters refers to blood, step or adopted sons and daughters who have never married (regardless of age) and are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family even if they are living in the same dwelling. In addition, those never-married sons and daughters who do not live in the same dwelling as their parent(s) are not considered members of their parent(s)' census family.


Labour Market Activities: Labour Force Activity

Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Respondents were classified as either employed, unemployed or not in the labour force.

Employed

Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day:
(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment; or
(b) were absent from their job or business for the entire week because of vacation, illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or other reasons.

Unemployed

Refers to persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were without paid work and were available for work and either:
(a) had actively looked for work in the past four weeks; or
(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

Not in Labour Force

Refers to those persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes persons who did not work for pay or in self-employment in the week prior to enumeration and (a) did not look for paid work in the four weeks prior to enumeration, (b) were not on temporary lay-off and (c) did not have a new job to start in four weeks or less. It also includes persons who looked for work during the last four weeks but were not available to start work in the week prior to enumeration.

Total Labour Force (in Reference Week)

Refers to all persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day.

Participation Rate

Refers to the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population in that group.

Employment-population Ratio

Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The employment-population ratio for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over in that group.

Unemployment Rate

Refers to the unemployed labour force expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day. Data are available for persons 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the total labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.

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Footnote 236

Dwelling, Occupied Private

Refers to a private dwelling in which a person or a group of persons are permanently residing. Also included are private dwellings whose usual residents are temporarily absent on Census Day. Unless otherwise specified, all data in housing reports are for occupied private dwellings rather than unoccupied private dwellings or dwellings occupied solely by foreign and/or temporary residents.

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Footnote 237

Rooms

Refers to the number of rooms in a dwelling. A room is an enclosed area within a dwelling which is finished and suitable for year-round living.


Dwelling

Refers to a set of living quarters in which a person or a group of persons reside or could reside.

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Footnote 238

Users of 1996 Census data on Number of Bedrooms are cautioned that the counts for dwellings having no bedroom may be too high, due to the editing procedure used in processing the 1996 data. It is estimated that, at the national level, the counts for dwellings with no bedroom may be over-reported by 25%. These dwellings would have been classified as having one bedroom. The over-reporting is concentrated among dwellings with two rooms.


Bedrooms

Refers to all rooms designed and furnished as bedrooms and used mainly for sleeping purposes, even though the use may be occasional (i.e., spare bedroom).


Dwelling

Refers to a set of living quarters in which a person or a group of persons reside or could reside.

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Footnote 239

Value of Dwelling

Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.


Dwelling

Refers to a set of living quarters in which a person or a group of persons reside or could reside.

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Footnote 240

Tenure

Refers to whether some member of the household owns or rents the dwelling, or whether the dwelling is Band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 241

Tenure

Refers to whether some member of the household owns or rents the dwelling, or whether the dwelling is Band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 242

Condition of Dwelling

Refers to whether, in the judgement of the respondent, the dwelling requires any repairs (excluding desirable remodelling or additions).

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Footnote 243

Condition of Dwelling

Refers to whether, in the judgement of the respondent, the dwelling requires any repairs (excluding desirable remodelling or additions).

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Footnote 244

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 245

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 246

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 247

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 248

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 249

Period of Construction

Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 250

Household, Private

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.


Household Type

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is a married couple with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a couple living common-law with or without never-married sons or daughters, or a lone parent living with one or more never-married sons or daughters (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other non-family persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to one in which two or more census families (with or without additional non-family persons) occupy the same private dwelling.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.


Census Family

Refers to a now-married couple (with or without never-married sons and/or daughters of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without never-married sons and/or daughters of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one never-married son or daughter living in the same dwelling.


Census Family Status

Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not they are members of a census family.

Family persons refers to household members who belong to a census family. They, in turn, are further classified as follows:

Spouses refers to persons of opposite sex who are legally married to each other and living in the same dwelling.

Common-law partners are two persons of opposite sex who are not legally married to each other but live together as husband and wife in the same dwelling.

Lone parent refers to a mother or a father, with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more never-married sons and/or daughters.

Never-married sons and/or daughters refers to blood, step or adopted sons and daughters who have never married (regardless of age) and are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s). Sons and daughters who are currently or were previously married, or who are living common-law, are not considered to be members of their parent(s)' census family even if they are living in the same dwelling. In addition, those never-married sons and daughters who do not live in the same dwelling as their parent(s) are not considered members of their parent(s)' census family.

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Footnote 251

Household, Private

Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

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Footnote 252

Rent, Gross

Refers to the total average monthly payments paid by tenant households to secure shelter.

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Footnote 253

Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income

Refers to the proportion of average monthly 1995 total household income which is spent on gross rent (for tenant-occupied dwellings). Calculation - Gross Rent X 100 ÷ Total annual household income in 1995 ÷ 12.

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Footnote 254

Owner's Major Payments

Refers to the total average monthly payments made by owner households to secure shelter.

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Footnote 255

Owner's Major Payments or Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income

Refers to the proportion of average monthly 1995 total household income which is spent on owner's major payments (in the case of owner-occupied dwellings) or on gross rent (in the case of tenant-occupied dwellings).

Return to footnote 255 referrer

Population, 1991 (100% data) Footnote 2 171,848
Population, 1996 (100% data) Footnote 3 174,051
Population percentage change, 1991-1996 1.3
Land area in square kilometres, 1996 789.66
Total population by sex and age groups (100% data) Footnote 4 174,050
Male, total 83,825
0-4 5,145
5-9 5,930
10-14 6,395
15 1,265
16 1,335
17 1,340
18 1,345
19 1,385
15-19 6,675
20-24 7,195
25-29 6,890
30-34 7,265
35-39 7,190
40-44 6,935
45-49 6,175
50-54 4,825
55-59 3,515
60-64 2,825
65-69 2,320
70-74 1,930
75-79 1,370
80-84 800
85+ 430
Female, total 90,225
0-4 4,970
5-9 5,765
10-14 6,110
15 1,265
16 1,310
17 1,230
18 1,345
19 1,395
15-19 6,540
20-24 7,645
25-29 7,465
30-34 8,090
35-39 7,800
40-44 7,310
45-49 6,450
50-54 4,990
55-59 3,535
60-64 3,040
65-69 2,825
70-74 2,520
75-79 2,210
80-84 1,670
85+ 1,300
Total population 15 years and over by legal marital status (100% data) Footnote 5 139,745
Never married (single) 48,855
Legally married (and not separated) 71,845
Separated, but still legally married 3,275
Divorced 7,360
Widowed 8,410
Total number of census families in private households by family size (20% sample data) Footnote 6 47,590
Size of census family, 2 persons 17,795
Size of census family, 3 persons 12,230
Size of census family, 4 persons 12,395
Size of census family, 5 or more persons 5,175
Total husband-wife families by family structure (20% sample data) Footnote 7 39,595
Total families of now-married couples 35,500
Total without sons and/or daughters at home 10,590
Total with sons and/or daughters at home 24,910
1 son or daughter 8,825
2 sons and/or daughters 11,375
3 or more sons and/or daughters 4,710
Total families of common-law couples 4,090
Total without sons and/or daughters at home 2,605
Total with sons and/or daughters at home 1,485
1 son or daughter 865
2 sons and/or daughters 380
3 or more sons and/or daughters 240
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent (20% sample data) Footnote 8 7,995
Male parent 1,010
1 son or daughter 600
2 sons and/or daughters 350
3 or more sons and/or daughters 70
Female parent 6,980
1 son or daughter 3,995
2 sons and/or daughters 2,195
3 or more sons and/or daughters 795
Total number of never-married sons and/or daughters at home (20% sample data) 61,760
Under 6 years of age 12,080
6 - 14 years 21,435
15 - 17 years 7,505
18 - 24 years 14,140
25 years and over 6,600
Average number of never-married sons and/or daughters at home per census family Footnote 9 1.3
Total number of persons in private households (20% sample data) Footnote 10 171,425
Number of non-family persons 22,485
Living with relatives Footnote 11 5,655
Living with non-relatives only Footnote 12 6,525
Living alone 10,305
Number of family persons 148,940
Average number of persons per census family 3.1
Total number of persons 65 years and over (20% sample data) Footnote 13 15,575
Number of non-family persons 65 years and over 6,020
Living with relatives Footnote 14 1,920
Living with non-relatives only Footnote 15 280
Living alone 3,825
Number of family persons 65 years and over 9,550
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling (20% sample data) Footnote 16 60,295
Single-detached house 32,440
Semi-detached house 2,905
Row house 5,945
Apartment, detached duplex 12,780
Apartment building, five or more storeys 580
Apartment building, less than five storeys 5,085
Other single attached house 255
Movable dwelling Footnote 17 300
Total number of private households by household size (20% sample data) Footnote 18 60,295
1 person 10,305
2 persons 17,615
3 persons 12,745
4 - 5 persons 17,805
6 or more persons 1,820
Total population by citizenship (20% sample data) Footnote 19 172,095
Canadian citizenship 169,850
Citizenship other than Canadian 2,245
Total population by place of birth (20% sample data) Footnote 20 172,090
Non-immigrant population Footnote 21 166,370
Born in province of residence 155,575
Total immigrants by selected countries of birth Footnote 22 5,070
United Kingdom 1,600
Italy 55
United States 990
Hong Kong 65
India 230
China, People's Republic of 230
Poland 70
Philippines 115
Germany 155
Portugal 30
Viet Nam 80
Netherlands 50
Jamaica 10
Greece 45
Guyana 25
Sri Lanka 25
Lebanon 20
France 40
Trinidad and Tobago 20
Yugoslavia Footnote 23 20
Hungary 50
Haiti 0
Taiwan 60
Iran Footnote 24 15
Romania 10
Korea, South Footnote 25 0
Ukraine 10
Pakistan 10
El Salvador 0
Egypt 95
Croatia 10
Russian Federation 75
Ireland, Republic of (Eire) 135
South Africa, Republic of 45
Mexico 10
Austria 0
Chile 0
Belgium 0
Fiji 0
Morocco 0
Denmark Footnote 26 25
Czechoslovakia, n.i.e. Footnote 27 20
Malaysia 40
Cambodia Footnote 28 0
Switzerland 0
Tanzania, United Republic of 15
Kenya 10
Iraq 15
Somalia 0
Israel 10
All other places of birth 510
Non-permanent residents Footnote 29 655
Total recent immigrants by selected countries of birth (20% sample data) Footnote 30 895
Hong Kong 25
China, People's Republic of 165
India 30
Philippines 20
Sri Lanka 0
Poland 0
Taiwan 0
Viet Nam 15
United States 55
United Kingdom 100
Yugoslavia Footnote 31 0
Iran Footnote 32 0
Jamaica 0
Lebanon 0
Romania 0
Pakistan 0
Korea, South Footnote 33 0
Guyana 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0
El Salvador 0
Somalia 0
France 0
Haiti 0
Russian Federation 75
Iraq 15
Portugal 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55
Mexico 0
Germany 10
Egypt 25
Ukraine 15
Ghana 0
Ethiopia Footnote 34 0
South Africa, Republic of 0
Bangladesh 0
Afghanistan 0
Peru 0
Guatemala 0
Fiji 0
Morocco 0
All other places of birth 295
Total immigrant population by period of immigration (20% sample data) Footnote 35 5,065
Before 1961, period of immigration 870
1961-1970, period of immigration 1,115
1971-1980, period of immigration 1,245
1981-1990, period of immigration 940
1991-1996, period of immigration Footnote 36 895
Total immigrant population by age at immigration (20% sample data) Footnote 37 5,065
0-4 years, age at immigration 600
5-19 years, age at immigration 1,140
20 years and over, age at immigration 3,330
Total population by mother tongue (20% sample data) Footnote 38 172,090
Single responses 171,740
English 168,680
French 535
Non-official languages 2,525
Italian 90
Chinese 580
German 150
Portuguese 40
Polish 85
Ukrainian 25
Spanish 65
Dutch 90
Punjabi 20
Greek 95
Arabic 90
Tagalog (Pilipino) 60
Hungarian 55
Vietnamese 105
Cree 0
Persian (Farsi) 30
Croatian 10
Gujarati 45
Korean 10
Russian 155
Hindi 30
Tamil 35
Japanese 15
Creoles 0
Finnish 0
Czech 20
Armenian 0
Yiddish 0
Urdu 10
Inuktitut (Eskimo) 0
Romanian 0
Ojibway 0
Danish 40
Slovak 0
Macedonian 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Norwegian 105
Hebrew 0
Estonian 10
Swedish 10
Lao 0
Lithuanian 0
Serbian 20
Latvian (Lettish) 15
Slovenian 0
Turkish 15
Bengali 0
Maltese 0
Flemish 0
Montagnais-Naskapi 0
Bulgarian 95
Micmac 0
Gaelic languages 15
South Slave 0
Chipewyan 0
Dogrib 0
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 0
Tlingit 0
Serbo-Croatian 50
Dakota/Sioux 0
Malay-Bahasa 10
Blackfoot 0
Malayalam 15
Thai 0
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Other languages Footnote 39 215
Multiple responses 350
English and French 145
English and non-official language 200
French and non-official language 0
English, French and non-official language 0
Total population by knowledge of official languages (20% sample data) Footnote 40 172,090
English only 162,645
French only 25
English and French 9,265
Neither English nor French 155
Total population by first official language spoken (20% sample data) Footnote 41 172,090
English 171,290
French 545
English and French 115
Neither English nor French 140
Official language minority - (number) Footnote 42 610
Official language minority - (percentage) Footnote 43 0.4
Total population by home language (20% sample data) Footnote 44 172,090
Single responses 171,745
English 170,300
French 185
Non-official languages 1,265
Chinese 390
Italian 0
Portuguese 20
Spanish 0
German 30
Polish 60
Punjabi 0
Greek 50
Vietnamese 95
Arabic 65
Cree 0
Tagalog (Pilipino) 10
Ukrainian 0
Persian (Farsi) 10
Korean 0
Hungarian 15
Tamil 10
Gujarati 15
Croatian 35
Armenian 0
Inuktitut (Eskimo) 0
Hindi 0
Urdu 10
Japanese 0
Russian 70
Creoles 0
Dutch 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Ojibway 0
Romanian 0
Czech 20
Lao 0
Macedonian 0
Finnish 0
Montagnais-Naskapi 0
Hebrew 0
Yiddish 0
Serbian 15
Bengali 10
Slovak 0
Estonian 10
Turkish 0
Lithuanian 0
Latvian (Lettish) 0
Micmac 0
Slovenian 0
Bulgarian 45
Serbo-Croatian 20
Dakota/Sioux 0
South Slave 0
Malay-Bahasa 0
Maltese 0
Blackfoot 0
Dogrib 0
Danish 10
Swedish 0
Malayalam 10
Thai 0
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Flemish 0
Chipewyan 0
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 0
Norwegian 80
Gaelic languages 0
Tlingit 0
Other languages Footnote 45 140
Multiple responses 345
English and French 95
English and non-official language 240
French and non-official language 10
English, French and non-official language 0
Knowledge of non-official languages (20% sample data): Italian Footnote 46 205
German 715
Chinese 655
Spanish 510
Portuguese 95
Ukrainian 40
Polish 90
Dutch 110
Punjabi 35
Arabic 160
Greek 105
Tagalog (Pilipino) 110
Vietnamese 115
Hindi 145
Hungarian 60
Cree 10
Russian 335
Gujarati 60
Yiddish 10
Hebrew 35
Urdu 35
Creoles 10
Persian (Farsi) 25
Croatian 40
Japanese 75
Korean 0
Tamil 40
Finnish 10
Armenian 0
Romanian 10
Ojibway 0
Czech 25
Danish 65
Non-verbal languages 430
Inuktitut (Eskimo) 25
Turkish 25
Macedonian 0
Slovak 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Swedish 20
Swahili 80
Norwegian 180
Lao 0
Malay-Bahasa 60
Serbian 55
Lithuanian 0
Estonian 15
Latvian (Lettish) 15
Bengali 10
Maltese 0
Flemish 0
Slovenian 0
Gaelic languages 70
Sinhalese 0
Montagnais-Naskapi 0
Serbo-Croatian 20
Thai 0
Micmac 0
Blackfoot 0
Bulgarian 115
Malayalam 15
Dakota/Sioux 0
South Slave 0
Icelandic 10
Nishga 0
Frisian 0
Chipewyan 0
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 0
Tlingit 0
Dogrib 0
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Other languages Footnote 47 305
Total population by Aboriginal groups and non-Aboriginal population (20% sample data) Footnote 48 172,090
Total Aboriginal population 700
North American Indian single response Footnote 49 320
Métis single response 155
Inuit single response 130
Multiple Aboriginal responses 0
Other Aboriginal response Footnote 50 95
Total non-Aboriginal population 171,390
Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses) (20% sample data) Footnote 51 172,090
Total population - Single responses Footnote 52 117,220
Total population - Multiple responses Footnote 53 54,870
Canadian - Total responses Footnote 54 49,110
Canadian - Single responses Footnote 55 31,830
Canadian - Multiple responses Footnote 56 17,280
French - Total responses 8,660
French - Single responses 1,010
French - Multiple responses 7,650
English - Total responses 100,190
English - Single responses 56,235
English - Multiple responses 43,955
Chinese - Total responses Footnote 57 905
Chinese - Single responses Footnote 58 695
Chinese - Multiple responses Footnote 59 215
Italian - Total responses 910
Italian - Single responses 150
Italian - Multiple responses 760
German - Total responses 3,550
German - Single responses 410
German - Multiple responses 3,140
Scottish - Total responses 14,530
Scottish - Single responses 2,255
Scottish - Multiple responses 12,275
Irish - Total responses 57,020
Irish - Single responses 21,335
Irish - Multiple responses 35,690
East Indian - Total responses Footnote 60 475
East Indian - Single responses Footnote 61 345
East Indian - Multiple responses Footnote 62 130
North American Indian - Total responses 1,865
North American Indian - Single responses 285
North American Indian - Multiple responses 1,585
Ukrainian - Total responses 360
Ukrainian - Single responses 60
Ukrainian - Multiple responses 295
Dutch (Netherlands) - Total responses Footnote 63 650
Dutch (Netherlands) - Single responses Footnote 64 100
Dutch (Netherlands) - Multiple responses Footnote 65 550
Polish - Total responses 520
Polish - Single responses 115
Polish - Multiple responses 405
Portuguese - Total responses 400
Portuguese - Single responses 65
Portuguese - Multiple responses 335
Filipino - Total responses 195
Filipino - Single responses 160
Filipino - Multiple responses 35
Jewish - Total responses 290
Jewish - Single responses 65
Jewish - Multiple responses 225
Greek - Total responses 180
Greek - Single responses 95
Greek - Multiple responses 85
Jamaican - Total responses Footnote 66 40
Jamaican - Single responses Footnote 67 10
Jamaican - Multiple responses Footnote 68 30
Vietnamese - Total responses 110
Vietnamese - Single responses 80
Vietnamese - Multiple responses 30
Hungarian (Magyar) - Total responses 155
Hungarian (Magyar) - Single responses 35
Hungarian (Magyar) - Multiple responses 120
Lebanese - Total responses 350
Lebanese - Single responses 90
Lebanese - Multiple responses 265
Spanish - Total responses 360
Spanish - Single responses 20
Spanish - Multiple responses 335
Haitian - Total responses Footnote 69 0
Haitian - Single responses Footnote 70 0
Haitian - Multiple responses Footnote 71 10
Korean - Total responses 10
Korean - Single responses 0
Korean - Multiple responses 0
Québécois - Total responses 0
Québécois - Single responses 0
Québécois - Multiple responses 0
Croatian - Total responses 35
Croatian - Single responses 15
Croatian - Multiple responses 20
Iranian - Total responses 30
Iranian - Single responses 25
Iranian - Multiple responses 10
Japanese - Total responses 20
Japanese - Single responses 20
Japanese - Multiple responses 0
Métis - Total responses 255
Métis - Single responses 80
Métis - Multiple responses 175
Norwegian - Total responses 805
Norwegian - Single responses 185
Norwegian - Multiple responses 620
Russian - Total responses 305
Russian - Single responses 65
Russian - Multiple responses 240
British, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 72 590
British, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 73 250
British, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 74 345
Romanian - Total responses 15
Romanian - Single responses 10
Romanian - Multiple responses 10
Danish - Total responses 220
Danish - Single responses 40
Danish - Multiple responses 175
Finnish - Total responses 80
Finnish - Single responses 20
Finnish - Multiple responses 60
Inuit - Total responses 465
Inuit - Single responses 70
Inuit - Multiple responses 395
Arab, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 75 0
Arab, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 76 0
Arab, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 77 10
Sri Lankan - Total responses 35
Sri Lankan - Single responses 20
Sri Lankan - Multiple responses 10
Belgian - Total responses 20
Belgian - Single responses 0
Belgian - Multiple responses 20
West Indian - Total responses Footnote 78 40
West Indian - Single responses Footnote 79 0
West Indian - Multiple responses Footnote 80 35
Swedish - Total responses 315
Swedish - Single responses 30
Swedish - Multiple responses 285
Punjabi - Total responses 20
Punjabi - Single responses 0
Punjabi - Multiple responses 20
African (Black), n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 81 85
African (Black), n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 82 55
African (Black), n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 83 35
Serbian - Total responses 65
Serbian - Single responses 35
Serbian - Multiple responses 30
Somali - Total responses Footnote 84 10
Somali - Single responses Footnote 85 0
Somali - Multiple responses Footnote 86 0
Austrian - Total responses 120
Austrian - Single responses 10
Austrian - Multiple responses 110
Yugoslav, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 87 15
Yugoslav, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 88 0
Yugoslav, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 89 10
Black - Total responses Footnote 90 30
Black - Single responses Footnote 91 25
Black - Multiple responses Footnote 92 10
Welsh - Total responses 1,665
Welsh - Single responses 210
Welsh - Multiple responses 1,455
Pakistani - Total responses 10
Pakistani - Single responses 10
Pakistani - Multiple responses 10
South Asian, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 93 25
South Asian, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 94 25
South Asian, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 95 0
Armenian - Total responses 0
Armenian - Single responses 0
Armenian - Multiple responses 0
Czech - Total responses 75
Czech - Single responses 25
Czech - Multiple responses 55
Egyptian - Total responses 140
Egyptian - Single responses 95
Egyptian - Multiple responses 50
Chilean - Total responses 0
Chilean - Single responses 0
Chilean - Multiple responses 0
Swiss - Total responses 75
Swiss - Single responses 10
Swiss - Multiple responses 70
Trinidadian/Tobagonian - Total responses Footnote 96 80
Trinidadian/Tobagonian - Single responses Footnote 97 10
Trinidadian/Tobagonian - Multiple responses Footnote 98 75
Guyanese - Total responses Footnote 99 0
Guyanese - Single responses Footnote 100 0
Guyanese - Multiple responses Footnote 101 0
American - Total responses 460
American - Single responses 30
American - Multiple responses 430
Latin/Central/South American, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 102 10
Latin/Central/South American, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 103 10
Latin/Central/South American, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 104 0
Slovak - Total responses 15
Slovak - Single responses 0
Slovak - Multiple responses 15
Salvadorean - Total responses 0
Salvadorean - Single responses 0
Salvadorean - Multiple responses 0
Macedonian - Total responses 0
Macedonian - Single responses 0
Macedonian - Multiple responses 0
Acadian - Total responses 70
Acadian - Single responses 15
Acadian - Multiple responses 55
Tamil - Total responses 25
Tamil - Single responses 25
Tamil - Multiple responses 0
Cambodian - Total responses 0
Cambodian - Single responses 0
Cambodian - Multiple responses 0
Slovenian - Total responses 10
Slovenian - Single responses 10
Slovenian - Multiple responses 0
Maltese - Total responses 20
Maltese - Single responses 0
Maltese - Multiple responses 20
Laotian - Total responses 0
Laotian - Single responses 0
Laotian - Multiple responses 0
Ethiopian - Total responses Footnote 105 0
Ethiopian - Single responses Footnote 106 10
Ethiopian - Multiple responses Footnote 107 0
Ghanaian - Total responses Footnote 108 0
Ghanaian - Single responses Footnote 109 0
Ghanaian - Multiple responses Footnote 110 0
Lithuanian - Total responses 35
Lithuanian - Single responses 0
Lithuanian - Multiple responses 35
Afghan - Total responses 0
Afghan - Single responses 0
Afghan - Multiple responses 0
Icelandic - Total responses 20
Icelandic - Single responses 10
Icelandic - Multiple responses 15
Estonian - Total responses 0
Estonian - Single responses 10
Estonian - Multiple responses 10
Turk - Total responses 35
Turk - Single responses 0
Turk - Multiple responses 30
Latvian - Total responses 45
Latvian - Single responses 15
Latvian - Multiple responses 30
Barbadian - Total responses Footnote 111 15
Barbadian - Single responses Footnote 112 10
Barbadian - Multiple responses Footnote 113 10
Syrian - Total responses 75
Syrian - Single responses 20
Syrian - Multiple responses 50
Czechoslovakian - Total responses Footnote 114 15
Czechoslovakian - Single responses Footnote 115 0
Czechoslovakian - Multiple responses Footnote 116 10
Mexican - Total responses 15
Mexican - Single responses 0
Mexican - Multiple responses 15
Peruvian - Total responses 0
Peruvian - Single responses 0
Peruvian - Multiple responses 0
Moroccan - Total responses 10
Moroccan - Single responses 0
Moroccan - Multiple responses 0
Iraqi - Total responses 0
Iraqi - Single responses 0
Iraqi - Multiple responses 0
Bosnian - Total responses 20
Bosnian - Single responses 0
Bosnian - Multiple responses 10
Palestinian - Total responses 0
Palestinian - Single responses 0
Palestinian - Multiple responses 0
Scandinavian, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 117 125
Scandinavian, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 118 55
Scandinavian, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 119 70
Caribbean, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 120 10
Caribbean, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 121 0
Caribbean, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 122 0
European, n.i.e. - Total responses Footnote 123 10
European, n.i.e. - Single responses Footnote 124 0
European, n.i.e. - Multiple responses Footnote 125 10
Bulgarian - Total responses 135
Bulgarian - Single responses 110
Bulgarian - Multiple responses 25
Guatemalan - Total responses 0
Guatemalan - Single responses 0
Guatemalan - Multiple responses 0
Bangladeshi - Total responses 0
Bangladeshi - Single responses 0
Bangladeshi - Multiple responses 0
Taiwanese - Total responses Footnote 126 70
Taiwanese - Single responses Footnote 127 55
Taiwanese - Multiple responses Footnote 128 20
Colombian - Total responses 20
Colombian - Single responses 0
Colombian - Multiple responses 15
Eritrean - Total responses Footnote 129 0
Eritrean - Single responses Footnote 130 0
Eritrean - Multiple responses Footnote 131 0
Fijian - Total responses 0
Fijian - Single responses 0
Fijian - Multiple responses 0
Ecuadorian - Total responses 0
Ecuadorian - Single responses 0
Ecuadorian - Multiple responses 0
Algerian - Total responses 0
Algerian - Single responses 0
Algerian - Multiple responses 0
Nigerian - Total responses Footnote 132 10
Nigerian - Single responses Footnote 133 10
Nigerian - Multiple responses Footnote 134 0
Hispanic - Total responses 10
Hispanic - Single responses 0
Hispanic - Multiple responses 10
Total - Total population by visible minority population 172,090
Total visible minority population Footnote 135 2,365
Black 320
South Asian 510
Chinese 930
Korean 10
Japanese 25
Southeast Asian 105
Filipino 170
Arab/West Asian 155
Latin American 35
Visible minority, n.i.e. Footnote 136 75
Multiple visible minority Footnote 137 45
All others Footnote 138 169,720
Total population 15 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 139 137,825
In the labour force 87,320
Employed 74,930
Unemployed 12,385
Not in the labour force 50,505
Participation rate 63.4
Employment-population ratio 54.4
Unemployment rate 14.2
Total population 15-24 years by labour force activity (20% sample data) 27,980
In the labour force 15,185
Employed 11,490
Unemployed 3,700
Not in the labour force 12,790
Participation rate 54.3
Employment-population ratio 41.1
Unemployment rate 24.4
Total population 25 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) 109,850
In the labour force 72,130
Employed 63,440
Unemployed 8,685
Not in the labour force 37,725
Participation rate 65.7
Employment-population ratio 57.8
Unemployment rate 12.0
Males 15 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 140 65,630
In the labour force 45,560
Employed 38,470
Unemployed 7,085
Not in the labour force 20,075
Participation rate 69.4
Employment-population ratio 58.6
Unemployment rate 15.6
Males 15-24 years by labour force activity (20% sample data) 13,980
In the labour force 7,520
Employed 5,545
Unemployed 1,980
Not in the labour force 6,455
Participation rate 53.8
Employment-population ratio 39.7
Unemployment rate 26.3
Males 25 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) 51,650
In the labour force 38,035
Employed 32,925
Unemployed 5,105
Not in the labour force 13,620
Participation rate 73.6
Employment-population ratio 63.7
Unemployment rate 13.4
Females 15 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 141 72,195
In the labour force 41,760
Employed 36,460
Unemployed 5,300
Not in the labour force 30,435
Participation rate 57.8
Employment-population ratio 50.5
Unemployment rate 12.7
Females 15-24 years by labour force activity (20% sample data) 13,995
In the labour force 7,665
Employed 5,940
Unemployed 1,720
Not in the labour force 6,330
Participation rate 54.8
Employment-population ratio 42.4
Unemployment rate 22.4
Females 25 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data) 58,200
In the labour force 34,100
Employed 30,515
Unemployed 3,580
Not in the labour force 24,100
Participation rate 58.6
Employment-population ratio 52.4
Unemployment rate 10.5
Population 15 years and over in private households by presence of children and labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 142 137,180
In the labour force 87,095
Employed 74,745
Unemployed 12,345
Not in the labour force 50,085
Participation rate 63.5
Employment-population ratio 54.5
Unemployment rate 14.2
Population 15 years and over in private households with no children at home 76,395
In the labour force 42,145
Employed 35,115
Unemployed 7,030
Not in the labour force 34,250
Participation rate 55.2
Employment-population ratio 46.0
Unemployment rate 16.7
Population 15 years and over in private households with children at home 60,785
In the labour force 44,950
Employed 39,635
Unemployed 5,315
Not in the labour force 15,840
Participation rate 73.9
Employment-population ratio 65.2
Unemployment rate 11.8
Population 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years only 10,170
In the labour force 8,170
Employed 7,030
Unemployed 1,135
Not in the labour force 1,995
Participation rate 80.3
Employment-population ratio 69.1
Unemployment rate 13.9
Population 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years and children 6 years and over 7,185
In the labour force 5,555
Employed 4,775
Unemployed 775
Not in the labour force 1,635
Participation rate 77.3
Employment-population ratio 66.5
Unemployment rate 14.0
Population 15 years and over in private households with children 6 years and over only 43,430
In the labour force 31,225
Employed 27,825
Unemployed 3,395
Not in the labour force 12,205
Participation rate 71.9
Employment-population ratio 64.1
Unemployment rate 10.9
Males 15 years and over in private households by presence of children and labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 143 65,360
In the labour force 45,425
Employed 38,365
Unemployed 7,055
Not in the labour force 19,945
Participation rate 69.5
Employment-population ratio 58.7
Unemployment rate 15.5
Males 15 years and over in private households with no children at home 37,955
In the labour force 22,410
Employed 17,970
Unemployed 4,440
Not in the labour force 15,545
Participation rate 59.0
Employment-population ratio 47.3
Unemployment rate 19.8
Males 15 years and over in private households with children at home 27,410
In the labour force 23,010
Employed 20,400
Unemployed 2,615
Not in the labour force 4,395
Participation rate 83.9
Employment-population ratio 74.4
Unemployment rate 11.4
Males 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years only 4,605
In the labour force 4,220
Employed 3,725
Unemployed 500
Not in the labour force 385
Participation rate 91.6
Employment-population ratio 80.9
Unemployment rate 11.8
Males 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years and children 6 years and over 3,345
In the labour force 2,995
Employed 2,575
Unemployed 420
Not in the labour force 350
Participation rate 89.5
Employment-population ratio 77.0
Unemployment rate 14.0
Males 15 years and over in private households with children 6 years and over only 19,460
In the labour force 15,800
Employed 14,100
Unemployed 1,700
Not in the labour force 3,660
Participation rate 81.2
Employment-population ratio 72.5
Unemployment rate 10.8
Females 15 years and over in private households by presence of children and labour force activity (20% sample data) Footnote 144 71,815
In the labour force 41,670
Employed 36,385
Unemployed 5,290
Not in the labour force 30,145
Participation rate 58.0
Employment-population ratio 50.7
Unemployment rate 12.7
Females 15 years and over in private households with no children at home 38,440
In the labour force 19,735
Employed 17,145
Unemployed 2,595
Not in the labour force 18,705
Participation rate 51.3
Employment-population ratio 44.6
Unemployment rate 13.1
Females 15 years and over in private households with children at home 33,375
In the labour force 21,935
Employed 19,240
Unemployed 2,700
Not in the labour force 11,440
Participation rate 65.7
Employment-population ratio 57.6
Unemployment rate 12.3
Females 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years only 5,565
In the labour force 3,955
Employed 3,310
Unemployed 640
Not in the labour force 1,615
Participation rate 71.1
Employment-population ratio 59.5
Unemployment rate 16.2
Females 15 years and over in private households with children under 6 years and children 6 years and over 3,840
In the labour force 2,560
Employed 2,200
Unemployed 360
Not in the labour force 1,285
Participation rate 66.7
Employment-population ratio 57.3
Unemployment rate 14.1
Females 15 years and over in private households with children 6 years and over only 23,965
In the labour force 15,425
Employed 13,725
Unemployed 1,695
Not in the labour force 8,545
Participation rate 64.4
Employment-population ratio 57.3
Unemployment rate 11.0
Total labour force 15 years and over by industry divisions (20% sample data) Footnote 145 87,315
Industry - Not applicable Footnote 146 4,175
All industries Footnote 147 83,145
Division A - Agricultural and related service industries 595
Division B - Fishing and trapping industries 555
Division C - Logging and forestry industries 120
Division D - Mining (including milling), quarrying and oil well industries 600
Division E - Manufacturing industries 4,105
Division F - Construction industries 4,965
Division G - Transportation and storage industries 3,175
Division H - Communication and other utility industries 3,460
Division I - Wholesale trade industries 3,905
Division J - Retail trade industries 11,380
Division K - Finance and insurance industries 2,275
Division L - Real estate operator and insurance agent industries 1,495
Division M - Business service industries 4,710
Division N - Government service industries Footnote 148 10,215
Division O - Educational service industries 8,675
Division P - Health and social service industries Footnote 149 11,575
Division Q - Accommodation, food and beverage service industries 5,585
Division R - Other service industries Footnote 150 5,765
Total labour force 15 years and over by occupational broad categories and occupation major groups (20% sample data) Footnote 151 87,315
Occupation - Not applicable Footnote 152 4,170
All occupations Footnote 153 83,145
A Management occupations 7,840
A0 Senior management occupations 1,010
A1 Specialist managers 1,825
A2 Managers in retail trade, food and accommodation services 2,570
A3 Other managers n.e.c. 2,440
B Business, finance and administrative occupations 17,810
B0 Professional occupations in business and finance 1,365
B1 Finance and insurance administrative occupations 745
B2 Secretaries 3,145
B3 Administrative and regulatory occupations 1,505
B4 Clerical supervisors 545
B5 Clerical occupations 10,510
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,945
C0 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 2,660
C1 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 2,290
D Health occupations 5,985
D0 Professional occupations in health 1,175
D1 Nurse supervisors and registered nurses 2,525
D2 Technical and related occupations in health 1,600
D3 Assisting occupations in support of health services 685
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 7,540
E0 Judges, lawyers, psychologists, social workers, ministers of religion, and policy and program officers 2,140
E1 Teachers and professors 4,680
E2 Paralegals, social services workers and occupations in education and religion n.e.c. 720
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,240
F0 Professional occupations in art and culture 1,130
F1 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,110
G Sales and service occupations 23,320
G0 Sales and service supervisors 750
G1 Wholesale, technical, insurance, real estate sales specialists, and retail, wholesale and grain buyers 1,780
G2 Retail salespersons and sales clerks 3,880
G3 Cashiers 1,995
G4 Chefs and cooks 1,060
G5 Occupations in food and beverage service 1,345
G6 Occupations in protective services 1,875
G7 Occupations in travel and accommodation including attendants in recreation and sport 610
G8 Childcare and home support workers 2,745
G9 Sales and service occupations n.e.c. 7,280
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 10,055
H0 Contractors and supervisors in trades and transportation 565
H1 Construction trades 1,870
H2 Stationary engineers, power station operators and electrical trades and telecommunications occupations 855
H3 Machinists, metal forming, shaping and erecting occupations 325
H4 Mechanics 1,380
H5 Other trades n.e.c. 625
H6 Heavy equipment and crane operators including drillers 490
H7 Transportation equipment operators and related workers, excluding labourers 2,250
H8 Trades helpers, construction, and transportation labourers and related occupations 1,685
I Occupations unique to primary industry 1,325
I0 Occupations unique to agriculture excluding labourers 485
I1 Occupations unique to forestry operations, mining, oil and gas extraction, and fishing, excluding labourers 420
I2 Primary production labourers 420
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 2,075
J0 Supervisors in manufacturing 160
J1 Machine operators in manufacturing 1,240
J2 Assemblers in manufacturing 210
J3 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 465
Male labour force 15 years and over by occupational broad categories and occupation major groups (20% sample data) Footnote 154 45,560
Occupation - Not applicable Footnote 155 2,290
All occupations Footnote 156 43,270
A Management occupations 5,450
A0 Senior management occupations 720
A1 Specialist managers 1,510
A2 Managers in retail trade, food and accommodation services 1,475
A3 Other managers n.e.c. 1,740
B Business, finance and administrative occupations 5,210
B0 Professional occupations in business and finance 870
B1 Finance and insurance administrative occupations 255
B2 Secretaries 25
B3 Administrative and regulatory occupations 555
B4 Clerical supervisors 205
B5 Clerical occupations 3,300
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,200
C0 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 2,175
C1 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 2,030
D Health occupations 1,320
D0 Professional occupations in health 630
D1 Nurse supervisors and registered nurses 110
D2 Technical and related occupations in health 455
D3 Assisting occupations in support of health services 125
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 3,320
E0 Judges, lawyers, psychologists, social workers, ministers of religion, and policy and program officers 1,130
E1 Teachers and professors 1,930
E2 Paralegals, social services workers and occupations in education and religion n.e.c. 265
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,065
F0 Professional occupations in art and culture 435
F1 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 635
G Sales and service occupations 10,150
G0 Sales and service supervisors 320
G1 Wholesale, technical, insurance, real estate sales specialists, and retail, wholesale and grain buyers 1,305
G2 Retail salespersons and sales clerks 1,485
G3 Cashiers 200
G4 Chefs and cooks 730
G5 Occupations in food and beverage service 355
G6 Occupations in protective services 1,720
G7 Occupations in travel and accommodation including attendants in recreation and sport 250
G8 Childcare and home support workers 250
G9 Sales and service occupations n.e.c. 3,525
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 9,680
H0 Contractors and supervisors in trades and transportation 545
H1 Construction trades 1,860
H2 Stationary engineers, power station operators and electrical trades and telecommunications occupations 810
H3 Machinists, metal forming, shaping and erecting occupations 295
H4 Mechanics 1,375
H5 Other trades n.e.c. 510
H6 Heavy equipment and crane operators including drillers 490
H7 Transportation equipment operators and related workers, excluding labourers 2,175
H8 Trades helpers, construction, and transportation labourers and related occupations 1,610
I Occupations unique to primary industry 1,205
I0 Occupations unique to agriculture excluding labourers 405
I1 Occupations unique to forestry operations, mining, oil and gas extraction, and fishing, excluding labourers 410
I2 Primary production labourers 395
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 1,665
J0 Supervisors in manufacturing 135
J1 Machine operators in manufacturing 1,020
J2 Assemblers in manufacturing 180
J3 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 325
Female labour force 15 years and over by occupational broad categories and occupation major groups (20% sample data) Footnote 157 41,765
Occupation - Not applicable Footnote 158 1,885
All occupations Footnote 159 39,875
A Management occupations 2,390
A0 Senior management occupations 290
A1 Specialist managers 310
A2 Managers in retail trade, food and accommodation services 1,090
A3 Other managers n.e.c. 700
B Business, finance and administrative occupations 12,600
B0 Professional occupations in business and finance 490
B1 Finance and insurance administrative occupations 490
B2 Secretaries 3,115
B3 Administrative and regulatory occupations 950
B4 Clerical supervisors 340
B5 Clerical occupations 7,210
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 745
C0 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 485
C1 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 260
D Health occupations 4,665
D0 Professional occupations in health 550
D1 Nurse supervisors and registered nurses 2,415
D2 Technical and related occupations in health 1,145
D3 Assisting occupations in support of health services 550
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 4,215
E0 Judges, lawyers, psychologists, social workers, ministers of religion, and policy and program officers 1,010
E1 Teachers and professors 2,750
E2 Paralegals, social services workers and occupations in education and religion n.e.c. 455
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,175
F0 Professional occupations in art and culture 700
F1 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 475
G Sales and service occupations 13,175
G0 Sales and service supervisors 435
G1 Wholesale, technical, insurance, real estate sales specialists, and retail, wholesale and grain buyers 475
G2 Retail salespersons and sales clerks 2,400
G3 Cashiers 1,790
G4 Chefs and cooks 325
G5 Occupations in food and beverage service 985
G6 Occupations in protective services 155
G7 Occupations in travel and accommodation including attendants in recreation and sport 355
G8 Childcare and home support workers 2,495
G9 Sales and service occupations n.e.c. 3,750
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 375
H0 Contractors and supervisors in trades and transportation 25
H1 Construction trades 10
H2 Stationary engineers, power station operators and electrical trades and telecommunications occupations 45
H3 Machinists, metal forming, shaping and erecting occupations 25
H4 Mechanics 10
H5 Other trades n.e.c. 115
H6 Heavy equipment and crane operators including drillers 0
H7 Transportation equipment operators and related workers, excluding labourers 75
H8 Trades helpers, construction, and transportation labourers and related occupations 80
I Occupations unique to primary industry 120
I0 Occupations unique to agriculture excluding labourers 80
I1 Occupations unique to forestry operations, mining, oil and gas extraction, and fishing, excluding labourers 10
I2 Primary production labourers 25
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 415
J0 Supervisors in manufacturing 25
J1 Machine operators in manufacturing 220
J2 Assemblers in manufacturing 35
J3 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 135
Total labour force 15 years and over by class of worker (20% sample data) Footnote 160 87,315
Class of worker - Not applicable Footnote 161 4,175
All classes of worker Footnote 162 83,145
Paid workers 79,150
Employees 76,975
Self-employed (incorporated) 2,175
Without paid help 675
With paid help 1,500
Self-employed (unincorporated) 3,905
Without paid help 2,580
With paid help 1,325
Unpaid family workers 90
Male labour force 15 years and over by class of worker (20% sample data) Footnote 163 45,555
Class of worker - Not applicable Footnote 164 2,285
All classes of worker Footnote 165 43,265
Paid workers 40,675
Employees 39,075
Self-employed (incorporated) 1,605
Without paid help 485
With paid help 1,115
Self-employed (unincorporated) 2,555
Without paid help 1,590
With paid help 960
Unpaid family workers 35
Female labour force 15 years and over by class of worker (20% sample data) Footnote 166 41,760
Class of worker - Not applicable Footnote 167 1,885
All classes of worker Footnote 168 39,875
Paid workers 38,475
Employees 37,900
Self-employed (incorporated) 570
Without paid help 190
With paid help 385
Self-employed (unincorporated) 1,350
Without paid help 990
With paid help 360
Unpaid family workers 50
Population 15 years and over by hours of unpaid housework (20% sample data) Footnote 169 137,825
No hours of housework 19,065
Less than 5 hours of housework 27,295
5 to 14 hours of housework 39,790
15 to 29 hours of housework 26,600
30 to 59 hours of housework 16,600
60 or more hours of housework 8,475
Males 15 years and over by hours of unpaid housework (20% sample data) Footnote 170 65,630
No hours of housework 12,065
Less than 5 hours of housework 17,090
5 to 14 hours of housework 21,050
15 to 29 hours of housework 9,710
30 to 59 hours of housework 4,260
60 or more hours of housework 1,460
Females 15 years and over by hours of unpaid housework (20% sample data) Footnote 171 72,195
No hours of housework 7,000
Less than 5 hours of housework 10,205
5 to 14 hours of housework 18,745
15 to 29 hours of housework 16,895
30 to 59 hours of housework 12,345
60 or more hours of housework 7,010
Population 15 years and over by hours of unpaid childcare (20% sample data) Footnote 172 137,825
No hours of childcare 84,570
Less than 5 hours of childcare 11,240
5 to 14 hours of childcare 13,140
15 to 29 hours of childcare 9,805
30 to 59 hours of childcare 7,810
60 or more hours of childcare 11,260
Males 15 years and over by hours of unpaid childcare (20% sample data) Footnote 173 65,635
No hours of childcare 43,290
Less than 5 hours of childcare 5,920
5 to 14 hours of childcare 6,720
15 to 29 hours of childcare 4,265
30 to 59 hours of childcare 2,720
60 or more hours of childcare 2,720
Females 15 years and over by hours of unpaid childcare (20% sample data) Footnote 174 72,195
No hours of childcare 41,280
Less than 5 hours of childcare 5,325
5 to 14 hours of childcare 6,420
15 to 29 hours of childcare 5,545
30 to 59 hours of childcare 5,090
60 or more hours of childcare 8,540
Population 15 years and over by hours of unpaid care to seniors (20% sample data) Footnote 175 137,830
No hours of care to seniors 116,315
Less than 5 hours of care to seniors 12,885
5 to 9 hours of care to seniors 4,425
10 or more hours of care to seniors 4,205
Males 15 years and over by hours of unpaid care to seniors (20% sample data) Footnote 176 65,630
No hours of care to seniors 57,180
Less than 5 hours of care to seniors 5,620
5 to 9 hours of care to seniors 1,505
10 or more hours of care to seniors 1,330
Females 15 years and over by hours of unpaid care to seniors (20% sample data) Footnote 177 72,195
No hours of care to seniors 59,130
Less than 5 hours of care to seniors 7,265
5 to 9 hours of care to seniors 2,920
10 or more hours of care to seniors 2,875
Total employed labour force 15 years and over by place of work status (20% sample data) Footnote 178 74,930
Males 38,475
Usual place of work 33,145
At home 1,620
Outside Canada 150
No fixed workplace 3,550
Females 36,460
Usual place of work 33,480
At home 1,750
Outside Canada 35
No fixed workplace 1,200
Total employed labour force 15 years and over by mode of transportation (20% sample data) Footnote 179 71,370
Males with usual place of work or no fixed workplace 36,695
Car, truck, van as driver 29,965
Car, truck, van as passenger 3,040
Public transit 730
Walked to work 2,270
Bicycle 155
Motorcycle 35
Taxicab 115
Other method 380
Females with usual place of work or no fixed workplace 34,675
Car, truck, van as driver 24,645
Car, truck, van as passenger 6,035
Public transit 960
Walked to work 2,545
Bicycle 40
Motorcycle 0
Taxicab 250
Other method 205
Total population, 15 to 24 years by school attendance (20% sample data) Footnote 180 27,975
Not attending school 8,965
Attending school full-time 17,635
Attending school part-time 1,375
Total population 15 years and over by highest level of schooling (20% sample data) Footnote 181 137,825
Less than grade 9 Footnote 182 12,285
Grades 9 to 13 45,990
Without secondary school graduation certificate 32,410
With secondary school graduation certificate 13,585
Trades certificate or diploma 3,465
Other non-university education only Footnote 183 34,315
Without certificate or diploma 6,370
With certificate or diploma Footnote 184 27,940
University 41,775
Without degree 22,090
Without certificate or diploma 10,900
With certificate or diploma Footnote 185 11,190
With bachelor's degree or higher 19,685
Males with postsecondary qualifications by major field of study (20% sample data) Footnote 186 29,525
Educational, recreational and counselling services 1,985
Fine and applied arts 600
Humanities and related fields 1,260
Social sciences and related fields 2,670
Commerce, management and business administration 4,845
Agricultural and biological sciences/technologies 1,655
Engineering and applied sciences 1,715
Engineering and applied science technologies and trades 11,860
Health professions, sciences and technologies 1,670
Mathematics and physical sciences 1,225
No specialization and all other, n.e.c. 30
Females with postsecondary qualifications by major field of study (20% sample data) Footnote 187 32,750
Educational, recreational and counselling services 4,950
Fine and applied arts 1,720
Humanities and related fields 1,590
Social sciences and related fields 2,115
Commerce, management and business administration 11,825
Agricultural and biological sciences/technologies 1,020
Engineering and applied sciences 185
Engineering and applied science technologies and trades 1,965
Health professions, sciences and technologies 6,745
Mathematics and physical sciences 635
No specialization and all other, n.e.c. 0
Total by mobility status 1 year ago (20% sample data) Footnote 188 170,210
Non-movers 145,620
Movers 24,590
Non-migrants 15,495
Migrants 9,095
Internal migrants 8,430
Intraprovincial migrants 6,170
Interprovincial migrants 2,260
External migrants 665
Total by mobility status 5 years ago (20% sample data) Footnote 189 161,960
Non-movers 100,445
Movers 61,510
Non-migrants 37,255
Migrants 24,255
Internal migrants 22,695
Intraprovincial migrants 17,310
Interprovincial migrants 5,385
External migrants 1,565
All persons with employment income by work activity (20% sample data) Footnote 190 88,465
Average employment income $ 24,717
Standard error of average employment income $ 174
Worked full year, full time Footnote 191 46,395
Average employment income $ 35,723
Standard error of average employment income $ 255
Worked part year or part time Footnote 192 39,695
Average employment income $ 12,722
Standard error of average employment income $ 175
Males with employment income by work activity (20% sample data) Footnote 193 45,775
Average employment income $ 29,789
Standard error of average employment income $ 292
Worked full year, full time Footnote 194 25,375
Average employment income $ 41,788
Standard error of average employment income $ 411
Worked part year or part time Footnote 195 19,145
Average employment income $ 15,128
Standard error of average employment income $ 313
Females with employment income by work activity (20% sample data) Footnote 196 42,685
Average employment income $ 19,277
Standard error of average employment income $ 164
Worked full year, full time Footnote 197 21,020
Average employment income $ 28,401
Standard error of average employment income $ 227
Worked part year or part time Footnote 198 20,550
Average employment income $ 10,479
Standard error of average employment income $ 166
Total - Composition of total income % (20% sample data) Footnote 199 100.0
Employment income % 75.0
Government transfer payments % 16.0
Other % 9.0
Total income of population 15 years and over (20% sample data) Footnote 200 137,825
Without income 11,905
With income 125,920
Under $1,000 Footnote 201 7,810
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 7,590
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 6,215
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 6,940
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 10,250
$10,000 - $11,999 7,465
$12,000 - $14,999 10,310
$15,000 - $19,999 12,040
$20,000 - $24,999 11,690
$25,000 - $29,999 10,080
$30,000 - $34,999 8,095
$35,000 - $39,999 6,595
$40,000 - $44,999 5,175
$45,000 - $49,999 3,835
$50,000 - $59,999 5,075
$60,000 and over 6,755
Average income $ Footnote 202 23,145
Median income $ Footnote 203 17,218
Standard error of average income $ Footnote 204 138
Total income of males 15 years and over (20% sample data) 65,635
Without income 4,160
With income 61,475
Under $1,000 Footnote 205 3,760
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 3,340
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 2,230
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 2,570
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 4,285
$10,000 - $11,999 2,665
$12,000 - $14,999 3,780
$15,000 - $19,999 5,115
$20,000 - $24,999 5,265
$25,000 - $29,999 5,070
$30,000 - $34,999 4,450
$35,000 - $39,999 3,835
$40,000 - $44,999 3,290
$45,000 - $49,999 2,495
$50,000 - $59,999 3,710
$60,000 and over 5,600
Average income $ Footnote 206 28,434
Median income $ Footnote 207 22,623
Standard error of average income $ Footnote 208 241
Total income of females 15 years and over (20% sample data) 72,195
Without income 7,745
With income 64,450
Under $1,000 Footnote 209 4,050
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 4,250
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 3,985
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 4,370
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 5,965
$10,000 - $11,999 4,805
$12,000 - $14,999 6,530
$15,000 - $19,999 6,925
$20,000 - $24,999 6,425
$25,000 - $29,999 5,005
$30,000 - $34,999 3,645
$35,000 - $39,999 2,760
$40,000 - $44,999 1,885
$45,000 - $49,999 1,335
$50,000 - $59,999 1,360
$60,000 and over 1,155
Average income $ Footnote 210 18,099
Median income $ Footnote 211 14,004
Standard error of average income $ Footnote 212 127
Census family income of all families (20% sample data) Footnote 213 47,590
Under $10,000 Footnote 214 3,020
$ 10,000 - $19,999 5,310
$ 20,000 - $29,999 5,865
$ 30,000 - $39,999 6,195
$ 40,000 - $49,999 5,915
$ 50,000 - $59,999 5,545
$ 60,000 - $69,999 4,505
$ 70,000 - $79,999 3,405
$ 80,000 - $89,999 2,420
$ 90,000 - $99,999 1,550
$100,000 and over 3,855
Average family income $ 52,054
Median family income $ 45,764
Standard error of average family income $ 370
Census family income of husband-wife families (20% sample data) Footnote 215 39,595
Under $10,000 Footnote 216 1,500
$ 10,000 - $19,999 2,950
$ 20,000 - $29,999 4,585
$ 30,000 - $39,999 5,030
$ 40,000 - $49,999 5,280
$ 50,000 - $59,999 5,025
$ 60,000 - $69,999 4,300
$ 70,000 - $79,999 3,255
$ 80,000 - $89,999 2,365
$ 90,000 - $99,999 1,525
$100,000 and over 3,775
Average family income $ 57,114
Median family income $ 50,839
Standard error of average family income $ 410
All census families (20% sample data) Footnote 217 47,590
Average family income $ 52,054
Standard error of average family income $ 370
Husband-wife families 39,595
Average family income $ 57,114
Standard error of average family income $ 410
Male lone-parent families 1,015
Average family income $ 39,929
Standard error of average family income $ 2,604
Female lone-parent families 6,980
Average family income $ 25,122
Standard error of average family income $ 487
Total income of non-family persons 15 years and over (20% sample data) Footnote 218 21,755
Under $1,000 Footnote 219 1,650
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 950
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 1,005
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 1,275
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 1,660
$10,000 - $11,999 1,980
$12,000 - $14,999 2,865
$15,000 - $19,999 2,710
$20,000 - $24,999 1,820
$25,000 - $29,999 1,405
$30,000 - $34,999 1,215
$35,000 - $39,999 820
$40,000 - $44,999 680
$45,000 - $49,999 455
$50,000 - $59,999 555
$60,000 and over 700
Average income $ 19,548
Median income $ 14,309
Standard error of average income $ 276
Total income of male non-family persons 15 years and over (20% sample data) 9,290
Under $1,000 Footnote 220 885
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 450
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 480
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 645
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 960
$10,000 - $11,999 465
$12,000 - $14,999 770
$15,000 - $19,999 970
$20,000 - $24,999 855
$25,000 - $29,999 675
$30,000 - $34,999 530
$35,000 - $39,999 345
$40,000 - $44,999 310
$45,000 - $49,999 205
$50,000 - $59,999 325
$60,000 and over 430
Average income $ 20,761
Median income $ 14,968
Standard error of average income $ 492
Total income of female non-family persons 15 years and over (20% sample data) 12,455
Under $1,000 Footnote 221 770
$ 1,000 - $ 2,999 500
$ 3,000 - $ 4,999 520
$ 5,000 - $ 6,999 635
$ 7,000 - $ 9,999 700
$10,000 - $11,999 1,520
$12,000 - $14,999 2,095
$15,000 - $19,999 1,735
$20,000 - $24,999 960
$25,000 - $29,999 730
$30,000 - $34,999 685
$35,000 - $39,999 475
$40,000 - $44,999 365
$45,000 - $49,999 255
$50,000 - $59,999 230
$60,000 and over 275
Average income $ 18,643
Median income $ 14,106
Standard error of average income $ 310
Total - Economic families (20% sample data) Footnote 222 47,985
Low income 8,380
Other 39,605
Incidence of low income % Footnote 223 17.5
Total - Unattached individuals (20% sample data) Footnote 224 16,720
Low income 7,855
Other 8,865
Incidence of low income % Footnote 225 47.0
Total - Population in private households (20% sample data) Footnote 226 171,310
Low income 33,405
Other 137,910
Incidence of low income % Footnote 227 19.5
Household income of all private households (20% sample data) Footnote 228 60,295
Under $10,000 Footnote 229 5,055
$ 10,000 - $19,999 9,260
$ 20,000 - $29,999 7,560
$ 30,000 - $39,999 7,440
$ 40,000 - $49,999 6,960
$ 50,000 - $59,999 6,335
$ 60,000 - $69,999 4,910
$ 70,000 - $79,999 3,800
$ 80,000 - $89,999 2,770
$ 90,000 - $99,999 1,810
$100,000 and over 4,390
Average household income $ 48,137
Median household income $ 41,253
Standard error of average household income $ 326
Household income of one person households (20% sample data) 10,305
Under $10,000 Footnote 230 1,960
$ 10,000 - $19,999 3,915
$ 20,000 - $29,999 1,575
$ 30,000 - $39,999 1,180
$ 40,000 - $49,999 700
$ 50,000 - $59,999 400
$ 60,000 - $69,999 240
$ 70,000 - $79,999 145
$ 80,000 - $89,999 10
$ 90,000 - $99,999 45
$100,000 and over 130
Average household income $ 24,166
Median household income $ 16,649
Standard error of average household income $ 485
Household income of two or more person households (20% sample data) 49,990
Under $10,000 Footnote 231 3,090
$ 10,000 - $19,999 5,345
$ 20,000 - $29,999 5,985
$ 30,000 - $39,999 6,260
$ 40,000 - $49,999 6,265
$ 50,000 - $59,999 5,935
$ 60,000 - $69,999 4,665
$ 70,000 - $79,999 3,655
$ 80,000 - $89,999 2,755
$ 90,000 - $99,999 1,765
$100,000 and over 4,260
Average household income $ 53,079
Median household income $ 46,872
Standard error of average household income $ 363
Total number of economic families in private households (20% sample data) Footnote 232 47,985
Size of economic family, 2 persons 16,745
Size of economic family, 3 persons 12,320
Size of economic family, 4 persons 12,460
Size of economic family, 5 or more persons 6,465
Total number of persons in economic families Footnote 233 154,595
Average number of persons per economic family 3.2
Total number of unattached individuals Footnote 234 16,830
Total number of census families in private households by number and status of family members in the labour force (20% sample data) Footnote 235 47,590
Number of now-married and common-law couple families 39,595
No member in the labour force 6,130
Some members in the labour force 33,465
One member only 7,270
Two or more members 26,190
Both spouses/partners in the labour force 23,325
Number of lone-parent families 7,995
No member in the labour force 2,470
Some members in the labour force 5,525
Parent in labour force 3,970
Total number of occupied private dwellings (20% sample data) Footnote 236 60,295
Average number of rooms per dwelling Footnote 237 6.9
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling Footnote 238 2.9
Average value of dwelling $ Footnote 239 105,487
Owned Footnote 240 40,675
Rented Footnote 241 19,620
Band housing 0
Regular maintenance only 43,115
Minor repairs Footnote 242 13,655
Major repairs Footnote 243 3,525
Period of construction, before 1946 Footnote 244 7,525
Period of construction, 1946-1960 Footnote 245 8,260
Period of construction, 1961-1970 Footnote 246 8,825
Period of construction, 1971-1980 Footnote 247 15,185
Period of construction, 1981-1990 Footnote 248 14,060
Period of construction, 1991-1996 Footnote 249 6,445
Total number of private households by household type (20% sample data) Footnote 250 60,295
One-family households 46,125
Multiple-family households 730
Non-family households 13,440
Number of persons in private households (20% sample data) Footnote 251 171,425
Average number of persons in private households 2.8
Tenant one-family households without additional persons 10,635
Average gross rent $ Footnote 252 532
Gross rent spending 30% or more of household income on shelter costs Footnote 253 8,680
Owner one-family households without additional persons 31,270
Average owner's major payments $ Footnote 254 724
Owner's major payments spending 30% or more of household income on shelter costs Footnote 255 6,000

Source: Statistics Canada, 1996 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 95F0179XDB.

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