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Appendix A:
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation

Modified on December 7, 2009


Appendix A1
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Demographic characteristics
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Name 1871 X X X X X X X X
Relationship to Person 1 1891 X X X X X X X X
Date of birth 1871 X X X X X X X X
Sex 1871 X X X X X X X X
Marital status 1871 X X X X
Legal marital status X X X X
Common-law status X X X X
Mobility – Place of residence 1 year ago X X X X
Mobility – Place of residence 5 years ago 1961 X X X X X X X X
Number of moves since previous census X
Date of first marriage 1941 X X
Number of children ever born 1941 X X X
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Appendix A2
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Ethnocultural and language characteristics
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Knowledge of official languages 1901 X X X X X X X
Knowledge of non-official languages X X X X
Home language X X X X X X X
Mother tongue 1901 X X X X X X X X
Language used at work X X
Place of birth 1871 X X X X X X X
Place of birth of parents 1891 X X X
Citizenship 1901 X X X X X X X
Landed immigrant status X X X X
Period/year of immigration 1901 X X X X X X X
Ethnic origin 1871 X X X X X X X
Aboriginal status (self perception) X
Registered Indian/Treaty Indian X X X X
Indian band/First Nation X X X X
Aboriginal identity (single question) X X X
Aboriginal identity (derived) X X X
Population group X X X
Visible minority population (derived) X X X X X X
Religion (usually only asked every 10 years) 1871 X X X X

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Appendix A3
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Activity limitations/difficulties/reductions
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

At home X X X X X
At school or at work X X X X X
In other activities X X X X X
Long-term disabilities or handicaps X X X
Difficulties with daily activities X X
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Appendix A4
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Education
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Highest level of elementary or secondary schooling 1941 X X X X X X X
Years of schooling (university) X X X X X X
Years of schooling (other) X X X X X X
School attendance 1871 X X X X X X X
University degrees X X X X X X X
Completion of full-time vocational course (3 months or more) 1971 X
Province of elementary or secondary schooling (or outside Canada) 1971 X
Major field of study (MFS) X X X X X
Major field of study (CIP) X
High school graduation certificate X X X X X X
Province, territory or country where highest certificate, diploma, degree (above high school) was completed X
Completion of registered apprenticeship, trade, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma X X X X X X X
Highest certificate, diploma or degree 1961 X X X X X X X X

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Appendix A5
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Labour market activities
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Actual hours worked last week 1951 X X X X X X X
Usual hours worked each week 1911 X
Last date of work X X X X X X X
Industry 1901 X X X X X X X
Occupation 1871 X X X X X X X
Class of worker 1891 X X X X X X X
Weeks worked in reference year 1911 X X X X X X X
Full-time/part-time work X X X X X X X
Temporary lay-off/absent from job X X X X X X X X
New job to start in four weeks or less X X X X X X X
Looked for work in past four weeks 1961 X X X X X X X X
Availability for work X X X X X X X
Incorporation status X X X X X X X
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Appendix A6
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Journey to work
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Place of work X X X X X X X
Mode of transportation to work X X X

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Appendix A7
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Income
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Income in year previous to census year X X X X X X X
Wages and salaries 1901 X X X X X X X
Net non-farm self-employment income 1961 X X X X X X X
Net farm self-employment income X X X X X X X
Family allowances X X X X
Federal Child Tax Credits/benefits X X X X X
Old Age Security (OAS) and Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) X X X X X X X
Benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (CPP/QPP) X X X X X X X
Benefits from Employment Insurance X X X X X X X
Other income from government sources X X X X X X X
Interests and dividends X X X X X X X
Other investment income X X X X X X X
Retirement pensions, superannuation, annuities X X X X X X X
Other money income X X X X X X X
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Appendix A8
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Unpaid work
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Hours doing unpaid housework last week X X X
Hours caring for children without pay last week X X X
Hours providing unpaid care/assistance to seniors last week X X X

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Appendix A9
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Family and household
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Agricultural operator X X X X
Household maintainer(s) X X X X X X
Household head (Person 1) 1941 X X X X X X X X
Family head 1921 X
Tenure (owned/rented) 1921 X X X X X X X X
Tenure (condominium) X X X X X X
Tenure (band housing) X X X X
Presence of mortgage 1941 X X X X X X X
Who holds first mortgage X
Number of persons per household X X X X X X X X
Shelter costs – Renter 1941 X X X X X X X
Payment of reduced rent (e.g. , government-subsidized housing) X
Automobiles available for personal use 1941 X
Vacation home ownership X
Major home appliances 1931 X
Yearly payments of electricity X X X X X X X
Yearly payments of oil, gas, coal, wood, etc., X X X X X X X
Yearly payments of water X X X X X X X
Shelter costs – Owner mortgage X X X X X X
Shelter costs – Owner property taxes X X X X X X
Shelter costs – Owner condominium X X X X X X
Shelter costs – Owner condominium fees X X X X
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Appendix A10
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Dwelling
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Number of rooms 1941 X X X X X X X
Number of bedrooms X X X X X
Number of bathrooms X
Period of construction 1941 X X X X X X X
Condition of dwelling X X X X X
Type of dwelling 1941 X X X X X X X X
Value of dwelling 1941 X X X X X X X
Number of dwellings in the building 1941 X
Garage X
Piped running water in dwelling 1941 X
Bath or shower 1941 X
Use of flush toilet in building 1941 X
Unoccupied dwelling, reason for X X
Seasonal/marginal dwellings X X X X X X
Length of occupancy 1941 X X
Source of water supply X
Method of sewage disposal X
Principal type of heating equipment 1941 X X X
Principal fuel used for: cooking X
Principal fuel used for: heating 1941 X X X
Principal fuel used for: water heating X X
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Appendix A11
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Coverage
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Did you leave anyone out? X X X X X X X
Household roster X X X X X
Number of temporary residents X X X X X X X
Number of usual residents X X X X X X X
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Appendix A12
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Other
Content First time in census (before 1971) 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006

Source: 2006 Census of Canada

Symbols:
- : not applicable
x : applicable

Wartime service 1951 X
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