Census Profile

Data table

Data table

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Quebec Data quality note(s)

(Province)
New Brunswick

(Province)
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 7,903,001  ...Data not available ...Data not available 751,171 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 7,546,131  ...Data not available ...Data not available 729,997 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 4.7 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2.9 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 3,685,926 ...Data not available ...Data not available 348,465 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 3,395,343 ...Data not available ...Data not available 314,007 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Population density per square kilometre 5.8 ...Data not available ...Data not available 10.5 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Land area (square km) 1,356,547.02 ...Data not available ...Data not available 71,377.18 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 7,903,000 3,875,860 4,027,140 751,170 366,440 384,730
0 to 4 years 440,840 225,525 215,320 36,525 18,575 17,955
5 to 9 years 399,575 203,675 195,900 36,660 18,600 18,060
10 to 14 years 418,205 213,540 204,665 40,390 20,780 19,610
15 to 19 years 491,980 249,960 242,020 45,845 23,585 22,265
15 years 93,955 47,690 46,265 8,705 4,485 4,220
16 years 96,095 48,880 47,210 9,030 4,660 4,365
17 years 97,795 49,925 47,875 9,270 4,730 4,540
18 years 100,210 50,910 49,305 9,450 4,900 4,550
19 years 103,915 52,545 51,370 9,395 4,815 4,585
20 to 24 years 489,185 246,850 242,340 44,585 22,735 21,850
25 to 29 years 490,665 245,695 244,970 41,725 20,535 21,190
30 to 34 years 531,445 264,980 266,460 43,700 21,160 22,540
35 to 39 years 498,225 249,610 248,615 48,120 23,380 24,740
40 to 44 years 520,805 261,120 259,690 51,275 25,010 26,265
45 to 49 years 623,575 311,320 312,250 61,905 30,250 31,650
50 to 54 years 648,695 320,695 327,995 62,795 30,675 32,115
55 to 59 years 579,280 285,295 293,990 59,340 28,940 30,400
60 to 64 years 512,830 250,675 262,155 54,665 26,940 27,725
65 to 69 years 403,210 194,305 208,905 39,110 19,410 19,695
70 to 74 years 291,755 135,830 155,925 29,255 14,060 15,190
75 to 79 years 232,355 101,675 130,680 22,480 10,020 12,460
80 to 84 years 176,420 69,170 107,250 16,335 6,535 9,795
85 years and over 153,945 45,945 108,005 16,465 5,240 11,225
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.9 40.7 43.0 43.7 42.8 44.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.1 83.4 84.7 84.9 84.2 85.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 6,644,380 3,233,120 3,411,260 637,590 308,485 329,110
Married or living with a common-law partner 3,745,320 1,875,415 1,869,905 382,310 191,050 191,260
Married (and not separated) 2,353,770 1,177,720 1,176,050 310,310 155,115 155,195
Living common law 1,391,550 697,695 693,850 72,000 35,935 36,070
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 2,899,060 1,357,705 1,541,360 255,285 117,440 137,850
Single (never legally married) 1,942,090 1,045,540 896,545 159,760 86,220 73,545
Separated 105,195 46,465 58,720 21,035 9,180 11,855
Divorced 463,830 188,265 275,565 32,930 14,060 18,870
Widowed 387,945 77,430 310,515 41,560 7,985 33,575
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 2,203,630 ...Data not available ...Data not available 224,590 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 2 persons 1,158,055 ...Data not available ...Data not available 125,615 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 3 persons 473,495 ...Data not available ...Data not available 49,255 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 4 persons 407,400 ...Data not available ...Data not available 37,365 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 164,680 ...Data not available ...Data not available 12,360 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 2,203,630 ...Data not available ...Data not available 224,590 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 1,838,120 ...Data not available ...Data not available 188,400 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Married couples 1,143,365 ...Data not available ...Data not available 152,455 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children at home 596,140 ...Data not available ...Data not available 82,075 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children at home 547,225 ...Data not available ...Data not available 70,380 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 216,230 ...Data not available ...Data not available 31,060 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 226,985 ...Data not available ...Data not available 29,455 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 104,010 ...Data not available ...Data not available 9,860 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Common-law couples 694,750 ...Data not available ...Data not available 35,950 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children at home 334,250 ...Data not available ...Data not available 20,155 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children at home 360,500 ...Data not available ...Data not available 15,790 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 152,120 ...Data not available ...Data not available 8,430 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 155,020 ...Data not available ...Data not available 5,455 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 53,360 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,905 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 365,515 ...Data not available ...Data not available 36,185 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Female parent 277,930 ...Data not available ...Data not available 28,735 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 169,760 ...Data not available ...Data not available 18,065 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 81,365 ...Data not available ...Data not available 8,040 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 26,810 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,640 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Male parent 87,580 ...Data not available ...Data not available 7,450 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 57,910 ...Data not available ...Data not available 5,320 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 23,780 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,725 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 5,900 ...Data not available ...Data not available 410 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total children in census families in private households 2,201,800 ...Data not available ...Data not available 200,700 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Under six years of age 520,710 ...Data not available ...Data not available 43,455 ...Data not available ...Data not available
6 to 14 years 728,240 ...Data not available ...Data not available 69,295 ...Data not available ...Data not available
15 to 17 years 279,620 ...Data not available ...Data not available 26,050 ...Data not available ...Data not available
18 to 24 years 453,250 ...Data not available ...Data not available 38,950 ...Data not available ...Data not available
25 years and over 219,980 ...Data not available ...Data not available 22,950 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ...Data not available ...Data not available 0.9 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 7,732,835 3,812,190 3,920,640 735,715 359,500 376,215
Number of persons not in census families 1,489,290 717,115 772,170 122,025 56,500 65,525
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 145,795 64,175 81,615 13,885 5,930 7,955
Living with non-relatives only 249,085 141,300 107,785 26,435 14,440 11,995
Living alone 1,094,410 511,640 582,770 81,705 36,135 45,570
Number of census family persons 6,243,545 3,095,075 3,148,470 613,695 303,000 310,690
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2.7 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 1,128,815 510,045 618,775 114,255 52,430 61,830
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 413,235 124,645 288,590 37,740 11,275 26,460
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 45,530 11,850 33,680 4,920 1,330 3,590
Living with non-relatives only 24,935 11,985 12,950 2,545 1,205 1,340
Living alone 342,775 100,810 241,965 30,270 8,745 21,530
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 715,580 385,395 330,185 76,515 41,150 35,365
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 3,395,340 ...Data not available ...Data not available 314,005 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Census-family households 2,174,255 ...Data not available ...Data not available 220,100 ...Data not available ...Data not available
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 2,050,840 ...Data not available ...Data not available 204,380 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 1,738,280 ...Data not available ...Data not available 175,630 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children 880,690 ...Data not available ...Data not available 95,030 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children 857,590 ...Data not available ...Data not available 80,600 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Lone-parent-family households 312,555 ...Data not available ...Data not available 28,745 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 123,420 ...Data not available ...Data not available 15,720 ...Data not available ...Data not available
One-family households with persons not in a census family 95,000 ...Data not available ...Data not available 11,310 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 61,250 ...Data not available ...Data not available 7,120 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children 27,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,555 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children 33,840 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,565 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Lone-parent-family households 33,750 ...Data not available ...Data not available 4,190 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Two-or-more-family households 28,420 ...Data not available ...Data not available 4,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Non-census-family households 1,221,090 ...Data not available ...Data not available 93,910 ...Data not available ...Data not available
One-person households 1,094,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available 81,700 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Two-or-more-person households 126,680 ...Data not available ...Data not available 12,205 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 3,395,345 ...Data not available ...Data not available 314,005 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Single-detached house 1,560,405 ...Data not available ...Data not available 220,180 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 171,115 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,990 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 22,995 ...Data not available ...Data not available 14,000 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 1,640,825 ...Data not available ...Data not available 75,845 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Semi-detached house 171,435 ...Data not available ...Data not available 10,815 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Row house 86,040 ...Data not available ...Data not available 7,835 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Apartment, duplex 263,860 ...Data not available ...Data not available 14,110 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,103,845 ...Data not available ...Data not available 42,040 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Other single-attached house 15,645 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,050 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 3,395,345 ...Data not available ...Data not available 314,005 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 person 1,094,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available 81,700 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 persons 1,181,240 ...Data not available ...Data not available 123,375 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 persons 496,140 ...Data not available ...Data not available 51,805 ...Data not available ...Data not available
4 persons 421,080 ...Data not available ...Data not available 40,245 ...Data not available ...Data not available
5 persons 142,555 ...Data not available ...Data not available 12,310 ...Data not available ...Data not available
6 or more persons 59,920 ...Data not available ...Data not available 4,570 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Number of persons in private households 7,732,835 ...Data not available ...Data not available 735,720 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2.3 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 7,815,950 3,841,260 3,974,690 739,900 361,415 378,480
  Single responses  7,663,135 3,764,810 3,898,325 731,855 357,560 374,295
    English  599,225 297,875 301,355 479,930 234,735 245,195
    French  6,102,210 2,994,300 3,107,910 233,530 113,495 120,035
    Non-official languages  961,700 472,635 489,060 18,395 9,330 9,065
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 41,290 20,530 20,760 2,135 1,030 1,110
        Atikamekw    5,815 2,975 2,845 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15,135 7,570 7,565 10 5 5
        Dene  0 5 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  8,715 4,200 4,515 0 0 0
        Inuktitut  10,915 5,430 5,485 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  670 340 325 2,115 1,020 1,095
        Ojibway  30 15 15 0 5 5
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0 0 0 5
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 908,480 445,970 462,515 15,520 7,920 7,595
        African languages, n.i.e 930 530 400 30 20 10
        Afrikaans  100 50 45 70 30 35
        Akan (Twi)  1,140 560 585 15 10 5
        Albanian  2,405 1,240 1,170 15 10 10
        Amharic  690 340 355 45 20 25
        Arabic  140,035 74,985 65,050 1,325 830 495
        Armenian  15,030 7,335 7,700 15 10 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 1,645 875 770 60 30 30
        Bengali  10,405 5,305 5,100 180 95 80
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5,645 3,095 2,550 10 5 5
        Bisayan languages  955 280 670 65 20 45
        Bosnian  1,505 745 760 40 20 20
        Bulgarian  6,495 3,165 3,330 20 5 10
        Burmese  60 25 35 10 5 5
        Cantonese  10,975 5,185 5,790 225 120 105
        Chinese, n.o.s.  41,590 19,745 21,850 1,190 605 585
        Creoles  49,475 21,965 27,510 70 40 35
        Croatian  2,375 1,220 1,160 75 35 40
        Czech  1,645 790 855 45 25 20
        Danish  305 145 160 145 50 95
        Dutch  3,245 1,595 1,645 925 500 425
        Estonian  200 75 125 20 10 10
        Finnish  415 155 255 50 25 25
        Flemish  590 250 340 30 10 20
        Fukien  75 30 45 0 0 5
        German  15,025 6,920 8,105 1,805 860 945
        Greek  39,825 20,135 19,690 140 85 55
        Gujarati  5,940 2,915 3,025 45 25 20
        Hakka  105 40 60 5 5 0
        Hebrew  3,975 2,105 1,870 25 20 10
        Hindi  2,745 1,435 1,310 250 130 115
        Hungarian  6,675 3,250 3,430 155 75 80
        Ilocano  1,685 615 1,075 15 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 560 320 240 30 15 15
        Italian  113,815 56,530 57,285 440 240 205
        Japanese  2,175 680 1,495 115 30 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  8,620 4,035 4,580 5 5 5
        Korean  4,085 1,785 2,300 1,810 915 890
        Kurdish  820 465 360 15 5 5
        Lao  4,185 2,050 2,140 5 0 0
        Latvian  335 125 205 20 10 10
        Lingala  2,045 980 1,070 15 5 5
        Lithuanian  650 275 370 15 5 5
        Macedonian  195 105 95 15 10 5
        Malay  625 250 375 45 25 20
        Malayalam  315 165 150 40 20 20
        Maltese  30 15 15 5 0 0
        Mandarin  11,290 5,155 6,130 405 190 215
        Marathi  160 90 65 35 15 15
        Nepali  1,280 620 660 100 50 50
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 4,565 2,470 2,090 135 85 55
        Norwegian  275 130 140 45 25 15
        Oromo  7,035 3,865 3,170 30 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  11,150 5,990 5,160 95 55 45
        Pashto  990 545 445 5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  19,835 10,340 9,500 450 245 205
        Polish  15,250 6,695 8,555 255 125 130
        Portuguese  34,265 16,505 17,760 220 110 115
        Romanian  31,245 15,115 16,130 420 225 200
        Rundi (Kirundi)  2,370 1,150 1,220 40 20 20
        Russian  24,085 10,765 13,320 355 175 180
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  2,005 875 1,130 35 20 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 150 80 75 5 0 0
        Serbian  2,955 1,485 1,470 120 60 55
        Serbo-Croatian  1,910 945 970 45 15 25
        Shanghainese  95 40 50 5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 520 305 215 95 55 40
        Sindhi  305 145 155 10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  585 305 280 20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 95 55 40 25 15 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 325 180 145 5 5 0
        Slovak  1,180 525 660 20 10 15
        Slovenian  840 375 460 10 5 5
        Somali  855 435 420 5 5 0
        Spanish  131,850 64,490 67,365 1,135 545 585
        Swahili  2,065 1,060 1,010 140 80 55
        Swedish  515 240 280 45 20 30
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  13,740 4,655 9,090 585 205 380
        Taiwanese  405 190 215 5 0 0
        Tamil  13,245 6,645 6,595 90 55 35
        Telugu  365 200 160 45 25 20
        Thai  725 190 535 65 15 55
        Tibetan languages  110 60 50 0 0 0
        Tigrigna  350 160 190 10 10 5
        Turkish  6,915 3,605 3,305 65 40 25
        Ukrainian  4,785 2,095 2,690 135 65 70
        Urdu  9,800 5,115 4,690 205 105 95
        Vietnamese  26,560 12,675 13,885 285 145 140
        Yiddish  9,035 4,515 4,520 25 20 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 11,930 6,140 5,790 740 385 360
  Multiple responses          152,820 76,455 76,365 8,040 3,860 4,185
    English and French  64,800 32,390 32,405 6,580 3,140 3,445
    English and non-official language  23,435 11,455 11,975 1,120 540 575
    French and non-official language  51,640 25,810 25,825 250 125 125
    English, French and non-official language 12,950 6,790 6,155 95 50 40
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 7,815,955 3,841,260 3,974,690 739,900 361,420 378,480
  English only 363,860 180,175 183,690 426,675 212,750 213,925
  French only 4,047,175 1,871,500 2,175,675 66,375 31,205 35,170
  English and French 3,328,725 1,758,410 1,570,310 245,890 117,020 128,870
  Neither English nor French 76,190 31,175 45,015 960 445 515
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 7,815,955 3,841,265 3,974,695 739,900 361,420 378,480
  English 935,635 465,965 469,675 502,040 245,760 256,285
  French 6,561,510 3,216,790 3,344,720 234,410 114,040 120,370
  English and French 245,230 128,655 116,575 2,575 1,225 1,350
  Neither English nor French 73,580 29,860 43,720 865 395 475
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,058,250 530,290 527,960 235,700 114,655 121,040
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 13.5 13.8 13.3 31.9 31.7 32.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 7,815,955 3,841,260 3,974,695 739,895 361,420 378,475
  Single responses 7,570,900 3,720,195 3,850,710 731,310 357,340 373,970
    English 767,415 379,915 387,500 512,110 250,355 261,760
    French 6,249,080 3,071,635 3,177,450 209,885 102,240 107,650
    Non-official languages 554,400 268,640 285,760 9,310 4,750 4,565
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 37,955 19,060 18,895 1,025 515 515
        Atikamekw   5,365 2,805 2,560 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 14,155 7,085 7,075 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 7,730 3,760 3,965 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 10,360 5,230 5,130 5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 330 175 155 1,025 515 510
        Ojibway 10 5 5 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 511,880 247,275 264,610 8,000 4,085 3,915
        African languages, n.i.e. 220 105 115 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 25 10 15 50 25 30
        Akan (Twi) 565 260 310 5 0 5
        Albanian 1,510 765 745 5 0 5
        Amharic 360 165 195 15 5 10
        Arabic 72,955 37,360 35,590 730 430 295
        Armenian 10,980 5,195 5,785 0 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 290 140 155 20 5 10
        Bengali 8,285 4,110 4,170 105 55 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,915 1,005 915 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 235 95 140 20 10 5
        Bosnian 1,030 525 505 15 10 10
        Bulgarian 4,940 2,430 2,505 10 5 5
        Burmese 30 10 15 5 5 0
        Cantonese 8,340 3,980 4,360 130 70 65
        Chinese, n.o.s. 33,890 16,270 17,620 845 445 400
        Creoles 19,430 8,295 11,135 35 15 15
        Croatian 1,060 510 545 25 10 15
        Czech 510 240 275 10 5 5
        Danish 35 20 15 10 10 5
        Dutch 525 245 280 180 90 95
        Estonian 30 15 15 0 0 0
        Finnish 65 25 40 15 10 5
        Flemish 95 45 55 5 5 0
        Fukien 15 10 5 10 0 0
        German 3,025 1,435 1,590 490 235 250
        Greek 20,060 9,685 10,380 35 15 20
        Gujarati 3,955 1,905 2,050 25 10 15
        Hakka 20 5 15 0 0 0
        Hebrew 1,735 885 845 20 15 5
        Hindi 1,450 720 725 125 65 65
        Hungarian 2,390 1,070 1,315 25 10 15
        Ilocano 585 225 360 5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 145 130 15 5 5
        Italian 39,540 17,925 21,615 90 40 50
        Japanese 915 390 525 35 10 25
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5,350 2,475 2,875 0 0 0
        Korean 2,955 1,360 1,590 1,580 805 770
        Kurdish 380 200 180 5 5 5
        Lao 2,395 1,160 1,235 0 0 0
        Latvian 90 35 55 5 0 0
        Lingala 545 250 290 5 0 0
        Lithuanian 150 60 90 5 0 5
        Macedonian 125 65 60 0 0 0
        Malay 225 115 120 25 15 10
        Malayalam 75 40 35 10 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Mandarin 9,325 4,485 4,835 325 160 165
        Marathi 65 40 25 10 0 5
        Nepali 1,170 575 600 85 45 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 975 465 505 10 5 5
        Norwegian 40 20 25 5 5 0
        Oromo 2,115 1,110 1,010 5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 8,345 4,415 3,925 40 20 25
        Pashto 805 430 380 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 14,380 7,125 7,255 320 170 145
        Polish 6,955 3,160 3,800 65 30 35
        Portuguese 16,015 7,615 8,405 75 30 40
        Romanian 22,790 11,190 11,605 265 135 130
        Rundi (Kirundi) 665 305 355 20 5 15
        Russian 18,465 8,740 9,725 220 110 105
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 450 210 235 10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 0 0 0
        Serbian 2,015 985 1,025 90 50 45
        Serbo-Croatian 1,180 580 600 15 5 10
        Shanghainese 30 15 20 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 975 625 355 165 100 60
        Sindhi 175 85 90 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 330 165 170 10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 25 10 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 145 65 75 0 0 0
        Slovak 255 115 140 5 0 5
        Slovenian 295 130 170 0 0 0
        Somali 520 245 275 0 0 0
        Spanish 88,380 43,095 45,290 595 280 315
        Swahili 750 365 385 70 35 30
        Swedish 115 55 55 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,280 2,815 4,465 280 130 150
        Taiwanese 220 115 100 0 0 5
        Tamil 11,270 5,585 5,685 35 20 15
        Telugu 220 120 105 20 10 10
        Thai 210 95 115 15 0 10
        Tibetan languages 80 40 40 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 170 80 90 0 0 0
        Turkish 4,945 2,470 2,475 30 15 15
        Ukrainian 1,925 835 1,090 35 15 20
        Urdu 7,125 3,595 3,530 120 55 65
        Vietnamese 20,740 9,845 10,895 235 125 110
        Yiddish 6,275 3,225 3,050 20 15 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 4,565 2,310 2,265 280 150 125
  Multiple responses         245,055 121,070 123,985 8,585 4,075 4,510
    English and French 71,555 35,860 35,695 6,235 2,910 3,325
    English and non-official language 43,765 21,305 22,460 2,020 995 1,025
    French and non-official language 100,110 48,590 51,525 175 90 90
    English, French and non-official language 29,625 15,315 14,310 160 85 75
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 7,815,950 3,841,260 3,974,690 739,895 361,420 378,480
  None 6,691,145 3,279,620 3,411,525 656,325 321,935 334,390
  Single responses  1,046,580 522,335 524,245 82,780 39,115 43,665
    English  459,125 234,190 224,935 47,560 22,885 24,670
    French  298,090 147,040 151,050 28,410 12,880 15,535
    Non-official languages  289,365 141,100 148,260 6,810 3,350 3,465
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 3,380 1,585 1,795 845 375 465
        Atikamekw    470 205 270 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  1,250 630 620 0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  920 435 490 5 0 0
        Inuktitut  485 205 275 15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  250 110 135 825 370 455
        Ojibway  5 5 5 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 279,095 136,070 143,025 5,280 2,665 2,610
        African languages, n.i.e 625 335 295 25 15 5
        Afrikaans  65 35 30 20 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  475 240 240 15 10 5
        Albanian  400 200 200 10 5 5
        Amharic  195 95 100 10 10 5
        Arabic  49,400 26,430 22,965 450 275 180
        Armenian  2,500 1,235 1,265 5 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 945 495 450 50 30 20
        Bengali  1,140 635 505 50 25 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  1,980 1,050 930 5 5 5
        Bisayan languages  250 80 165 15 5 10
        Bosnian  310 145 165 15 5 10
        Bulgarian  835 380 450 10 5 5
        Burmese  10 5 5 5 0 5
        Cantonese  1,890 935 955 70 35 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  5,395 2,480 2,920 245 120 125
        Creoles  34,645 15,580 19,065 70 30 35
        Croatian  600 280 325 25 10 15
        Czech  445 205 240 20 10 10
        Danish  130 50 75 55 20 35
        Dutch  930 415 515 310 165 145
        Estonian  60 25 35 5 5 5
        Finnish  140 60 85 30 10 15
        Flemish  110 45 65 5 0 5
        Fukien  25 10 15 0 0 0
        German  5,900 2,720 3,175 680 330 345
        Greek  14,520 7,350 7,165 65 45 20
        Gujarati  1,185 600 585 15 10 5
        Hakka  50 20 30 0 0 0
        Hebrew  2,975 1,475 1,505 35 20 10
        Hindi  1,870 985 890 130 65 60
        Hungarian  1,580 715 865 50 25 25
        Ilocano  505 180 325 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 210 110 95 10 0 5
        Italian  39,030 19,225 19,810 190 95 95
        Japanese  1,070 465 610 110 50 55
        Khmer (Cambodian)  2,300 1,070 1,230 0 0 0
        Korean  650 275 375 150 80 70
        Kurdish  230 125 110 0 5 0
        Lao  1,095 530 565 0 0 0
        Latvian  90 35 55 5 0 5
        Lingala  2,585 1,255 1,325 30 15 15
        Lithuanian  180 65 120 5 0 0
        Macedonian  45 20 25 5 0 5
        Malay  235 105 130 15 10 5
        Malayalam  135 70 70 15 10 5
        Maltese  5 5 0 5 5 5
        Mandarin  1,880 810 1,075 95 40 55
        Marathi  55 30 30 15 5 10
        Nepali  40 25 25 5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 2,705 1,350 1,355 95 55 40
        Norwegian  110 60 55 20 10 10
        Oromo  2,435 1,275 1,160 20 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,755 960 795 40 25 15
        Pashto  80 50 30 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  2,920 1,600 1,325 95 45 45
        Polish  3,465 1,400 2,065 75 40 45
        Portuguese  9,950 4,785 5,165 75 40 35
        Romanian  4,475 2,070 2,410 100 60 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  1,140 565 575 5 0 5
        Russian  4,610 2,105 2,500 105 60 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  920 390 530 25 20 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 55 35 25 0 0 0
        Serbian  540 275 265 15 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  350 185 165 15 10 10
        Shanghainese  50 25 25 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 445 205 240 115 50 65
        Sindhi  110 50 60 0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  175 95 80 10 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 95 55 45 0 0 0
        Slovak  310 140 175 5 0 5
        Slovenian  225 95 130 10 5 5
        Somali  250 135 120 10 0 0
        Spanish  40,335 19,665 20,670 705 335 365
        Swahili  1,245 615 630 80 35 45
        Swedish  320 150 175 30 10 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  4,875 1,540 3,335 220 65 155
        Taiwanese  135 65 70 5 0 5
        Tamil  1,510 790 720 45 25 20
        Telugu  80 50 30 25 15 10
        Thai  320 100 215 35 10 25
        Tibetan languages  30 15 10 0 0 0
        Tigrigna  90 45 45 5 0 0
        Turkish  1,270 690 575 20 10 10
        Ukrainian  1,245 535 715 35 20 15
        Urdu  2,205 1,200 1,010 60 35 25
        Vietnamese  4,620 2,245 2,375 50 25 25
        Yiddish  1,690 765 920 10 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 6,890 3,445 3,445 695 310 385
  Multiple responses          78,230 39,305 38,925 790 370 420
    English and French  30,610 15,760 14,845 130 60 65
    English and non-official language  24,795 12,330 12,465 250 130 120
    French and non-official language  21,860 10,720 11,145 400 175 230
    English, French and non-official language  965 500 465 10 5 5

Symbols

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

E use with caution

After the release of the 2006 or 2011 Census population and dwelling counts, errors are occasionally uncovered in the data. It is not possible to make changes to the 2006 or 2011 Census data presented in these tables.

Refer to the 2006 population and dwelling count amendments or the 2011 population and dwelling count amendments for further information.

X area and data suppression

In addition to random rounding, area and data suppression has been adopted to further protect the confidentiality of individual respondents' personal information.

Area and data suppression results in the deletion of all information for geographic areas with populations below a specified size. For example, areas with a population of less than 40 persons are suppressed. If the community searched has a population of less than 40 persons, only the total population counts will be available.

Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

¶ incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

2011 and 2006 population

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Total private dwellings

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Age

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Median age

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Total population 15 years and over by marital status

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Total number of census families in private households

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Total number of census families in private households

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Living with relatives

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Total number of private households by household type

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

One-family-only households

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Couple-family households

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Other family households

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Couple-family households

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Movable dwelling

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Other dwelling

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Total number of private households by household size

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Total population excluding institutional residents

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Selected Aboriginal languages

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Selected non-Aboriginal languages

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Other languages

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Official language minority

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 23 referrer

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2012. Quebec (Code 24) and New Brunswick (Code 13) (table). Census Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-XWE. Ottawa. Released October 24, 2012.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2017).

Download

Download

 Information regarding available file formats

Option 1 – Download data table

Contains currently selected geographies (i.e., Quebec and New Brunswick) and topics in the 'Data table' tab.

CSV (comma-separated values) file

TAB (tab-separated values) file

Option 2 – Comprehensive download files - CSV or TAB file format

Download a compressed CSV (comma-separated values) or a compressed TAB (tab-separated values) file for all geographies from a selected geographic level for all topics.

Select a geography and a file type (CSV or TAB)
A table showing form radio buttons and files size for compressed CSV and TAB file formats for each geographic level available for download, 2011 Census Profile.
Geographic level File formatCSV/TAB (2011) - Footnote 1 (compressed)
CSV (comma-separated values) TAB (tab-separated values)
Canada, provinces and territories
Census divisions
Census subdivisions
Census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations
Census tracts
Federal electoral districts (2003 representation order)
Federal electoral districts (2013 representation order)
Economic regions
Designated places
Population centres
Dissemination areas
Dissolved census subdivisions
Forward sortation areas©
Health regions (December 2013)
Empty cell

© This data includes information copied with permission from Canada Post Corporation.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Some of the data sets are large and require special consideration during processing in order to successfully make use of them. For example, some data files may exceed the row limitations for various spreadsheet software.

Return to footnote 1 referrer - CSV/TAB (2011)

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census Profile


Option 3 – Comprehensive download files - IVT or XML file format

Download an IVT (Beyond 20/20) or a compressed XML (SDMX-ML) file for all geographies from a selected geographic level or groups of geographic levels for all topics.

Select a group of geographic levels and a file type (IVT or XML)
A table showing form radio buttons and files size for CSV and TAB file formats for each group of geographic levels available for download.
Geographic levels File formatIVT/XML - Footnote 1
IVT (Beyond 20/20) XML (SDMX-ML)
(compressed)
Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions and census subdivisions
Census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations
Census metropolitan areas, tracted census agglomerations and census tracts
Census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and census subdivisions
Canada, provinces, territories and federal electoral districts (2003 representation order)
Canada, provinces, territories and federal electoral districts (2013 representation order)
Designated places
Population centres
Canada, provinces, territories and economic regions
Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions, census subdivisions and dissemination areas
Dissolved census subdivisions
Forward sortation areas©
Canada, provinces, territories and health regions (December 2013)
..
Empty cell

Symbols

© This data includes information copied with permission from Canada Post Corporation.
.. not available for a specific reference period

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Some of the data sets are large and require special consideration during processing in order to successfully make use of them.

Return to footnote 1 referrer - IVT/XML


Map

Map

Map: Quebec

Map: New Brunswick

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Quebec (Province)

Geographic hierarchy: New Brunswick (Province)

  • Canada
    • New Brunswick (Province)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Census Profile: Help

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