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Table 2
The most common non-official mother tongues, 1971, 2001 and 2006
Mother tongues 1971 2001 2006
number Percentage of non-official mother tongues Percentage of all mother tongues number Percentage of non-official mother tongues Percentage of all mother tongues number Percentage of non-official mother tongues Percentage of all mother tongues
.. not available for a specific reference period

Note: 'Chinese languages' includes Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Taiwanese, Chaochow (Teochow), Fukien and Shanghainese, as well as a residual category (Chinese languages not otherwise specified).

Sources: Statistics Canada, censuses of population, 1971, 2001 and 2006.
Chinese languages 95,915 3.4 0.4 872,400 16.4 2.9 1,034,090 16.4 3.3
Italian 538,765 19.2 2.5 493,985 9.3 1.7 476,905 7.6 1.5
German 558,965 19.9 2.6 455,540 8.5 1.5 466,650 7.4 1.5
Punjabi .. .. .. 284,750 5.3 1.0 382,585 6.1 1.2
Spanish 23,950 0.9 0.1 260,785 4.9 0.9 362,120 5.8 1.2
Arabic 28,520 1.0 0.1 220,535 4.1 0.7 286,785 4.6 0.9
Tagalog .. .. .. 199,770 3.7 0.7 266,440 4.2 0.9
Portuguese 85,845 3.1 0.4 222,855 4.2 0.8 229,280 3.6 0.7
Polish 136,540 4.9 0.6 215,010 4.0 0.7 217,605 3.5 0.7
Urdu .. .. .. 86,810 1.6 0.3 156,415 2.5 0.5
Ukrainian 309,890 11.0 1.4 157,385 3.0 0.5 141,805 2.3 0.5