Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Canada

Data quality

Median income of households

  • In 2015, the median total income of households in Canada was $70,336, a change of 10.8% from $63,457 in 20051.

Figure 1.1 Median total income of households, Canada, 1995 to 2015

Figure 1.1 description Long description for Figure 1.1 Median total income of households, Canada, 1995 to 2015

Figure 1.2 Distribution of households by household total income, Canada, 2015

Figure 1.2 description Long description for Figure 1.2 Distribution of households by household total income, Canada, 2015

Number and median total income of households, Canada, provinces and territories, 2005 and 2015

Geography Number of households Median total income of households
2006 2016 % change 2005 2015 % change
Canada 12,437,470 14,072,080 13.1 63,457 70,336 10.8
Newfoundland and Labrador 197,185 218,670 10.9 52,204 67,272 28.9
Prince Edward Island 53,130 59,470 11.9 55,061 61,163 11.1
Nova Scotia 376,845 401,990 6.7 55,117 60,764 10.2
New Brunswick 295,960 319,775 8.0 53,483 59,347 11.0
Quebec 3,189,340 3,531,665 10.7 54,921 59,822 8.9
Ontario 4,555,025 5,169,175 13.5 71,534 74,287 3.8
Manitoba 448,780 489,050 9.0 56,644 68,147 20.3
Saskatchewan 387,140 432,620 11.7 55,251 75,412 36.5
Alberta 1,256,200 1,527,680 21.6 75,684 93,835 24.0
British Columbia 1,643,150 1,881,970 14.5 62,372 69,995 12.2
Yukon 12,615 15,215 20.6 71,093 84,521 18.9
Northwest Territories 14,240 14,985 5.2 94,521 117,688 24.5
Nunavut 7,855 9,820 25.0 71,285 97,441 36.7

Figure 1.3 Median total income of households by household type, Canada, 2005 and 2015

Low income

  • In 2015, 4,809,940 persons or 14.2% were in low income, while in 2005, 14.0% of the persons in Canada lived in low income2.
  • The low-income rate for persons under 18 years of age was 17.0% compared to 13.2% for persons aged 18 to 64 and 14.5% for persons 65 and over in 2015.
  • Persons living in lone-parent families had a higher rate of low income at 28.1%, while those living in couple families without children had a lower rate of 7.0%.

Figure 1.4 Percentage of persons in low income for Canada and provinces, 2005 and 2015

Figure 1.4 description Long description for Figure Percentage of persons in low income for Canada and provinces, 2005 and 2015

Figure 1.5 Percentage of persons in low income by five-year age groups, Canada, 2015

Figure 1.5 description Long description for Figure Percentage of persons in low income by five-year age groups, Canada, 2015

Figure 1.6 Percentage of persons in low income for census metropolitan areas, 2015

Figure 1.6 description Long description for Figure Percentage of persons in low income for census metropolitan areas, 2015

Figure 1.7 Percentage of persons in low income by census family type, Canada, 2015

Figure 1.7 description Long description for Figure 7 Percentage of persons in low income by census family type, Canada, 2015

Savings

  • In 2015, 65.2% of Canada’s 14 million households contributed to Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSPs), Registered Pension Plans (RPPs) or Tax-free Savings Accounts (TFSAs).

Percentage of households contributing to RRSPs, RPPs or TFSAs, RRSPs, RPPs and TFSAs, Canada, 2015

Figure 1.8 description Long description for Figure 1.8 Percentage of households contributing to RRSPs, RPPs or TFSAs, RRSPs, RPPs and TFSAs, Canada, 2015

Median contribution amount

$ 8,134

$ 3,815

$ 4,170

$ 5,765

Household contribution rates by Canada, province and territory, 2015

Geography Number of households Percentage of households contributing to
RRSPs, RPPs or TFSAs RRSPs RPPs TFSAs
Canada 14,072,080 65.2 35.0 30.1 40.4
Newfoundland and Labrador 218,670 54.5 26.7 30.5 27.2
Prince Edward Island 59,470 56.8 27.7 30.3 28.0
Nova Scotia 401,990 58.4 26.6 31.2 32.3
New Brunswick 319,775 55.2 25.7 30.3 28.7
Quebec 3,531,660 63.7 34.6 33.8 35.4
Ontario 5,169,175 67.2 35.4 28.4 45.1
Manitoba 489,050 66.2 33.3 37.7 38.3
Saskatchewan 432,625 66.0 35.6 36.1 37.3
Alberta 1,527,680 68.4 42.2 27.5 42.7
British Columbia 1,881,970 64.2 33.5 25.7 42.0
Yukon 15,215 67.5 38.0 40.9 36.1
Northwest Territories 14,980 70.5 40.5 50.8 39.2
Nunavut 9,820 58.4 22.5 48.4 26.5

Income of couples

  • In 2015, 32.0% of couples in Canada had fairly equal income3 between the two spouses or partners, a change from 20.6% in 1986. A man had higher income in 50.7% of couples (71.3% in 1986) and a woman had higher income in the remaining 17.3% of couples (8.0% in 1986).

Figure 1.10 Characteristics of couples' total income by Canada, province and territory, 2015

Figure 1.10 description Long description for Figure 1.11 Characteristics of couples' total income by Canada, province and territory, 2015

  • In 2015, the median total income of couples in Canada was $87,688.
  • The median income of higher-income partners in 2015 was $59,121 (a change from $52,317 in 1986) and the median income of lower-income partners was $25,015 (a change from $11,924 in 1986).

Figure 1.11 Median total income of higher-income partners versus lower-income partners by Canada, province and territory, 2015

Figure 1.11 description Long description for Figure 1.11 Median total income of higher-income partners versus lower-income partners by Canada, province and territory, 2015

Median total income of higher-income partners versus lower-income partners by couple type, Canada, 2015

The median total income of opposite-sex couples was $87,605 in 2015 compared to $100,707 for male same-sex couples and $92,857 for female same-sex couples.

Figure 1.12 Median total income of higher-income partners versus lower-income partners by couple type, Canada, 2015

Figure 1.12 description Long description for Figure 1.12 Median total income of higher-income partners versus lower-income partners by couple type, Canada, 2015

Symbols:

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not applicable
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incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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