Initial results from the 2006 Census revealed a number of differences in population growth and age structure between Canada's metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. Census metropolitan areas grew more rapidly than the rest of the country since 2001, and Canada's metropolitan population was, on average, younger than its rural population.
In this report, the terms 'metropolitan' and 'urban' are used interchangeably to refer to regions formed by census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and mid-size urban centres (census agglomerations (CAs)). The terms 'non-metropolitan' and 'rural' both refer to all other regions, that is, regions that are not part of a CMA or a CA.
There were also differences in families and households which varied between urban and rural areas in Canada, as well as at lower levels of geography.