- 'On reserve'
The 'on reserve'
population is defined according to criteria established by Indian and
Northern Affairs Canada (INAC). 'On reserve' population includes all
people living in legally defined Indian reserves, Indian settlements,
other land types created by the ratification of Self-Government Agreements
and other northern communities affiliated with First Nations, according
to the criteria established by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.
See section 1.3. Estimates for the 22 Indian reserves and Indian
settlements that were incompletely enumerated in the 2006 Census
are not included.
Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia,
New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario; West includes Manitoba, Saskatchewan,
Alberta and British Columbia, North includes Yukon Territory
and Northwest Territories. There are no reserves in Nunavut.
- Census count
These data refer
to both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal. They are taken from Statistics
Canada. 2008. Aboriginal Identity (8), Area of Residence (6),
Age Groups (12) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces
and Territories, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data (table). Topic-based
tabulation. 2006 Census of Population. Statistics Canada
catalogue no. 97-558-XCB2006006. Released January 15, 2008.
- Is net undercoverage
statistically different from 0?
In some cases, the amount of
uncertainty in the estimate from sampling is such that one cannot
conclude, statistically, that net undercoverage is different from zero.
Users considering including the estimated net undercoverage in an
estimate of population should consider this limitation. For example,
the standard error for Ontario is large enough to conclude that there
is a reasonable chance that the real net undercoverage is zero.
Data quality notes:
The standard error provides a measure of the accuracy of the estimates
resulting from sampling. The estimates are considered accurate within
plus or minus two standard errors 19 times out of 20. This means that there
are approximately 19 chances in 20 (95%) that the real national net
undercoverage for persons living on reserve falls within the range
28,205 to 53,041 (40,623 + or – two standard errors). Or, there
are approximately two chances in three (68%) that the real net
undercoverage falls within the range 34,414 to 46,832
(40,623 + or – one standard error).
Sources: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census,
2006 Reverse Record Check and 2006 Census Overcoverage Study.