Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Edmundston, New Brunswick 1

Map of Edmundston, CA (shaded in green), New Brunswick

Map of Edmundston

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Edmundston, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Edmundston, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
6
Nat. rank
105

In 2011, the population of Edmundston census agglomeration (CA) was 21,903, representing a percentage change of -2.5% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Edmundston, the land area is 916.85 square kilometres with a population density of 23.9 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 9,705 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Edmundston in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 0.1%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Edmundston CA

Table 1 Edmundston CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Edmundston C 16,032 16,643 -3.7
Saint-Joseph P 2,171 1,696 28.0
Saint-Jacques P 1,599 1,607 -0.5
Rivire-Verte VL 744 798 -6.8
Saint-Basile P 717 799 -10.3
Saint-Hilaire P 290 531 -45.4
St. Basile 10 IRI 205 166 23.5
St. Hilaire VL 145 231 -37.2

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in New Brunswick

Table 2 New Brunswick – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Moncton CMA 138,644 126,424 9.7 29 1
Saint John CMA 127,761 122,389 4.4 31 2
Fredericton CA 94,268 86,226 A 9.3 39 3
Bathurst CA 33,484 34,106 A -1.8 82 4
Miramichi CA 28,115 28,773 A -2.3 90 5
Edmundston CA 21,903 22,471 A -2.5 105 6
Campbellton CA 17,842 17,878 A -0.2 113 ···
Campbellton (New Brunswick part / partie du Nouveau-Brunswick)   14,520 14,816 A -2.0 ··· 7
Campbellton (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   3,322 3,062 8.5 ··· 30

Age and sex

Edmundston – Age distribution

Table 3 Edmundston – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 13.2% 14.0% 12.5%
15 to 64 68.2% 69.7% 67.0%
65 and over 18.5% 16.3% 20.5%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Edmundston was 18.5%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.2% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 13.2%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Edmundston – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Edmundston – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 21,905 22,475 -570 -2.5
0 to 14 2,895 3,130 -235 -7.5
15 to 64 14,950 15,825 -875 -5.5
65 and over 4,050 3,520 530 15.1
Males
Total 10,500 10,735 -235 -2.2
0 to 14 1,470 1,570 -100 -6.4
15 to 64 7,320 7,750 -430 -5.5
65 and over 1,710 1,420 290 20.4
Females
Total 11,400 11,735 -335 -2.9
0 to 14 1,425 1,565 -140 -8.9
15 to 64 7,635 8,075 -440 -5.4
65 and over 2,340 2,095 245 11.7

Edmundston – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Edmundston – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 21,905 10,500 11,400
0 to 4 years 935 495 445
5 to 9 years 965 495 470
10 to 14 years 990 475 515
15 to 19 years 1,105 540 565
20 to 24 years 1,055 530 525
25 to 29 years 1,085 545 535
30 to 34 years 1,195 585 615
35 to 39 years 1,295 660 640
40 to 44 years 1,390 670 730
45 to 49 years 1,775 835 940
50 to 54 years 2,175 1,060 1,110
55 to 59 years 2,000 985 1,015
60 to 64 years 1,875 905 970
65 to 69 years 1,275 630 645
70 to 74 years 935 405 530
75 to 79 years 770 310 455
80 to 84 years 555 215 345
85 to 89 years 385 125 260
90 to 94 years 105 25 75
95 to 99 years 25 5 20
100 years and over 0 0 0
Median age 47.8 46.6 48.7

Edmundston – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Edmundston was 47.8 years. In comparison, the median age of New Brunswick was 43.7 years.

Table 6 Canada, New Brunswick and Edmundston – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
New Brunswick 41.5 43.7
Edmundston 44.6 47.8

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Edmundston was 6,640, which represents a change of -4.2% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Edmundston, 62.0% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 24.3% were common-law-couples and 13.7% were lone-parent families.

Edmundston – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, New Brunswick, Edmundston – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
New Brunswick 224,590 152,455 67.9 35,945 16.0 36,190 16.1 3.1
Edmundston 6,640 4,120 62.0 1,615 24.3 910 13.7 -4.2

Edmundston – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Edmundston, 37.1% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Edmundston, 84.3% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 16.0% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Edmundston – Marital status

In Edmundston, 61.4% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (44.4%) or living with a common-law partner (17.0%).

The remaining 38.6% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, New Brunswick, Edmundston – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Edmundston New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 19,005 100.0 637,595 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 11,665 61.4 382,310 60.0 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 8,430 44.4 310,310 48.7 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 3,230 17.0 72,000 11.3 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 7,345 38.6 255,285 40.0 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 4,200 22.1 159,760 25.1 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 735 3.9 21,035 3.3 698,245 2.5
Divorced 910 4.8 32,930 5.2 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 1,495 7.9 41,565 6.5 1,584,525 5.7

Edmundston – Types of private households

There were 9,705 private households4 in Edmundston in 2011, a change of -0.1% from 2006. Of these, 21.7% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -14.9% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, New Brunswick, Edmundston – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Edmundston New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 9,705 100.0 314,010 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
2,105 21.7 74,710 23.8 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
3,515 36.2 108,040 34.4 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 855 8.8 32,940 10.5 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 2,935 30.2 81,705 26.0 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 80 0.8 4,415 1.4 268,060 2.0
Other households10 215 2.2 12,200 3.9 543,340 4.1

Edmundston – Structural type of dwelling

In Edmundston, 66.5% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 1.6% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, New Brunswick, Edmundston – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Edmundston New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 9,705 100.0 314,005 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 6,455 66.5 220,175 70.1 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 310 3.2 10,815 3.4 646,240 4.9
Row house 190 2.0 7,830 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 160 1.6 3,990 1.3 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,490 15.4 42,040 13.4 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 655 6.7 14,110 4.5 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 55 0.6 1,050 0.3 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 385 4.0 14,000 4.5 183,510 1.4

Language

Edmundston – Mother tongue

Chart J: Edmundston - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Edmundston - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Edmundston, 4.3% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 94.0% reported French only, and 0.7% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 64.9% for English only, 31.6% for French only and 2.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 3.8% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 94.9% spoke only French and 0.3% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 69.2% for English only, 28.4% for French only and 1.3% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Edmundston – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 21,300 100.0 21,300 100.0
English 910 4.3 810 3.8
French 20,030 94.0 20,210 94.9
Non-official language 155 0.7 70 0.3
Multiple responses 210 1.0 215 1.0
Table 12 Edmundston – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 79.3 56.3 23.0
French 99.6 98.7 0.9
Non-official language 74.3 45.7 28.6

Edmundston – Non-official languages

In Edmundston, the three most common mother tongues were Romanian (0.1%), Arabic (0.1%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (0.1%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Mi'kmaq (0.3%), German (0.3%) and Korean (0.3%).

Table 13 Edmundston – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Romanian 25 14.7 0.1
Arabic 25 14.7 0.1
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 14.7 0.1
Spanish 20 11.8 0.1
German 10 5.9 0.0
Thai 10 5.9 0.0

Edmundston – Bilingualism

Table 14 Edmundston – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 58.1 76.2 57.4 41.9
0 to 19 33.5 66.7 32.3 50.0
20 to 44 71.9 82.8 71.9 36.4
45 to 64 63.6 78.3 62.9 60.0
65 and over 50.7 69.2 50.2 33.3
Table 15 Edmundston – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 21,300 100.0
English only 265 1.2
French only 8,600 40.4
English and French 12,420 58.3
Neither English nor French 15 0.1

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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