Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Edmundston, C - New Brunswick

Map of Edmundston, C (shaded in green), New Brunswick

Map of Edmundston, C

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Edmundston, C - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Edmundston, C - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
8
Nat. rank
254

In 2011, Edmundston (City / Cit) had a population of 16,032, representing a percentage change of -3.7% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 107.00 square kilometres with a population density of 149.8 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 71,377.18 square kilometres with a population density of 10.5 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Edmundston (City / Cit) had 7,329 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was -0.4%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Edmundston (City / Cit) is part of the census agglomeration of Edmundston.

Population and dwelling counts

Edmundston (City / Cit) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Edmundston (City / Cit) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Rivire-Verte, N.B. VL 744 798 -6.8
Rivire-Verte, N.B. P 686 791 -13.3
Saint-Basile, N.B. P 717 799 -10.3
St. Basile 10, N.B. IRI 205 166 23.5
Saint-Joseph, N.B. P 2,171 1,696 28.0
Saint-Jacques, N.B. P 1,599 1,607 -0.5
Saint-Hilaire, N.B. P 290 531 -45.4

New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Dieppe C 23,310 18,565 25.6
Quispamsis TV 17,886 15,239 17.4
Lincoln P 6,458 5,764 12.0
Fredericton CY 56,224 50,535 11.3
Kingsclear P 7,391 6,689 10.5

New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Shippagan P 5,032 5,370 -6.3
Edmundston C 16,032 16,643 -3.7
Alnwick P 5,922 6,152 -3.7
Beaubassin East / Beaubassin-est RCR 6,200 6,429 -3.6
Bathurst CY 12,275 12,714 -3.5

Age and sex

Edmundston, C – Age distribution

Table 4 Edmundston, C – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 12.4% 13.6% 11.5%
15 to 64 66.8% 68.5% 65.3%
65 and over 20.7% 17.9% 23.1%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Edmundston, C was 20.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 66.8% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 12.4%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Edmundston, C – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Edmundston, C – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 16,030 16,645 -615 -3.7
0 to 14 1,995 2,210 -215 -9.7
15 to 64 10,715 11,550 -835 -7.2
65 and over 3,325 2,880 445 15.5
Males
Total 7,450 7,770 -320 -4.1
0 to 14 1,015 1,100 -85 -7.7
15 to 64 5,105 5,560 -455 -8.2
65 and over 1,335 1,110 225 20.3
Females
Total 8,580 8,870 -290 -3.3
0 to 14 985 1,110 -125 -11.3
15 to 64 5,605 5,995 -390 -6.5
65 and over 1,985 1,770 215 12.1

Edmundston, C – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Edmundston, C – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 16,030 7,450 8,580
0 to 4 years 675 350 325
5 to 9 years 655 335 325
10 to 14 years 665 330 335
15 to 19 years 765 355 410
20 to 24 years 785 385 400
25 to 29 years 785 380 405
30 to 34 years 875 420 450
35 to 39 years 895 465 430
40 to 44 years 940 445 495
45 to 49 years 1,230 560 675
50 to 54 years 1,525 700 825
55 to 59 years 1,480 715 765
60 to 64 years 1,425 680 745
65 to 69 years 990 470 515
70 to 74 years 730 305 425
75 to 79 years 635 245 390
80 to 84 years 495 180 315
85 years and over 480 140 340
Median age 49.0 47.5 50.2

Edmundston, C – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Edmundston, C was 49 years. In comparison, the median age of New Brunswick was 43.7 years.

Table 7 Canada, New Brunswick and Edmundston, C – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
New Brunswick 41.5 43.7
Edmundston, C 45.4 49.0

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Edmundston was 4,755, which represents a change of -5.3% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Edmundston, 60.5% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 24.5% were common-law-couples and 15.0% were lone-parent families.

Edmundston – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, New Brunswick, CSD of Edmundston, C and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
New Brunswick 224,590 152,455 67.9 35,945 16.0 36,190 16.1 3.1
Edmundston, C 4,755 2,875 60.5 1,165 24.5 715 15.0 -5.3
Rivire-Verte, VL 235 145 61.7 45 19.1 45 19.1 -14.5
Rivire-Verte, P 225 125 55.6 70 31.1 35 15.6 -10.0
Saint-Basile, P 235 160 68.1 50 21.3 25 10.6 -13.0
St. Basile 10, IRI 60 30 50.0 25 41.7 5 8.3 20.0
Saint-Joseph, P 710 490 69.0 140 19.7 75 10.6 29.1
Saint-Jacques, P 530 325 61.3 160 30.2 50 9.4 -2.8
Saint-Hilaire, P 95 70 73.7 20 21.1 5 5.3 -40.6

Edmundston – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Edmundston, 35.2% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 885
Married couples without children * 1,995
Common-law-couples with children * 535
Common-law-couples without children * 625

Edmundston – Marital status

In Edmundston, 58.8% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (42.3%) or living with a common-law partner (16.6%).

The remaining 41.2% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, New Brunswick, Edmundston, C – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Edmundston, C New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 14,035 100.0 637,595 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 8,255 58.8 382,310 60.0 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 5,930 42.3 310,310 48.7 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 2,330 16.6 72,000 11.3 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 5,780 41.2 255,285 40.0 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 3,170 22.6 159,760 25.1 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 595 4.2 21,035 3.3 698,245 2.5
Divorced 750 5.3 32,930 5.2 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 1,265 9.0 41,565 6.5 1,584,525 5.7

Edmundston – Types of private households

There were 7,325 private households3 in Edmundston in 2011, a change of -0.8% from 2006. Of these, 19.2% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -17.8% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, New Brunswick, Edmundston, C – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Edmundston, C New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 7,325 100.0 314,010 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
1,405 19.2 74,710 23.8 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
2,580 35.2 108,040 34.4 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 675 9.2 32,940 10.5 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 2,450 33.4 81,705 26.0 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 45 0.6 4,415 1.4 268,060 2.0
Other households9 175 2.4 12,200 3.9 543,340 4.1

Edmundston – Structural type of dwelling

In Edmundston, 59.2% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 2.3% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, New Brunswick, Edmundston, C – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Edmundston, C New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 7,330 100.0 314,005 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 4,340 59.2 220,175 70.1 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 280 3.8 10,815 3.4 646,240 4.9
Row house 175 2.4 7,830 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 165 2.3 3,990 1.3 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,400 19.1 42,040 13.4 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 635 8.7 14,110 4.5 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 50 0.7 1,050 0.3 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 285 3.9 14,000 4.5 183,510 1.4

Language

Edmundston, C – Mother tongue

Chart J: Edmundston, C - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Edmundston, C - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Edmundston, 4.5% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 93.4% reported French only, and 0.9% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 64.9% for English only, 31.6% for French only and 2.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 4.1% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 94.3% spoke only French and 0.4% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 69.2% for only English, 28.4% for only French and 1.3% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Edmundston, C – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 15,505 100.0 15,505 100.0
English 700 4.5 640 4.1
French 14,480 93.4 14,620 94.3
Non-official language 140 0.9 60 0.4
Multiple responses 185 1.2 180 1.2
Table 13 Edmundston, C – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 79.5 57.4 22.2
French 99.5 98.6 0.9
Non-official language 71.9 43.8 28.1

Edmundston, C – Non-official languages

In Edmundston, the three most common mother tongues were Romanian (0.2%), Spanish (0.1%) and Arabic (0.1%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Mi'kmaq (0.3%), German (0.3%) and Korean (0.3%).

Table 14 Edmundston, C – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Romanian 25 16.1 0.2
Spanish 20 12.9 0.1
Arabic 20 12.9 0.1
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 12.9 0.1
Thai 10 6.5 0.1

Edmundston, C – Bilingualism

Table 15 Edmundston, C – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 61.0 75.5 60.5 42.9
0 to 19 35.2 66.7 33.6 50.0
20 to 44 74.8 81.8 75.0 30.0
45 to 64 67.5 78.8 67.0 55.6
65 and over 53.1 71.4 52.8 40.0
Table 16 Edmundston, C – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 15,505 100.0
English only 210 1.4
French only 5,785 37.3
English and French 9,500 61.3
Neither English nor French 10 0.1

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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