Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

(Note: Content area on this page may be wider than usual.)

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Figure 4 Rate of English–French bilingualism among Francophones, Canada, provinces, territories and Canada less Quebec, 1996 to 2006

Figure 4 Rate of English–French bilingualism among Francophones, Canada, provinces, territories and Canada less Quebec, 1996 to 2006

Sources: Statistics Canada, censuses of population, 1996 to 2006.

Description

This graphic presents the rate of bilingualism among Francophones in Canada, in each of the provinces and territories as well as in Canada excluding Quebec, all for the past three censuses. In eight of the 15 regions shown, the rate of EnglishFrench bilingualism has declined among Francophones between 2001 and 2006. In Canada, the rate of EnglishFrench bilingualism among those with French as mother tongue was 40.8% in 1996, 43.4% in 2001 and 42.4% in 2006. In Newfoundland and Labrador, the rate of bilingualism among Francophones was 87.7% in 1996, 85.8% in 2001 and 90.2% in 2006. In Prince Edward Island, this rate reached 91.4% in 1996, 90.0% in 2001 and 92.7% in 2006. In Nova Scotia, 92.3% of the francophone population declared they were bilingual in 1996, 93.7% in 2001 and 92.5% in 2006. In New Brunswick, the rate was 68.9% in 1996, 71.5% in 2001 and 68.0% in 2006. In Quebec, 33.7% of the francophone population knew both official languages in 1996, 36.6% in 2001 and 35.8% in 2006. In Ontario, 88.4% of the francophone population was bilingual in 1996, 89.4% in 2001 and 88.4% in 2006. In Manitoba, the rate of bilingualism was 91.5% in 1996, 91.6% in 2001 and 90.0% in 2006. In Saskatchewan, 88.1% of the francophone population said they were bilingual in 1996, 87.8% in 2001 and 86.3% in 2006. In Alberta, the rate of bilingualism among Francophones reached 89.7% in 1996, 89.5% in 2001 and 88.9% in 2006. In British Columbia, 88.6% of the francophone population were bilingual in 1996, 89.0% in 2001 and 89.4% in 2006. In the Yukon Territory, 91.9% of Francophones said they were bilingual in 1996, 88.8% in 2001 and 89.1% in 2006. In the Northwest Territories, the rate of bilingualism was 93.0% in 1996, 85.8% in 2001 and 90.2% in 2006. In Nunavut, 93.8% of the francophone population knew both official languages in 1996, 88.6% in 2001 and 93.2% in 2006. For Canada excluding Quebec, 83.8% of the francophone population were bilingual in 1996, 85.1% in 2001 and 83.6% in 2006.

Sources: Statistics Canada, censuses of population, 1996 to 2006.