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2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data

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[Geographic index]



Alberta Warning
Detailed mother tongue (186) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Note(s) :
  1. Census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations crossing provincial boundaries
    There is one census metropolitan area (Ottawa - Gatineau) and three census agglomerations (Campbellton, Hawkesbury and Lloydminster) that cross provincial boundaries. The data for their respective provincial parts are included with the appropriate census metropolitan area or census agglomeration, with data for the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration within the province of the provincial part that contributes the majority of the population to the area. For example, Ottawa - Gatineau can be found in Ontario, Campbellton in New Brunswick, Hawkesbury in Ontario and Lloydminster in Alberta.
  1. CHINESE, N.O.S.
    The 2006 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' includes responses of 'Chinese' as well as all Chinese languages other than Cantonese, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Chaochow (Teochow), Fukien, Hakka and Shanghainese. Data for the 'Chinese, n.o.s.' category in 2001 and 2006 are not directly comparable. The 2001 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' is equivalent to the sum of the 2006 categories 'Chinese, n.o.s.' and 'Chaochow (Teochow),' 'Fukien,' 'Shanghainese' and Taiwanese.'
Warning Data quality note(s)
  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
  • Data quality index showing, for the short census questionnaire (100% data), a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.
  • Data quality index showing, for the long census questionnaire (20% sample data), a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.
Total - Detailed mother tongue 3,256,355 2,990,805 2,200 222,885 40,470
Single responses 3,221,420 2,962,470 2,135 216,610 40,210
English 2,576,670 2,437,550 20 138,375 715
French 61,225 5,120 1,650 54,440 20
Non-official languages 583,530 519,795 465 23,800 39,470
Aboriginal languages 26,985 26,215 15 220 530
Algonquian languages 20,890 20,290 10 150 435
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 3,015 2,980 10 15 20
Cree 17,215 16,680 10 130 395
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 0 10 0
Montagnais-Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 615 590 10 0 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 20 25 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages 1,970 1,890 0 20 55
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0
Chipewyan 105 95 0 0 0
Dene 1,585 1,520 10 10 55
Dogrib 10 0 0 0 0
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 15 15 0 0 0
North Slave (Hare) 10 10 0 0 0
South Slave 190 190 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 50 0 10 0
Haida 10 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 10 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 45 45 0 0 0
Shuswap 15 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 35 35 0 0 0
Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 3,790 3,720 10 25 35
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 20 20 0 0 0
Gitksan 15 15 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 10 0 0 0
Nootka 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 155 150 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut, n.i.e. 145 145 0 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 90 75 0 10 0
Romance languages 53,870 45,685 150 5,210 2,830
Italian 13,095 11,270 20 1,350 450
Portuguese 7,205 6,150 10 635 415
Romanian 4,370 3,085 0 1,125 160
Spanish 29,125 25,140 120 2,070 1,800
Romance languages, n.i.e. 70 40 0 30 0
Germanic languages 113,665 105,880 35 4,580 3,180
Dutch 19,980 18,550 10 1,270 150
Flemish 345 210 0 135 0
Frisian 465 445 0 20 0
German 84,505 78,740 25 2,805 2,935
Yiddish 235 205 0 20 10
Scandinavian languages 6,045 5,820 0 210 10
Danish 3,510 3,410 0 95 15
Icelandic 135 130 0 10 0
Norwegian 1,245 1,230 0 20 0
Swedish 1,145 1,050 0 95 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,085 1,900 0 110 70
Celtic languages 420 380 0 35 0
Gaelic languages 135 125 0 10 0
Welsh 280 260 0 30 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 80,210 74,830 25 3,580 1,780
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 50 50 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,745 1,630 0 40 75
Bulgarian 1,020 880 0 120 10
Croatian 4,150 3,905 10 145 100
Czech 3,100 2,850 0 225 25
Macedonian 140 130 0 10 10
Polish 21,990 20,075 10 1,250 655
Russian 10,145 9,055 10 645 440
Serbian 3,090 2,855 0 115 120
Serbo-Croatian 1,250 1,075 0 115 55
Slovak 2,430 2,300 0 90 35
Slovenian 915 835 0 80 0
Ukrainian 29,455 28,485 10 720 230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 735 690 0 15 25
Baltic languages 760 695 0 65 0
Latvian 360 345 0 20 0
Lithuanian 400 350 0 50 0
Finno-Ugric languages 8,310 7,650 0 470 195
Estonian 275 205 0 55 15
Finnish 1,265 1,240 0 20 0
Hungarian 6,770 6,205 0 385 175
Greek 3,305 2,980 0 235 85
Armenian 225 135 0 90 0
Turkic languages 1,995 1,785 0 80 125
Azerbaijani 150 150 0 0 0
Turkish 1,605 1,425 10 65 110
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 235 210 0 15 10
Afro-Asiatic languages 29,490 25,675 75 2,345 1,390
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,655 3,230 0 260 155
Oromo 525 470 0 40 10
Somali 3,130 2,765 0 220 140
Semitic languages 25,675 22,375 70 2,000 1,230
Amharic 2,785 2,610 0 45 130
Arabic 20,495 17,630 30 1,820 1,015
Hebrew 770 685 0 80 10
Maltese 40 35 0 0 0
Tigrigna 1,170 1,025 35 40 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 415 395 0 15 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 155 65 0 85 0
Indo-Iranian languages 80,020 69,600 10 1,880 8,530
Indo-Aryan languages 69,030 60,020 10 1,575 7,415
Bengali 2,710 2,405 0 145 165
Gujarati 6,280 5,680 0 225 380
Hindi 8,985 8,410 10 220 350
Konkani 135 125 0 10 0
Marathi 495 480 0 10 10
Panjabi (Punjabi) 36,320 30,260 10 510 5,545
Sindhi 2,000 1,760 0 165 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 830 760 0 40 30
Urdu 11,275 10,150 0 260 870
Iranian languages 9,620 8,330 0 260 1,025
Kurdish 745 635 0 35 80
Pashto 1,175 955 0 10 210
Persian (Farsi) 7,700 6,745 0 220 740
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,370 1,250 0 35 85
Dravidian languages 3,875 3,765 0 45 65
Kannada 370 360 0 10 0
Malayalam 1,550 1,515 0 10 30
Tamil 1,365 1,315 0 25 25
Telugu 550 540 0 0 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 35 0 0 0
Japanese 4,555 4,160 10 105 280
Korean 10,845 9,585 0 210 1,050
Sino-Tibetan languages 97,865 80,090 10 2,180 15,585
Chinese languages 97,275 79,540 10 2,185 15,540
Cantonese 32,485 25,890 0 700 5,890
Chaochow (Teochow) 310 160 0 75 75
Fukien 385 335 0 20 35
Hakka 425 340 0 0 85
Mandarin 12,135 10,580 0 185 1,375
Shanghainese 60 40 0 0 15
Taiwanese 330 280 0 15 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 1 51,145 41,910 10 1,190 8,030
Tibetan languages 245 225 0 0 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 345 320 0 0 25
Tai languages 1,680 1,400 10 125 155
Lao 1,035 815 0 95 120
Thai 640 580 0 30 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 21,090 17,655 25 685 2,725
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,740 1,505 10 80 150
Vietnamese 19,350 16,145 20 605 2,575
Malayo-Polynesian languages 34,730 33,850 10 425 445
Bisayan languages 1,370 1,340 0 0 30
Ilocano 1,885 1,820 0 20 45
Malay 830 755 0 30 40
Pampango 320 315 0 0 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 29,740 29,055 10 360 310
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 585 565 0 0 15
Niger-Congo languages 3,800 2,945 65 745 40
Akan (Twi) 530 480 0 50 0
Bantu languages 2,170 1,530 40 560 35
Lingala 75 10 10 55 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 10 10 50 10
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 265 110 20 120 15
Shona 220 180 0 40 0
Swahili 850 655 0 180 10
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 685 570 0 120 0
Edo 70 60 0 10 0
Igbo 170 155 0 15 0
Wolof 10 0 0 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 845 715 25 100 10
African languages, n.i.e. 2,525 2,215 10 140 165
Creoles 850 515 10 290 30
Non-verbal languages 710 515 0 10 175
American Sign Language 230 195 0 0 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 480 320 0 15 145
Other languages 1,740 1,585 0 40 115
Multiple responses 34,930 28,330 65 6,275 255
English and French 5,405 1,365 20 4,020 0
English and non-official language 27,725 26,300 0 1,185 240
French and non-official language 1,325 565 30 705 20
English, French and non-official language 480 100 10 370 0
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-555-XCB2006015 (Alberta, Code48)