Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Province of Manitoba 1

Map of Canada with the province of Manitoba shaded in green

Map of Manitoba

Interactive version of map

In 2011, the enumerated population of Manitoba was 1,208,268 which represents a change of 5.2% from 2006. This compares to the national average of 5.9%.

The land area of Manitoba is 552,329.52 square kilometres with a population density of 2.2 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 466,138 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Manitoba in 2011. This represents an increase of 3.9% of the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006. For Canada as a whole, the total number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Canada, provinces and territories – Population, percentage change between 2006 and 2011

Table 1 Canada, provinces and territories – Population change, 2006 to 2011
Geographic name Population
2011 2006 Change % change % of nat. pop.
Canada  33,476,688 31,612,897 1,863,791 5.9 100.00
Newfoundland and Labrador 514,536 505,469 9,067 1.8 1.54
Prince Edward Island 140,204 135,851 4,353 3.2 0.42
Nova Scotia 921,727 913,462 8,265 0.9 2.75
New Brunswick 751,171 729,997 21,174 2.9 2.24
Quebec  7,903,001 7,546,131 356,870 4.7 23.61
Ontario  12,851,821 12,160,282 691,539 5.7 38.39
Manitoba  1,208,268 1,148,401 59,867 5.2 3.61
Saskatchewan  1,033,381 968,157 65,224 6.7 3.09
Alberta  3,645,257 3,290,350 354,907 10.8 10.89
British Columbia  4,400,057 4,113,487 286,570 7.0 13.14
Yukon 33,897 30,372 3,525 11.6 0.10
Northwest Territories 41,462 41,464 -2 0.0 0.12
Nunavut 31,906 29,474 2,432 8.3 0.10

Manitoba – Census metropolitan areas (CMAs), census agglomerations (CAs) and regions outside CMAs and CAs

In 2011, 68.1% of the population of Manitoba lived inside a census metropolitan area (CMA) or census agglomeration (CA). That represents 822,606 persons.


The number of persons living outside a census metropolitan area (CMA) and a census agglomeration (CA) was 385,662 which accounts for 31.9% of the provincial population.

Table 2 Manitoba - Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Winnipeg  CMA 730,018 694,668 5.1 8 1
Brandon CA 53,229 48,256 10.3 61 2
Steinbach CA 13,524 11,066 A 22.2 130 3
Portage la Prairie CA 12,996 12,728 A 2.1 132 4
Thompson CA 12,839 13,446 A -4.5 135 5

Manitoba – Census subdivisions, with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 3 Manitoba – Census subdivisions, with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
La Broquerie RM 5,198 3,659 42.1
Stanley RM 8,356 6,367 31.2
Steinbach CY 13,524 11,066 22.2
Morden T 7,812 6,571 18.9
Hanover RM 14,026 11,871 18.2

Manitoba – Census subdivisions, with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 4 Manitoba – Census subdivisions, with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thompson CY 12,829 13,446 -4.6
Flin Flon (Part) CY 5,363 5,594 -4.1
Portage la Prairie RM 6,525 6,793 -3.9
The Pas T 5,513 5,589 -1.4
Gimli RM 5,845 5,797 0.8

Age and sex

Manitoba – Age distribution

Table 5 Manitoba – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 19.1% 20.0% 18.3%
15 to 64 66.6% 67.4% 65.8%
65 and over 14.3% 12.7% 15.8%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Manitoba was 14.3%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 66.6% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 19.1%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Manitoba – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 6 Manitoba – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 and 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 1,208,270 1,148,400 59,870 5.2
0 to 14 231,160 225,170 5,990 2.7
15 to 64 804,655 761,340 43,315 5.7
65 and over 172,450 161,890 10,560 6.5
Males
Total 594,550 563,275 31,275 5.6
0 to 14 118,620 115,565 3,055 2.6
15 to 64 400,650 378,455 22,195 5.9
65 and over 75,285 69,255 6,030 8.7
Females
Total 613,715 585,130 28,585 4.9
0 to 14 112,540 109,605 2,935 2.7
15 to 64 404,005 382,885 21,120 5.5
65 and over 97,170 92,635 4,535 4.9

Manitoba – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 7 Manitoba – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 1,208,270 594,550 613,715
0 to 4 years 77,185 39,275 37,905
5 to 9 years 74,620 38,380 36,240
10 to 14 years 79,355 40,960 38,395
15 to 19 years 86,215 44,175 42,035
20 to 24 years 82,925 41,935 40,990
25 to 29 years 78,185 38,900 39,285
30 to 34 years 75,260 37,000 38,265
35 to 39 years 75,575 37,475 38,100
40 to 44 years 77,775 38,455 39,320
45 to 49 years 90,090 44,695 45,395
50 to 54 years 89,970 44,945 45,030
55 to 59 years 79,770 39,350 40,415
60 to 64 years 68,895 33,725 35,170
65 to 69 years 50,240 24,405 25,840
70 to 74 years 38,425 18,035 20,390
75 to 79 years 31,575 14,100 17,475
80 to 84 years 25,540 10,400 15,150
85 to 89 years 16,935 5,790 11,145
90 to 94 years 7,405 2,075 5,330
95 to 99 years 2,045 440 1,610
100 years and over 280 35 240
Median age 38.4 37.2 39.4

Manitoba – Median age2 of the population in the last 90 years

The median age in Manitoba was 38.4 years. In comparison, the median age of Canada was 40.6 years.

Chart E: Manitoba - Median age of the population in the last 90 years

Chart E description: Manitoba - Median age of the population in the last 90 years

Table 8 Manitoba and Canada – Median age of the population, 1921 to 2011 censuses
Median age Census year
1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Canada 23.9 24.7 27.0 27.7 26.3 26.2 29.6 33.5 37.6 40.6
Manitoba 22.7 24.1 27.4 29.0 27.7 26.8 29.9 33.0 36.8 38.4

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Manitoba was 327,875, which represents a change of 4.8% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Manitoba, 71.0% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 11.9% were common-law-couples and 17.1% were lone-parent families.

Family structure

Table 9 Canada, provinces and territories – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Newfoundland and Labrador 159,385 114,335 71.7 20,630 12.9 24,420 15.3 2.3
Prince Edward Island 40,850 29,695 72.7 4,570 11.2 6,580 16.1 4.2
Nova Scotia 270,065 184,870 68.5 38,460 14.2 46,735 17.3 1.0
New Brunswick 224,590 152,455 67.9 35,945 16.0 36,190 16.1 3.1
Quebec  2,203,625 1,143,370 51.9 694,750 31.5 365,515 16.6 3.9
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Manitoba  327,875 232,635 71.0 39,060 11.9 56,185 17.1 4.8
Saskatchewan  285,375 202,770 71.1 35,785 12.5 46,825 16.4 6.7
Alberta  999,525 719,355 72.0 135,660 13.6 144,510 14.5 10.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Yukon 9,330 5,080 54.4 2,340 25.1 1,915 20.5 11.9
Northwest Territories 10,930 5,465 50.0 3,135 28.7 2,330 21.3 0.5
Nunavut 7,780 3,035 39.0 2,545 32.7 2,195 28.2 10.5

Manitoba – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in Manitoba, 48.1% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the province of Manitoba, 87.9% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 12.1% were stepfamilies, in which at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under at home were stepfamilies.



Manitoba – Marital status

In Manitoba, 57.2% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (49.1%) or living with a common-law partner (8.0%).


The remaining 42.8% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.


Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 10 Canada, Manitoba – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Manitoba Canada
number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 977,110 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 558,505 57.2 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 480,135 49.1 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 78,370 8.0 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 418,600 42.8 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 282,460 28.9 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 23,620 2.4 698,245 2.5
Divorced 52,215 5.3 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 60,300 6.2 1,584,525 5.7

Manitoba – Types of private households

There were 466,140 private households4 in Manitoba in 2011, a change of 3.9% from 2006. Of these, 26.8% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 0.8% compared with five years earlier.

Table 11 Canada, Manitoba – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Manitoba Canada
number % number %
Total - Private households 466,140 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children6 125,025 26.8 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children7 134,525 28.9 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 48,255 10.4 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 131,480 28.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 9,665 2.1 268,060 2.0
Other households10 17,190 3.7 543,340 4.1

Manitoba – Size of private households

The average household size in Manitoba was 2.5 persons in 2011, compared to the Canadian average household size of 2.5 persons.

In Manitoba, the proportion of total private households with only one person has increased over time, while the proportion of larger households (five or more persons) has decreased.

Table 12 Manitoba – Proportion of total private households with one person and five or more persons, 1961 to 2011 censuses
Private household size 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011
One person 10.2 12.5 15.3 19.4 23.3 24.0 25.6 26.6 28.2 28.6 28.2
Five or more persons 29.6 28.5 23.9 18.1 14.0 12.0 10.9 10.8 10.0 9.6 10.1

Manitoba – Structural type of dwelling

In Manitoba, 69.2% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 8.1% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 13 Canada, Manitoba – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Manitoba Canada
number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 466,140 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 322,800 69.2 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 14,445 3.1 646,240 4.9
Row house 14,435 3.1 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 37,665 8.1 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 61,410 13.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 6,105 1.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 730 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 8,550 1.8 183,510 1.4

Language

Manitoba – Mother tongue

Chart J: Manitoba - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Manitoba - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Manitoba, 72.9% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 3.5% reported French only, and 21.5% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the national percentages were 56.9% for English only, 21.3% for French only and 19.8% for non-official languages only.

In 2011, 84.4% of the population spoke English only most often at home, 1.5% spoke only French, and 10.5% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the national percentages were 64.8% for English only, 20.6% for French only and 11.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 14 Manitoba – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected language Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 1,193,095 100.0 1,193,095 100.0
English 869,990 72.9 1,007,330 84.4
French 42,090 3.5 17,950 1.5
Non-official language 256,500 21.5 125,285 10.5
Aboriginal language 35,540 3.0 21,330 1.8
Non-Aboriginal language 220,965 18.5 103,955 8.7
Multiple responses 24,520 2.1 42,535 3.6
Table 15 Manitoba – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.6 99.1 0.5
French 61.9 40.4 21.6
Non-official language 75.4 54.4 20.9
Aboriginal language 85.2 56.6 28.5
Non-Aboriginal language 73.8 54.1 19.7

Manitoba – Non-official languages

In Manitoba, the three most common mother tongues were German (5.8%), Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (3.4%) and Cree, n.o.s. (1.7%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the national level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.4%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.3%) and Spanish (1.3%).

Table 16 Manitoba – The most common non-official language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 69,795 25.2 5.8
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40,425 14.6 3.4
Cree, n.o.s. 19,955 7.2 1.7
Ukrainian 18,940 6.8 1.6
Panjabi (Punjabi) 10,625 3.8 0.9
Spanish 9,480 3.4 0.8
Ojibway 8,545 3.1 0.7
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,890 2.8 0.7
Polish 7,845 2.8 0.7
Oji-Cree 7,030 2.5 0.6

Manitoba – Bilingualism

Table 17 Manitoba – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 8.5 6.3 89.2 2.5
0 to 19 9.1 8.6 83.7 3.0
20 to 44 9.5 8.3 92.6 2.9
45 to 64 7.1 3.2 89.7 2.2
65 and over 7.6 2.4 88.2 1.6
Table 18 Manitoba – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 1,193,095 100.0
English only 1,074,335 90.0
French only 1,490 0.1
English and French 103,145 8.6
Neither English nor French 14,135 1.2

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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