Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Medicine Hat, Alberta

Map of Medicine Hat, CA (shaded in green), Alberta

Map of Medicine Hat

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Medicine Hat, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Medicine Hat, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
5
Nat. rank
50

In 2011, the population of Medicine Hat census agglomeration (CA) was 72,807, representing a percentage change of 5.8% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Medicine Hat, the land area is 13,288.65 square kilometres with a population density of 5.5 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 30,046 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Medicine Hat in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 7.8%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Medicine Hat CA

Table 1 Medicine Hat CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Medicine Hat CY 60,005 56,997 5.3
Cypress County MD 7,214 6,709 A 7.5
Redcliff T 5,588 5,116 A 9.2

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Alberta

Table 2 Alberta – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Calgary CMA 1,214,839 1,079,310 12.6 5 1
Edmonton CMA 1,159,869 1,034,945 12.1 6 2
Lethbridge CA 105,999 95,196 11.3 34 3
Red Deer CA 90,564 83,154 A 8.9 43 4
Medicine Hat CA 72,807 68,822 5.8 50 5
Wood Buffalo CA 66,896 52,643 27.1 51 6
Grande Prairie CA 55,032 47,107 A 16.8 59 7
Lloydminster CA 30,798 27,023 14.0 87 ···
Lloydminster (Saskatchewan part / partie de la Saskatchewan)   12,766 11,113 14.9 ··· 9
Lloydminster (Alberta part / partie de l'Alberta)   18,032 15,910 13.3 ··· 10
Okotoks CA 24,511 17,150 A 42.9 101 8
Brooks CA 23,430 22,452 4.4 103 9
Camrose CA 17,286 15,630 A 10.6 117 11
Cold Lake CA 13,839 11,991 15.4 127 12
High River CA 12,920 10,716 A 20.6 134 13
Sylvan Lake CA 12,762 10,703 A 19.2 136 14
Wetaskiwin CA 12,525 11,689 A 7.2 138 15
Strathmore CA 12,305 10,280 A 19.7 140 16
Canmore CA 12,288 12,039 2.1 141 17
Lacombe CA 11,707 10,752 A 8.9 144 18

Age and sex

Medicine Hat – Age distribution

Table 3 Medicine Hat – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 18.3% 18.9% 17.8%
15 to 64 66.8% 67.8% 65.9%
65 and over 14.8% 13.3% 16.3%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Medicine Hat was 14.8%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 66.8% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 18.3%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Medicine Hat – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Medicine Hat – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 72,810 68,825 3,985 5.8
0 to 14 13,355 12,510 845 6.8
15 to 64 48,665 46,345 2,320 5.0
65 and over 10,795 9,975 820 8.2
Males
Total 35,775 34,070 1,705 5.0
0 to 14 6,760 6,310 450 7.1
15 to 64 24,245 23,450 795 3.4
65 and over 4,775 4,320 455 10.5
Females
Total 37,035 34,750 2,285 6.6
0 to 14 6,595 6,200 395 6.4
15 to 64 24,415 22,900 1,515 6.6
65 and over 6,025 5,655 370 6.5

Medicine Hat – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Medicine Hat – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 72,810 35,775 37,035
0 to 4 years 4,575 2,370 2,210
5 to 9 years 4,325 2,175 2,155
10 to 14 years 4,445 2,215 2,230
15 to 19 years 4,475 2,295 2,180
20 to 24 years 4,555 2,305 2,245
25 to 29 years 5,040 2,480 2,555
30 to 34 years 5,020 2,505 2,520
35 to 39 years 4,620 2,340 2,285
40 to 44 years 4,650 2,335 2,310
45 to 49 years 5,335 2,645 2,690
50 to 54 years 5,760 2,840 2,920
55 to 59 years 5,165 2,550 2,615
60 to 64 years 4,055 1,950 2,105
65 to 69 years 3,060 1,430 1,630
70 to 74 years 2,480 1,165 1,320
75 to 79 years 2,090 995 1,100
80 to 84 years 1,650 675 975
85 to 89 years 985 365 620
90 to 94 years 420 110 315
95 to 99 years 100 30 70
100 years and over 5 5 5
Median age 39.3 38.3 40.3

Medicine Hat – Median age1 of the population

The median age in Medicine Hat was 39.3 years. In comparison, the median age of Alberta was 36.5 years.

Table 6 Canada, Alberta and Medicine Hat – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Alberta 36.0 36.5
Medicine Hat 38.3 39.3

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Medicine Hat was 20,890, which represents a change of 5.8% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Medicine Hat, 71.7% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 13.3% were common-law-couples and 15.0% were lone-parent families.

Medicine Hat – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Alberta, Medicine Hat – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Alberta  999,525 719,355 72.0 135,660 13.6 144,510 14.5 10.5
Medicine Hat 20,890 14,985 71.7 2,780 13.3 3,125 15.0 5.8

Medicine Hat – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Medicine Hat, 43.7% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Medicine Hat, 84.1% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 15.8% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Medicine Hat – Marital status

In Medicine Hat, 61.0% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (51.6%) or living with a common-law partner (9.4%).

The remaining 39.0% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Alberta, Medicine Hat – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Medicine Hat Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 59,455 100.0 2,960,470 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 36,280 61.0 1,756,860 59.3 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 30,700 51.6 1,484,705 50.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 5,580 9.4 272,155 9.2 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 23,175 39.0 1,203,615 40.7 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 13,620 22.9 823,935 27.8 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 1,715 2.9 70,855 2.4 698,245 2.5
Divorced 4,225 7.1 177,375 6.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 3,625 6.1 131,440 4.4 1,584,525 5.7

Medicine Hat – Types of private households

There were 30,045 private households3 in Medicine Hat in 2011, a change of 7.8% from 2006. Of these, 25.5% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -0.6% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Alberta, Medicine Hat – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Medicine Hat Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 30,045 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
7,650 25.5 407,145 29.3 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
9,765 32.5 406,380 29.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 2,920 9.7 128,330 9.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 8,215 27.3 342,735 24.7 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households8 270 0.9 27,900 2.0 268,060 2.0
Other households9 1,220 4.1 77,785 5.6 543,340 4.1

Medicine Hat – Structural type of dwelling

In Medicine Hat, 67.7% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.7% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Alberta, Medicine Hat – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Medicine Hat Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 30,045 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 20,335 67.7 883,260 63.5 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,460 4.9 71,850 5.2 646,240 4.9
Row house 1,750 5.8 97,865 7.0 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 205 0.7 58,205 4.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,780 15.9 197,945 14.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 500 1.7 33,505 2.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 35 0.1 1,060 0.1 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 985 3.3 46,590 3.4 183,510 1.4

Language

Medicine Hat – Mother tongue

Chart J: Medicine Hat - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Medicine Hat - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Medicine Hat, 89.7% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.2% reported French only, and 8.4% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 77.0% for English only, 1.9% for French only and 19.4% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 95.8% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.3% spoke only French and 3.0% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 85.7% for English only, 0.7% for French only and 10.5% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Medicine Hat – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 71,815 100.0 71,815 100.0
English 64,385 89.7 68,790 95.8
French 830 1.2 180 0.3
Non-official language 6,050 8.4 2,180 3.0
Multiple responses 545 0.8 670 0.9
Table 12 Medicine Hat – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.8 99.7 0.1
French 40.4 17.6 22.8
Non-official language 58.5 39.7 18.8

Medicine Hat – Non-official languages

In Medicine Hat, the three most common mother tongues were German (4.0%), Spanish (0.9%) and Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (0.4%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were German (2.3%), Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (1.9%) and Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.5%).

Table 13 Medicine Hat – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 2,850 43.9 4.0
Spanish 620 9.5 0.9
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 4.5 0.4
Dutch 255 3.9 0.4
Chinese, n.o.s. 250 3.8 0.3

Medicine Hat – Bilingualism

Table 14 Medicine Hat – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 3.4 2.5 78.9 2.1
0 to 19 3.8 3.6 69.2 2.6
20 to 44 3.6 2.9 77.3 2.8
45 to 64 3.1 1.7 79.7 2.6
65 and over 2.6 1.1 78.0 0.7
Table 15 Medicine Hat – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 71,815 100.0
English only 68,900 95.9
French only 15 0.0
English and French 2,495 3.5
Neither English nor French 400 0.6

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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