2006 Census Topic-based tabulations
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Topic-based tabulation: Labour Force Activity (8), Presence of Children by Age Groups (11), Number of Children (5), Age Groups (9), Marital Status (7) and Sex (3) for the Population 15 Years and Over Living in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data
About this tabulation
|Release date:||March 4, 2008|
Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe
In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.
From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.
Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.
Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.
Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.
For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.
For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.
Note: Population universe
The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.
For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.
|Presence of children by age groups (11)||Labour force activity (8)|
|Total - Labour force activity||In the labour force||Employed||Unemployed||Not in the labour force||Participation rate||Employment rate||Unemployment rate|
|Total - Presence of children by age groups||25,511,870||17,077,855||15,958,195||1,119,655||8,434,020||66.9||62.6||6.6|
|Without children at home||15,973,955||9,489,615||8,752,730||736,880||6,484,335||59.4||54.8||7.8|
|With children at home||9,537,920||7,588,240||7,205,465||382,775||1,949,680||79.6||75.5||5.0|
|Children under 6 years only||1,639,280||1,335,280||1,241,160||94,115||303,995||81.5||75.7||7.0|
|With at least one child under 2 years||920,035||730,960||672,190||58,770||189,075||79.4||73.1||8.0|
|Children 2 to 5 years only||719,240||604,315||568,970||35,350||114,925||84.0||79.1||5.8|
|Children under 6 years as well as children 6 years and over||1,144,125||921,620||866,200||55,420||222,505||80.6||75.7||6.0|
|Children 6 years and over only||6,754,525||5,331,340||5,098,105||233,235||1,423,180||78.9||75.5||4.4|
|Youngest child 6 to 14 years||3,079,625||2,685,420||2,562,270||123,150||394,200||87.2||83.2||4.6|
|Youngest child 15 to 24 years||2,598,445||2,184,170||2,095,845||88,325||414,270||84.1||80.7||4.0|
|All children 25 years and over||1,076,455||461,750||439,985||21,760||614,705||42.9||40.9||4.7|
- Footnote 1
Part A - Plain language definition
A person's de facto conjugal status. Marital status data are derived from the responses to Question 4 (Marital status) and Question 5 (Common-law) in the census questionnaires. For example, a person who, in Question 4, reported being 'widowed' and in Question 5 reported living with another person as a couple, but not being married to that person, will be counted as married.
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the conjugal status of a person.
The various responses are defined as follows:
Married and common-law
Persons currently married whose spouse is living, unless the couple is separated or divorced, and persons living common-law.
Separated, but still legally married
Persons currently married, but who are no longer living with their spouse (for any reason other than illness or work) and have not obtained a divorce. Persons who are separated but who live with a common-law partner are not included in this category.
Persons who have obtained a legal divorce and who have not remarried. Persons who are divorced but who live with a common-law partner are not included in this category.
Persons who have lost their spouse through death and who have not remarried. Persons who are widowed but who live with a common-law partner are not included in this category.
Never legally married (single)
Persons who have never married (including all persons less than 15 years of age) and persons whose marriage has been annulled and who have not remarried. Persons who are single and live with a common-law partner are not included in this category.
- Footnote 2
Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-559-XCB2006016.
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