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2006 Census: Family portrait: Continuity and change in Canadian families and households in 2006: Subprovincial changes

Close to one in five families were lone parents in six CMAs

In general, Canada's metropolitan areas in 2006 had a higher proportion of lone-parent families (16.5%) than its rural areas and small towns (13.3%). Of particular note were six CMAs where lone-parent families accounted for nearly one out of five families, which is higher than the national average of 15.9%: Regina (19.1%), Saint John (19.0%), St. John's (18.6%), Winnipeg (18.4%), Thunder Bay (18.2%) and Montréal (18.1%).

Three of these CMAs (Winnipeg, Regina and Thunder Bay) also have high counts of Aboriginal peoples, who are more likely to live in lone-parent families.1

Previous research has found that in most CMAs, members of lone-parent families were nearly twice more likely to live in a low income neighborhood than the general population.2 The central municipalities of CMAs had higher proportions of lone-parent families (18.5%) in 2006 than the suburbs, also known as peripheral municipalities (14.0 %). Future 2006 Census results will be able to show if central municipalities are also more likely to be characterised by low income than peripheral municipalities.

As the following maps for Montréal, Toronto and Vancouver show, the geographic concentration of lone-parent families generally followed a similar pattern in these CMAs in 2006, though each CMA had unique characteristics.

Montréal CMA. Percentage of census families who are lone parent by 2006 Census Tract (CT). Map 1 of 2.

Montréal CMA. Percentage of census families who are lone parent by 2006 Census Tract (CT). Map 2 of 2.

Toronto CMA. Percentage of census families who are lone parent by 2006 Census Tract (CT). Map 1 of 2.

Toronto CMA. Percentage of census families who are lone parent by 2006 Census Tract (CT). Map 2 of 2.

Vancouver CMA. Percentage of census families who are lone parent by 2006 Census Tract (CT).

Percentage of census families who are lone parent by 2006 Census Tract (CT) and by 2006 Census Subdivision (CSD).

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