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Highest level of educational attainment for the population aged 25 to 64, 2006 counts for both sexes, for Canada, provinces and territories - 20% sample data

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Geographic name Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree1 No certificate, diploma or degree High school certificate or equivalent2 Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma3 University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level4 University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor's level or above
Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest
Canada ! 17,382,115 2,683,510 4,156,740 2,156,010 3,533,375 866,735 3,985,745
Newfoundland and Labrador 290,835 74,635 56,985 42,980 64,520 10,915 40,800
Prince Edward Island 72,815 13,585 17,235 8,585 17,730 2,925 12,755
Nova Scotia ! 507,750 94,275 106,060 70,715 111,515 22,455 102,730
New Brunswick 408,210 85,650 105,115 50,550 86,805 14,420 65,670
Quebec ! 4,238,825 725,120 894,930 765,330 742,530 230,235 880,675
Ontario ! 6,638,330 899,525 1,660,670 581,130 1,461,630 309,945 1,725,425
Manitoba ! 595,935 121,485 151,200 67,405 111,495 28,600 115,750
Saskatchewan ! 485,555 94,100 129,560 66,345 89,620 23,140 82,795
Alberta ! 1,805,640 278,970 434,330 223,325 388,235 83,355 397,420
British Columbia ! 2,284,470 282,200 591,275 273,450 447,010 139,020 551,515
Yukon Territory ! 18,145 2,785 3,850 2,380 4,410 690 4,025
Northwest Territories 22,640 5,210 4,195 2,605 5,375 730 4,520
Nunavut ! 12,955 5,960 1,335 1,210 2,495 300 1,655
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1. 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

2. 'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

3. 'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

4. The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.

In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.

We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.

For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

More information will be available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, to be published later in 2008.

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