2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :97-562-XCB2006006
Release date :April 2, 2008
Topic :Ethnic origin and visible minorities
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Ethnic origin

In 2006, the Ethnic origin question asked: 'What were the ethnic or cultural origins of this person's ancestors?' Respondents were asked to specify as many origins as applicable. Four write-in spaces were provided and up to six ethnic origins were retained.

Since 1981, when respondents were first permitted to report more than one ethnic origin in the census, a distinction has been made between single and multiple ethnic origin responses. A 'single' response is given when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only. A 'multiple' response is given when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins. A 'total response' indicates the sum of single and multiple responses for each specific group.

It must be noted that the measurement of ethnicity is affected by changes in the social environment in which the question is asked, and changes in the respondent's understanding or views about the topic. Awareness of family background or length of time since immigration can affect responses to the ethnic origin question. Some respondents may confuse or combine the concept of ethnic origin with other concepts such as citizenship, nationality, language or cultural identity.

As well, some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the census, while others may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for two or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.'

For additional information on issues related to the collection and dissemination of ethnic origin data, and on the comparability of ethnic origin data over time, refer to the Ethnic Origin Reference Guide, 2006 Census, Catalogue number 97-562-GWE2006025.

Note: Institutional residents

People in seniors' residences in the 2006 Census are classified as 'not living in an institution'. This is a change from the 2001 Census where they were classified as institutional residents, specifically, 'living in an institution, resident under care or custody'.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details ethnic origin , single and multiple ethnic origin responses and sex for the population in ManitobaFootnote 1
Ethnic origin (247) Single and multiple ethnic origin responses (3)
Total - Single and multiple ethnic origin responsesFootnote 2 Single ethnic origin responsesFootnote 3 Multiple ethnic origin responsesFootnote 4
Total - Ethnic originFootnote 5 1,133,515 566,005 567,510
British Isles origins 431,265 75,145 356,115
Cornish 20 0 20
English 259,595 40,995 218,600
Irish 151,915 10,485 141,430
Manx 150 10 135
Scottish 209,170 20,160 189,010
Welsh 16,945 915 16,030
British Isles, n.i.e.Footnote 6 12,915 2,570 10,345
French origins 148,570 20,815 127,755
Acadian 425 55 365
French 148,370 20,760 127,610
Aboriginal origins 186,660 96,790 89,870
Inuit 1,100 305 795
Métis 72,450 15,625 56,825
North American Indian 120,415 80,865 39,550
Other North American origins 211,775 83,370 128,405
American 7,585 395 7,185
Canadian 206,355 82,885 123,470
Newfoundlander 260 35 225
Nova Scotian 0 0 10
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 225 40 185
Other provincial or regional groups 70 15 55
Caribbean origins 8,540 3,615 4,925
Antiguan 45 20 25
Bahamian 35 10 30
Barbadian 545 210 330
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 35 0 35
Cuban 160 25 135
Dominican, n.o.s.Footnote 7 110 35 80
Grenadian 165 50 115
Guyanese 910 490 420
Haitian 120 80 40
Jamaican 3,275 1,455 1,820
Kittitian/Nevisian 10 0 10
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 20 0 20
St. Lucian 85 35 45
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,605 485 1,115
Vincentian/Grenadinian 130 35 90
West Indian 1,255 470 785
Caribbean, n.i.e.Footnote 8 595 205 390
Latin, Central and South American origins 10,200 4,100 6,100
Aboriginal from Central/South America 290 0 280
Argentinian 215 25 185
Belizean 70 10 60
Bolivian 90 0 85
Brazilian 225 55 170
Chilean 1,475 655 820
Colombian 470 310 160
Costa Rican 35 15 15
Ecuadorian 75 45 30
Guatemalan 255 125 130
Hispanic 130 80 55
Honduran 80 35 45
Maya 100 0 90
Mexican 3,350 730 2,620
Nicaraguan 165 95 70
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 1,050 130 925
Peruvian 120 35 85
Salvadorean 1,915 1,420 490
Uruguayan 15 0 15
Venezuelan 65 25 35
Latin, Central or South American, n.i.e.Footnote 9 600 285 310
European origins 568,625 202,340 366,285
Western European origins 282,715 87,510 195,205
Austrian 11,900 1,970 9,935
Belgian 19,805 3,155 16,650
Dutch (Netherlands) 55,425 14,210 41,215
Flemish 1,290 280 1,015
Frisian 40 0 40
German 216,755 67,290 149,465
Luxembourger 140 20 115
Swiss 4,830 585 4,240
Northern European origins 77,765 9,530 68,235
Finnish 3,520 565 2,955
Scandinavian origins 74,890 8,965 65,920
Danish 8,205 1,155 7,050
Icelandic 30,550 4,465 26,085
Norwegian 18,395 1,365 17,030
Swedish 21,820 1,840 19,980
Scandinavian, n.i.e.Footnote 10 1,990 135 1,855
Eastern European origins 265,295 76,325 188,970
Baltic origins 2,910 625 2,285
Estonian 350 70 275
Latvian 1,320 320 995
Lithuanian 1,255 230 1,020
Byelorussian 495 145 345
Czech and Slovak origins 8,465 1,695 6,770
Czech 4,505 850 3,650
Czechoslovakian 1,860 220 1,645
Slovak 2,285 630 1,655
Hungarian (Magyar) 9,905 2,335 7,565
Polish 82,355 14,590 67,765
Romanian 5,025 925 4,100
Russian 45,625 8,265 37,355
Ukrainian 167,170 47,730 119,440
Southern European origins 51,210 22,245 28,965
Albanian 210 135 80
Bosnian 795 525 265
Bulgarian 255 100 155
Croatian 2,880 1,365 1,515
Cypriot 45 10 35
Greek 3,460 1,785 1,675
Italian 21,405 7,560 13,845
Kosovar 75 75 0
Macedonian 225 115 110
Maltese 300 55 245
Montenegrin 15 0 15
Portuguese 11,105 7,745 3,360
Serbian 1,110 615 500
Sicilian 170 20 150
Slovenian 875 360 510
Spanish 8,715 1,250 7,465
Yugoslav, n.i.e.Footnote 11 1,615 525 1,085
Other European origins 14,845 6,725 8,120
Basque 35 0 35
Gypsy (Roma) 45 0 45
Jewish 13,175 5,960 7,215
Slav (European) 380 90 290
European, n.i.e.Footnote 12 1,325 675 650
African origins 11,895 7,250 4,645
Afrikaner 140 65 75
Akan 10 10 0
Amhara 155 115 35
Angolan 65 15 50
Ashanti 0 0 0
Bantu 25 15 10
Black 1,470 370 1,100
Burundian 115 110 10
Cameroonian 10 10 0
Chadian 0 10 0
Congolese (Zairian) 225 200 25
Congolese, n.o.s.Footnote 13 135 115 20
Dinka 40 20 20
East African 10 10 10
Eritrean 530 460 70
Ethiopian 1,600 1,340 260
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 205 145 60
Guinean, n.o.s.Footnote 14 30 30 0
Harari 0 0 0
Ibo 20 20 0
Ivorian 10 10 10
Kenyan 165 95 75
Malagasy 0 0 0
Malian 30 0 30
Mauritian 80 15 70
Nigerian 645 405 240
Oromo 110 85 20
Peulh 20 0 15
Rwandan 140 110 25
Senegalese 155 60 90
Seychellois 25 15 10
Sierra Leonean 445 285 160
Somali 650 595 55
South African 630 190 435
Sudanese 745 640 105
Tanzanian 50 15 35
Tigrian 50 25 25
Togolese 55 45 15
Ugandan 55 25 30
Yoruba 120 55 65
Zambian 35 25 10
Zimbabwean 135 100 30
Zulu 20 10 15
African, n.i.e.Footnote 15 3,565 1,395 2,170
Arab origins 4,410 2,265 2,145
Egyptian 460 315 145
Iraqi 490 370 120
Jordanian 70 40 25
Kuwaiti 10 0 10
Lebanese 1,330 340 990
Libyan 60 35 20
Maghrebi origins 255 120 140
Algerian 55 0 45
Berber 30 20 0
Moroccan 155 85 70
Tunisian 15 0 15
Maghrebi, n.i.e.Footnote 16 15 0 10
Palestinian 300 205 95
Saudi Arabian 125 115 10
Syrian 545 145 400
Yemeni 15 0 15
Arab, n.i.e.Footnote 17 1,040 570 475
West Asian origins 3,375 2,405 970
Afghan 850 745 105
Armenian 125 20 110
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 10 0
Georgian 15 0 15
Iranian 1,485 1,225 260
Israeli 180 20 160
Kurd 270 215 60
Pashtun 0 0 0
Tatar 10 0 0
Turk 345 75 270
West Asian, n.i.e.Footnote 18 200 95 105
South Asian origins 17,800 14,465 3,340
Bangladeshi 115 95 15
Bengali 100 80 20
East Indian 14,860 11,810 3,050
Goan 20 10 20
Gujarati 40 30 10
Kashmiri 10 0 10
Nepali 115 85 30
Pakistani 1,070 840 235
Punjabi 1,015 680 340
Sinhalese 110 85 25
Sri Lankan 445 340 105
Tamil 165 25 135
South Asian, n.i.e.Footnote 19 420 375 45
East and Southeast Asian origins 65,315 53,345 11,975
Burmese 90 30 60
Cambodian 580 360 220
Chinese 17,930 12,480 5,450
Filipino 39,205 32,930 6,275
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 355 50 305
Japanese 2,525 1,225 1,295
Khmer 0 0 0
Korean 2,320 2,170 150
Laotian 1,435 1,015 420
Malaysian 250 30 220
Mongolian 75 25 55
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 100 25 70
Thai 280 95 185
Tibetan 20 0 15
Vietnamese 3,875 2,695 1,180
East or Southeast Asian, n.i.e.Footnote 20 220 210 10
Asian, n.o.s.Footnote 21 10 0 15
Oceania origins 890 105 780
Australian 565 80 485
New Zealander 235 15 220
Pacific Islands origins 135 10 125
Fijian 30 10 20
Hawaiian 30 0 25
Maori 55 0 55
Polynesian 20 0 20
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islander, n.i.e.Footnote 22 0 0 0

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Data quality index showing, for the long census questionnaire (20% sample data), a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

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Footnote 2

The category 'Total - Single and multiple ethnic origin responses' indicates the number of respondents who reported each ethnic origin, either as their only response or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. Total responses represent the sum of single responses and multiple responses received in the census.

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Footnote 3

A single ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only.

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Footnote 4

A multiple ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins.

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Footnote 5

This is a total population count. The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population count because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the census.

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Footnote 6

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 7

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 8

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 9

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 10

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 11

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 12

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 13

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 14

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 15

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 16

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 17

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 18

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 19

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 20

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 21

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 22

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-562-XCB2006006.

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