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Figure 2 Region of birth of recent immigrants to Canada, 1971 to 2006

Figure 2 Region of birth of recent immigrants to Canada

Notes:

  1. 'Recent immigrants' refers to landed immigrants who arrived in Canada within fiveyears prior to a given census.
  2. "Other" includes Greenland, St Pierre and Miquelon, the category 'other country', as well as a small number of immigrants born in Canada.

Sources: Statistics Canada, censuses of population, 1971 to 2006.

Description

This graph shows the distribution of recent immigrants by regions of birth and census year. Recent immigrants refers to landed immigrants who arrived within five years prior to a given census year.

In 1971, most immigrants were born in Europe, representing 61.6% of all new immigrants at the time. Over the years, this share declined, reaching 16.1% of all recent immigrants in 2006.

In contrast, the share of recent immigrants born in Asia (including the Middle East) grew steadily. In 1971, 12.1% of recent immigrants were born in this region. This share rose to 38.9% in 1981, to 50.9% in 1991 and to 59.4% in 2001. In 2006, the share of recent immigrants born in Asia (including the Middle East) was 58.3%.

The graph also shows that an increasingly larger share of recent immigrants were born in Africa. According to the 1971 Census, only 3.2% of recent immigrants at the time were born in this part of the world. This share has been rising since then, reaching 10.6% of all recent immigrants in 2006.

Immigrants born in Central America, South America, the Caribbean and Bermuda represented 10.8% of all recent immigrants in 2006, up from 8.9% in 2001. This share is also higher than 1971 (9%) but lower than all other census years.

Immigrants born in the United States represented 3.5% of all new immigrants who arrived in Canada between 2001 and 2006. This is a similar share when compared to the previous two Censuses, but smaller when compared to the 1970 and 1980 Censuses.

Sources: Statistics Canada, censuses of population, 1971 to 2006.