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2006 (1/5 sample), 2001 (1/5 sample), 1996 (1/5 sample), 1991 (1/5 sample), 1986 (1/5 sample), 1981 (1/5 sample), 1971 (1/3 sample), 1961
Total population, excluding institutional residents
Direct variable: Question 10
Response categories included 'Canada, by birth', 'Canada, by naturalization', and 'Other country – Specify'.
A write-in space for country of citizenship (other than Canada) was provided. See Appendix K for the list of countries of citizenship collected in the 2006 Census.
Canadian citizens were asked to distinguish between Canadian citizenship by birth and Canadian citizenship by naturalization. Persons who were born outside Canada and who are Canadian citizens by birth were requested to report 'Canada, by birth'.
In 2006, as in 1996 and 2001, a space was provided for a write-in response, as well as for the mark-in responses of 'Canada, by birth' and 'Canada, by naturalization'. Respondents could write in a country of citizenship other than Canada. Multiple responses to the citizenship question were also accepted.
In the 1971 Census, respondents were asked to indicate specific countries of citizenship. In 1981, 1986 and 1991, the format of the question was changed. For those censuses, citizenship information for specific countries is available, but only for respondents who indicated the same country for their citizenship and their place of birth.
Data for the 2006 Census, as in 1996 and 2001, will not be published for all countries of citizenship and dual citizenship. Unpublished data relating to persons who indicated dual citizenship are available upon special request, subject to restrictions imposed to ensure confidentiality.
For further information on this population, refer to Figure 5B.
Figure 5B Permanent and non-permanent residents: Citizenship