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Changing Patterns in Canadian Homeownership and Shelter Costs, 2006 Census: Immigrants

This section presents information about housing and shelter costs for the immigrant population living in private occupied households in Canada. In this section only, household characteristics are attached to each person and the analysis is performed at the person level. This allows for easier classification of the immigrant and Canadian-born populations and avoids having to define an immigrant household.1 Because of this, the percentages are somewhat different from those in the rest of the report. For example, as reported above, the percentage of owner households in 2006 was 68.4%. The percentage of persons in owner households in Canada in 2006 was 74.2%. (On average, households living in owned accommodation are larger than those in rented accommodation.)

The immigrant population is defined, in the 2006 Census, as persons who are, or who have been, landed immigrants in Canada. In this analysis, the foreign-born population does not include non-permanent residents, who are persons in Canada on employment or student authorizations, or are refugee claimants. The foreign-born population also excludes persons born outside Canada who are Canadian citizens by birth. The latter are considered part of the Canadian-born or non-immigrant population.

The term 'recent immigrant' refers to landed immigrants who came to Canada within five years of a given census year.


  1. To define an immigrant household, it would be necessary to determine whether the presence of at least one immigrant was enough or whether all household members should be immigrants.

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