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Changing Patterns in Canadian Homeownership and Shelter Costs, 2006 Census: Introduction

This report presents an analysis of housing, homeownership and shelter costs information from the 2006 Census. The data were released as part of the following 2006 Census releases: Dwelling characteristics on September 12, 2007 and Shelter costs on May 1, 2008.

The report begins by looking at homeownership in Canada, including the extent to which owners have mortgages and the rise in condominium ownership as a form of tenure. Also included is a discussion of the various tenure changes households may typically make as they age (the housing 'life cycle'). This shows how condominium ownership has become an important stage in housing for some households.

Second, the report examines household shelter costs and compares them to household income.

Finally, detailed information from the census allows an examination of housing from the perspective of recent immigrants, as well as geographical differences among provinces and territories and selected census metropolitan areas.

Data are presented for households in private occupied dwellings. Farms and households in Indian reserves are excluded from analysis related to mortgages, condominiums and shelter costs since the data are not collected for these households. The section comparing household shelter costs to income excludes households with negative or zero incomes. Nationally, these exclusions represent 1.8% of households.

Due to the nature of random rounding, counts may vary slightly between different census products, such as analytical documents, Highlight tables and topic-based tabulations.

Between 2001 and 2006, some census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and their municipalities were restructured. For analytical purposes, the 2006 geographical boundaries of the CMAs and their municipalities were used for the 2001 Census data.

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