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Table 24
Aboriginal languages indicators for First Nations people, Canada, 2001 and 2006
Aboriginal languages Aboriginal mother tongue1 Knowledge2 of an Aboriginal language
2006 Percentage change from 2001 to 20063 2006 Percentage change from 2001 to 20063

n.i.e.: not included elsewhere
Notes:

  1. 'Mother tongue' refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood.
  2. 'Knowledge' refers to languages in which the respondent can conduct a conversation.
  3. Data have been adjusted to account for incompletely enumerated reserves in 2001 and 2006.
  4. Caution should be exercised when analysing data for Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) due to some overestimation in British Columbia in 2006.
Sources: Statistics Canada, censuses of population, 2001 and 2006.

Cree 76,460 10 87,285 7
Ojibway 24,410 -2 30,255 -2
Oji-Cree 11,605 18 12,435 20
Montagnais-Naskapi 10,470 8 11,080 10
Dene 8,495 9 9,250 8
Mi'kmaq 7,685 4 8,540 0
Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux)4 5,675 34 6,285 32
Atikamekw 5,140 11 5,320 12
Blackfoot 3,270 11 4,760 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 1,990 6 2,800 -1
Algonquin 2,020 10 2,560 12
Dogrib 2,055 10 2,540 17
Carrier 1,800 29 2,320 18
South Slave 1,575 15 2,160 7