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2006 Aboriginal Population Profile

Table: Population and dwelling counts

Population and dwelling counts
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population in 2006 1 31,612,897   31,612,897
Population in 2001 1 30,007,094   30,007,094
2001 to 2006 population change (%) 5.4   5.4
Total private dwellings 2 13,576,855   13,576,855
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents 3 12,435,520   12,435,520
Population density per square kilometre 3.5   3.5
Land area (square km) 9,017,698.92   9,017,698.92
Table: Aboriginal identity population in 2006
Figure showing: Aboriginal identity population in 2006 Figure
Aboriginal identity population in 2006
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 4 31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,765   31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,765
Total Aboriginal identity population 5 1,172,785 572,095 600,695   1,172,785 572,095 600,695
North American Indian - single response 6 698,025 338,050 359,975   698,025 338,050 359,975
Métis - single response 389,785 193,500 196,285   389,785 193,500 196,285
Inuit - single response 50,480 25,025 25,455   50,480 25,025 25,455
Multiple Aboriginal identity responses 7,740 3,690 4,050   7,740 3,690 4,050
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere 7 26,760 11,830 14,930   26,760 11,830 14,930
Non-Aboriginal identity population 30,068,240 14,754,175 15,314,065   30,068,240 14,754,175 15,314,065
Table: Registered Indian status
Figure showing: Registered Indian status Figure
Registered Indian status
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 8 31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,760   31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,760
Registered Indian 9 623,780 300,830 322,945   623,780 300,830 322,945
Not a registered Indian 30,617,250 15,025,435 15,591,815   30,617,250 15,025,435 15,591,815
Table: Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 10 1,172,790 572,095 600,695   1,172,790 572,095 600,695
0 to 4 years 108,900 55,380 53,515   108,900 55,380 53,515
5 to 9 years 114,765 58,910 55,855   114,765 58,910 55,855
10 to 14 years 125,235 64,120 61,115   125,235 64,120 61,115
15 to 19 years 118,105 60,250 57,860   118,105 60,250 57,860
20 to 24 years 93,900 45,390 48,510   93,900 45,390 48,510
25 to 29 years 81,760 38,550 43,210   81,760 38,550 43,210
30 to 34 years 79,810 37,675 42,140   79,810 37,675 42,140
35 to 39 years 81,480 37,915 43,560   81,480 37,915 43,560
40 to 44 years 87,990 41,285 46,705   87,990 41,285 46,705
45 to 49 years 79,230 37,255 41,970   79,230 37,255 41,970
50 to 54 years 64,060 30,285 33,775   64,060 30,285 33,775
55 to 59 years 48,270 23,365 24,905   48,270 23,365 24,905
60 to 64 years 32,820 16,055 16,765   32,820 16,055 16,765
65 to 69 years 22,680 10,870 11,815   22,680 10,870 11,815
70 to 74 years 16,125 7,465 8,660   16,125 7,465 8,660
75 to 79 years 9,435 4,110 5,325   9,435 4,110 5,325
80 to 84 years 5,240 2,080 3,165   5,240 2,080 3,165
85 years and over 2,980 1,125 1,850   2,980 1,125 1,850
Median age of the Aboriginal identity population 11 26.5 25.2 27.7   26.5 25.2 27.7
% of the Aboriginal identity population aged 15 and over 70.3 68.8 71.6   70.3 68.8 71.6
Table: Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 12 823,890 393,680 430,205   823,890 393,680 430,205
Not in a common-law relationship 681,425 326,380 355,040   681,425 326,380 355,040
In a common-law relationship 142,465 67,305 75,160   142,465 67,305 75,160
Table: Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 13 823,890 393,680 430,205   823,890 393,680 430,205
Never legally married (single) 14 440,570 224,155 216,410   440,570 224,155 216,410
Legally married (and not separated) 15 254,930 122,405 132,525   254,930 122,405 132,525
Separated, but still legally married 16 35,480 14,270 21,205   35,480 14,270 21,205
Divorced 17 62,410 25,975 36,435   62,410 25,975 36,435
Widowed 18 30,505 6,880 23,630   30,505 6,880 23,630
Table: Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total private dwellings occupied by usual residents 19 506,235   506,235
Single detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 61.1   61.1
Semi-detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 5.1   5.1
Row houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 6.3   6.3
Apartments, duplex - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 20 4.0   4.0
Apartments in buildings with fewer than five storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 20 16.1   16.1
Apartments in buildings with five or more storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 4.0   4.0
Other dwellings - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 21 3.4   3.4
Number of owned dwellings 22 255,415   255,415
Number of rented dwellings 23 202,415   202,415
Number of dwellings constructed before 1986 352,975   352,975
Number of dwellings constructed between 1986 and 2006 24 153,255   153,255
Dwelling requiring regular maintenance only 244,780   244,780
Dwellings requiring minor repairs only 166,130   166,130
Dwellings requiring major repairs only 95,330   95,330
Average number of rooms per dwelling 25 6.1   6.1
Dwellings with more than one person per room - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 25 4.2   4.2
Average number of persons per room 0.5   0.5
Table: Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total number of persons in census families 26 1,169,435 570,050 599,380   1,169,435 570,050 599,380
Spouses 250,615 120,440 130,170   250,615 120,440 130,170
Common-law partners 142,160 67,155 75,000   142,160 67,155 75,000
Lone parents 96,205 19,180 77,025   96,205 19,180 77,025
Children in census families 506,685 271,000 235,685   506,685 271,000 235,685
Persons not in census families 173,765 92,270 81,495   173,765 92,270 81,495
Table: Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 1,172,790 572,095 600,695   1,172,790 572,095 600,695
Knowledge of Aboriginal language(s) 27 252,045 122,805 129,240   252,045 122,805 129,240
Knowledge of English only 28 772,290 378,915 393,375   772,290 378,915 393,375
Knowledge of French only 29 35,570 17,345 18,225   35,570 17,345 18,225
Knowledge of English and French only 30 100,070 47,895 52,170   100,070 47,895 52,170
Knowledge of other languages 31 12,810 5,130 7,680   12,810 5,130 7,680
% of the Aboriginal identity population whose mother tongue is an Aboriginal language 18.7 18.5 18.8   18.7 18.5 18.8
% of the Aboriginal identity population who speak an Aboriginal language most often at home 11.8 12.2 11.4   11.8 12.2 11.4
% of the Aboriginal identity population with knowledge of Aboriginal language(s) 21.5 21.5 21.5   21.5 21.5 21.5
Table: Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 1 year and over 32 1,150,510 560,875 589,635   1,150,510 560,875 589,635
Lived at the same address 1 year ago 926,950 455,335 471,620   926,950 455,335 471,620
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed address within the same census subdivision (municipality) 135,650 63,585 72,070   135,650 63,585 72,070
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed address from another census subdivision (municipality) within the province or territory 68,805 32,810 35,995   68,805 32,810 35,995
Lived in a different province or territory 1 year ago 17,540 8,375 9,165   17,540 8,375 9,165
Lived in a different country 1 year ago 1,560 775 790   1,560 775 790
Table: Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 5 years and over 33 1,063,780 516,655 547,125   1,063,780 516,655 547,125
Lived at the same address 5 years ago 585,840 291,470 294,375   585,840 291,470 294,375
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed address within the same census subdivision (municipality) 274,485 129,710 144,770   274,485 129,710 144,770
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed address from another census subdivision (municipality) within the province or territory 152,955 71,475 81,480   152,955 71,475 81,480
Lived in a different province or territory 5 years ago 46,500 22,055 24,445   46,500 22,055 24,445
Lived in a different country 5 years ago 3,995 1,940 2,060   3,995 1,940 2,060
Table: Educational attainment of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Educational attainment of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Educational attainment of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 34 823,890 393,680 430,205   823,890 393,680 430,205
No certificate, diploma or degree 359,780 182,410 177,365   359,780 182,410 177,365
High school certificate or equivalent 35 179,590 81,210 98,380   179,590 81,210 98,380
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 93,885 58,520 35,360   93,885 58,520 35,360
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 36 119,680 45,750 73,925   119,680 45,750 73,925
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 22,950 8,190 14,760   22,950 8,190 14,760
University certificate or degree 48,015 17,600 30,415   48,015 17,600 30,415
Total Aboriginal identity population aged 15 to 24 37 212,010 105,645 106,365   212,010 105,645 106,365
No certificate, diploma or degree 132,670 68,975 63,695   132,670 68,975 63,695
High school certificate or equivalent 38 54,785 25,620 29,165   54,785 25,620 29,165
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 7,845 4,875 2,965   7,845 4,875 2,965
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 39 11,695 4,560 7,130   11,695 4,560 7,130
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 1,745 680 1,070   1,745 680 1,070
University certificate or degree 3,265 925 2,335   3,265 925 2,335
Total Aboriginal identity population aged 25 to 34 40 161,570 76,220 85,350   161,570 76,220 85,350
No certificate, diploma or degree 51,565 26,815 24,750   51,565 26,815 24,750
High school certificate or equivalent 41 42,390 20,100 22,290   42,390 20,100 22,290
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 19,100 11,700 7,395   19,100 11,700 7,395
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 42 30,500 11,290 19,210   30,500 11,290 19,210
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 4,680 1,680 3,005   4,680 1,680 3,005
University certificate or degree 13,335 4,630 8,705   13,335 4,630 8,705
Total Aboriginal identity population aged 35 to 64 43 393,845 186,165 207,680   393,845 186,165 207,680
No certificate, diploma or degree 137,845 70,285 67,565   137,845 70,285 67,565
High school certificate or equivalent 44 76,570 33,255 43,315   76,570 33,255 43,315
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 60,970 37,960 23,010   60,970 37,960 23,010
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 45 73,405 28,125 45,285   73,405 28,125 45,285
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 15,370 5,420 9,950   15,370 5,420 9,950
University certificate or degree 29,680 11,125 18,560   29,680 11,125 18,560
Table: Major field of study of the Aboriginal identity population

Major field of study of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 46 823,890 393,680 430,205   823,890 393,680 430,205
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 539,365 263,615 275,745   539,365 263,615 275,745
Education 20,095 4,845 15,250   20,095 4,845 15,250
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 7,650 3,650 3,995   7,650 3,650 3,995
Humanities 10,505 4,090 6,410   10,505 4,090 6,410
Social and behavioural sciences and law 26,090 6,770 19,325   26,090 6,770 19,325
Business, management and public administration 60,060 14,295 45,765   60,060 14,295 45,765
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,510 1,755 1,760   3,510 1,755 1,760
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 9,375 4,350 5,030   9,375 4,350 5,030
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 66,130 60,555 5,575   66,130 60,555 5,575
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 8,385 5,780 2,600   8,385 5,780 2,600
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 40,865 6,355 34,510   40,865 6,355 34,510
Personal, protective and transportation services 31,805 17,605 14,205   31,805 17,605 14,205
Other 47 45 10 35   45 10 35
Table: Labour force activity characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Labour force activity characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Labour force activity characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 48 823,890 393,680 430,205   823,890 393,680 430,205
In the labour force 49 519,250 264,980 254,270   519,250 264,980 254,270
Employed 50 442,395 222,355 220,045   442,395 222,355 220,045
Unemployed 51 76,860 42,625 34,225   76,860 42,625 34,225
Not in the labour force 52 304,635 128,705 175,935   304,635 128,705 175,935
Participation rate 53 63.0 67.3 59.1   63.0 67.3 59.1
Employment rate 54 53.7 56.5 51.1   53.7 56.5 51.1
Unemployment rate 55 14.8 16.1 13.5   14.8 16.1 13.5
Table: Occupation characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Occupation characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Occupation characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over with an Aboriginal identity 56 497,280 253,825 243,455   497,280 253,825 243,455
A Management occupations 57 31,970 17,250 14,715   31,970 17,250 14,715
B Business, finance and administration occupations 71,980 15,995 55,985   71,980 15,995 55,985
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 16,405 12,170 4,235   16,405 12,170 4,235
D Health occupations 20,085 2,940 17,140   20,085 2,940 17,140
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 47,790 12,055 35,730   47,790 12,055 35,730
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 11,010 5,245 5,760   11,010 5,245 5,760
G Sales and service occupations 141,870 53,095 88,770   141,870 53,095 88,770
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 100,050 91,285 8,765   100,050 91,285 8,765
I Occupations unique to primary industry 30,345 25,475 4,865   30,345 25,475 4,865
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 25,785 18,310 7,480   25,785 18,310 7,480
Table: Industry characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Industry characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Industry characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over with an Aboriginal identity 58 497,280 253,825 243,455   497,280 253,825 243,455
Agriculture and other resource-based industries 39,705 32,005 7,700   39,705 32,005 7,700
Construction 43,880 39,175 4,705   43,880 39,175 4,705
Manufacturing 39,770 28,985 10,785   39,770 28,985 10,785
Wholesale trade 11,995 8,290 3,700   11,995 8,290 3,700
Retail trade 51,465 20,905 30,565   51,465 20,905 30,565
Finance and real estate 14,970 5,400 9,565   14,970 5,400 9,565
Health care and social services 58,160 10,080 48,075   58,160 10,080 48,075
Educational services 32,955 9,165 23,790   32,955 9,165 23,790
Business services 69,900 40,950 28,950   69,900 40,950 28,950
Other services 134,480 58,865 75,615   134,480 58,865 75,615
Table: Place of work status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Place of work status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Place of work status of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total employed labour force 15 years and over with an Aboriginal identity 59 442,395 222,350 220,045   442,395 222,350 220,045
Worked at home 22,995 10,500 12,490   22,995 10,500 12,490
Worked outside Canada 1,180 700 480   1,180 700 480
No fixed workplace address 65,295 50,105 15,190   65,295 50,105 15,190
Worked at usual place 352,925 161,045 191,880   352,925 161,045 191,880
Worked in census subdivision (municipality) of residence 235,720 102,030 133,685   235,720 102,030 133,685
Worked in a different census subdivision (municipality) within the census division (county) of residence 78,545 37,540 41,005   78,545 37,540 41,005
Worked in a different census division (county) 33,475 18,435 15,035   33,475 18,435 15,035
Worked in a different province 5,190 3,030 2,155   5,190 3,030 2,155
Table: Mode of transportation to work of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Mode of transportation to work of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Mode of transportation to work of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total employed labour force 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address with an Aboriginal identity 60 418,225 211,150 207,070   418,225 211,150 207,070
Car, truck, van, as driver 264,600 138,565 126,030   264,600 138,565 126,030
Car, truck, van, as passenger 49,360 25,035 24,325   49,360 25,035 24,325
Public transit 31,845 13,025 18,820   31,845 13,025 18,820
Walked or bicycled 58,870 26,345 32,525   58,870 26,345 32,525
All other modes 13,550 8,175 5,365   13,550 8,175 5,365
Table: Earnings in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Earnings in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Earnings in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over with earnings (counts) 61 538,290 270,415 267,875   538,290 270,415 267,875
Median earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over ($) 62 18,962 22,386 16,079   18,962 22,386 16,079
Average earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over ($) 25,961 30,110 21,773   25,961 30,110 21,773
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over with earnings who worked full year, full time (counts) 63 227,810 120,430 107,385   227,810 120,430 107,385
Median earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($) 62 34,940 39,501 30,938   34,940 39,501 30,938
Average earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($) 62 39,942 44,605 34,712   39,942 44,605 34,712
Table: Income in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Income in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Income in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over with income (counts) 64 760,910 364,155 396,760   760,910 364,155 396,760
Median income - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over ($) 65 16,752 18,714 15,654   16,752 18,714 15,654
Composition of total income (100%) 66 100 100 100   100 100 100
Earnings - As a % of total income 76.9 82.4 70.3   76.9 82.4 70.3
Government transfers - As a % of total income 18.1 12.5 24.8   18.1 12.5 24.8
Other money - As a % of total income 5.0 5.1 4.9   5.0 5.1 4.9
Table: Households characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population

Households characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total private Aboriginal households 67 506,235   506,235
Median income in 2005 - All private households ($) 68 43,261   43,261

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2007. Canada (Code01) (table). Aboriginal Population Profile. 2006 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-594-XWE. Ottawa. Released January 15, 2008.
http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-594/index.cfm?Lang=E
(accessed December 6, 2016).