Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Fredericton, CY - New Brunswick

Map of Fredericton, CY (shaded in green), New Brunswick

Map of Fredericton, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Fredericton, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Fredericton, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
3
Nat. rank
90

In 2011, Fredericton (City) had a population of 56,224, representing a percentage change of 11.3% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 131.67 square kilometres with a population density of 427.0 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 71,377.18 square kilometres with a population density of 10.5 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Fredericton (City) had 24,732 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 11.8%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Fredericton (City) is part of the census agglomeration of Fredericton.

Population and dwelling counts

Fredericton (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Fredericton (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Lincoln, N.B. P 6,458 5,764 12.0
New Maryland, N.B. P 2,466 2,348 5.0
New Maryland, N.B. VL 4,232 4,248 -0.4
Kingsclear, N.B. P 7,391 6,689 10.5
Douglas, N.B. P 6,081 5,774 5.3
Saint Marys, N.B. P 4,733 4,224 12.1
Devon 30, N.B. IRI 864 767 12.6

New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Dieppe C 23,310 18,565 25.6
Quispamsis TV 17,886 15,239 17.4
Lincoln P 6,458 5,764 12.0
Fredericton CY 56,224 50,535 11.3
Kingsclear P 7,391 6,689 10.5

New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Shippagan P 5,032 5,370 -6.3
Edmundston C 16,032 16,643 -3.7
Alnwick P 5,922 6,152 -3.7
Beaubassin East / Beaubassin-est RCR 6,200 6,429 -3.6
Bathurst CY 12,275 12,714 -3.5

Age and sex

Fredericton, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Fredericton, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 14.7% 15.6% 13.9%
15 to 64 69.6% 70.7% 68.7%
65 and over 15.7% 13.7% 17.4%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Fredericton, CY was 15.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 69.6% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 14.7%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Fredericton, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Fredericton, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 56,225 50,535 5,690 11.3
0 to 14 8,270 7,440 830 11.2
15 to 64 39,155 35,530 3,625 10.2
65 and over 8,800 7,560 1,240 16.4
Males
Total 26,700 23,835 2,865 12.0
0 to 14 4,155 3,745 410 10.9
15 to 64 18,870 17,005 1,865 11.0
65 and over 3,665 3,085 580 18.8
Females
Total 29,530 26,695 2,835 10.6
0 to 14 4,110 3,695 415 11.2
15 to 64 20,285 18,525 1,760 9.5
65 and over 5,135 4,475 660 14.7

Fredericton, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Fredericton, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 56,225 26,700 29,530
0 to 4 years 2,810 1,370 1,435
5 to 9 years 2,665 1,310 1,360
10 to 14 years 2,790 1,475 1,315
15 to 19 years 3,245 1,605 1,640
20 to 24 years 5,420 2,650 2,770
25 to 29 years 4,695 2,350 2,340
30 to 34 years 3,860 1,925 1,935
35 to 39 years 3,600 1,740 1,855
40 to 44 years 3,530 1,680 1,850
45 to 49 years 3,925 1,850 2,070
50 to 54 years 3,850 1,835 2,015
55 to 59 years 3,635 1,660 1,980
60 to 64 years 3,395 1,570 1,825
65 to 69 years 2,490 1,135 1,360
70 to 74 years 2,040 940 1,105
75 to 79 years 1,620 680 940
80 to 84 years 1,260 500 760
85 years and over 1,385 410 970
Median age 38.7 36.9 40.3

Fredericton, CY – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Fredericton, CY was 38.7 years. In comparison, the median age of New Brunswick was 43.7 years.

Table 7 Canada, New Brunswick and Fredericton, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
New Brunswick 41.5 43.7
Fredericton, CY 38.4 38.7

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Fredericton was 15,430, which represents a change of 10.4% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Fredericton, 67.9% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 15.6% were common-law-couples and 16.6% were lone-parent families.

Fredericton – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, New Brunswick, CSD of Fredericton, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
New Brunswick 224,590 152,455 67.9 35,945 16.0 36,190 16.1 3.1
Fredericton, CY 15,430 10,470 67.9 2,400 15.6 2,565 16.6 10.4
Lincoln, P 2,045 1,405 68.7 310 15.2 330 16.1 15.2
New Maryland, P 790 640 81.0 80 10.1 65 8.2 9.7
New Maryland, VL 1,305 1,075 82.4 100 7.7 125 9.6 3.2
Kingsclear, P 2,330 1,870 80.3 265 11.4 200 8.6 14.8
Douglas, P 1,895 1,470 77.6 230 12.1 200 10.6 4.4
Saint Marys, P 1,475 1,100 74.6 205 13.9 160 10.8 15.7
Devon 30, IRI 250 90 36.0 55 22.0 110 44.0 19.0

Fredericton – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Fredericton, 40.5% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 4,470
Married couples without children * 6,000
Common-law-couples with children * 745
Common-law-couples without children * 1,655

Fredericton – Marital status

In Fredericton, 54.7% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (44.7%) or living with a common-law partner (10.0%).

The remaining 45.3% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, New Brunswick, Fredericton, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Fredericton, CY New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 47,955 100.0 637,595 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 26,250 54.7 382,310 60.0 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 21,450 44.7 310,310 48.7 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 4,805 10.0 72,000 11.3 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 21,705 45.3 255,285 40.0 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 14,465 30.2 159,760 25.1 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 1,425 3.0 21,035 3.3 698,245 2.5
Divorced 2,935 6.1 32,930 5.2 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 2,880 6.0 41,565 6.5 1,584,525 5.7

Fredericton – Types of private households

There were 24,735 private households3 in Fredericton in 2011, a change of 11.8% from 2006. Of these, 20.7% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 3.7% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, New Brunswick, Fredericton, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Fredericton, CY New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 24,735 100.0 314,010 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
5,130 20.7 74,710 23.8 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
7,470 30.2 108,040 34.4 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 2,420 9.8 32,940 10.5 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 7,575 30.6 81,705 26.0 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 200 0.8 4,415 1.4 268,060 2.0
Other households9 1,935 7.8 12,200 3.9 543,340 4.1

Fredericton – Structural type of dwelling

In Fredericton, 48.0% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 1.4% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, New Brunswick, Fredericton, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Fredericton, CY New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 24,730 100.0 314,005 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 11,880 48.0 220,175 70.1 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 695 2.8 10,815 3.4 646,240 4.9
Row house 790 3.2 7,830 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 350 1.4 3,990 1.3 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 7,605 30.8 42,040 13.4 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 2,240 9.1 14,110 4.5 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 80 0.3 1,050 0.3 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 1,090 4.4 14,000 4.5 183,510 1.4

Language

Fredericton, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Fredericton, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Fredericton, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Fredericton, 84.8% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 6.9% reported French only, and 6.9% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 64.9% for English only, 31.6% for French only and 2.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 90.7% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 3.8% spoke only French and 4.0% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 69.2% for only English, 28.4% for only French and 1.3% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Fredericton, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 55,560 100.0 55,560 100.0
English 47,130 84.8 50,390 90.7
French 3,850 6.9 2,110 3.8
Non-official language 3,840 6.9 2,195 4.0
Multiple responses 740 1.3 860 1.5
Table 13 Fredericton, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.6 0.3
French 75.9 53.1 22.8
Non-official language 83.5 61.1 22.5

Fredericton, CY – Non-official languages

In Fredericton, the three most common mother tongues were Korean (0.9%), Chinese, n.o.s. (0.8%) and Arabic (0.8%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Mi'kmaq (0.3%), German (0.3%) and Korean (0.3%).

Table 14 Fredericton, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Korean 515 12.4 0.9
Chinese, n.o.s. 460 11.1 0.8
Arabic 440 10.6 0.8
Spanish 235 5.6 0.4
German 220 5.3 0.4

Fredericton, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Fredericton, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 22.4 17.5 93.0 12.8
0 to 19 27.6 25.2 80.3 18.2
20 to 44 28.2 24.1 97.3 10.1
45 to 64 17.3 9.6 94.1 14.1
65 and over 10.0 4.5 90.9 11.3
Table 16 Fredericton, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 55,560 100.0
English only 42,385 76.3
French only 190 0.3
English and French 12,750 22.9
Neither English nor French 235 0.4

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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