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2006 Census: Aboriginal Peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations, 2006 Census: Métis

Seven out of 10 Métis lived in urban areas

Métis are urban people. In 2006, nearly seven out of 10 Métis (69%) lived in urban areas, up slightly from 67% in 1996. (Urban areas include large cities, or census metropolitan areas, and smaller urban centres.)

In 2006, urban Métis were twice as likely as urban non-Aboriginal people to live in smaller urban centres. An estimated 41% of urban Métis lived in cities with a population of less than 100,000, compared with 20% of their non-Aboriginal counterparts.

The remaining 59% of urban Métis lived in census metropolitan areas. These percentages have changed very little since 1996.

Winnipeg home to largest number of urban Métis

The census enumerated 40,980 Métis living in Winnipeg in 2006, the largest Métis population of all census metropolitan areas. They accounted for 6% of Winnipeg's population.

Other census metropolitan areas with large Métis populations were Edmonton (27,740), Vancouver (15,075), Calgary (14,770) and Saskatoon (9,610). The Métis accounted for 4% of Saskatoon's population, 3% of Edmonton's and 1% of those of both Calgary and Vancouver.

The Métis make up a considerable share of the population in several smaller urban centres in Ontario and the West. In 2006, 17% of the population living in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, were Métis, as were 7% of the population of North Battleford and Lloydminster, both in Saskatchewan. They accounted for about 10% of the population of Portage la Prairie and Thompson, both in Manitoba.

An estimated 9% of people living in Midland, Ontario, and 8%, in Kenora, Ontario, were Métis, as were 8% in Dawson Creek and 5% in Prince George, both in British Columbia.

The Métis also made up about 5% of the population in each of the Alberta communities of Grande Prairie and Wood Buffalo, the Alberta part of Lloydminster (3%) and Cold Lake (6%). In the Northwest Territories, 7% of the population of Yellowknife was Métis.

Figure 4 Percentage of Métis in the population of selected cities, 2006

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