Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Miramichi, New Brunswick 1

Map of Miramichi, CA (shaded in green), New Brunswick

Map of Miramichi

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Miramichi, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Miramichi, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
5
Nat. rank
90

In 2011, the population of Miramichi census agglomeration (CA) was 28,115, representing a percentage change of -2.3% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Miramichi, the land area is 7,578.30 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 11,765 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Miramichi in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 2.3%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Miramichi CA

Table 1 Miramichi CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Miramichi C 17,811 18,129 -1.8
Northesk P 2,352 2,480 -5.2
Southesk P 1,833 1,964 -6.7
Glenelg P 1,610 1,652 -2.5
Newcastle P 1,220 1,209 0.9
Derby P 998 1,068 -6.6
Nelson P 935 814 14.9
Chatham P 522 502 4.0
Eel Ground 2 IRI 448 503 -10.9
Red Bank 4 IRI 352 383 -8.1
Big Hole Tract 8 (South Half) IRI 34 69 -50.7

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in New Brunswick

Table 2 New Brunswick – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Moncton CMA 138,644 126,424 9.7 29 1
Saint John CMA 127,761 122,389 4.4 31 2
Fredericton CA 94,268 86,226 A 9.3 39 3
Bathurst CA 33,484 34,106 A -1.8 82 4
Miramichi CA 28,115 28,773 A -2.3 90 5
Edmundston CA 21,903 22,471 A -2.5 105 6
Campbellton CA 17,842 17,878 A -0.2 113 ···
Campbellton (New Brunswick part / partie du Nouveau-Brunswick)   14,520 14,816 A -2.0 ··· 7
Campbellton (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   3,322 3,062 8.5 ··· 30

Age and sex

Miramichi – Age distribution

Table 3 Miramichi – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 14.5% 15.1% 13.9%
15 to 64 67.1% 67.4% 66.8%
65 and over 18.4% 17.5% 19.3%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Miramichi was 18.4%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 67.1% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 14.5%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Miramichi – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Miramichi – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 28,115 28,775 -660 -2.3
0 to 14 4,080 4,645 -565 -12.2
15 to 64 18,855 19,465 -610 -3.1
65 and over 5,180 4,665 515 11.0
Males
Total 13,640 13,985 -345 -2.5
0 to 14 2,065 2,360 -295 -12.5
15 to 64 9,190 9,560 -370 -3.9
65 and over 2,385 2,060 325 15.8
Females
Total 14,470 14,790 -320 -2.2
0 to 14 2,015 2,280 -265 -11.6
15 to 64 9,665 9,900 -235 -2.4
65 and over 2,795 2,605 190 7.3

Miramichi – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Miramichi – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 28,115 13,640 14,470
0 to 4 years 1,215 595 620
5 to 9 years 1,310 685 630
10 to 14 years 1,555 780 770
15 to 19 years 1,740 910 830
20 to 24 years 1,485 785 695
25 to 29 years 1,205 580 620
30 to 34 years 1,400 670 730
35 to 39 years 1,755 850 910
40 to 44 years 1,980 930 1,045
45 to 49 years 2,245 1,080 1,160
50 to 54 years 2,320 1,110 1,210
55 to 59 years 2,380 1,130 1,250
60 to 64 years 2,350 1,140 1,205
65 to 69 years 1,540 800 735
70 to 74 years 1,305 615 685
75 to 79 years 1,005 460 550
80 to 84 years 700 295 395
85 to 89 years 390 130 260
90 to 94 years 200 65 130
95 to 99 years 45 15 30
100 years and over 5 0 0
Median age 46.0 45.2 46.7

Miramichi – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Miramichi was 46 years. In comparison, the median age of New Brunswick was 43.7 years.

Table 6 Canada, New Brunswick and Miramichi – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
New Brunswick 41.5 43.7
Miramichi 42.4 46.0

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Miramichi was 8,650, which represents a change of -1.8% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Miramichi, 71.4% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 10.5% were common-law-couples and 18.0% were lone-parent families.

Miramichi – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, New Brunswick, Miramichi – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
New Brunswick 224,590 152,455 67.9 35,945 16.0 36,190 16.1 3.1
Miramichi 8,650 6,180 71.4 910 10.5 1,555 18.0 -1.8

Miramichi – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Miramichi, 39.0% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Miramichi, 87.5% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 12.5% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Miramichi – Marital status

In Miramichi, 59.8% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (52.2%) or living with a common-law partner (7.6%).

The remaining 40.2% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, New Brunswick, Miramichi – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Miramichi New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 24,035 100.0 637,595 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 14,380 59.8 382,310 60.0 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 12,550 52.2 310,310 48.7 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 1,825 7.6 72,000 11.3 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 9,655 40.2 255,285 40.0 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 5,850 24.3 159,760 25.1 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 720 3.0 21,035 3.3 698,245 2.5
Divorced 1,215 5.1 32,930 5.2 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 1,870 7.8 41,565 6.5 1,584,525 5.7

Miramichi – Types of private households

There were 11,765 private households4 in Miramichi in 2011, a change of 2.3% from 2006. Of these, 23.0% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -13.1% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, New Brunswick, Miramichi – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Miramichi New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 11,765 100.0 314,010 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
2,710 23.0 74,710 23.8 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
4,175 35.5 108,040 34.4 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 1,385 11.8 32,940 10.5 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 2,980 25.3 81,705 26.0 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 185 1.6 4,415 1.4 268,060 2.0
Other households10 325 2.8 12,200 3.9 543,340 4.1

Miramichi – Structural type of dwelling

In Miramichi, 78.0% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, New Brunswick, Miramichi – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Miramichi New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 11,765 100.0 314,005 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 9,175 78.0 220,175 70.1 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 370 3.1 10,815 3.4 646,240 4.9
Row house 40 0.3 7,830 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 0 0.0 3,990 1.3 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,120 9.5 42,040 13.4 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 200 1.7 14,110 4.5 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 20 0.2 1,050 0.3 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 845 7.2 14,000 4.5 183,510 1.4

Language

Miramichi – Mother tongue

Chart J: Miramichi - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Miramichi - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Miramichi, 88.8% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 8.1% reported French only, and 2.0% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 64.9% for English only, 31.6% for French only and 2.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 94.7% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 3.6% spoke only French and 0.7% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 69.2% for English only, 28.4% for French only and 1.3% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Miramichi – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 27,750 100.0 27,750 100.0
English 24,650 88.8 26,285 94.7
French 2,235 8.1 1,005 3.6
Non-official language 565 2.0 205 0.7
Multiple responses 300 1.1 255 0.9
Table 12 Miramichi – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.7 0.2
French 66.9 44.8 22.1
Non-official language 68.5 40.0 28.5

Miramichi – Non-official languages

In Miramichi, the three most common mother tongues were Mi'kmaq (1.0%), German (0.2%) and Afrikaans (0.1%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Mi'kmaq (0.3%), German (0.3%) and Korean (0.3%).

Table 13 Miramichi – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Mi'kmaq 285 43.8 1.0
German 60 9.2 0.2
Afrikaans 30 4.6 0.1
Dutch 20 3.1 0.1
Yiddish 20 3.1 0.1

Miramichi – Bilingualism

Table 14 Miramichi – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 15.7 9.2 89.7 8.0
0 to 19 17.6 14.7 87.0 13.3
20 to 44 20.1 13.5 93.8 6.5
45 to 64 13.1 5.1 90.6 4.7
65 and over 11.9 3.2 84.5 12.0
Table 15 Miramichi – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 27,750 100.0
English only 23,110 83.3
French only 90 0.3
English and French 4,520 16.3
Neither English nor French 30 0.1

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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