2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (8) and Place of Birth (261) for the Immigrants and Non-permanent Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-557-XCB2006007
Release date:December 4, 2007
Topic:Immigration and citizenship
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Data table

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This table details immigrant status and period of immigration and place of birth for the immigrants and non-permanent residents in Wood BuffaloFootnote 1
Place of birth (261) Immigrant status and period of immigration (8)
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration ImmigrantsFootnote 2 Before 1991 1991 to 2000 1991 to 1995 1996 to 2000 2001 to 2006Footnote 3 Non-permanent residentsFootnote 4
Total - Place of birth of respondent 6,515 5,785 2,345 1,500 660 845 1,940 730
Americas 1,075 915 365 235 155 80 315 160
North America 280 215 140 45 15 30 25 65
Greenland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
United States of America 280 210 140 45 10 30 25 65
Central America 150 150 55 90 65 25 0 0
Belize 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Costa Rica 25 30 10 10 0 0 0 0
El Salvador 40 40 10 25 25 0 0 0
Guatemala 40 35 10 25 25 0 0 0
Honduras 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mexico 15 15 0 15 0 15 0 0
Nicaragua 10 10 0 0 10 0 0 0
Panama 20 25 10 10 0 10 0 0
Caribbean and Bermuda 145 140 100 15 15 0 30 0
Anguilla 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Antigua and BarbudaFootnote 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aruba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bahamas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Barbados 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bermuda 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayman Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dominica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dominican Republic 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Grenada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guadeloupe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jamaica 65 65 45 0 10 0 10 0
Martinique 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montserrat 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Netherlands Antilles 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Puerto Rico 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saint Lucia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 75 75 50 0 10 0 15 0
Turks and Caicos Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Virgin Islands, British 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Virgin Islands, U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
South America 500 410 70 85 60 20 255 90
Argentina 15 15 10 0 0 0 0 0
Bolivia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chile 60 55 45 0 10 0 10 0
Colombia 100 95 0 20 10 15 75 0
Ecuador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
French Guiana 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guyana 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Paraguay 10 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
Peru 10 10 0 10 10 0 0 0
Suriname 45 45 0 50 45 0 0 0
Uruguay 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
VenezuelaFootnote 6 245 170 0 0 0 0 165 80
Europe 1,675 1,620 1,195 250 105 145 170 55
Western Europe 275 275 230 25 10 15 20 0
Austria 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Belgium 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
France 40 40 15 25 10 15 0 0
Germany 160 155 140 0 0 0 15 10
Liechtenstein 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Luxembourg 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Monaco 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Netherlands 65 60 60 0 0 0 0 0
Switzerland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Europe 270 260 125 65 40 30 75 15
Bulgaria 20 10 0 10 0 10 0 10
Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, formerFootnote 7 55 55 30 0 0 0 20 0
Czech Republic 40 40 30 0 0 0 0 0
Slovakia 20 25 0 0 0 0 20 0
Czechoslovakia, n.o.s.Footnote 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hungary 10 10 0 10 10 0 0 0
Poland 100 100 70 0 10 0 20 0
Romania 40 40 0 25 10 10 15 0
USSR, former (European component)Footnote 9 40 40 15 10 0 10 10 0
Baltic Republics, former Soviet 0 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Latvia 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuania 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Europe Republics, former Soviet 30 30 10 10 10 10 10 0
Belarus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moldova, Republic of 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 30 30 10 15 0 0 10 0
USSR, n.o.s.Footnote 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Europe 855 845 750 60 20 40 40 10
Ireland (Eire) 15 20 10 10 0 0 0 0
Scandinavia 35 35 20 15 10 0 0 0
DenmarkFootnote 11 10 10 0 10 10 0 0 0
Finland 10 10 15 0 0 0 0 0
Iceland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
NorwayFootnote 12 15 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sweden 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
United KingdomFootnote 13 800 790 715 40 10 40 40 10
Southern Europe 270 235 95 110 45 60 35 30
Albania 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Andorra 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gibraltar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greece 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 10
Holy See (Vatican City) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italy 55 35 25 0 0 0 10 25
Malta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Portugal 40 45 40 0 0 0 0 0
San Marino 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Spain 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yugoslavia, formerFootnote 14 160 160 25 105 45 60 30 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 35 15 20 20 10 0 0
Croatia 30 30 0 25 0 25 0 0
MacedoniaFootnote 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serbia and Montenegro 55 55 0 25 25 0 25 0
Slovenia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yugoslavia, n.o.s.Footnote 16 40 35 0 35 10 30 0 0
Africa 965 740 125 230 160 70 385 225
Western Africa 65 65 0 10 0 10 50 0
Benin 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Burkina Faso 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cape Verde 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Côte d'IvoireFootnote 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gambia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ghana 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guinea-Bissau 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Liberia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mali 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mauritania 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nigeria 60 65 0 10 0 10 55 0
Saint HelenaFootnote 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Senegal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sierra Leone 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Togo 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Africa 345 280 35 150 145 0 100 60
Burundi 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comoros 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Djibouti 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ethiopia 15 20 10 0 0 0 10 0
Kenya 20 20 0 0 0 0 15 0
Madagascar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malawi 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mayotte 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mozambique 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Réunion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rwanda 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Seychelles 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somalia 235 190 0 145 150 0 40 55
Tanzania, United Republic of 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uganda 15 15 10 0 0 0 0 0
Zambia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Zimbabwe 20 10 0 0 0 0 10 10
Northern Africa 140 135 15 35 10 25 80 10
Algeria 20 20 0 10 0 10 0 0
Egypt 40 40 0 0 0 0 40 0
LibyaFootnote 19 35 25 0 0 0 0 30 10
Morocco 25 25 15 10 0 10 0 0
Sudan 10 15 0 10 10 10 0 0
Tunisia 0 10 0 0 0 0 10 0
Western Sahara 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Central Africa 30 30 25 10 0 0 0 0
Angola 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Central African Republic 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chad 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of theFootnote 20 30 30 30 0 0 0 0 0
Congo, Republic of the 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gabon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sao Tome and Principe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Africa 385 230 45 35 10 30 150 155
Botswana 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lesotho 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Namibia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 380 230 45 35 10 30 155 150
Swaziland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Asia and the Middle East 2,750 2,460 625 775 230 545 1,065 285
West Central Asia and the Middle East 405 395 155 160 75 85 80 10
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
IranFootnote 21 25 25 15 15 0 15 0 0
Middle East 350 340 135 140 65 75 65 15
Bahrain 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iraq 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jordan 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lebanon 290 290 115 130 65 65 45 0
Oman 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Palestine/West Bank/Gaza StripFootnote 22 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Qatar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 10 10 0 0 0 0 10 0
SyriaFootnote 23 10 10 0 0 0 0 10 0
United Arab Emirates 15 15 0 0 0 0 15 10
Yemen 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkey 20 15 10 10 0 0 0 0
USSR, former (Asian component)Footnote 24 10 10 0 0 0 0 10 0
Central Asian Republics, former Soviet 10 15 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kazakhstan 10 15 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kyrgyzstan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tajikistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkmenistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbekistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Transcaucasian Republics, former Soviet 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Armenia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Azerbaijan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Asia 345 345 80 130 20 115 135 0
China and special administrative regions 235 235 45 55 15 45 135 0
China, People's Republic of 190 190 25 35 0 35 135 0
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region 45 45 25 20 15 10 10 0
Macau, Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korea, NorthFootnote 25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 26 95 95 20 70 0 70 0 0
Mongolia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Taiwan 15 15 10 0 0 0 0 0
Southeast Asia 835 645 185 235 90 145 225 195
Brunei Darussalam 90 90 45 25 20 10 20 0
CambodiaFootnote 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
East TimorFootnote 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indonesia 15 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
LaosFootnote 29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malaysia 65 70 60 0 0 0 0 0
MyanmarFootnote 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Philippines 625 440 50 200 65 130 195 185
Singapore 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thailand 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 10
Viet NamFootnote 31 30 25 20 10 0 0 0 0
Southern Asia 1,160 1,080 210 245 45 200 620 85
Bangladesh 15 15 0 10 0 10 10 0
Bhutan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
India 750 670 150 100 25 75 420 80
Maldives 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pakistan 385 390 55 140 25 115 195 0
Sri Lanka 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oceania 55 50 35 0 10 0 10 10
American Samoa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
AustraliaFootnote 32 30 25 20 0 0 0 10 10
Cook Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fiji 20 25 20 0 10 0 0 0
French Polynesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guam 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kiribati 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marshall Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Micronesia, Federated States of 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nauru 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Caledonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New ZealandFootnote 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
PalauFootnote 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Papua New Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pitcairn 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
SamoaFootnote 35 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Solomon Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tonga 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tuvalu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vanuatu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wallis and Futuna 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
OtherFootnote 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Data quality index showing, for the long census questionnaire (20% sample data), a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

2001 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

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Footnote 2

Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are more recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

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Footnote 3

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

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Footnote 4

Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.

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Footnote 5

Formerly known as Antigua.

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Footnote 6

The official name is the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 7

In 1993, the Czech and Slovak Republic became two separate countries: the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

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Footnote 8

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.' Includes persons who reported 'Czechoslovakia.' In 2006, the 2001 designation 'n.i.e.' ('not included elsewhere') was replaced with 'n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.

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Footnote 9

The Asian components of the former USSR are shown separately under the heading 'West Central Asia and the Middle East.'

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Footnote 10

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.' Includes persons who reported 'USSR.' In 2006, the 2001 designation 'n.i.e.' ('not included elsewhere') was replaced with 'n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.

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Footnote 11

Includes Faroe Islands.

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Footnote 12

Includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands.

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Footnote 13

The official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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Footnote 14

The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was formerly comprised of the six republics of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia. In 1991, Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia, followed by Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia in 1992. The remaining two republics of Serbia and Montenegro formed a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992 and in 2003 became Serbia and Montenegro.

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Footnote 15

The official name is the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

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Footnote 16

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.' Includes persons who reported 'Yugoslavia.'

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Footnote 17

Also known as Ivory Coast.

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Footnote 18

Also known as Saint Helena and Ascension.

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Footnote 19

The official name is Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.

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Footnote 20

Formerly known as Zaire.

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Footnote 21

The official name is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 22

Palestine refers to pre-1948 British mandate Palestine. West Bank and Gaza Strip are the territories referred to in the Declaration of Principles, signed by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993. However, since responses to the census are self-reported, it is not clear that responses of 'Palestine,' 'Gaza Strip' or 'West Bank' were in reference to these territories as defined.

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Footnote 23

The official name is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

The European components of the former USSR are shown separately under the heading 'Eastern Europe.'

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Footnote 25

The official name is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 26

The official name is the Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 27

Formerly known as Kampuchea.

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Footnote 28

Formerly part of Indonesia. The official name is the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.

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Footnote 29

The official name is the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

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Footnote 30

Formerly known as Burma.

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Footnote 31

The official name is the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

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Footnote 32

Includes Norfolk Island.

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Footnote 33

Includes Niue and Tokelau.

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Footnote 34

Formerly known as Republic of Belau.

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Footnote 35

Formerly known as Western Samoa.

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Footnote 36

Includes a small number of immigrants who were born in Canada, as well as other places of birth not classified elsewhere.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006007.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

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Footnote b

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Footnote c

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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