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2006 Aboriginal Population Profile

Table: Population and dwelling counts

Population and dwelling counts
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population in 2006 1 7,546,131   31,612,897
Population in 2001 1 7,237,479   30,007,094
2001 to 2006 population change (%) 4.3   5.4
Total private dwellings 2 3,452,300   13,576,855
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents 3 3,188,713   12,435,520
Population density per square kilometre 5.6   3.5
Land area (square km) 1,356,366.78   9,017,698.92
Table: Aboriginal identity population in 2006
Figure showing: Aboriginal identity population in 2006 Figure
Aboriginal identity population in 2006
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 4 7,435,905 3,645,975 3,789,925   31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,765
Total Aboriginal identity population 5 108,425 53,525 54,905   1,172,785 572,095 600,695
North American Indian - single response 6 65,085 31,690 33,395   698,025 338,050 359,975
Métis - single response 27,985 14,300 13,680   389,785 193,500 196,285
Inuit - single response 10,950 5,470 5,480   50,480 25,025 25,455
Multiple Aboriginal identity responses 955 450 510   7,740 3,690 4,050
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere 7 3,450 1,615 1,835   26,760 11,830 14,930
Non-Aboriginal identity population 7,327,475 3,592,450 3,735,020   30,068,240 14,754,175 15,314,065
Table: Registered Indian status
Figure showing: Registered Indian status Figure
Registered Indian status
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 8 7,435,905 3,645,975 3,789,925   31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,760
Registered Indian 9 55,955 27,130 28,825   623,780 300,830 322,945
Not a registered Indian 7,379,945 3,618,845 3,761,100   30,617,250 15,025,435 15,591,815
Table: Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 10 108,430 53,525 54,900   1,172,790 572,095 600,695
0 to 4 years 8,680 4,460 4,215   108,900 55,380 53,515
5 to 9 years 9,185 4,560 4,625   114,765 58,910 55,855
10 to 14 years 9,650 5,010 4,640   125,235 64,120 61,115
15 to 19 years 9,590 4,835 4,755   118,105 60,250 57,860
20 to 24 years 8,200 3,980 4,225   93,900 45,390 48,510
25 to 29 years 7,225 3,530 3,700   81,760 38,550 43,210
30 to 34 years 7,205 3,485 3,720   79,810 37,675 42,140
35 to 39 years 7,325 3,510 3,815   81,480 37,915 43,560
40 to 44 years 8,680 4,355 4,325   87,990 41,285 46,705
45 to 49 years 7,910 3,855 4,055   79,230 37,255 41,970
50 to 54 years 6,860 3,375 3,490   64,060 30,285 33,775
55 to 59 years 5,760 2,950 2,810   48,270 23,365 24,905
60 to 64 years 4,155 2,055 2,100   32,820 16,055 16,765
65 to 69 years 2,855 1,385 1,470   22,680 10,870 11,815
70 to 74 years 2,410 1,105 1,305   16,125 7,465 8,660
75 to 79 years 1,485 595 895   9,435 4,110 5,325
80 to 84 years 855 310 545   5,240 2,080 3,165
85 years and over 380 170 205   2,980 1,125 1,850
Median age of the Aboriginal identity population 11 31.1 30.5 31.7   26.5 25.2 27.7
% of the Aboriginal identity population aged 15 and over 74.6 73.8 75.4   70.3 68.8 71.6
Table: Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 12 80,910 39,490 41,420   823,890 393,680 430,205
Not in a common-law relationship 64,455 31,550 32,905   681,425 326,380 355,040
In a common-law relationship 16,460 7,945 8,515   142,465 67,305 75,160
Table: Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 13 80,910 39,490 41,420   823,890 393,680 430,205
Never legally married (single) 14 43,120 22,120 21,000   440,570 224,155 216,410
Legally married (and not separated) 15 24,255 12,065 12,190   254,930 122,405 132,525
Separated, but still legally married 16 1,900 825 1,075   35,480 14,270 21,205
Divorced 17 7,805 3,570 4,235   62,410 25,975 36,435
Widowed 18 3,830 900 2,925   30,505 6,880 23,630
Table: Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total private dwellings occupied by usual residents 19 50,455   506,235
Single detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 54.3   61.1
Semi-detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 6.8   5.1
Row houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 2.9   6.3
Apartments, duplex - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 20 6.1   4.0
Apartments in buildings with fewer than five storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 20 26.1   16.1
Apartments in buildings with five or more storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 2.2   4.0
Other dwellings - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 21 1.6   3.4
Number of owned dwellings 22 25,850   255,415
Number of rented dwellings 23 21,050   202,415
Number of dwellings constructed before 1986 33,440   352,975
Number of dwellings constructed between 1986 and 2006 24 17,010   153,255
Dwelling requiring regular maintenance only 25,740   244,780
Dwellings requiring minor repairs only 15,720   166,130
Dwellings requiring major repairs only 8,990   95,330
Average number of rooms per dwelling 25 5.7   6.1
Dwellings with more than one person per room - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 25 4.3   4.2
Average number of persons per room 0.5   0.5
Table: Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total number of persons in census families 26 108,095 53,335 54,760   1,169,435 570,050 599,380
Spouses 23,895 11,885 12,005   250,615 120,440 130,170
Common-law partners 16,430 7,925 8,505   142,160 67,155 75,000
Lone parents 8,265 1,830 6,435   96,205 19,180 77,025
Children in census families 42,875 23,205 19,675   506,685 271,000 235,685
Persons not in census families 16,635 8,500 8,135   173,765 92,270 81,495
Table: Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 108,425 53,525 54,900   1,172,790 572,095 600,695
Knowledge of Aboriginal language(s) 27 42,395 21,050 21,340   252,045 122,805 129,240
Knowledge of English only 28 4,935 2,625 2,310   772,290 378,915 393,375
Knowledge of French only 29 33,180 16,120 17,060   35,570 17,345 18,225
Knowledge of English and French only 30 25,765 12,880 12,885   100,070 47,895 52,170
Knowledge of other languages 31 2,155 855 1,300   12,810 5,130 7,680
% of the Aboriginal identity population whose mother tongue is an Aboriginal language 37.1 37.2 37.0   18.7 18.5 18.8
% of the Aboriginal identity population who speak an Aboriginal language most often at home 32.6 33.1 32.2   11.8 12.2 11.4
% of the Aboriginal identity population with knowledge of Aboriginal language(s) 39.1 39.3 38.9   21.5 21.5 21.5
Table: Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 1 year and over 32 106,780 52,670 54,110   1,150,510 560,875 589,635
Lived at the same address 1 year ago 91,850 45,685 46,165   926,950 455,335 471,620
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed address within the same census subdivision (municipality) 9,030 4,275 4,755   135,650 63,585 72,070
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed address from another census subdivision (municipality) within the province or territory 4,990 2,280 2,710   68,805 32,810 35,995
Lived in a different province or territory 1 year ago 805 380 430   17,540 8,375 9,165
Lived in a different country 1 year ago 105 45 60   1,560 775 790
Table: Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 5 years and over 33 99,735 49,055 50,680   1,063,780 516,655 547,125
Lived at the same address 5 years ago 62,460 31,220 31,245   585,840 291,470 294,375
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed address within the same census subdivision (municipality) 22,090 10,690 11,395   274,485 129,710 144,770
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed address from another census subdivision (municipality) within the province or territory 12,910 6,010 6,900   152,955 71,475 81,480
Lived in a different province or territory 5 years ago 1,955 975 985   46,500 22,055 24,445
Lived in a different country 5 years ago 315 160 150   3,995 1,940 2,060
Table: Educational attainment of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Educational attainment of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Educational attainment of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 34 80,910 39,490 41,420   823,890 393,680 430,205
No certificate, diploma or degree 35,730 17,835 17,895   359,780 182,410 177,365
High school certificate or equivalent 35 13,790 5,890 7,900   179,590 81,210 98,380
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 14,070 8,585 5,480   93,885 58,520 35,360
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 36 9,790 4,160 5,625   119,680 45,750 73,925
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 2,575 1,000 1,565   22,950 8,190 14,760
University certificate or degree 4,965 2,020 2,940   48,015 17,600 30,415
Total Aboriginal identity population aged 15 to 24 37 17,785 8,815 8,975   212,010 105,645 106,365
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,945 5,790 5,160   132,670 68,975 63,695
High school certificate or equivalent 38 3,710 1,640 2,070   54,785 25,620 29,165
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 1,290 770 520   7,845 4,875 2,965
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 39 1,410 500 910   11,695 4,560 7,130
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 115 40 75   1,745 680 1,070
University certificate or degree 310 75 235   3,265 925 2,335
Total Aboriginal identity population aged 25 to 34 40 14,440 7,015 7,420   161,570 76,220 85,350
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,055 2,695 2,360   51,565 26,815 24,750
High school certificate or equivalent 41 2,455 1,085 1,365   42,390 20,100 22,290
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,865 1,695 1,170   19,100 11,700 7,395
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 42 2,370 905 1,460   30,500 11,290 19,210
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 450 155 295   4,680 1,680 3,005
University certificate or degree 1,250 480 765   13,335 4,630 8,705
Total Aboriginal identity population aged 35 to 64 43 40,695 20,095 20,600   393,845 186,165 207,680
No certificate, diploma or degree 14,685 7,275 7,405   137,845 70,285 67,565
High school certificate or equivalent 44 6,680 2,825 3,860   76,570 33,255 43,315
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 8,935 5,465 3,470   60,970 37,960 23,010
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 45 5,550 2,555 2,995   73,405 28,125 45,285
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 1,765 730 1,035   15,370 5,420 9,950
University certificate or degree 3,075 1,250 1,825   29,680 11,125 18,560
Table: Major field of study of the Aboriginal identity population

Major field of study of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 46 80,910 39,490 41,420   823,890 393,680 430,205
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 49,520 23,725 25,800   539,365 263,615 275,745
Education 2,125 465 1,660   20,095 4,845 15,250
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,060 535 530   7,650 3,650 3,995
Humanities 1,590 625 970   10,505 4,090 6,410
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,905 750 2,150   26,090 6,770 19,325
Business, management and public administration 6,180 1,805 4,370   60,060 14,295 45,765
Physical and life sciences and technologies 455 250 205   3,510 1,755 1,760
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,130 610 520   9,375 4,350 5,030
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,525 6,960 565   66,130 60,555 5,575
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,205 845 355   8,385 5,780 2,600
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 3,485 665 2,815   40,865 6,355 34,510
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,705 2,245 1,465   31,805 17,605 14,205
Other 47 15 0 20   45 10 35
Table: Labour force activity characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Labour force activity characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Labour force activity characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 48 80,910 39,490 41,420   823,890 393,680 430,205
In the labour force 49 49,200 25,645 23,555   519,250 264,980 254,270
Employed 50 41,525 21,110 20,415   442,395 222,355 220,045
Unemployed 51 7,675 4,535 3,140   76,860 42,625 34,225
Not in the labour force 52 31,710 13,845 17,865   304,635 128,705 175,935
Participation rate 53 60.8 64.9 56.9   63.0 67.3 59.1
Employment rate 54 51.3 53.5 49.3   53.7 56.5 51.1
Unemployment rate 55 15.6 17.7 13.3   14.8 16.1 13.5
Table: Occupation characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Occupation characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Occupation characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over with an Aboriginal identity 56 47,015 24,495 22,520   497,280 253,825 243,455
A Management occupations 57 3,200 1,785 1,410   31,970 17,250 14,715
B Business, finance and administration occupations 7,270 1,820 5,450   71,980 15,995 55,985
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,680 1,230 450   16,405 12,170 4,235
D Health occupations 2,060 445 1,610   20,085 2,940 17,140
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 4,940 1,210 3,725   47,790 12,055 35,730
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,600 715 885   11,010 5,245 5,760
G Sales and service occupations 12,825 5,515 7,310   141,870 53,095 88,770
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 8,590 8,020 575   100,050 91,285 8,765
I Occupations unique to primary industry 2,430 1,990 445   30,345 25,475 4,865
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 2,425 1,760 665   25,785 18,310 7,480
Table: Industry characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Industry characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Industry characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over with an Aboriginal identity 58 47,015 24,495 22,525   497,280 253,825 243,455
Agriculture and other resource-based industries 3,000 2,385 615   39,705 32,005 7,700
Construction 3,205 2,935 270   43,880 39,175 4,705
Manufacturing 4,230 3,130 1,100   39,770 28,985 10,785
Wholesale trade 1,015 660 355   11,995 8,290 3,700
Retail trade 4,645 1,980 2,660   51,465 20,905 30,565
Finance and real estate 1,285 510 775   14,970 5,400 9,565
Health care and social services 6,460 1,375 5,085   58,160 10,080 48,075
Educational services 3,340 950 2,390   32,955 9,165 23,790
Business services 6,485 3,950 2,530   69,900 40,950 28,950
Other services 13,355 6,610 6,745   134,480 58,865 75,615
Table: Place of work status of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Place of work status of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Place of work status of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total employed labour force 15 years and over with an Aboriginal identity 59 41,525 21,110 20,410   442,395 222,350 220,045
Worked at home 1,925 955 975   22,995 10,500 12,490
Worked outside Canada 105 80 25   1,180 700 480
No fixed workplace address 5,735 4,380 1,355   65,295 50,105 15,190
Worked at usual place 33,755 15,700 18,060   352,925 161,045 191,880
Worked in census subdivision (municipality) of residence 19,945 8,725 11,225   235,720 102,030 133,685
Worked in a different census subdivision (municipality) within the census division (county) of residence 6,500 2,955 3,545   78,545 37,540 41,005
Worked in a different census division (county) 5,680 3,210 2,470   33,475 18,435 15,035
Worked in a different province 1,630 805 820   5,190 3,030 2,155
Table: Mode of transportation to work of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Mode of transportation to work of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Mode of transportation to work of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total employed labour force 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address with an Aboriginal identity 60 39,495 20,075 19,420   418,225 211,150 207,070
Car, truck, van, as driver 24,225 13,495 10,730   264,600 138,565 126,030
Car, truck, van, as passenger 3,570 1,465 2,110   49,360 25,035 24,325
Public transit 2,925 1,195 1,730   31,845 13,025 18,820
Walked or bicycled 6,895 2,855 4,045   58,870 26,345 32,525
All other modes 1,875 1,075 800   13,550 8,175 5,365
Table: Earnings in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Earnings in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Earnings in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over with earnings (counts) 61 52,430 26,985 25,450   538,290 270,415 267,875
Median earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over ($) 62 18,560 21,418 16,019   18,962 22,386 16,079
Average earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over ($) 24,776 27,858 21,510   25,961 30,110 21,773
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over with earnings who worked full year, full time (counts) 63 21,625 11,385 10,235   227,810 120,430 107,385
Median earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($) 62 33,545 36,923 30,316   34,940 39,501 30,938
Average earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($) 62 38,444 41,926 34,570   39,942 44,605 34,712
Table: Income in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population
Figure showing: Income in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population Figure
Income in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over with income (counts) 64 75,205 37,080 38,125   760,910 364,155 396,760
Median income - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over ($) 65 18,008 20,185 16,843   16,752 18,714 15,654
Composition of total income (100%) 66 100 100 100   100 100 100
Earnings - As a % of total income 71.4 76.5 65.5   76.9 82.4 70.3
Government transfers - As a % of total income 22.0 16.4 28.6   18.1 12.5 24.8
Other money - As a % of total income 6.6 7.1 5.9   5.0 5.1 4.9
Table: Households characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population

Households characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Quebec   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total private Aboriginal households 67 50,455   506,235
Median income in 2005 - All private households ($) 68 41,843   43,261

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2007. Quebec (Code24) (table). Aboriginal Population Profile. 2006 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-594-XWE. Ottawa. Released January 15, 2008.
http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-594/index.cfm?Lang=E
(accessed December 8, 2016).