Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census
Median income of households
- In 2015, the median total income of households in Canada was $70,336, a change of 10.8% from $63,457 in 20051.
Figure 1.1 Median total income of households, Canada, 1995 to 2015
Figure 1.2 Distribution of households by household total income, Canada, 2015
Number and median total income of households, Canada, provinces and territories, 2005 and 2015
|Geography||Number of households||Median total income of households|
|2006||2016||% change||2005||2015||% change|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||197,185||218,670||10.9||52,204||67,272||28.9|
|Prince Edward Island||53,130||59,470||11.9||55,061||61,163||11.1|
Figure 1.3 Median total income of households by household type, Canada, 2005 and 2015
- In 2015, 4,809,940 persons or 14.2% were in low income, while in 2005, 14.0% of the persons in Canada lived in low income2.
- The low-income rate for persons under 18 years of age was 17.0% compared to 13.2% for persons aged 18 to 64 and 14.5% for persons 65 and over in 2015.
- Persons living in lone-parent families had a higher rate of low income at 28.1%, while those living in couple families without children had a lower rate of 7.0%.
Figure 1.4 Percentage of persons in low income for Canada and provinces, 2005 and 2015
Figure 1.5 Percentage of persons in low income by five-year age groups, Canada, 2015
Figure 1.6 Percentage of persons in low income for census metropolitan areas, 2015
Figure 1.7 Percentage of persons in low income by census family type, Canada, 2015
- In 2015, 65.2% of Canada’s 14 million households contributed to Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSPs), Registered Pension Plans (RPPs) or Tax-free Savings Accounts (TFSAs).
Percentage of households contributing to RRSPs, RPPs or TFSAs, RRSPs, RPPs and TFSAs, Canada, 2015
Median contribution amount
Household contribution rates by Canada, province and territory, 2015
|Geography||Number of households||Percentage of households contributing to|
|RRSPs, RPPs or TFSAs||RRSPs||RPPs||TFSAs|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||218,670||54.5||26.7||30.5||27.2|
|Prince Edward Island||59,470||56.8||27.7||30.3||28.0|
Income of couples
- In 2015, 32.0% of couples in Canada had fairly equal income3 between the two spouses or partners, a change from 20.6% in 1986. A man had higher income in 50.7% of couples (71.3% in 1986) and a woman had higher income in the remaining 17.3% of couples (8.0% in 1986).
Figure 1.10 Characteristics of couples' total income by Canada, province and territory, 2015
- In 2015, the median total income of couples in Canada was $87,688.
- The median income of higher-income partners in 2015 was $59,121 (a change from $52,317 in 1986) and the median income of lower-income partners was $25,015 (a change from $11,924 in 1986).
Figure 1.11 Median total income of higher-income partners versus lower-income partners by Canada, province and territory, 2015
Median total income of higher-income partners versus lower-income partners by couple type, Canada, 2015
The median total income of opposite-sex couples was $87,605 in 2015 compared to $100,707 for male same-sex couples and $92,857 for female same-sex couples.
Figure 1.12 Median total income of higher-income partners versus lower-income partners by couple type, Canada, 2015
Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2016 Census.
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