Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

The letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data

Canada

Data quality

Most common mother tongue languages other than English or French, Canada, 2016

Language Number Percentage of population with a mother tongue other than English or French Percentage of total population
Mandarin 610,830 7.7 1.8
Cantonese 594,035 7.4 1.7
Punjabi (Panjabi) 543,500 6.8 1.6
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 510,425 6.4 1.5
Spanish 495,090 6.2 1.4

Most common languages other than English or French spoken at home1, Canada, 2016

Language Number Percentage of population who spoke at least one language other than English or French at home Percentage of total population
Mandarin 641,100 8.4 1.8
Cantonese 594,705 7.8 1.7
Punjabi (Panjabi) 568,375 7.5 1.6
Spanish 553,495 7.3 1.6
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 525,380 6.9 1.5

Figure 1.1 Official language minority (number and proportion), Canada, 1991 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Official language minority (number and proportion), Canada, 1991 to 2016

Figure 1.2 Rate of English-French bilingualism, Canada, 1991 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Long description for Figure 1.2 Rate of English-French bilingualism, Canada, 1991 to 2016

Knowledge of official languages, Canada, 2011 and 2016

Language 2016 2011
Number Percent Number Percent
Total 34,767,250 100 33,121,175 100
English 23,757,525 68.3 22,564,670 68.1
French 4,144,690 11.9 4,165,015 12.6
English and French 6,216,070 17.9 5,795,570 17.5
Neither English nor French 648,970 1.9 595,920 1.8

Mother tongue4, Canada, 2011 and 2016

Language 2016 2011
Number Percent Number Percent
Total 34,767,255 100 33,121,175 100
English 20,193,340 58.1 19,424,090 58.6
French 7,452,075 21.4 7,298,180 22.0
Other languages 7,974,375 22.9 7,062,535 21.3
Aboriginal languages 213,230 0.6 213,490 0.6
Immigrant languages 7,749,120 22.3 6,838,705 20.6

Figure 1.3 Mother tongue other than English or French, Canada, 1991 to 2016

Language spoken at home1, Canada, 2011 and 2016

Language Only5 Mostly6 Equally7 Regularly8 Total
2016
English 19,756,515 2,406,355 1,514,475 2,220,470 25,897,810
French 6,081,030 862,775 378,410 829,905 8,152,115
Other languages 2,295,560 1,701,640 1,503,205 2,090,920 7,591,325
Aboriginal languages 55,420 63,050 19,050 91,250 228,765
Immigrant languages 2,230,640 1,637,640 1,476,895 1,990,565 7,335,740
2011
English 19,224,945 2,232,135 1,052,670 2,002,145 24,511,890
French 6,043,305 784,555 287,235 777,090 7,892,190
Other languages 2,145,245 1,528,620 1,031,165 1,925,365 6,630,395
Aboriginal languages 56,225 65,590 11,105 80,430 213,350
Immigrant languages 2,080,695 1,462,175 1,014,250 1,835,825 6,392,935

Language of work

English used at work, Canada, 2006 and 2016

English used at work 2016 2006
Number Percent Number Percent
All instances 17,127,700 85.8 15,589,500 85.0
Only 14,099,735 70.7 12,883,155 70.2
Mostly 1,165,600 5.8 1,133,255 6.2
Equally with another language 582,445 2.9 348,495 1.9
Regularly (in addition to the main language) 1,279,920 6.4 1,224,595 6.7
No mention 2,828,555 14.2 2,754,150 15.0
Total population9 19,956,255 100 18,343,650 100

French used at work, Canada, 2006 and 2016

French used at work 2016 2006
Number Percent Number Percent
All instances 4,986,895 25.0 4,709,885 25.7
Only 2,645,920 13.3 2,584,060 14.1
Mostly 1,179,295 5.9 1,129,975 6.2
Equally with another language 435,985 2.2 267,575 1.5
Regularly (in addition to the main language) 725,700 3.6 728,280 4.0
No mention 14,969,355 75.0 13,633,765 74.3
Total population9 19,956,255 100 18,343,650 100

Languages other than English or French used at work, Canada, 2006 and 2016

Languages other than English or French used at work 2016 2006
Number Percent Number Percent
All instances 970,910 4.9 850,360 4.6
Only 151,750 0.8 141,565 0.8
Mostly 123,680 0.6 118,140 0.6
Equally with another language 177,595 0.9 101,925 0.6
Regularly (in addition to the main language) 517,880 2.6 488,730 2.7
No mention 18,985,350 95.1 17,493,290 95.4
Total population9 19,956,255 100 18,343,650 100

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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