Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

(Note: Content area on this page may be wider than usual.)

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

2006 Aboriginal Population Profile

Table: Population and dwelling counts

Population and dwelling counts
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population in 2006 1 31,612,897   31,612,897
Population in 2001 1 30,007,094   30,007,094
2001 to 2006 population change (%) 5.4   5.4
Total private dwellings 2 13,576,855   13,576,855
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents 3 12,435,520   12,435,520
Population density per square kilometre 3.5   3.5
Land area (square km) 9,017,698.92   9,017,698.92
Table: Aboriginal identity population in 2006
Figure showing: Aboriginal identity population in 2006 Figure
Aboriginal identity population in 2006
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 4 31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,765   31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,765
Total Aboriginal identity population 5 1,172,785 572,095 600,695   1,172,785 572,095 600,695
North American Indian - single response 6 698,025 338,050 359,975   698,025 338,050 359,975
Métis - single response 389,785 193,500 196,285   389,785 193,500 196,285
Inuit - single response 50,480 25,025 25,455   50,480 25,025 25,455
Multiple Aboriginal identity responses 7,740 3,690 4,050   7,740 3,690 4,050
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere 7 26,760 11,830 14,930   26,760 11,830 14,930
Non-Aboriginal identity population 30,068,240 14,754,175 15,314,065   30,068,240 14,754,175 15,314,065
Table: Registered Indian status
Figure showing: Registered Indian status Figure
Registered Indian status
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 8 31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,760   31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,760
Registered Indian 9 623,780 300,830 322,945   623,780 300,830 322,945
Not a registered Indian 30,617,250 15,025,435 15,591,815   30,617,250 15,025,435 15,591,815
Table: Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 10 1,172,790 572,095 600,695   1,172,790 572,095 600,695
0 to 4 years 108,900 55,380 53,515   108,900 55,380 53,515
5 to 9 years 114,765 58,910 55,855   114,765 58,910 55,855
10 to 14 years 125,235 64,120 61,115   125,235 64,120 61,115
15 to 19 years 118,105 60,250 57,860   118,105 60,250 57,860
20 to 24 years 93,900 45,390 48,510   93,900 45,390 48,510
25 to 29 years 81,760 38,550 43,210   81,760 38,550 43,210
30 to 34 years 79,810 37,675 42,140   79,810 37,675 42,140
35 to 39 years 81,480 37,915 43,560   81,480 37,915 43,560
40 to 44 years 87,990 41,285 46,705   87,990 41,285 46,705
45 to 49 years 79,230 37,255 41,970   79,230 37,255 41,970
50 to 54 years 64,060 30,285 33,775   64,060 30,285 33,775
55 to 59 years 48,270 23,365 24,905   48,270 23,365 24,905
60 to 64 years 32,820 16,055 16,765   32,820 16,055 16,765
65 to 69 years 22,680 10,870 11,815   22,680 10,870 11,815
70 to 74 years 16,125 7,465 8,660   16,125 7,465 8,660
75 to 79 years 9,435 4,110 5,325   9,435 4,110 5,325
80 to 84 years 5,240 2,080 3,165   5,240 2,080 3,165
85 years and over 2,980 1,125 1,850   2,980 1,125 1,850
Median age of the Aboriginal identity population 11 26.5 25.2 27.7   26.5 25.2 27.7
% of the Aboriginal identity population aged 15 and over 70.3 68.8 71.6   70.3 68.8 71.6
Table: Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 12 823,890 393,680 430,205   823,890 393,680 430,205
Not in a common-law relationship 681,425 326,380 355,040   681,425 326,380 355,040
In a common-law relationship 142,465 67,305 75,160   142,465 67,305 75,160
Table: Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 13 823,890 393,680 430,205   823,890 393,680 430,205
Never legally married (single) 14 440,570 224,155 216,410   440,570 224,155 216,410
Legally married (and not separated) 15 254,930 122,405 132,525   254,930 122,405 132,525
Separated, but still legally married 16 35,480 14,270 21,205   35,480 14,270 21,205
Divorced 17 62,410 25,975 36,435   62,410 25,975 36,435
Widowed 18 30,505 6,880 23,630   30,505 6,880 23,630
Table: Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total private dwellings occupied by usual residents 19 506,235   506,235
Single detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 61.1   61.1
Semi-detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 5.1   5.1
Row houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 6.3   6.3
Apartments, duplex - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 20 4.0   4.0
Apartments in buildings with fewer than five storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 20 16.1   16.1
Apartments in buildings with five or more storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 4.0   4.0
Other dwellings - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 21 3.4   3.4
Number of owned dwellings 22 255,415   255,415
Number of rented dwellings 23 202,415   202,415
Number of dwellings constructed before 1986 352,975   352,975
Number of dwellings constructed between 1986 and 2006 24 153,255   153,255
Dwelling requiring regular maintenance only 244,780   244,780
Dwellings requiring minor repairs only 166,130   166,130
Dwellings requiring major repairs only 95,330   95,330
Average number of rooms per dwelling 25 6.1   6.1
Dwellings with more than one person per room - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 25 4.2   4.2
Average number of persons per room 0.5   0.5
Table: Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total number of persons in census families 26 1,169,435 570,050 599,380   1,169,435 570,050 599,380
Spouses 250,615 120,440 130,170   250,615 120,440 130,170
Common-law partners 142,160 67,155 75,000   142,160 67,155 75,000
Lone parents 96,205 19,180 77,025   96,205 19,180 77,025
Children in census families 506,685 271,000 235,685   506,685 271,000 235,685
Persons not in census families 173,765 92,270 81,495   173,765 92,270 81,495
Table: Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 1,172,790 572,095 600,695   1,172,790 572,095 600,695
Knowledge of Aboriginal language(s) 27 252,045 122,805 129,240   252,045 122,805 129,240
Knowledge of English only 28 772,290 378,915 393,375   772,290 378,915 393,375
Knowledge of French only 29 35,570 17,345 18,225   35,570 17,345 18,225
Knowledge of English and French only 30 100,070 47,895 52,170   100,070 47,895 52,170
Knowledge of other languages 31 12,810 5,130 7,680   12,810 5,130 7,680
% of the Aboriginal identity population whose mother tongue is an Aboriginal language 18.7 18.5 18.8   18.7 18.5 18.8
% of the Aboriginal identity population who speak an Aboriginal language most often at home 11.8 12.2 11.4   11.8 12.2 11.4
% of the Aboriginal identity population with knowledge of Aboriginal language(s) 21.5 21.5 21.5   21.5 21.5 21.5
Table: Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Canada   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 1 year and over 32 1,150,510 560,875 589,635   1,150,510 560,875 589,635
Lived at the same address 1 year ago 926,950 455,335 471,620   926,950 455,335 471,620
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed address within the same census subdivision (municipality) 135,650 63,585 72,070   135,650 63,585 72,070
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed address from another census subdivision (municipality) within the province or territory 68,805 32,810 35,995   68,805 32,810 35,995
Lived in a different province or territory 1 year ago 17,540 8,375 9,165   17,540 8,375 9,165
Lived in a different country 1 year ago 1,560 775 790   1,560 775 790

Image: view document Definitions, sources and symbols

Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2007. Canada (Code01) (table). Aboriginal Population Profile. 2006 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-594-XWE. Ottawa. Released January 15, 2008.
http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-594/index.cfm?Lang=E
(accessed July 26, 2016).