Data tables, 2016 Census

First Official Language Spoken (7), Language Spoken Most Often at Home (269), Age (15A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada and Forward Sortation Areas, 2016 Census - 100% Data

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This table details first official language spoken , language spoken most often at home , age and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Canada
Data quality
Language spoken most often at home (269) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 1 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 2
Total - Language spoken most often at homeFootnote 3 34,767,250 26,007,495 7,705,755 417,485 636,515 7,914,495 22.8
Single responses 33,103,865 24,677,820 7,469,425 320,105 636,510 7,629,480 23.0
Official languages 29,106,670 21,817,190 7,289,475 0 0 7,289,480 25.0
English 22,162,870 21,747,585 415,285 0 0 415,290 1.9
French 6,943,800 69,610 6,874,190 0 0 6,874,190 99.0
Non-official languages 3,997,195 2,860,630 179,950 320,100 636,515 340,000 8.5
Aboriginal languages 118,470 92,400 11,890 6,835 7,350 15,305 12.9
Algonquian languages 75,085 56,335 11,420 4,340 2,985 13,585 18.1
Blackfoot 1,110 1,105 0 5 5 5 0.5
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 38,055 11,200 4,140 2,425 13,270 23.8
Atikamekw 5,465 5 4,790 220 450 4,900 89.7
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 1,230 6,250 660 445 6,580 76.6
Moose Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Naskapi 1,195 955 20 130 95 85 7.1
Northern East Cree 110 80 0 30 10 15 13.6
Plains Cree 1,350 1,325 0 10 20 0 0.0
Southern East Cree 20 10 0 5 0 0 0.0
Swampy Cree 330 320 0 5 10 5 1.5
Woods Cree 800 780 0 0 20 5 0.6
Cree, n.o.s. 37,950 33,350 135 3,080 1,380 1,675 4.4
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 3,515 10 75 25 45 1.2
Malecite 55 55 0 0 0 0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 3,460 10 70 20 45 1.3
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 13,660 210 120 540 265 1.8
Algonquin 370 90 175 90 20 220 59.5
Ojibway 6,175 5,910 10 30 225 25 0.4
Oji-Cree 7,900 7,590 20 5 290 25 0.3
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 70 0 0 0 0 0.0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 9,900 5 30 330 20 0.2
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,250 9,890 10 25 335 20 0.2
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Beaver 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Carrier 245 240 0 0 5 0 0.0
Chilcotin 255 245 0 0 10 0 0.0
Dene 7,710 7,480 5 15 210 10 0.1
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 970 0 0 55 5 0.5
Gwich'in 50 45 0 0 0 0 0.0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 10 0 5 5 5 50.0
Sekani 10 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 760 0 5 50 5 0.6
North Slavey (Hare) 340 315 0 5 20 5 1.5
South Slavey 375 350 0 0 20 5 1.3
Slavey, n.o.s. 110 95 0 0 10 0 0.0
Tahltan languages 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kaska (Nahani) 20 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tahltan 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tutchone languages 35 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 25 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Haida 15 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Inuit languages 29,490 22,665 425 2,430 3,980 1,640 5.6
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 170 150 0 0 15 5 2.9
Inuktitut 29,230 22,435 415 2,415 3,965 1,630 5.6
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 75 5 5 5 10 11.1
Iroquoian languages 290 250 25 10 5 25 8.6
Cayuga 5 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Mohawk 260 220 20 10 5 30 11.5
Oneida 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0 0.0
Kutenai 10 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Michif 85 55 5 15 10 15 17.6
Salish languages 280 275 0 5 5 0 0.0
Comox 0 5 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Halkomelem 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Lillooet 25 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Okanagan 80 80 0 0 0 0 0.0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Squamish 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Straits 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 0 0 5 20.0
Siouan languages 2,225 2,210 0 0 15 0 0.0
Dakota 255 250 0 5 5 0 0.0
Stoney 1,950 1,940 0 0 10 0 0.0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tlingit 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 405 405 0 0 0 0 0.0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 305 0 0 5 0 0.0
Nisga'a 70 75 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages 80 75 0 5 5 0 0.0
Haisla 20 20 0 5 0 0 0.0
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 5 0 5 100.0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 25 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 205 15 5 15 15 6.4
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 2,768,235 168,060 313,270 629,165 324,695 8.4
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,750 169,890 37,880 51,725 48,260 63,740 20.7
Berber languages 8,105 195 4,735 2,585 590 6,030 74.4
Kabyle 5,490 115 3,260 1,725 390 4,120 75.0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 75 1,475 860 200 1,910 72.9
Cushitic languages 27,095 21,785 515 1,545 3,255 1,285 4.7
Bilen 615 500 5 5 110 5 0.8
Oromo 3,405 3,020 5 35 355 20 0.6
Somali 22,890 18,170 505 1,485 2,730 1,245 5.4
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 180 95 5 20 60 15 8.3
Semitic languages 272,105 147,585 32,590 47,545 44,380 56,365 20.7
Amharic 12,785 11,570 35 400 770 240 1.9
Arabic 223,535 107,540 32,260 45,635 38,105 55,075 24.6
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,515 7,760 30 140 2,585 100 1.0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 2,490 10 65 885 35 1.0
Harari 735 655 0 15 60 10 1.4
Hebrew 8,560 6,870 225 1,055 405 755 8.8
Maltese 1,125 1,085 0 10 30 5 0.4
Tigrigna 10,205 8,695 25 185 1,305 120 1.2
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 925 5 40 230 25 2.1
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 445 325 35 45 35 60 13.5
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 71,120 8,485 11,115 24,490 14,040 12.2
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,885 4,640 2,155 1,525 2,565 2,920 26.8
Vietnamese 104,245 66,425 6,320 9,585 21,920 11,110 10.7
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 80 55 5 5 10 15 18.8
Austronesian languages 239,785 232,165 315 2,680 4,625 1,655 0.7
Bikol 295 280 0 10 5 5 1.7
Cebuano 7,205 7,000 5 80 130 40 0.6
Fijian 195 180 0 5 10 0 0.0
Hiligaynon 2,205 2,120 0 45 50 25 1.1
Ilocano 9,125 8,710 5 115 300 60 0.7
Malagasy 430 10 190 215 15 300 69.8
Malay 3,620 3,290 5 85 245 45 1.2
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 1,170 0 15 25 5 0.4
Pangasinan 240 235 0 0 10 0 0.0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,795 207,850 95 2,100 3,745 1,145 0.5
Waray-Waray 310 300 0 5 5 5 1.6
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 1,025 15 20 90 30 2.6
Creole languages 27,860 2,365 15,395 7,980 2,120 19,380 69.6
Haitian Creole 1,280 70 705 415 90 915 71.5
Creole, n.o.s. 24,570 1,155 14,560 6,875 1,980 17,995 73.2
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 1,140 125 685 50 470 23.4
Dravidian languages 122,490 104,015 625 5,345 12,510 3,300 2.7
Kannada 1,625 1,470 0 75 80 40 2.5
Malayalam 15,440 14,290 5 205 945 105 0.7
Tamil 96,955 80,475 620 4,875 10,980 3,060 3.2
Telugu 8,285 7,605 0 180 490 90 1.1
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 185 165 0 10 10 10 5.4
Hmong-Mien languages 335 270 5 10 60 10 3.0
Indo-European languages 1,911,210 1,372,660 87,475 192,555 258,520 183,755 9.6
Albanian 13,140 9,340 525 1,100 2,175 1,075 8.2
Armenian 21,510 8,745 1,175 9,075 2,515 5,715 26.6
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 240,760 10,120 33,310 30,770 26,775 8.5
Baltic languages 3,270 2,780 10 355 130 185 5.7
Latvian 1,255 1,030 0 185 35 90 7.2
Lithuanian 2,015 1,755 5 165 90 90 4.5
Slavic languages 311,695 237,975 10,115 32,960 30,640 26,595 8.5
Belarusan 230 155 5 40 30 30 13.0
Bosnian 6,050 4,440 515 490 600 760 12.6
Bulgarian 11,985 6,025 1,225 4,055 680 3,250 27.1
Croatian 16,775 14,555 180 900 1,140 625 3.7
Czech 6,230 5,305 70 505 350 320 5.1
Macedonian 6,830 5,825 20 285 695 170 2.5
Polish 74,780 61,570 980 5,545 6,685 3,750 5.0
Russian 116,595 82,730 5,495 14,585 13,795 12,780 11.0
Serbian 31,750 25,420 560 3,055 2,715 2,090 6.6
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 2,580 390 625 290 700 18.0
Slovak 5,610 4,465 35 375 740 225 4.0
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 1,905 0 85 65 45 2.2
Ukrainian 28,250 22,450 625 2,375 2,800 1,810 6.4
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 570 10 35 55 30 4.5
Celtic languages 365 305 10 30 20 20 5.5
Scottish Gaelic 185 160 0 15 15 10 5.4
Welsh 100 85 0 10 0 5 5.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 60 5 10 0 10 12.5
Germanic languages 146,455 124,275 765 7,260 14,155 4,395 3.0
Afrikaans 4,785 4,575 0 145 65 75 1.6
Danish 855 775 5 55 20 35 4.1
Dutch 9,560 7,965 40 1,175 380 630 6.6
Frisian 185 180 0 10 5 0 0.0
German 120,335 104,075 630 3,930 11,705 2,590 2.2
Icelandic 270 230 5 30 10 15 5.6
Norwegian 345 310 5 30 5 20 5.8
Swedish 1,045 835 15 170 25 100 9.6
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 30 150 10 100 28.2
Yiddish 7,080 3,810 25 1,555 1,685 810 11.4
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 1,365 10 10 240 15 0.9
Greek 44,550 30,600 435 6,870 6,645 3,865 8.7
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 673,720 5,450 35,375 124,205 23,135 2.8
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 549,225 1,810 20,050 105,095 11,835 1.8
Bengali 47,345 40,140 330 3,960 2,915 2,315 4.9
Gujarati 64,150 53,050 145 1,890 9,070 1,090 1.7
Hindi 55,515 50,040 65 1,310 4,095 725 1.3
Kashmiri 135 125 0 0 10 0 0.0
Konkani 720 650 10 25 30 20 2.8
Marathi 3,775 3,470 5 130 180 70 1.9
Nepali 13,375 9,540 470 740 2,625 840 6.3
Oriya (Odia) 470 435 0 15 25 10 2.1
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,140 266,760 400 6,775 75,200 3,790 1.1
Sindhi 4,975 4,440 15 175 350 105 2.1
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 7,220 5 240 330 120 1.5
Urdu 128,785 113,370 370 4,800 10,250 2,770 2.2
Iranian languages 160,195 122,635 3,580 15,210 18,765 11,185 7.0
Kurdish 6,575 4,915 155 330 1,180 315 4.8
Pashto 10,590 8,320 105 525 1,640 365 3.4
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 109,400 3,325 14,355 15,950 10,500 7.3
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,855 60 115 345 115 4.8
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 284,915 69,000 99,540 78,035 118,765 22.3
Catalan 355 185 30 120 15 95 26.8
Italian 115,415 63,905 12,650 15,210 23,650 20,255 17.5
Portuguese 98,710 59,320 7,245 10,570 21,580 12,525 12.7
Romanian 53,320 20,720 7,135 21,395 4,070 17,835 33.4
Spanish 263,505 140,670 41,925 52,215 28,695 68,030 25.8
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 110 15 30 20 30 16.7
Japanese 19,780 16,480 175 710 2,415 535 2.7
Kartvelian languages 1,035 770 5 65 200 35 3.4
Georgian 1,040 770 5 65 200 35 3.4
Korean 109,705 90,340 210 2,835 16,320 1,625 1.5
Mongolic languages 910 715 35 85 75 75 8.2
Mongolian 905 715 35 80 75 75 8.3
Niger-Congo languages 28,660 16,765 5,075 4,700 2,120 7,425 25.9
Akan (Twi) 5,985 5,500 10 290 190 155 2.6
Bamanankan 345 10 200 110 20 255 73.9
Edo 415 400 0 5 10 5 1.2
Ewe 410 195 100 100 15 150 36.6
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 55 380 305 85 535 64.8
Ga 245 230 0 15 10 5 2.0
Ganda 345 325 5 5 5 5 1.4
Igbo 995 940 0 25 30 15 1.5
Lingala 1,045 75 640 285 45 780 74.6
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 165 840 790 320 1,235 58.5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 375 365 660 140 695 45.4
Shona 1,035 985 0 25 25 15 1.4
Swahili 5,370 2,850 930 920 670 1,385 25.8
Wolof 1,385 85 660 535 100 930 67.1
Yoruba 2,615 2,485 5 70 55 40 1.5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 2,090 945 560 410 1,230 30.7
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,655 2,280 100 55 215 130 4.9
Dinka 1,130 1,035 0 10 90 5 0.4
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 1,250 100 50 120 125 8.2
Sign languages 10,440 5,630 1,070 110 3,630 1,125 10.8
American Sign Language 3,015 2,075 30 30 885 45 1.5
Quebec Sign Language 730 10 485 40 195 505 69.2
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,695 3,545 555 40 2,550 575 8.6
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,715 642,585 7,840 27,885 246,405 21,780 2.4
Chinese languages 913,370 633,610 7,805 27,760 244,200 21,680 2.4
Cantonese 400,220 264,610 1,880 8,385 125,340 6,070 1.5
Hakka 4,080 2,860 30 75 1,115 65 1.6
Mandarin 462,890 334,675 4,970 17,465 105,775 13,705 3.0
Min Dong 345 125 0 0 220 0 0.0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 8,705 425 725 4,110 790 5.7
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 4,790 75 300 2,485 230 3.0
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,940 17,655 415 790 5,080 815 3.4
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 190 0 15 70 15 5.4
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 8,975 35 130 2,205 105 0.9
Burmese 2,245 1,895 0 20 320 15 0.7
Karenic languages 3,865 2,710 20 5 1,130 20 0.5
Tibetan 4,590 3,835 10 85 665 55 1.2
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 535 5 20 95 15 2.3
Tai-Kadai languages 9,570 5,795 1,190 880 1,695 1,635 17.1
Lao 6,175 3,245 1,135 770 1,025 1,520 24.6
Thai 3,360 2,535 60 105 660 115 3.4
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 25 0 0 10 0 0.0
Turkic languages 22,250 14,865 1,830 2,550 3,005 3,105 14.0
Azerbaijani 1,245 960 20 100 165 70 5.6
Turkish 18,950 12,390 1,750 2,255 2,560 2,875 15.2
Uyghur 605 425 25 70 85 60 9.9
Uzbek 995 755 25 80 130 65 6.5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 335 10 45 60 35 7.7
Uralic languages 23,250 18,705 285 1,870 2,390 1,215 5.2
Estonian 975 795 0 145 35 70 7.2
Finnish 2,790 2,510 10 100 170 60 2.2
Hungarian 19,485 15,400 275 1,620 2,185 1,090 5.6
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 820 70 110 110 125 11.3
Multiple responses 1,663,390 1,329,680 236,330 97,380 0 285,015 17.1
English and French 160,180 32,975 72,135 55,075 0 99,670 62.2
English and non-official language 1,284,980 1,281,805 3,170 0 0 3,170 0.2
French and non-official language 148,920 2,025 146,890 0 0 146,895 98.6
English, French and non-official language 69,310 12,870 14,130 42,310 0 35,285 50.9

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

The official language minority population of Quebec includes all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. The official language minority population of the country overall and of every province and territory other than Quebec includes individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The official language minority population of Quebec includes all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. The official language minority population of the country overall and of every province and territory other than Quebec includes individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016069.

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