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Census tract profile for 0004.01 (CT), Halifax (CMA) and Nova Scotia

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Census tract profile for 0004.01 (CT), Halifax (CMA) and Nova Scotia
All data
Population and dwelling counts 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Population in 20061 3,259 372,858 913,462
Population in 20011 3,253 359,183 908,007
2001 to 2006 population change (%) 0.2 3.8 0.6
Total private dwellings2 2,437 166,757 425,681
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 2,031 155,138 376,829
Population density per square kilometre 6,774.1 67.8 17.3
Land area (square km) 0.48 5,495.62 52,917.46
Age characteristics 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population4 3,260 372,855 913,460
0 to 4 years 50 18,210 42,040
5 to 9 years 30 19,655 48,145
10 to 14 years 30 22,345 56,245
15 to 19 years 100 24,360 61,440
20 to 24 years 870 28,130 56,775
25 to 29 years 775 26,020 50,595
30 to 34 years 370 25,850 54,635
35 to 39 years 200 27,410 60,935
40 to 44 years 155 32,760 75,720
45 to 49 years 130 31,575 77,205
50 to 54 years 140 28,240 71,705
55 to 59 years 120 25,085 67,880
60 to 64 years 85 18,255 51,920
65 to 69 years 50 13,225 40,155
70 to 74 years 55 11,025 33,140
75 to 79 years 30 8,565 26,435
80 to 84 years 15 6,475 19,870
85 years and over 55 5,675 18,610
Median age of the population5 28.2 39.0 41.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 96.6 83.9 84.0
Common-law status characteristics 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over6 3,150 312,650 767,025
Not in a common-law relationship 2,650 283,075 698,675
In a common-law relationship 495 29,575 68,350
Legal marital status characteristics 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over7 3,150 312,655 767,030
Never legally married (single)8 2,330 112,575 246,770
Legally married (and not separated)9 505 147,805 379,600
Separated, but still legally married10 55 10,745 27,460
Divorced11 180 24,165 58,385
Widowed12 80 17,365 54,805
Occupied private dwelling characteristics 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total private dwellings occupied by usual residents13 2,030 155,125 376,845
Single-detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 0.5 51.6 67.3
Semi-detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 0.0 6.9 5.0
Row houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 1.2 3.5 2.1
Apartments, duplex - as a % of total occupied private dwellings14 1.7 4.0 3.1
Apartments in buildings with fewer than five storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings14 48.0 22.1 14.5
Apartments in buildings with five or more storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 48.3 9.6 4.0
Other dwellings - as a % of total occupied private dwellings15 0.0 2.4 3.9
Number of owned dwellings16 120 99,245 271,155
Number of rented dwellings17 1,910 55,850 103,870
Number of dwellings constructed before 1986 1,560 101,445 270,960
Number of dwellings constructed between 1986 and 200618 470 53,680 105,885
Dwellings requiring major repair - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 6.7 6.8 9.5
Average number of rooms per dwelling19 3.5 6.6 6.7
Dwellings with more than one person per room - as a % of total occupied private dwellings19 1.5 0.5 0.4
Average value of owned dwelling ($)20 235,254 212,942 158,000
Selected family characteristics 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total number of census families21 515 105,200 267,415
Number of married-couple families22 240 72,880 187,425
Number of common-law-couple families23 250 14,950 34,700
Number of lone-parent families 20 17,370 45,290
Number of female lone-parent families 20 14,470 37,280
Number of male lone-parent families 0 2,900 8,010
Average number of persons in all census families 2.2 2.8 2.8
Average number of persons in married-couple families22 2.4 3.0 2.9
Average number of persons in common-law-couple families23 2.0 2.5 2.7
Average number of persons in lone-parent families 2.0 2.5 2.5
Average number of persons in female lone-parent families 2.2 2.5 2.5
Average number of persons in male lone-parent families 0.0 2.3 2.3
Median income in 2005 - All census families ($)24 34,195 66,867 55,412
Median income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)22 36,179 77,352 63,843
Median income in 2005 - Common-law-couple families ($)23 33,979 58,269 50,617
Median income in 2005 - Lone-parent families ($) 4,406 33,710 29,917
Median income in 2005 - Female lone-parent families ($) 4,406 32,094 28,330
Median income in 2005 - Male lone-parent families ($) 0 42,843 39,709
Median after-tax income in 2005 - All census families ($)24 33,043 56,037 47,850
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)22 33,619 63,872 54,078
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Common-law-couple families ($) 30,852 50,377 44,038
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Lone-parent families ($) 4,406 31,203 28,555
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Female lone-parent families ($) 4,406 30,273 27,344
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Male lone-parent families ($) 0 37,698 35,246
Selected household characteristics 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total private households25 2,030 155,125 376,845
Households containing a couple (married or common-law) with children26 70 40,240 96,260
Households containing a couple (married or common-law) without children27 430 45,185 120,105
One-person households 1,155 43,025 99,945
Other household types28 380 26,675 60,530
Average household size 1.6 2.4 2.4
Median income in 2005 - All private households ($)29 29,012 54,108 46,605
Median income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)26 49,434 86,810 73,048
Median income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)27 34,249 66,596 54,959
Median income in 2005 - One-person households ($) 23,526 27,877 22,395
Median income in 2005 - Other household types ($)28 31,358 43,029 37,588
Median after-tax income in 2005 - All private households ($)29 25,965 45,893 40,591
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)26 42,522 71,088 61,331
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)27 33,176 55,765 47,312
Median after-tax income in 2005 - One-person households ($) 21,641 24,547 20,414
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Other household types ($)28 30,055 39,040 34,781
Median monthly payments for rented dwellings ($)30 780 712 641
Median monthly payments for owner-occupied dwellings ($)31 903 923 625
Mother tongue 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population32 3,205 369,455 903,090
English only 2,500 337,715 832,105
French only 95 10,085 32,540
English and French 25 1,015 2,100
Other language(s)33 585 20,645 36,345
Knowledge of official languages 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population34 3,205 369,455 903,090
English only 2,520 323,360 805,690
French only 0 410 1,000
English and French 670 44,875 95,010
Neither English nor French 15 815 1,385
Language spoken most often at home 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population35 3,205 369,455 903,090
English 2,830 354,325 866,685
French 55 3,700 17,165
Non-official language 250 9,340 15,700
English and French 10 620 1,310
English and non-official language 50 1,375 2,125
French and non-official language 0 70 85
English, French and non-official language 0 20 25
Immigrant status and period of immigration 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population36 3,205 369,455 903,090
Non-immigrants37 2,550 339,835 854,495
Immigrants38 345 27,410 45,195
Before 1991 130 16,590 30,305
1991 to 2000 115 5,760 7,985
2001 to 200639 90 5,060 6,900
Non-permanent residents40 310 2,205 3,405
Citizenship 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population41 3,205 369,455 903,090
Canadian citizens 2,765 360,355 887,995
Canadian citizens under age 18 75 73,625 182,285
Canadian citizens age 18 and over 2,695 286,730 705,710
Not Canadian citizens42 440 9,100 15,095
Generation status 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over43 3,095 309,265 756,595
1st generation44 610 28,855 47,850
2nd generation45 350 27,865 55,160
3rd generation or more46 2,140 252,540 653,585
Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population 1 year and over47 3,195 365,625 894,570
Lived at the same address 1 year ago 1,755 310,795 785,165
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed addresses within the same census subdivision (municipality) 895 39,580 69,425
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed addresses from another census subdivision (municipality) within the same province or territory 140 4,720 20,800
Lived in a different province or territory 1 year ago 260 8,005 15,190
Lived in a different country 1 year ago 135 2,525 3,990
Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population 5 years and over48 3,175 351,015 860,670
Lived at the same address 5 years ago 705 207,360 575,240
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed addresses within the same census subdivision (municipality) 1,040 95,925 170,625
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed addresses from another census subdivision (municipality) within the same province or territory 310 13,330 54,945
Lived in a different province or territory 5 years ago 740 26,435 48,035
Lived in a different country 5 years ago 375 7,965 11,820
Aboriginal population 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population49 3,205 369,455 903,090
Aboriginal identity population50 40 5,320 24,175
Non-Aboriginal identity population 3,165 364,135 878,915
Educational attainment 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over51 3,095 309,270 756,595
No certificate, diploma or degree 170 60,305 202,775
High school certificate or equivalent52 750 72,535 172,800
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 130 30,905 90,420
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma53 385 57,505 135,975
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 125 13,900 30,650
University certificate, diploma or degree 1,530 74,110 123,980
Total population aged 15 to 2454 995 52,405 117,770
No certificate, diploma or degree 0 19,410 51,165
High school certificate or equivalent55 480 20,160 41,635
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 25 1,490 3,900
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma56 90 3,865 8,675
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 55 1,310 2,375
University certificate, diploma or degree 330 6,165 10,015
Total population aged 25 to 3457 1,120 51,595 104,750
No certificate, diploma or degree 30 3,945 12,060
High school certificate or equivalent58 120 10,275 23,190
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 30 3,870 10,190
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma59 140 11,960 26,505
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 35 2,150 4,030
University certificate, diploma or degree 760 19,395 28,775
Total population aged 35 to 6460 830 162,605 402,995
No certificate, diploma or degree 75 22,500 82,220
High school certificate or equivalent61 130 32,935 82,865
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 55 20,530 60,525
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma62 130 35,165 85,005
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 25 8,550 18,420
University certificate, diploma or degree 410 42,925 73,955
Major field of study 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over63 3,095 309,270 756,595
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 920 132,840 375,570
Education 60 11,935 31,460
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 135 5,290 8,725
Humanities 245 10,125 18,195
Social and behavioural sciences and law 410 17,485 30,195
Business, management and public administration 345 42,580 86,670
Physical and life sciences and technologies 155 8,145 12,660
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 180 8,650 14,975
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 295 35,335 88,860
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 40 1,915 6,855
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 250 24,295 54,675
Personal, protective and transportation services 55 10,660 27,730
Other64 0 0 15
Location of study 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over65 3,095 309,270 756,595
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 920 132,840 375,570
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 2,175 176,425 381,025
Inside Canada 1,905 163,330 359,365
Outside Canada 270 13,095 21,660
Labour force activity 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over66 3,095 309,270 756,595
In the labour force67 2,395 212,935 476,125
Employed68 2,215 199,555 432,595
Unemployed69 180 13,385 43,530
Not in the labour force70 700 96,330 280,470
Participation rate71 77.4 68.9 62.9
Employment rate72 71.6 64.5 57.2
Unemployment rate73 7.5 6.3 9.1
Occupation 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over74 2,365 210,135 468,590
A Management occupations75 165 22,820 41,700
B Business, finance and administration occupations 435 41,905 79,440
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 205 14,730 25,025
D Health occupations 170 14,665 31,120
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 345 19,845 39,350
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 190 7,595 12,740
G Sales and service occupations 715 56,315 122,870
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 85 24,855 69,965
I Occupations unique to primary industry 15 2,980 24,490
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 30 4,420 21,890
Industry 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over76 2,360 210,135 468,590
Agriculture and other resource-based industries 15 3,480 27,400
Construction 55 11,590 29,965
Manufacturing 40 11,015 41,710
Wholesale trade 30 8,630 16,440
Retail trade 195 25,050 58,565
Finance and real estate 130 13,540 21,355
Health care and social services 185 24,485 54,695
Educational services 330 16,355 34,690
Business services 580 43,490 80,930
Other services 795 52,500 102,840
Unpaid work 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid work77 2,860 283,900 689,655
Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid housework78 2,845 280,810 681,725
Population 15 years and over reporting hours looking after children without pay79 290 106,875 262,230
Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors80 155 46,850 134,205
Language used most often at work 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over who worked since 200581 2,560 229,320 515,655
English 2,495 226,325 504,425
French 20 1,555 6,995
Non-official language 25 365 1,475
English and French 25 795 2,190
English and non-official language 0 245 505
French and non-official language 0 15 30
English, French and non-official language 0 10 30
Place of work status 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total employed labour force 15 years and over82 2,215 199,550 432,595
Worked at home 130 12,130 27,820
Worked outside Canada 10 1,000 1,815
No fixed workplace address 205 19,440 48,725
Worked at usual place 1,870 166,980 354,235
Worked in census subdivision (municipality) of residence 1,830 162,645 256,450
Worked in a different census subdivision (municipality) within the census division (county) of residence 0 60 63,545
Worked in a different census division (county) 20 2,565 29,470
Worked in a different province 15 1,710 4,765
Mode of transportation to work 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total employed labour force 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address83 2,075 186,425 402,960
Car, truck, van, as driver 420 121,400 293,225
Car, truck, van, as passenger 70 19,830 43,705
Public transit 240 22,115 23,965
Walked or bicycled 1,325 20,670 35,645
All other modes 25 2,410 6,415
Visible minority population characteristics 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Total population84 3,205 369,455 903,090
Total visible minority population85 530 27,645 37,685
Chinese 160 3,105 4,305
South Asian86 70 2,895 3,810
Black 70 13,270 19,230
Filipino 0 530 700
Latin American 40 690 955
Southeast Asian87 10 655 815
Arab 65 3,840 4,505
West Asian88 10 670 775
Korean 65 620 795
Japanese 25 410 500
Visible minority, n.i.e.89 0 180 260
Multiple visible minority90 0 780 1,035
Not a visible minority91 2,675 341,810 865,405
Earnings in 2005 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Persons 15 years and over with earnings (counts)92 2,425 224,805 508,305
Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over ($)93 17,524 27,219 22,608
Persons 15 years and over with earnings who worked full year, full time (counts)94 1,060 125,110 255,050
Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($)93 30,761 40,247 36,917
Income in 2005 0004.01 Data quality note(s) for CT 0004.01
(CT)
Halifax Data quality note(s) for Halifax
(CMA)
Nova Scotia Data quality note(s) for Nova Scotia
(PR)
Persons 15 years and over with income (counts)95 2,965 294,810 718,340
Median income - Persons 15 years and over ($)96 18,208 27,193 22,815
Median income after tax - Persons 15 years and over ($)96 17,442 24,212 20,778
Composition of total income (100%)97 100 100 100
Earnings - As a % of total income 83.2 75.6 70.2
Government transfers - As a % of total income 7.9 9.8 15.1
Other money - As a % of total income 9.0 14.6 14.6
Income status of all persons in private households (counts)98 3,180 367,660 891,010
% in low income before tax - All persons 39.6 14.3 13.8
% in low income after tax - All persons 32.9 10.8 9.6
% in low income before tax - Persons less than 18 years of age 54.5 15.7 16.6
% in low income after tax - Persons less than 18 years of age 54.5 11.9 11.5

Notes:

1. 2006 and 2001 population based on 100% data

Statistics Canada is taking additional measures to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. Starting with the 2001 Census, some population counts are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

2. Total private dwellings

For the 2006 Census, a private dwelling is defined as: A set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.
Private dwellings

3. Private dwellings occupied by usual residents

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents

4. Age - 100% data

Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 16, 2006). This variable is derived from date of birth.

5. Median age

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

6. Common-law status - 100% data

Refers to persons who live together as a couple but who are not legally married to each other. These persons can be of the opposite sex or of the same sex.

7. Legal marital status - 100% data

Refers to the legal conjugal status of a person.

8. Never legally married (single)

Persons who have never married (including all persons less than 15 years of age) and persons whose marriage has been annulled and who have not remarried.

9. Legally married (and not separated)

Persons whose spouse is living, unless the couple is separated or a divorce has been obtained. In 2006, legally married same-sex couples are included in this category.

10. Separated, but still legally married

Persons currently married, but who are no longer living with their spouse (for any reason other than illness or work) and have not obtained a divorce.

11. Divorced

Persons who have obtained a legal divorce and who have not remarried.

12. Widowed

Persons who have lost their spouse through death and who have not remarried.

13. Occupied private dwellings - 20 % sample data

'Occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling in which a person or a group of persons are permanently residing. Also included are private dwellings whose usual residents are temporarily absent on Census Day.

14. Apartments, duplex - as a % of total occupied private dwellings

In 2006, improvements to the enumeration process and changes in structural type classification affect the historical comparability of the 'structural type of dwelling' variable. In 2006, 'apartment or flat in a duplex' replaces 'apartment or flat in a detached duplex' and includes duplexes attached to other dwellings or buildings. This is a change from the 2001 Census where duplexes attached to other dwellings or buildings were classified as an 'apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys'.

15. Other dwellings - as a % of total occupied private dwellings

'Other occupied private dwellings' includes other single attached houses and movable dwellings such as mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

16. Number of owned dwellings

'Owned occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling which is owned or being purchased by some member of the household. A dwelling is classified as 'owned' even if it is not fully paid for, such as one which has a mortgage or some other claim on it.

17. Number of rented dwellings

'Rented occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling, even if it is provided without cash rent or at a reduced rent, or if the dwelling is part of a cooperative.

18. Number of dwellings constructed between 1986 and 2006

Includes data up to May 16, 2006.

19. Average number of rooms per dwelling

A 'room' is an enclosed area within a dwelling which is finished and suitable for year-round living (e.g., kitchen, dining-room, or bedroom). Not counted as rooms are bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes.

20. Average value of owned dwelling ($)

'Owned occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling which is owned or being purchased by some member of the household. A dwelling is classified as 'owned' even if it is not fully paid for, such as one which has a mortgage or some other claim on it.

'Value of dwelling' refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

21. Family characteristics - 20% sample data

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without children of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. 'Children' in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

22. Number of married-couple families

In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.

23. Number of common-law-couple families

Since 2001, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex common-law couples.

22. Average number of persons in married-couple families

In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.

23. Average number of persons in common-law-couple families

Since 2001, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex common-law couples.

24. Median income in 2005 - All census families ($)

Census family total income - The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

  • wages and salaries (total)
  • net farm income
  • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
  • child benefits
  • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
  • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
  • benefits from Employment Insurance
  • other income from government sources
  • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
  • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
  • other money income.

After-tax income of census families - The after-tax income of a census family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members and persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of census families - The median income of a specified group of census families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of census families.

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without children of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. 'Children' in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

22. Median income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)

In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.

23. Median income in 2005 - Common-law-couple families ($)

Since 2001, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex common-law couples.

24. Median after-tax income in 2005 - All census families ($)

Census family total income - The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

  • wages and salaries (total)
  • net farm income
  • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
  • child benefits
  • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
  • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
  • benefits from Employment Insurance
  • other income from government sources
  • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
  • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
  • other money income.

After-tax income of census families - The after-tax income of a census family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members and persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of census families - The median income of a specified group of census families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of census families.

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without children of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. 'Children' in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

22. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)

In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.

25. Household characteristics - 20% sample data

Private household refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. It may consist of a family group (census family) with or without other persons, of two or more families sharing a dwelling, of a group of unrelated persons, or of one person living alone. Household members who are temporarily absent on Census Day (e.g., temporary residents elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. For census purposes, every person is a member of one and only one household. Unless otherwise specified, all data in household reports are for private households only.

26. Households containing a couple (married or common-law) with children

Refers to one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with at least one child under 25 years of age.

27. Households containing a couple (married or common-law) without children

Includes one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with all children 25 years of age and over.

28. Other household types

Includes multiple-family households, lone-parent family households and non-family households other than one-person households.

29. Median income in 2005 - All private households ($)

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household.

Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

  • wages and salaries (total)
  • net farm income
  • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
  • child benefits
  • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
  • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
  • benefits from Employment Insurance
  • other income from government sources
  • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
  • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
  • other money income.

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of median after-tax income of households.

Private household refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. It may consist of a family group (census family) with or without other persons, of two or more families sharing a dwelling, of a group of unrelated persons, or of one person living alone. Household members who are temporarily absent on Census Day (e.g., temporary residents elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. For census purposes, every person is a member of one and only one household. Unless otherwise specified, all data in household reports are for private households only.

26. Median income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)

Refers to one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with at least one child under 25 years of age.

27. Median income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)

Includes one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with all children 25 years of age and over.

28. Median income in 2005 - Other household types ($)

Includes multiple-family households, lone-parent family households and non-family households other than one-person households.

29. Median after-tax income in 2005 - All private households ($)

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household.

Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

  • wages and salaries (total)
  • net farm income
  • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
  • child benefits
  • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
  • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
  • benefits from Employment Insurance
  • other income from government sources
  • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
  • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
  • other money income.

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of median after-tax income of households.

Private household refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. It may consist of a family group (census family) with or without other persons, of two or more families sharing a dwelling, of a group of unrelated persons, or of one person living alone. Household members who are temporarily absent on Census Day (e.g., temporary residents elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. For census purposes, every person is a member of one and only one household. Unless otherwise specified, all data in household reports are for private households only.

26. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)

Refers to one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with at least one child under 25 years of age.

27. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)

Includes one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with all children 25 years of age and over.

28. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Other household types ($)

Includes multiple-family households, lone-parent family households and non-family households other than one-person households.

30. Median monthly payments for rented dwellings ($)

Includes the monthly rent and costs of electricity, heat and municipal services paid by tenant households.

31. Median monthly payments for owner-occupied dwellings ($)

Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings.

32. Mother tongue - 20% sample data

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.

33. Other language(s)

Includes responses indicating single responses of a non-official language and multiple responses. Multiple responses include cases where one non-official language is in combination either with English or French or with both official languages.

34. Knowledge of official languages - 20% sample data

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither of the official languages of Canada.

Data on knowledge of official languages

According to studies on data certification, the 2006 Census statistics on knowledge of official languages could underestimate the category 'English and French' and overestimate the category 'French only,' particularly for the francophone population, but also for the whole population in general. More information on the subject will be available in the Languages Reference Guide, to be published in 2008.

35. Language spoken most often at home - 20% sample data

Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census. Other languages spoken at home on a regular basis were also collected.

36. Immigrant status and period of immigration - 20% sample data

Note: Suppression of citizenship and immigration data on Indian reserves and settlements

Persons living on Indian reserves and Indian settlements who were enumerated with the 2006 Census Form 2D questionnaire were not asked the questions on citizenship (Question 10), landed immigrant status (Question 11) and year of immigration (Question 12). Consequently, citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros for Indian reserves and Indian settlements at census subdivision and lower levels of geography where the majority of the population was enumerated with the 2D Form. These data are, however, included in the totals for larger geographic areas, such as census divisions and provinces.

For more information on the census data quality and confidentiality standards and guidelines relating to Indian reserves, please refer to http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/ref/notes/dq-qd/reserves-eng.cfm.

For a complete list of Indian reserves and Indian settlements for which citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros, please refer to http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/ref/notes/sup_2D-eng.cfm.

37. Non-immigrants

Non-immigrants are persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.

38. Immigrants

Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are more recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

39. 2001 to 2006

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

40. Non-permanent residents

Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.

41. Citizenship - 20% sample data

Refers to the legal citizenship status of the respondent. Persons who are citizens of more than one country were instructed to provide the name of the other country(ies).

Note: Suppression of citizenship and immigration data on Indian reserves and settlements

Persons living on Indian reserves and Indian settlements who were enumerated with the 2006 Census Form 2D questionnaire were not asked the questions on citizenship (Question 10), landed immigrant status (Question 11) and year of immigration (Question 12). Consequently, citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros for Indian reserves and Indian settlements at census subdivision and lower levels of geography where the majority of the population was enumerated with the 2D Form. These data are, however, included in the totals for larger geographic areas, such as census divisions and provinces.

For more information on the census data quality and confidentiality standards and guidelines relating to Indian reserves, please refer to http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/ref/notes/dq-qd/reserves-eng.cfm.

For a complete list of Indian reserves and Indian settlements for which citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros, please refer to http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/ref/notes/sup_2D-eng.cfm.

42. Not Canadian citizens

Includes persons who are stateless. Prior to the 2006 Census, this category was called 'Citizens of other country(ies).' The content of the category remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.

43. Generation status - 20% sample data

Refers to the generational status of a person, that is, 1st generation, 2nd generation or 3rd generation or more.

44. 1st generation

Persons born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. Also included in the first generation are a small number of people born outside Canada to parents who are Canadian citizens by birth. In addition, the first generation includes people who are non-permanent residents (defined as people from another country living in Canada on Work or Study Permits or as refugee claimants, and any family members living with them in Canada).

45. 2nd generation

Persons born inside Canada with at least one parent born outside Canada. This includes (a) persons born in Canada with both parents born outside Canada and (b) persons born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and one parent born outside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).

46. 3rd generation or more

Persons born inside Canada with both parents born inside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).

47. Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago - 20% sample data

Information indicating whether the person lived in the same residence on Census Day (May 16, 2006), as he or she did one year before (May 16, 2005).

Estimates of internal migration may be less accurate for small geographic areas, areas with a place name that is duplicated elsewhere, and for some census subdivisions (CSDs) where residents may have provided the name of the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration instead of the specific name of the component CSD from which they migrated.

To improve the accuracy of the 2006 Census data, postal codes are used to pinpoint the exact CSD of the previous residence.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

48. Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago - 20% sample data

Information indicating whether the person lived in the same residence on Census Day (May 16, 2006), as he or she did five years before (May 16, 2001).

Estimates of internal migration may be less accurate for small geographic areas, areas with a place name that is duplicated elsewhere, and for some census subdivisions (CSDs) where residents may have provided the name of the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration instead of the specific name of the component CSD from which they migrated.

To improve the accuracy of the 2006 Census data, postal codes are used to pinpoint the exact CSD of the previous residence.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

49. Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population - 20% sample data

This is a grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, based on their responses to three questions on the 2006 Census form.

50. Aboriginal identity population

Included in the Aboriginal identity population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.

51. Educational attainment - 20% sample data

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

52. High school certificate or equivalent

'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

53. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

54. Educational attainment - 20% sample data

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

55. High school certificate or equivalent

'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

56. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

57. Educational attainment - 20% sample data

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

58. High school certificate or equivalent

'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

59. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

60. Educational attainment - 20% sample data

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

61. High school certificate or equivalent

'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

62. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

63. Major field of study - 20% sample data

'Field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level.

64. Other

Includes multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies (other).

65. Location of study - 20% sample data

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

66. Labour force activity - 20% sample data

Labour force activity - Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years and over in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

67. In the labour force

Labour force - Refers to persons who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006). In past censuses, this was called 'total labour force.'

68. Employed

Employed - Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006):

(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment or without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice;

(b) were absent from their job or business, with or without pay, for the entire week because of vacation, an illness, a labour dispute at their place of work, or any other reasons.

69. Unemployed

Unemployed - Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were without paid work or without self-employment work and were available for work and either:

(a) had actively looked for paid work in the past four weeks;

(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job;

(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

70. Not in the labour force

Not in the labour force - Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers in an 'off' season who were not looking for work, and persons who could not work because of a long-term illness or disability.

71. Participation rate

Participation rate - Refers to the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years and over excluding institutional residents.

72. Employment rate

Employment rate - Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years and over excluding institutional residents.

73. Unemployment rate

Unemployment rate - Refers to the unemployed expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

74. Occupation - 20% sample data

Occupation - National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006. Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

Experienced labour force

Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2005 or 2006.

75. A - Management occupations

Broad occupational category A - Management occupations

Census data for occupation groups in Broad occupational category A - Management occupations should be used with caution. Some coding errors were made in assigning the appropriate level of management, e.g., senior manager as opposed to middle manager, and in determining the appropriate area of specialization or activity, e.g., a manager of a health care program in a hospital as opposed to a government manager in health policy administration. Some non-management occupations have also been miscoded to management due to confusion over titles such as program manager and project manager. Data users may wish to use data for management occupations in conjunction with other variables such as Income, Age and Education.

76. Industry - 20% sample data

Industry - North American Industry Classification System 2002. Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

Experienced labour force

Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2005 or 2006.

77. Unpaid work - 20% sample data

Persons reporting hours of unpaid work.

Includes all persons reporting hours of unpaid housework; hours looking after children, without pay; or hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors.

78. Persons reporting hours of unpaid housework

Refers to the number of persons reporting hours of unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006). Unpaid housework includes work for one's own household, for other family members outside the household, and for friends or neighbours.

79. Persons reporting hours looking after children, without pay

Refers to the number of persons reporting hours spent looking after children without pay. It includes hours spent providing unpaid child care for members of one's own household, for other family members outside the household, for friends or neighbours in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

80. Persons reporting hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors

Refers to the number of persons reporting hours spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors of one's own household, to other senior family members outside the household, and to friends or neighbours in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

81. Language used most often at work - 20% sample data

Refers to the language used most often at work by the individual at the time of the census. Other languages used at work on a regular basis were also collected.

82. Place of work status - 20% sample data

Employed labour force 15 years and over who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006):

(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment or without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice

(b) were absent from their job or business, with or without pay, for the entire week because of a vacation, an illness, a labour dispute at their place of work, or any other reasons.

83. Mode of transportation to work - 20% sample data

Refers to the mode of transportation to work of non-institutional residents 15 years of age and over who worked at some time since January 1, 2005. Persons who indicate in the place of work question that they either had no fixed workplace address, or specified a usual workplace address, are asked to identify the mode of transportation they usually use to commute from home to work. The variable usually relates to the individual's job in the week prior to enumeration. However, if the person did not work during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 2005, the information relates to the job held longest during that period.

84. Visible minority population - 20% sample data

85. Total visible minority population

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

86. South Asian

For example, East Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, etc.

87. Southeast Asian

For example, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Malaysian, Laotian, etc.

88. West Asian

For example, Iranian, Afghan, etc.

89. Visible minority, n.i.e.

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Kurd,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

90. Multiple visible minority

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

91. Not a visible minority

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

92. Persons 15 years and over with earnings (counts)

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years and over during calendar year 2005 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2005 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2005 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2005, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the Net Income Stabilization Account (NISA). The value of income 'in kind', such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

Average and median incomes and standard errors for average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (census/economic families, persons not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings or any other source of income and after-tax income of individuals 15 years and over.

Includes persons who did not work in 2005 but reported earnings.

93. Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over ($)

For persons with earnings.

94. Persons 15 years and over with earnings who worked full year, full time (counts)

Worked 49 to 52 weeks in 2005, mostly full time and reported earnings.

93. Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($)

For persons with earnings.

95. Persons 15 years and over with income (counts)

Total income - Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years and over:

  • wages and salaries (total)
  • net farm income
  • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
  • child benefits
  • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
  • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
  • benefits from Employment Insurance
  • other income from government sources
  • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
  • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
  • other money income.

After-tax income refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excluded gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

Average and median incomes and standard errors for average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (census/economic families, persons not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.

96. Median income - Persons 15 years and over ($)

For persons with income.

97. Composition of total income (100%)

Composition of income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.

98. Income status of all persons in private households (counts)

Income status before or after tax - Refers to the position of an economic family or a person 15 years and over not in an economic family in relation to Statistics Canada's low income before-tax or after-tax cut-offs.

Since each family member shares the income status of that family, percentages in low income can be derived for all persons in private households. For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary.