- not applicable
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix A
- The Aboriginal questions appear in the long questionnaire
(Form 2B or 2D), except for the 1986 identity question.
Form 2B is distributed to 1 in 5
households (20% sample), and Form 2D is administered to all households in northern areas
(with the exception of Whitehorse and Yellowknife) and almost all Indian reserves.
- An Aboriginal identity question was first asked in the
1986 Census short questionnaire (Form 2A) in response to concerns from Aboriginal groups that an
individual's ancestry does not necessarily reflect his or her feelings of belonging to a specific
group as well as concerns related to census sampling techniques. It was felt that an Aboriginal
identity question should be asked on the short questionnaire (100% sample) that was administered
to every household and not just in the long questionnaire that was administered to only 1 in 5
households (20% sample). A misunderstanding of the term 'Aboriginal' by non-Aboriginal persons
resulted in very high counts for Inuit and the results of this question were not made public,
instead released counts for the Aboriginal population from the 1986 Census were based on ancestry.
- The derived identity counts include persons who reported one or
more Aboriginal identity groups (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit) to
question 18, and/ or reported being a registered or treaty Indian (question 20) and/or
reported being a member of an Indian band/First Nation (question 21) without reporting an
Aboriginal identity (question 18).