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Incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements

On some Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the 2006 Census, enumeration was not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed. Moreover, for some Indian reserves and Indian settlements, the quality of the enumeration was considered inadequate. These geographic areas (a total of 22) are called incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements.

Data for 2006 are therefore not available for the incompletely enumerated reserves and settlements, and are not included in tabulations. Data for geographic areas containing one or more of these reserves and settlements are therefore noted accordingly. Because of the missing data, users are cautioned that for the affected geographic areas, comparisons (e.g., percentage change) between 2001 and 2006 are not exact. While for higher-level geographic areas (Canada, provinces, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations) the impact of the missing data is very small, the impact can be significant for smaller areas, where the affected reserves and settlements account for a higher proportion of the population.

A list of incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements, along with population counts from the last two censuses (where available), has been compiled and is shown in Appendix 1.

A list of incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements is shown in Appendix 2, together with the province, census division and, where applicable, the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration in which each is located.

Appendix 3 shows the 2006 results, by province and territory, of the estimated population for the incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements. Note that in the Atlantic provinces, in Manitoba and in the three territories, there are no incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Appendix 1
Incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements, 2001 and 1996 population counts
Province Incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements, 2006 Population, 2001 Population, 1996

incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement

Sources: Statistics Canada, censuses of population, 1996, 2001 and 2006.

Quebec Gesgapegiag (formerly Gesgapegiag 2) 488 442
Doncaster (formerly Doncaster 17) 0
Kanesatake
Kahnawake (formerly Kahnawake 14)
Akwesasne (formerly Akwesasne (Partie))
Lac-Rapide 228
Wendake 1,555
Ontario Fort Severn 89 401 362
Attawapiskat 91A 1,293 1,258
Factory Island 1 1,430 1,286
Bear Island 1 153
Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory
Wahta Mohawk Territory
Six Nations (Part) 40
Six Nations (Part) 40
Oneida 41
Akwesasne (Part) 59
Saskatchewan Big Island Lake Cree Territory (formerly Big Head 124)
Alberta Little Buffalo
Saddle Lake 125
Tsuu T'ina Nation 145 (Sarcee 145) 1,982 1,509
British Columbia Esquimalt

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Appendix 2
Incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements in alphabetical order, 2006
Name Type Province Census division CMA/CA

… not applicable

Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population.

Akwesasne (formerly Akwesasne (Partie)) IRI Quebec Le Haut-Saint-Laurent 
Akwesasne (Part) 59 IRI Ontario Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry
Attawapiskat 91A IRI Ontario Kenora
Bear Island 1 IRI Ontario Nipissing
Big Island Lake Cree Territory (formerly Big Head 145) IRI Saskatchewan Division No. 17
Doncaster (formerly Doncaster 17) IRI Quebec Les Laurentides
Esquimalt IRI British Columbia Capital Victoria
Factory Island 1 IRI Ontario Cochrane
Fort Severn 89 IRI Ontario Kenora 
Gesgapegiag (formerly Gesgapegiag 2) IRI Quebec Avignon
Kahnawake (formerly Kahnawake 14) IRI Quebec Roussillon Montréal
Kanesatake S-É Quebec Deux-Montagnes Montréal
Lac-Rapide IRI Quebec La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau
Little Buffalo S-É Alberta Division No. 17
Oneida 41 IRI Ontario Middlesex
Saddle Lake 125 IRI Alberta Division No. 12
Six Nations (Part) 40 IRI Ontario Brant Brantford
Six Nations (Part) 40 IRI Ontario Haldimand-Norfolk
Tsuu T'ina Nation 145 (Sarcee 145) IRI Alberta Division No. 6 Calgary
Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory IRI Ontario Hastings
Wahta Mohawk Territory IRI Ontario Muskoka
Wendake IRI Quebec Quebec Québec

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On some Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the 2006 Census, enumeration was not permitted or was interrupted before it was completed. These geographic areas (a total of 22) are called 'incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements.' Data for 2006 are not available for these areas and, therefore, have not been included in tabulations.

Table 1 shows the 2006 results, by province and territory, of the estimated population for the incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements. Note that in the Atlantic provinces, Manitoba and in the three territories, there are no incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

The 2006 estimates in the table are purely 'model-based estimates.' The validity of these estimates depends heavily on whether the model has correctly captured the true underlying situation. This is an unverified assumption. Consequently, these estimates should be used with extreme caution.

Table 1
Population estimates of incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the 2006 Census
Province/Territory Number of incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements Population estimates in 2006
Notes:
  1. There are no Indian reserves or Indian settlements in Nunavut.
  2. Rounding may account for small differences in the calculation of the totals.
Newfoundland and Labrador00
Prince Edward Island00
Nova Scotia00
New Brunswick00
Quebec716,600
Ontario1015,392
Manitoba00
Saskatchewan1739
Alberta37,271
British Columbia1113
Yukon Territory00
Northwest Territories00
Nunavut 100
Total 22240,115