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Topic-based tabulation: Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (8) and Place of Birth (261) for the Immigrants and Non-permanent Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

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General information

Catalogue number:97-557-XCB2006007
Release date:December 4, 2007
Topic:Immigration and citizenship
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Data table

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This table details immigrant status and period of immigration and place of birth for the immigrants and non-permanent residents in AlbertaFootnote 1
Place of birth (261) Immigrant status and period of immigration (8)
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration ImmigrantsFootnote 2 Before 1991 1991 to 2000 1991 to 1995 1996 to 2000 2001 to 2006Footnote 3 Non-permanent residentsFootnote 4
Total - Place of birth of respondent 554,130 527,030 295,390 127,960 62,240 65,720 103,685 27,100
Americas 75,905 69,865 41,675 14,975 7,885 7,090 13,210 6,045
North America 31,820 28,335 18,780 5,180 2,270 2,910 4,380 3,480
Greenland 10 10 0 10 10 0 0 0
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 10 10 0 0 0 0 10 0
United States of America 31,805 28,320 18,780 5,170 2,265 2,905 4,370 3,480
Central America 16,240 15,145 7,385 4,945 3,285 1,660 2,815 1,095
Belize 435 400 185 55 35 20 155 35
Costa Rica 245 200 75 50 20 30 75 45
El Salvador 5,560 5,475 3,305 1,720 1,410 310 445 85
Guatemala 1,405 1,360 740 520 350 165 100 45
Honduras 255 250 60 140 50 90 45 0
Mexico 6,820 5,970 2,140 1,945 990 950 1,890 845
Nicaragua 1,370 1,340 805 465 395 65 70 25
Panama 155 150 75 45 30 15 25 10
Caribbean and Bermuda 10,660 10,365 7,105 2,095 1,175 920 1,165 295
Anguilla 15 15 15 0 0 0 0 0
Antigua and BarbudaFootnote 5 200 200 200 0 0 0 0 0
Aruba 55 60 50 10 10 0 0 0
Bahamas 105 95 70 20 15 0 0 10
Barbados 585 585 475 90 40 45 20 0
Bermuda 115 110 85 0 0 0 25 10
Cayman Islands 35 40 10 0 0 0 25 0
Cuba 615 565 70 205 110 90 285 55
Dominica 50 45 30 10 0 0 10 0
Dominican Republic 165 155 25 70 55 15 60 10
Grenada 285 285 225 50 40 10 10 0
Guadeloupe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haiti 495 490 150 130 45 80 210 10
Jamaica 3,810 3,760 2,690 840 450 385 230 50
Martinique 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montserrat 45 40 30 10 0 0 0 0
Netherlands Antilles 45 45 30 10 10 0 0 0
Puerto Rico 30 25 15 10 0 0 0 10
Saint Kitts and Nevis 95 95 90 0 10 0 0 0
Saint Lucia 290 215 150 35 30 10 30 75
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 275 260 170 90 60 25 10 15
Trinidad and Tobago 3,315 3,260 2,510 520 275 245 225 50
Turks and Caicos Islands 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Virgin Islands, British 20 15 0 10 10 0 0 0
Virgin Islands, U.S. 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
South America 17,185 16,020 8,405 2,750 1,150 1,605 4,860 1,170
Argentina 1,080 865 550 160 100 65 155 210
Bolivia 1,020 895 250 255 40 215 390 125
Brazil 1,325 1,130 430 230 100 130 465 195
Chile 4,375 4,345 3,720 300 180 115 325 35
Colombia 3,375 3,155 340 705 70 635 2,105 220
Ecuador 385 345 95 95 25 70 160 40
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 10 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
French Guiana 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guyana 2,430 2,420 1,870 445 295 150 105 10
Paraguay 390 390 300 45 30 15 45 0
Peru 915 810 420 205 165 45 180 110
Suriname 115 115 50 50 45 0 15 0
Uruguay 205 180 125 35 20 15 20 20
VenezuelaFootnote 6 1,550 1,350 235 225 75 145 885 200
Europe 192,625 187,675 145,730 26,160 12,555 13,605 15,780 4,950
Western Europe 46,510 45,230 39,005 3,915 1,495 2,415 2,315 1,275
Austria 2,065 2,040 1,910 80 50 35 45 25
Belgium 945 920 735 110 15 95 75 20
France 2,275 2,065 1,440 420 205 215 205 210
Germany 22,235 21,565 19,045 1,555 495 1,060 970 670
Liechtenstein 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Luxembourg 70 70 50 20 20 0 0 0
Monaco 10 10 0 0 0 10 0 0
Netherlands 16,945 16,715 14,545 1,310 525 790 855 235
Switzerland 1,960 1,840 1,280 410 190 220 155 120
Eastern Europe 47,330 46,610 30,115 9,510 5,005 4,505 6,980 720
Bulgaria 980 935 70 285 110 175 575 50
Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, formerFootnote 7 4,860 4,810 3,745 525 235 295 530 55
Czech Republic 2,680 2,645 2,255 240 140 100 150 35
Slovakia 1,860 1,845 1,175 285 95 195 385 10
Czechoslovakia, n.o.s.Footnote 8 325 315 315 0 0 0 0 10
Hungary 4,125 4,080 3,570 350 280 70 155 45
Poland 19,320 19,160 15,395 3,095 2,510 585 670 160
Romania 5,300 5,165 1,865 1,680 665 1,015 1,620 130
USSR, former (European component)Footnote 9 12,745 12,465 5,465 3,570 1,210 2,365 3,430 280
Baltic Republics, former Soviet 1,040 1,015 760 130 50 75 130 20
Estonia 215 210 145 35 20 10 30 0
Latvia 365 355 290 30 10 20 30 10
Lithuania 455 450 320 65 20 45 65 10
Eastern Europe Republics, former Soviet 11,540 11,290 4,660 3,360 1,120 2,235 3,270 255
Belarus 730 720 180 310 105 210 225 10
Moldova, Republic of 280 280 75 95 55 45 105 0
Russian Federation 5,025 4,850 1,400 1,795 570 1,230 1,650 175
Ukraine 5,505 5,435 3,000 1,145 395 755 1,285 70
USSR, n.o.s.Footnote 10 165 165 45 85 30 55 30 10
Northern Europe 70,555 68,000 57,345 6,050 2,840 3,205 4,605 2,550
Ireland (Eire) 2,505 2,475 2,220 140 105 40 115 30
Scandinavia 5,510 5,310 4,765 335 185 150 215 195
DenmarkFootnote 11 3,210 3,200 3,020 115 95 20 65 15
Finland 820 745 650 70 30 40 20 75
Iceland 70 50 40 0 0 0 10 25
NorwayFootnote 12 645 625 535 45 20 25 35 20
Sweden 760 700 520 95 35 60 80 60
United KingdomFootnote 13 62,535 60,215 50,360 5,580 2,555 3,020 4,275 2,325
Southern Europe 28,240 27,830 19,255 6,685 3,210 3,475 1,885 405
Albania 445 405 20 150 20 130 240 40
Andorra 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gibraltar 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Greece 1,970 1,940 1,770 135 80 55 40 25
Holy See (Vatican City) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italy 8,830 8,705 8,405 145 60 85 150 130
Malta 140 135 95 40 0 35 0 0
Portugal 4,500 4,440 4,015 300 225 70 125 60
San Marino 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Spain 655 625 460 75 35 35 90 30
Yugoslavia, formerFootnote 14 11,675 11,560 4,480 5,845 2,780 3,065 1,235 115
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,520 3,510 335 2,885 1,465 1,425 285 15
Croatia 2,830 2,825 1,900 790 310 485 130 0
MacedoniaFootnote 15 145 125 55 55 50 10 20 20
Serbia and Montenegro 1,800 1,735 185 1,030 370 660 520 65
Slovenia 705 705 680 20 25 0 0 0
Yugoslavia, n.o.s.Footnote 16 2,670 2,655 1,330 1,050 570 480 280 10
Africa 37,895 35,525 12,480 10,515 4,505 6,010 12,530 2,370
Western Africa 4,505 4,205 785 1,125 380 745 2,300 300
Benin 30 30 0 10 0 0 30 0
Burkina Faso 35 30 10 10 10 10 10 0
Cape Verde 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Côte d'IvoireFootnote 17 85 85 0 40 0 40 45 0
Gambia 10 10 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ghana 1,080 1,060 320 390 215 170 350 25
Guinea 125 110 10 30 15 15 75 10
Guinea-Bissau 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Liberia 420 400 20 55 20 40 330 20
Mali 30 25 15 10 0 0 10 0
Mauritania 40 40 0 10 10 0 30 0
Niger 20 10 0 10 10 0 0 10
Nigeria 1,945 1,740 345 425 70 355 970 205
Saint HelenaFootnote 18 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Senegal 65 65 50 10 0 0 10 0
Sierra Leone 570 550 15 105 15 90 430 20
Togo 35 35 0 35 10 25 0 0
Eastern Africa 18,945 18,115 8,480 4,815 2,645 2,165 4,820 830
Burundi 155 150 25 35 15 20 85 10
Comoros 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Djibouti 20 20 0 20 10 10 0 0
Eritrea 1,125 965 300 345 175 170 320 160
Ethiopia 3,805 3,655 730 1,165 595 570 1,760 150
Kenya 3,575 3,425 2,025 595 265 335 800 145
Madagascar 50 45 15 20 0 25 10 0
Malawi 85 75 35 15 0 15 20 10
Mauritius 425 420 225 105 30 75 80 0
Mayotte 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mozambique 70 70 45 10 0 10 15 0
Réunion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rwanda 305 285 30 80 15 60 175 20
Seychelles 20 20 10 0 10 0 0 0
Somalia 2,245 2,120 265 1,240 750 490 615 120
Tanzania, United Republic of 4,095 4,035 3,150 685 555 135 200 60
Uganda 1,605 1,545 1,300 175 125 45 70 65
Zambia 290 270 80 70 35 35 125 15
Zimbabwe 1,075 1,010 230 245 70 175 535 65
Northern Africa 7,405 6,940 1,410 2,250 670 1,580 3,275 460
Algeria 370 355 50 150 35 110 155 15
Egypt 2,225 2,140 840 665 320 340 635 85
LibyaFootnote 19 615 425 70 165 50 115 185 185
Morocco 455 445 200 140 55 80 105 10
Sudan 3,555 3,395 160 1,070 145 920 2,165 155
Tunisia 180 175 80 65 55 10 25 0
Western Sahara 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Central Africa 1,300 1,160 225 455 155 300 475 140
Angola 190 175 65 35 0 30 70 15
Cameroon 95 85 10 30 30 0 45 10
Central African Republic 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chad 90 90 10 50 0 45 30 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of theFootnote 20 905 785 135 330 110 220 320 120
Congo, Republic of the 20 20 10 0 0 0 10 0
Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gabon 10 10 0 10 0 10 0 0
Sao Tome and Principe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Africa 5,735 5,100 1,580 1,865 655 1,210 1,650 635
Botswana 55 40 10 10 0 10 20 15
Lesotho 0 10 0 0 0 0 10 0
Namibia 90 80 15 15 0 15 50 10
South Africa, Republic of 5,545 4,950 1,555 1,825 640 1,180 1,575 595
Swaziland 45 30 10 20 10 10 0 10
Asia and the Middle East 238,170 225,415 90,665 73,775 35,765 38,010 60,970 12,755
West Central Asia and the Middle East 26,005 24,775 7,970 8,200 2,970 5,230 8,605 1,230
Afghanistan 3,345 3,305 95 1,060 150 910 2,150 40
Cyprus 145 140 95 25 20 10 15 0
IranFootnote 21 4,215 3,990 1,055 1,320 415 900 1,615 220
Middle East 15,495 14,685 6,270 4,860 2,195 2,665 3,555 815
Bahrain 80 80 25 30 10 25 25 0
Iraq 2,355 2,300 380 1,175 460 715 745 50
Israel 990 940 535 215 40 175 185 50
Jordan 475 425 105 110 35 70 210 55
Kuwait 670 645 120 295 125 175 225 25
Lebanon 7,620 7,525 4,465 2,025 1,205 820 1,040 90
Oman 100 80 0 35 10 25 45 10
Palestine/West Bank/Gaza StripFootnote 22 345 310 190 75 30 40 50 35
Qatar 95 95 0 40 0 30 60 0
Saudi Arabia 1,040 705 75 285 60 230 345 340
SyriaFootnote 23 990 975 320 265 100 160 390 10
United Arab Emirates 605 520 45 255 90 160 215 90
Yemen 135 80 20 45 20 25 20 55
Turkey 1,345 1,245 430 340 140 200 480 100
USSR, former (Asian component)Footnote 24 1,460 1,410 25 590 45 545 790 50
Central Asian Republics, former Soviet 1,180 1,150 0 495 35 460 650 35
Kazakhstan 765 755 10 360 20 335 390 10
Kyrgyzstan 185 175 0 60 0 60 120 10
Tajikistan 50 50 0 10 0 0 40 0
Turkmenistan 55 50 0 0 0 0 55 0
Uzbekistan 125 115 0 65 10 60 45 15
Transcaucasian Republics, former Soviet 285 265 25 100 15 85 140 25
Armenia 50 45 0 25 0 15 15 10
Azerbaijan 200 185 10 70 15 55 100 15
Georgia 35 35 0 10 0 10 20 0
Eastern Asia 78,465 72,335 29,790 23,125 11,365 11,765 19,415 6,135
China and special administrative regions 62,385 59,325 26,395 18,310 9,950 8,355 14,620 3,060
China, People's Republic of 44,235 41,495 15,720 11,845 5,390 6,450 13,935 2,740
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region 17,770 17,455 10,465 6,320 4,470 1,855 660 315
Macau, Special Administrative Region 380 375 215 140 95 45 25 10
Japan 3,065 2,265 970 625 265 360 670 800
Korea, NorthFootnote 25 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 26 10,170 8,120 1,905 2,770 805 1,965 3,445 2,050
Mongolia 290 290 0 0 0 10 285 0
Taiwan 2,535 2,320 510 1,415 340 1,070 395 220
Southeast Asia 77,360 73,675 36,720 22,610 13,665 8,935 14,350 3,680
Brunei Darussalam 2,050 2,035 1,540 435 370 65 60 15
CambodiaFootnote 27 2,400 2,375 1,865 360 230 130 150 25
East TimorFootnote 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indonesia 1,405 1,300 780 225 95 130 290 105
LaosFootnote 29 1,160 1,150 975 110 90 15 65 10
Malaysia 3,390 3,215 2,210 745 570 180 265 175
MyanmarFootnote 30 540 535 185 165 75 90 185 10
Philippines 39,450 36,630 11,050 14,435 7,660 6,775 11,145 2,825
Singapore 1,125 1,040 400 225 125 100 415 85
Thailand 1,170 1,120 645 240 125 115 235 50
Viet NamFootnote 31 24,660 24,270 17,070 5,660 4,330 1,335 1,535 385
Southern Asia 56,345 54,635 16,185 19,845 7,765 12,080 18,600 1,710
Bangladesh 1,950 1,835 235 725 185 540 875 120
Bhutan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
India 39,740 38,610 13,260 14,360 6,310 8,050 10,990 1,130
Maldives 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepal 525 490 10 215 45 170 265 35
Pakistan 12,440 12,095 1,960 3,985 970 3,015 6,155 345
Sri Lanka 1,680 1,600 720 560 255 305 315 80
Oceania 9,065 8,085 4,470 2,450 1,505 945 1,165 975
American Samoa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
AustraliaFootnote 32 3,165 2,480 1,385 620 270 350 475 685
Cook Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fiji 3,995 3,970 2,000 1,565 1,105 460 410 20
French Polynesia 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guam 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
Kiribati 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marshall Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Micronesia, Federated States of 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nauru 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Caledonia 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
New ZealandFootnote 33 1,820 1,545 1,035 250 125 130 265 275
PalauFootnote 34 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0
Papua New Guinea 45 45 30 10 0 10 0 0
Pitcairn 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
SamoaFootnote 35 10 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
Solomon Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tonga 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tuvalu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vanuatu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wallis and Futuna 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
OtherFootnote 36 465 465 370 75 20 55 25 0

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Data quality index showing, for the short census questionnaire (100% data), a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

Data quality index showing, for the long census questionnaire (20% sample data), a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

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Footnote 2

Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are more recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

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Footnote 3

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

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Footnote 4

Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.

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Footnote 5

Formerly known as Antigua.

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Footnote 6

The official name is the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 7

In 1993, the Czech and Slovak Republic became two separate countries: the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

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Footnote 8

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.' Includes persons who reported 'Czechoslovakia.' In 2006, the 2001 designation 'n.i.e.' ('not included elsewhere') was replaced with 'n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.

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Footnote 9

The Asian components of the former USSR are shown separately under the heading 'West Central Asia and the Middle East.'

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Footnote 10

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.' Includes persons who reported 'USSR.' In 2006, the 2001 designation 'n.i.e.' ('not included elsewhere') was replaced with 'n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.

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Footnote 11

Includes Faroe Islands.

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Footnote 12

Includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands.

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Footnote 13

The official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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Footnote 14

The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was formerly comprised of the six republics of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia. In 1991, Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia, followed by Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia in 1992. The remaining two republics of Serbia and Montenegro formed a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992 and in 2003 became Serbia and Montenegro.

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Footnote 15

The official name is the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

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Footnote 16

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.' Includes persons who reported 'Yugoslavia.'

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Footnote 17

Also known as Ivory Coast.

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Footnote 18

Also known as Saint Helena and Ascension.

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Footnote 19

The official name is Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.

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Footnote 20

Formerly known as Zaire.

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Footnote 21

The official name is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 22

Palestine refers to pre-1948 British mandate Palestine. West Bank and Gaza Strip are the territories referred to in the Declaration of Principles, signed by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993. However, since responses to the census are self-reported, it is not clear that responses of 'Palestine,' 'Gaza Strip' or 'West Bank' were in reference to these territories as defined.

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Footnote 23

The official name is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

The European components of the former USSR are shown separately under the heading 'Eastern Europe.'

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Footnote 25

The official name is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 26

The official name is the Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 27

Formerly known as Kampuchea.

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Footnote 28

Formerly part of Indonesia. The official name is the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.

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Footnote 29

The official name is the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

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Footnote 30

Formerly known as Burma.

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Footnote 31

The official name is the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

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Footnote 32

Includes Norfolk Island.

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Footnote 33

Includes Niue and Tokelau.

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Footnote 34

Formerly known as Republic of Belau.

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Footnote 35

Formerly known as Western Samoa.

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Footnote 36

Includes a small number of immigrants who were born in Canada, as well as other places of birth not classified elsewhere.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006007.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

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Footnote b

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Footnote c

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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