2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-562-XCB2006006
Release date:April 2, 2008
Topic:Ethnic origin and visible minorities
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Ethnic origin

In 2006, the Ethnic origin question asked: 'What were the ethnic or cultural origins of this person's ancestors?' Respondents were asked to specify as many origins as applicable. Four write-in spaces were provided and up to six ethnic origins were retained.

Since 1981, when respondents were first permitted to report more than one ethnic origin in the census, a distinction has been made between single and multiple ethnic origin responses. A 'single' response is given when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only. A 'multiple' response is given when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins. A 'total response' indicates the sum of single and multiple responses for each specific group.

It must be noted that the measurement of ethnicity is affected by changes in the social environment in which the question is asked, and changes in the respondent's understanding or views about the topic. Awareness of family background or length of time since immigration can affect responses to the ethnic origin question. Some respondents may confuse or combine the concept of ethnic origin with other concepts such as citizenship, nationality, language or cultural identity.

As well, some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the census, while others may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for two or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.'

For additional information on issues related to the collection and dissemination of ethnic origin data, and on the comparability of ethnic origin data over time, refer to the Ethnic Origin Reference Guide, 2006 Census, Catalogue number 97-562-GWE2006025.

Note: Institutional residents

People in seniors' residences in the 2006 Census are classified as 'not living in an institution'. This is a change from the 2001 Census where they were classified as institutional residents, specifically, 'living in an institution, resident under care or custody'.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details ethnic origin , single and multiple ethnic origin responses and sex for the population in EdmontonFootnote 1
Ethnic origin (247) Single and multiple ethnic origin responses (3)
Total - Single and multiple ethnic origin responsesFootnote 2 Single ethnic origin responsesFootnote 3 Multiple ethnic origin responsesFootnote 4
Total - Ethnic originFootnote 5 1,024,820 488,370 536,450
British Isles origins 436,245 73,385 362,860
Cornish 50 0 45
English 252,950 38,935 214,010
Irish 165,590 13,080 152,510
Manx 255 25 235
Scottish 194,180 17,140 177,045
Welsh 23,170 1,190 21,975
British Isles, n.i.e.Footnote 6 15,845 3,015 12,830
French origins 131,810 15,685 116,125
Acadian 1,125 130 995
French 131,225 15,560 115,670
Aboriginal origins 70,120 19,280 50,840
Inuit 1,155 295 865
Métis 27,130 5,085 22,045
North American Indian 45,600 13,895 31,700
Other North American origins 204,540 80,770 123,775
American 17,380 1,320 16,065
Canadian 192,415 79,225 113,185
Newfoundlander 355 80 270
Nova Scotian 15 0 15
Ontarian 15 10 0
Québécois 195 55 140
Other provincial or regional groups 150 75 75
Caribbean origins 8,920 3,685 5,230
Antiguan 80 30 50
Bahamian 20 10 15
Barbadian 450 160 290
Bermudan 65 10 60
Carib 40 0 35
Cuban 400 175 230
Dominican, n.o.s.Footnote 7 150 15 130
Grenadian 235 80 155
Guyanese 890 405 485
Haitian 210 130 80
Jamaican 3,650 1,535 2,120
Kittitian/Nevisian 25 0 25
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 10 10 0
Puerto Rican 70 20 50
St. Lucian 100 15 85
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,940 615 1,325
Vincentian/Grenadinian 120 30 85
West Indian 860 360 500
Caribbean, n.i.e.Footnote 8 245 75 170
Latin, Central and South American origins 11,295 5,660 5,630
Aboriginal from Central/South America 220 10 215
Argentinian 445 80 365
Belizean 50 10 45
Bolivian 20 0 15
Brazilian 425 80 345
Chilean 3,075 1,495 1,580
Colombian 685 375 305
Costa Rican 50 25 25
Ecuadorian 60 30 30
Guatemalan 490 170 320
Hispanic 70 20 55
Honduran 55 25 30
Maya 140 0 140
Mexican 1,475 490 985
Nicaraguan 375 240 135
Panamanian 25 0 20
Paraguayan 30 10 20
Peruvian 395 125 275
Salvadorean 2,965 1,960 1,005
Uruguayan 20 0 20
Venezuelan 200 80 120
Latin, Central or South American, n.i.e.Footnote 9 670 440 235
European origins 510,330 154,645 355,690
Western European origins 250,930 55,695 195,230
Austrian 12,585 1,415 11,170
Belgian 6,280 510 5,765
Dutch (Netherlands) 49,280 13,870 35,410
Flemish 900 55 845
Frisian 195 65 130
German 196,575 39,345 157,230
Luxembourger 125 15 110
Swiss 5,245 415 4,835
Northern European origins 86,225 8,765 77,460
Finnish 4,440 620 3,825
Scandinavian origins 82,585 8,145 74,435
Danish 15,140 2,245 12,895
Icelandic 4,310 355 3,950
Norwegian 39,040 3,145 35,895
Swedish 28,230 1,995 26,230
Scandinavian, n.i.e.Footnote 10 3,585 400 3,185
Eastern European origins 228,590 64,870 163,715
Baltic origins 3,130 550 2,575
Estonian 500 115 385
Latvian 955 175 780
Lithuanian 1,685 260 1,420
Byelorussian 620 180 440
Czech and Slovak origins 10,670 2,175 8,490
Czech 5,465 1,070 4,390
Czechoslovakian 2,720 260 2,460
Slovak 2,670 845 1,830
Hungarian (Magyar) 12,110 2,540 9,575
Polish 67,520 13,445 54,075
Romanian 9,310 1,875 7,435
Russian 24,425 2,430 21,990
Ukrainian 144,615 41,665 102,950
Southern European origins 60,970 22,745 38,230
Albanian 315 235 80
Bosnian 950 560 390
Bulgarian 575 160 415
Croatian 3,265 1,575 1,690
Cypriot 70 0 65
Greek 3,800 1,435 2,370
Italian 28,805 9,535 19,270
Kosovar 125 120 0
Macedonian 110 15 95
Maltese 255 40 215
Montenegrin 55 25 35
Portuguese 9,145 5,340 3,810
Serbian 1,910 1,060 850
Sicilian 55 0 50
Slovenian 1,205 415 785
Spanish 10,740 1,570 9,170
Yugoslav, n.i.e.Footnote 11 2,465 655 1,815
Other European origins 7,180 2,565 4,610
Basque 65 10 60
Gypsy (Roma) 110 25 85
Jewish 5,405 1,770 3,640
Slav (European) 335 125 210
European, n.i.e.Footnote 12 1,280 645 640
African origins 17,085 10,965 6,120
Afrikaner 40 0 40
Akan 10 0 10
Amhara 115 65 50
Angolan 50 35 15
Ashanti 25 0 20
Bantu 25 0 30
Black 1,565 590 975
Burundian 55 30 25
Cameroonian 50 45 0
Chadian 15 10 0
Congolese (Zairian) 245 210 35
Congolese, n.o.s.Footnote 13 180 155 20
Dinka 35 15 15
East African 225 25 195
Eritrean 685 600 85
Ethiopian 1,685 1,425 255
Gabonese 10 0 10
Gambian 10 10 0
Ghanaian 570 270 300
Guinean, n.o.s.Footnote 14 45 15 30
Harari 115 70 40
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 15 10 10
Kenyan 535 255 280
Malagasy 30 20 15
Malian 0 0 0
Mauritian 175 45 130
Nigerian 725 425 305
Oromo 30 10 15
Peulh 10 10 0
Rwandan 310 205 105
Senegalese 30 25 0
Seychellois 60 10 50
Sierra Leonean 395 305 95
Somali 2,865 2,585 275
South African 830 165 665
Sudanese 880 835 50
Tanzanian 250 125 130
Tigrian 175 80 95
Togolese 30 25 0
Ugandan 160 90 75
Yoruba 45 50 0
Zambian 25 0 20
Zimbabwean 200 85 115
Zulu 55 30 20
African, n.i.e.Footnote 15 4,685 1,990 2,695
Arab origins 16,050 11,490 4,555
Egyptian 1,450 875 575
Iraqi 695 560 135
Jordanian 355 220 135
Kuwaiti 10 10 0
Lebanese 8,935 6,315 2,620
Libyan 50 40 10
Maghrebi origins 520 290 230
Algerian 15 10 0
Berber 65 25 35
Moroccan 295 130 165
Tunisian 130 125 0
Maghrebi, n.i.e.Footnote 16 25 10 20
Palestinian 1,015 555 455
Saudi Arabian 160 100 60
Syrian 635 215 425
Yemeni 15 10 0
Arab, n.i.e.Footnote 17 3,055 2,300 755
West Asian origins 5,850 4,235 1,610
Afghan 1,250 1,160 95
Armenian 220 45 175
Assyrian 120 30 90
Azerbaijani 150 85 60
Georgian 55 0 55
Iranian 2,065 1,630 430
Israeli 120 65 60
Kurd 385 360 30
Pashtun 65 20 40
Tatar 55 0 55
Turk 1,250 690 560
West Asian, n.i.e.Footnote 18 260 145 115
South Asian origins 41,175 34,185 6,995
Bangladeshi 335 175 160
Bengali 80 35 40
East Indian 34,605 28,415 6,190
Goan 90 10 75
Gujarati 35 30 10
Kashmiri 30 0 35
Nepali 175 155 20
Pakistani 3,460 2,225 1,235
Punjabi 2,155 1,275 885
Sinhalese 195 105 95
Sri Lankan 795 675 125
Tamil 105 50 55
South Asian, n.i.e.Footnote 19 1,215 1,035 180
East and Southeast Asian origins 89,385 73,360 16,025
Burmese 135 40 90
Cambodian 895 650 245
Chinese 53,665 44,035 9,630
Filipino 21,155 15,415 5,745
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 520 75 440
Japanese 2,835 1,320 1,515
Khmer 35 10 25
Korean 3,860 3,665 195
Laotian 490 375 120
Malaysian 820 100 720
Mongolian 160 65 95
Singaporean 85 0 85
Taiwanese 370 170 200
Thai 505 245 260
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 9,740 6,840 2,895
East or Southeast Asian, n.i.e.Footnote 20 350 340 10
Asian, n.o.s.Footnote 21 30 0 30
Oceania origins 3,195 1,020 2,175
Australian 1,320 130 1,195
New Zealander 465 30 435
Pacific Islands origins 1,515 855 660
Fijian 1,190 835 350
Hawaiian 105 10 105
Maori 120 15 100
Polynesian 40 0 40
Samoan 10 0 10
Pacific Islander, n.i.e.Footnote 22 55 0 55

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Data quality index showing, for the short census questionnaire (100% data), a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

Data quality index showing, for the long census questionnaire (20% sample data), a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

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Footnote 2

The category 'Total - Single and multiple ethnic origin responses' indicates the number of respondents who reported each ethnic origin, either as their only response or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. Total responses represent the sum of single responses and multiple responses received in the census.

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Footnote 3

A single ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only.

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Footnote 4

A multiple ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins.

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Footnote 5

This is a total population count. The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population count because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the census.

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Footnote 6

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 7

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 8

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 9

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 10

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 11

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 12

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 13

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 14

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 15

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 16

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 17

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 18

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 19

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 20

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 21

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 22

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-562-XCB2006006.

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