Aboriginal population showing population counts and percentage change (2001 to 2006) - Canada
Aboriginal population(1) 2006 2001 Percentage change
Aboriginal identity(2) 1166295 970710 20.1
North American Indian Identity(3 4) 691585 603485 14.6
North American Indian Identity: Treaty or Registered Indian(5) 558540 499420 11.8
North American Indian Identity: Not a Treaty or Registered Indian 133045 104065 27.8
Métis Identity(3) 389760 292295 33.3
Inuit Identity(3) 50480 45070 12.0
Aboriginal Ancestry(6) 1671760 1314250 27.2
North American Indian Ancestry(3) 505960 450785 12.2
Métis Ancestry(3) 77285 72205 7.0
Inuit Ancestry(3) 40975 37030 10.7
Treaty or Registered Indian(5) 617415 552675 11.7
... not applicable
1 The Aboriginal identity population was counted the same way in 2006 and 2001, providing comparable data for two census years. However, comparison of Aboriginal data across census years must adjust for incompletely enumerated reserves and settlements. Some Indian reserves and settlements did not participate in the census as enumeration was not permitted, or it was interrupted before completion. In 2006, there were 22 incompletely enumerated Indian reserves, compared to 30 in 2001. The counts and rates shown in this table may differ from those based on unadjusted data.
2 Included in the Aboriginal identity population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
3 Data for North American Indian, Métis and Inuit identity and ancestry are based on single responses only.
4 Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements.
5 Registered or Treaty Indian: The expression 'Registered Indian' refers to those persons who reported they were registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act and can prove descent from a band that signed a treaty.
6 Refers to those persons who reported at least one Aboriginal ancestry (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit) to the ethnic origin question. 'Ethnic origin' refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of a person's ancestors. Additional Information on ethnic origin can be obtained from the 2006 Census Dictionary. 'Aboriginal ancestry' was referred to as 'Aboriginal origin' prior the 2006 Census. The content of the variable remains unchanged in 2006 compared with the previous censuses.
Source: Statistics Canada, censuses of population, 2001 and 2006.
How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2008. Aboriginal population showing population counts and percentage change (2001 to 2006) - Canada (table).
Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 89-635-XWE. Ottawa. Released January 16, 2009.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/89-635/index.cfm?Lang=eng (accessed May 23, 2013)