Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2005 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Limited information was available for respondents who allowed use of their income tax data on these benefits. For these persons, these benefits were calculated and assigned, where applicable, to one of the parents in the census family on the basis of information on children in the family and the family income. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included are child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories.