2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Language Spoken Most Often at Home (8), Other Language Spoken Regularly at Home (9) and Age Groups (17A) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :97-555-XCB2006028
Release date :December 4, 2007
Topic :Language
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Data quality - Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux)

When comparing the census results to those of the 2001 Census, it appears that there is some overestimation of persons reporting Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) in British Columbia and, as a result, also at the Canada level. Although it affects a relatively small population, it is best to apply caution when analysing the census data for Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) in these geographies.

For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.

Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details detailed mother tongue , language spoken most often at home , other language spoken regularly at home and age groups for the population in Toronto
Detailed mother tongue (103) Language spoken most often at home (8)
Total - Language spoken most often at home English French Non-official language English and French English and non-official language French and non-official language English, French and non-official language
Total - Detailed mother tongue 5,072,075 3,494,705 25,325 1,363,690 6,430 178,665 1,565 1,695
Single responses 4,965,405 3,443,805 24,350 1,345,095 4,525 145,500 1,230 900
English 2,746,480 2,692,120 1,260 36,920 1,425 14,615 60 80
French 58,590 34,265 20,495 1,190 2,250 130 175 75
Non-official languages 2,160,330 717,425 2,595 1,306,980 850 130,755 995 735
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chipewyan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree 115 80 0 20 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 25 15 0 15 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0
Gitksan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 0 10 0 0 0 0
Montagnais-Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slave (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 325 280 0 30 0 15 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slave 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 185,760 105,785 140 72,315 45 7,305 95 80
Portuguese 108,185 49,235 55 53,870 25 4,870 100 25
Romanian 23,320 7,235 55 14,555 10 1,415 15 20
Spanish 108,380 36,730 190 63,860 85 7,355 90 75
Danish 2,160 1,885 10 225 0 45 0 0
Dutch 11,290 10,375 10 725 10 175 0 0
Flemish 375 330 0 25 0 15 0 0
Frisian 195 180 0 15 0 0 0 0
German 40,420 33,840 45 5,265 55 1,205 0 10
Norwegian 430 410 10 15 0 0 0 0
Swedish 1,145 1,005 0 115 0 20 0 0
Yiddish 6,080 4,930 0 1,065 0 85 0 0
Bosnian 2,885 830 10 1,935 0 110 0 0
Bulgarian 6,465 1,610 0 4,545 0 295 10 0
Croatian 19,115 9,860 15 8,115 10 1,105 10 0
Czech 5,725 3,950 10 1,545 10 200 0 0
Macedonian 13,715 6,615 0 6,290 0 810 10 0
Polish 80,090 30,295 10 44,755 0 4,960 35 25
Russian 65,210 13,970 60 48,155 15 2,935 30 45
Serbian 19,965 5,565 15 13,165 0 1,205 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 2,760 1,060 10 1,590 0 100 0 0
Slovak 4,525 2,695 0 1,575 0 250 0 0
Slovenian 4,940 3,295 0 1,415 0 220 10 0
Ukrainian 27,300 12,370 0 13,970 10 935 20 0
Latvian 2,930 1,780 0 1,025 0 125 0 0
Lithuanian 3,560 2,015 0 1,480 0 60 0 0
Estonian 4,080 2,450 0 1,440 0 175 10 0
Finnish 3,690 2,890 10 695 0 85 0 10
Hungarian 20,190 11,785 40 7,345 10 1,000 0 0
Greek 46,305 23,605 25 19,935 45 2,705 0 0
Armenian 10,840 2,740 25 7,515 20 510 10 20
Turkish 10,075 3,045 10 6,430 0 575 0 15
Amharic 5,905 2,515 10 2,865 0 505 0 0
Arabic 56,155 21,085 355 29,455 200 4,825 105 130
Hebrew 9,860 5,665 10 3,700 0 475 0 0
Maltese 4,275 3,255 0 800 0 210 15 0
Somali 12,770 3,985 50 7,815 10 880 0 30
Tigrigna 3,475 1,240 0 1,850 0 385 0 0
Bengali 25,060 5,665 10 17,425 0 1,920 15 15
Gujarati 54,160 13,975 25 35,530 0 4,590 10 25
Hindi 33,545 12,650 0 17,725 15 3,145 0 10
Kurdish 1,480 360 0 1,010 0 110 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 132,745 21,140 60 101,865 40 9,595 15 20
Pashto 4,320 605 0 3,380 10 330 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 63,975 14,150 80 45,510 10 4,145 25 50
Sindhi 5,540 2,220 0 2,725 0 595 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5,790 2,765 0 2,605 0 415 0 0
Urdu 98,575 20,770 10 65,495 10 12,280 15 10
Malayalam 6,555 2,835 0 3,275 0 440 0 0
Tamil 93,590 15,910 20 70,940 20 6,645 40 15
Telugu 4,015 1,060 0 2,425 0 530 0 0
Japanese 8,685 4,355 0 4,120 0 200 0 0
Korean 47,750 9,435 15 36,825 0 1,465 10 10
Cantonese 166,655 31,035 45 129,555 15 5,965 20 15
Chinese, n.o.s.Footnote 1 172,040 31,270 30 134,375 10 6,310 25 20
Mandarin 62,850 9,125 15 51,920 0 1,765 15 0
Taiwanese 2,185 480 0 1,595 0 110 0 0
Lao 2,500 1,050 0 1,165 0 290 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,065 750 10 2,015 0 280 0 0
Vietnamese 45,325 8,515 65 34,365 15 2,300 35 25
Bisayan languages 4,425 1,340 0 2,710 0 370 0 0
Ilocano 5,445 1,400 0 3,230 0 820 0 0
Malay 3,745 1,970 0 1,575 0 200 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 100,420 42,180 10 45,865 10 12,320 35 0
Akan (Twi) 9,450 3,890 10 4,900 0 650 0 0
Swahili 2,800 1,200 30 1,265 15 255 25 10
Creoles 3,355 1,380 485 1,230 15 180 45 15
Other languagesFootnote 2 55,175 21,395 465 28,800 65 4,335 105 10
Multiple responses 106,665 50,900 975 18,590 1,905 33,160 335 800
English and French 7,955 5,485 470 225 1,480 115 40 140
English and non-official language 92,665 42,865 60 17,180 115 32,325 10 110
French and non-official language 3,865 1,705 380 850 130 270 265 265
English, French and non-official language 2,180 845 65 340 180 445 20 285

Footnotes

Footnote 1

The 2006 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' includes responses of 'Chinese' as well as all Chinese languages other than Cantonese, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Chaochow (Teochow), Fukien, Hakka and Shanghainese. Data for the 'Chinese, n.o.s.' category in 2001 and 2006 are not directly comparable. The 2001 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' is equivalent to the sum of the 2006 categories 'Chinese, n.o.s.' and 'Chaochow (Teochow),' 'Fukien,' 'Shanghainese' and Taiwanese.'

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix G in the 2006 Census Dictionary.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-555-XCB2006028.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

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Footnote b

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Footnote d

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