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2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Aboriginal Identity (8), Sex (3) and Age Groups (12) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

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Canada Warning
Aboriginal identity (8) Sex (3)
Total - Sex Male Female
Note(s) :
  1. Census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations crossing provincial boundaries
    There is one census metropolitan area (Ottawa - Gatineau) and three census agglomerations (Campbellton, Hawkesbury and Lloydminster) that cross provincial boundaries. The data for their respective provincial parts are included with the appropriate census metropolitan area or census agglomeration, with data for the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration within the province of the provincial part that contributes the majority of the population to the area. For example, Ottawa - Gatineau can be found in Ontario, Campbellton in New Brunswick, Hawkesbury in Ontario and Lloydminster in Alberta.
    This is a grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, with Aboriginal persons further divided into Aboriginal groups, based on their responses to three questions on the 2006 Census form.
    Included in the Aboriginal identity population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
    Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographic area under study. In 2006, a total of 22 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 22 communities are not included in the census counts.
    Includes those who identified themselves as Registered Indians and/or band members without identifying themselves as North American Indian, Métis or Inuit in the Aboriginal identity question.
Warning Data quality note(s)
  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
Total - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population 1 31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,760
Total Aboriginal identity population 2 1,172,790 572,090 600,695
North American Indian single response 3 698,025 338,050 359,975
Métis single response 389,785 193,500 196,280
Inuit single response 50,480 25,025 25,455
Multiple Aboriginal identity responses 7,740 3,690 4,050
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere 4 26,760 11,835 14,930
Non-Aboriginal identity population 30,068,240 14,754,175 15,314,065
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-558-XCB2006007 (Canada, Code01)