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The Aboriginal Population Profile is the presentation of various 2006 data for the Aboriginal identity population in Canadian communities. Data are available for areas where the Aboriginal identity population count is 250 or more. The Aboriginal identity population comprises those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
There are different ways to define the Aboriginal population in Canada. The 2006 Census also provides information on persons who reported at least one Aboriginal group to the ethnic origin question. Depending on the application, data on either identity or ethnic origin/ancestry may be appropriate for defining the Aboriginal population.