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Commuting Patterns and Places of Work of Canadians, 2006 Census: Portrait of the largest census metropolitan areas in the country's regions

Montréal

  • The number of people whose usual place of work was in the Montréal metropolitan area rose from 1,627,300 to 1,743,700 between 2001 and 2006, an increase of 7.1%.
  • The number of people whose place of work was in the City of Montréal rose by 3.7% over the past five years, to 985,500 in 2006. In contrast, the increase came to 12.1% in the peripheral municipalities in this CMA.
  • In 2006, the municipalities of Montréal, Laval and Longueuil were among the 25 largest in Canada from the point of view of the number of people working there. Of these 25 municipalities, Laval ranked third in terms of the increase in the number of workers (+15.8%), Longueuil ranked eighth (+10.9%) and Montréal, twenty-second (+3.7%).
  • In 2006, the number of people commuting to the municipality of Montréal to work was higher than the number of workers living in that municipality (+269,600). In contrast, the number of people working in the municipalities of Longueuil and Laval was lower than the number of workers living there (net loss of 21,500 workers in Longueuil and 36,800 in Laval).
  • The fastest growing peripheral municipalities around Montréal in terms of the number of people reporting them as their usual place of work were Laval (+18,800, up 15.8%), Terrebonne (+9,000, or +47.5%), Longueuil (+8,500 or +10.9%) and Boucherville (+4,100 or +16.4%).
  • The median commuting distance for workers living in the Montréal CMA who worked at a usual place of work came to 8.1 kilometres in 2006, compared to 8 kilometres in 2001.
  • For workers living in the Montréal CMA in 2006, 65.4% drove to work (compared to 65.8% in 2001) and 5.0% got to work as a passenger in a car (compared to 4.8% in 2001).
  • In 2006, 21.4% of commuters living in the Montréal CMA used public transit (compared to 21.6% in 2001), 5.7% walked (5.9% in 2001), 1.6% cycled (1.3% in 2001) and 0.8% used another mode of transportation (0.7% in 2001).
  • In 2006, 40.5% of workers whose usual place of work was in the City of Montréal used a sustainable mode of transportation to get there, i.e., public transit, walking or cycling (compared to 39.2% in 2001). The corresponding proportions were 17.0% for those commuting to Longueuil (17.3% in 2001) and 13.4% for those commuting to Laval (13.4% in 2001).
  • For workers living and working in the Montréal CMA, the use of sustainable transportation increased significantly among those who had the longest distances to cover. In 2006, 16.1% of workers who travelled 15 kilometres or more used a sustainable mode of transportation to get to work, compared to 14.3% in 2001.

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