Data tables, 2016 Census

First Official Language Spoken (7), Language Spoken Most Often at Home (269), Age (15A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 100% Data The letter C inside a yellow triangle - correction

Data table

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This table details first official language spoken , language spoken most often at home , age and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Canada
Data quality
Language spoken most often at home (269) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 1 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 2
Total - Language spoken most often at homeFootnote 3 34,767,255 26,007,495 7,705,755 417,485 636,515 7,914,500 22.8
Single responses 33,103,860 24,677,820 7,469,425 320,105 636,515 7,629,480 23.0
Official languages 29,106,670 21,817,190 7,289,475 0 0 7,289,475 25.0
English 22,162,865 21,747,580 415,285 0 0 415,285 1.9
French 6,943,800 69,610 6,874,190 0 0 6,874,190 99.0
Non-official languages 3,997,200 2,860,630 179,950 320,100 636,515 340,005 8.5
Aboriginal languages 118,470 92,395 11,890 6,830 7,350 15,305 12.9
Algonquian languages 75,085 56,340 11,415 4,340 2,990 13,590 18.1
Blackfoot 1,115 1,100 0 0 5 0 0.0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,820 38,055 11,200 4,140 2,425 13,270 23.8
Atikamekw 5,465 5 4,790 215 455 4,900 89.7
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 1,230 6,250 660 445 6,585 76.7
Moose Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Naskapi 1,200 955 20 130 90 85 7.1
Northern East Cree 115 75 0 30 5 15 13.0
Plains Cree 1,350 1,325 0 5 20 0 0.0
Southern East Cree 20 10 0 5 0 5 25.0
Swampy Cree 330 315 0 5 10 5 1.5
Woods Cree 800 780 0 5 20 0 0.0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,950 33,350 140 3,085 1,380 1,680 4.4
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 3,515 5 75 25 45 1.2
Malecite 55 55 0 0 0 0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 3,565 3,455 5 75 20 45 1.3
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 13,660 210 120 535 270 1.9
Algonquin 375 90 175 90 20 220 58.7
Ojibway 6,175 5,910 15 25 225 25 0.4
Oji-Cree 7,900 7,590 20 5 290 25 0.3
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 70 0 0 5 5 6.7
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 9,895 5 25 330 20 0.2
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 9,885 10 25 330 20 0.2
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Beaver 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Carrier 245 245 0 5 5 0 0.0
Chilcotin 260 245 0 0 10 0 0.0
Dene 7,710 7,480 5 15 210 10 0.1
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,025 965 0 0 55 0 0.0
Gwich'in 45 45 0 0 0 0 0.0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 0 0 5 0 0.0
Sekani 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 760 0 10 50 5 0.6
North Slavey (Hare) 340 315 0 5 20 0 0.0
South Slavey 370 350 0 0 20 0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 95 0 0 10 5 4.8
Tahltan languages 30 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kaska (Nahani) 20 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tahltan 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tutchone languages 30 35 0 0 0 0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 30 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 5 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 5 50.0
Haida 15 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Inuit languages 29,495 22,660 425 2,425 3,980 1,635 5.5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 150 5 0 10 0 0.0
Inuktitut 29,235 22,440 415 2,415 3,960 1,625 5.6
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 95 75 5 5 0 5 5.3
Iroquoian languages 285 250 25 10 5 25 8.8
Cayuga 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Mohawk 260 220 20 10 5 25 9.6
Oneida 20 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kutenai 15 10 0 0 5 0 0.0
Michif 80 55 5 10 10 15 18.8
Salish languages 285 280 0 5 5 0 0.0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Halkomelem 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Lillooet 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Okanagan 85 80 0 0 0 5 5.9
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 50 55 0 0 0 0 0.0
Squamish 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Straits 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 5 0 5 20.0
Siouan languages 2,225 2,205 0 0 15 0 0.0
Dakota 255 250 0 0 0 0 0.0
Stoney 1,950 1,935 0 0 10 0 0.0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tlingit 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 405 405 0 0 5 0 0.0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 310 305 0 0 0 0 0.0
Nisga'a 70 70 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages 80 75 0 5 5 0 0.0
Haisla 20 15 0 5 0 0 0.0
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 25 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 205 15 0 10 15 6.4
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,730 2,768,230 168,060 313,270 629,160 324,695 8.4
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,750 169,890 37,875 51,720 48,260 63,740 20.7
Berber languages 8,110 195 4,735 2,590 590 6,030 74.4
Kabyle 5,490 120 3,260 1,720 390 4,120 75.0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,615 75 1,480 865 205 1,905 72.8
Cushitic languages 27,100 21,785 515 1,545 3,255 1,290 4.8
Bilen 615 500 5 10 110 5 0.8
Oromo 3,405 3,020 5 35 350 20 0.6
Somali 22,890 18,170 500 1,485 2,730 1,245 5.4
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 95 5 25 60 15 8.1
Semitic languages 272,100 147,585 32,595 47,545 44,380 56,365 20.7
Amharic 12,780 11,570 40 400 775 240 1.9
Arabic 223,540 107,535 32,260 45,630 38,110 55,075 24.6
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 7,760 25 145 2,580 95 0.9
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 2,485 5 65 885 40 1.2
Harari 735 655 0 20 60 10 1.4
Hebrew 8,560 6,870 225 1,055 405 755 8.8
Maltese 1,130 1,090 0 10 30 5 0.4
Tigrigna 10,205 8,690 25 185 1,305 120 1.2
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 925 5 40 230 25 2.1
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 325 35 45 35 60 13.6
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 71,120 8,485 11,115 24,490 14,040 12.2
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,885 4,640 2,155 1,525 2,565 2,915 26.8
Vietnamese 104,245 66,425 6,315 9,585 21,920 11,110 10.7
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 80 55 10 10 10 15 18.8
Austronesian languages 239,785 232,165 315 2,680 4,625 1,655 0.7
Bikol 290 280 0 10 5 5 1.7
Cebuano 7,210 7,000 5 75 130 40 0.6
Fijian 200 185 0 0 10 0 0.0
Hiligaynon 2,210 2,115 5 40 45 25 1.1
Ilocano 9,120 8,710 0 110 295 60 0.7
Malagasy 435 10 190 215 15 300 69.0
Malay 3,625 3,290 5 90 245 50 1.4
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 1,165 0 15 20 10 0.8
Pangasinan 240 235 0 0 5 0 0.0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,795 207,845 95 2,100 3,750 1,145 0.5
Waray-Waray 310 300 0 0 10 5 1.6
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 1,025 15 20 90 30 2.6
Creole languages 27,860 2,365 15,390 7,980 2,125 19,380 69.6
Haitian Creole 1,280 70 705 415 90 910 71.1
Creole, n.o.s. 24,570 1,155 14,560 6,875 1,980 18,000 73.3
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,010 1,140 130 685 50 470 23.4
Dravidian languages 122,490 104,010 630 5,345 12,505 3,300 2.7
Kannada 1,625 1,475 5 70 80 35 2.2
Malayalam 15,440 14,290 5 200 945 105 0.7
Tamil 96,955 80,480 620 4,875 10,980 3,060 3.2
Telugu 8,280 7,605 5 185 490 95 1.1
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 185 165 0 10 10 5 2.7
Hmong-Mien languages 340 270 5 10 60 5 1.5
Indo-European languages 1,911,210 1,372,660 87,475 192,555 258,520 183,755 9.6
Albanian 13,140 9,335 525 1,100 2,175 1,075 8.2
Armenian 21,505 8,745 1,175 9,070 2,510 5,715 26.6
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 240,760 10,120 33,310 30,770 26,775 8.5
Baltic languages 3,270 2,785 10 350 130 185 5.7
Latvian 1,255 1,030 0 185 40 95 7.6
Lithuanian 2,020 1,750 5 165 95 85 4.2
Slavic languages 311,690 237,980 10,115 32,955 30,640 26,595 8.5
Belarusan 230 150 5 45 30 25 10.9
Bosnian 6,050 4,440 515 490 600 760 12.6
Bulgarian 11,980 6,030 1,220 4,055 680 3,255 27.2
Croatian 16,775 14,550 175 905 1,145 630 3.8
Czech 6,235 5,305 70 505 355 320 5.1
Macedonian 6,830 5,820 25 290 700 165 2.4
Polish 74,780 61,570 980 5,545 6,685 3,755 5.0
Russian 116,595 82,725 5,490 14,585 13,795 12,785 11.0
Serbian 31,750 25,420 565 3,055 2,715 2,090 6.6
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 2,580 390 625 290 700 18.0
Slovak 5,610 4,465 35 375 735 225 4.0
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 1,900 0 85 65 45 2.2
Ukrainian 28,250 22,450 625 2,375 2,800 1,815 6.4
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 665 565 10 35 55 30 4.5
Celtic languages 365 305 10 30 20 25 6.8
Scottish Gaelic 190 160 0 10 15 5 2.6
Welsh 95 85 0 5 0 5 5.3
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 60 5 5 5 10 12.5
Germanic languages 146,455 124,275 765 7,260 14,155 4,395 3.0
Afrikaans 4,790 4,575 0 145 70 75 1.6
Danish 855 775 5 55 20 35 4.1
Dutch 9,565 7,965 45 1,175 380 635 6.6
Frisian 185 175 0 10 0 5 2.7
German 120,330 104,075 625 3,925 11,705 2,590 2.2
Icelandic 270 230 5 25 5 20 7.4
Norwegian 350 305 5 30 5 20 5.7
Swedish 1,045 830 15 175 25 105 10.0
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 165 25 150 10 100 28.2
Yiddish 7,080 3,810 30 1,560 1,690 805 11.4
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 1,365 5 10 240 15 0.9
Greek 44,550 30,600 430 6,865 6,645 3,865 8.7
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 673,720 5,450 35,375 124,205 23,140 2.8
Indo-Aryan languages 676,180 549,225 1,810 20,050 105,095 11,835 1.8
Bengali 47,345 40,135 330 3,955 2,915 2,315 4.9
Gujarati 64,150 53,055 145 1,885 9,065 1,090 1.7
Hindi 55,510 50,035 65 1,315 4,095 725 1.3
Kashmiri 135 120 0 5 10 0 0.0
Konkani 720 650 10 25 30 20 2.8
Marathi 3,780 3,465 5 130 180 70 1.9
Nepali 13,375 9,540 475 740 2,630 840 6.3
Oriya (Odia) 475 430 0 15 30 5 1.1
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,140 266,765 400 6,775 75,205 3,790 1.1
Sindhi 4,980 4,440 15 175 350 105 2.1
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 7,220 5 235 325 125 1.6
Urdu 128,785 113,365 370 4,800 10,255 2,770 2.2
Iranian languages 160,195 122,640 3,580 15,205 18,765 11,185 7.0
Kurdish 6,580 4,910 150 335 1,180 315 4.8
Pashto 10,590 8,325 105 525 1,640 370 3.5
Persian (Farsi) 143,025 109,405 3,325 14,350 15,945 10,495 7.3
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,855 60 115 345 115 4.8
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 284,915 68,995 99,540 78,035 118,765 22.3
Catalan 350 185 30 120 15 90 25.7
Italian 115,420 63,905 12,650 15,210 23,650 20,260 17.6
Portuguese 98,710 59,320 7,245 10,570 21,580 12,530 12.7
Romanian 53,320 20,720 7,130 21,395 4,070 17,830 33.4
Spanish 263,505 140,670 41,920 52,215 28,695 68,030 25.8
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 110 15 30 20 30 16.7
Japanese 19,785 16,480 180 715 2,415 530 2.7
Kartvelian languages 1,035 770 5 65 195 35 3.4
Georgian 1,035 770 5 65 195 40 3.9
Korean 109,705 90,345 205 2,840 16,320 1,625 1.5
Mongolic languages 910 715 35 85 70 75 8.2
Mongolian 905 715 35 85 75 75 8.3
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 16,765 5,075 4,700 2,120 7,420 25.9
Akan (Twi) 5,985 5,500 15 285 190 160 2.7
Bamanankan 340 10 200 110 15 255 75.0
Edo 415 400 0 5 10 0 0.0
Ewe 410 195 100 100 15 150 36.6
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 55 380 305 85 530 64.2
Ga 245 225 0 10 5 10 4.1
Ganda 345 325 0 10 5 5 1.4
Igbo 995 940 5 25 30 15 1.5
Lingala 1,045 75 635 290 50 780 74.6
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,115 165 835 790 320 1,235 58.4
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 375 365 660 135 690 45.1
Shona 1,035 985 0 25 25 10 1.0
Swahili 5,370 2,850 930 920 670 1,385 25.8
Wolof 1,380 85 665 535 100 930 67.4
Yoruba 2,615 2,485 5 70 50 40 1.5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,005 2,090 945 560 410 1,225 30.6
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,655 2,280 100 55 215 130 4.9
Dinka 1,130 1,035 0 5 90 5 0.4
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,520 1,250 95 50 125 125 8.2
Sign languages 10,445 5,630 1,075 110 3,630 1,125 10.8
American Sign Language 3,020 2,075 35 30 885 45 1.5
Quebec Sign Language 730 10 485 40 195 505 69.2
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,545 555 40 2,555 575 8.6
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 642,585 7,840 27,890 246,405 21,785 2.4
Chinese languages 913,365 633,610 7,805 27,760 244,200 21,680 2.4
Cantonese 400,215 264,610 1,880 8,385 125,340 6,070 1.5
Hakka 4,080 2,860 30 75 1,120 65 1.6
Mandarin 462,885 334,675 4,975 17,460 105,775 13,705 3.0
Min Dong 345 125 0 0 220 0 0.0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 8,700 425 725 4,110 790 5.7
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 4,785 75 300 2,485 225 2.9
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 17,650 420 790 5,075 810 3.4
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 190 5 20 70 15 5.4
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 8,975 40 130 2,205 100 0.9
Burmese 2,245 1,895 5 20 325 15 0.7
Karenic languages 3,860 2,710 20 5 1,130 20 0.5
Tibetan 4,590 3,835 10 85 660 50 1.1
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 540 5 15 95 10 1.5
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 5,795 1,195 875 1,695 1,635 17.1
Lao 6,175 3,240 1,135 770 1,030 1,520 24.6
Thai 3,360 2,535 55 105 660 110 3.3
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 20 0 0 5 0 0.0
Turkic languages 22,250 14,865 1,830 2,555 3,000 3,110 14.0
Azerbaijani 1,245 960 20 105 160 70 5.6
Turkish 18,955 12,390 1,750 2,255 2,560 2,880 15.2
Uyghur 605 425 25 70 90 55 9.1
Uzbek 990 755 25 80 130 65 6.6
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 335 10 45 60 35 7.7
Uralic languages 23,245 18,700 280 1,875 2,390 1,220 5.2
Estonian 975 790 0 145 40 70 7.2
Finnish 2,790 2,510 10 105 170 55 2.0
Hungarian 19,480 15,400 275 1,625 2,185 1,085 5.6
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0 not applicable ...
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 820 70 105 110 125 11.3
Multiple responses 1,663,390 1,329,680 236,330 97,380 0 285,020 17.1
English and French 160,185 32,975 72,135 55,070 0 99,675 62.2
English and non-official language 1,284,975 1,281,805 3,170 0 0 3,170 0.2
French and non-official language 148,915 2,025 146,895 0 0 146,890 98.6
English, French and non-official language 69,310 12,875 14,130 42,310 0 35,285 50.9

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

The official language minority population of Quebec includes all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. The official language minority population of the country overall and of every province and territory other than Quebec includes individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The official language minority population of Quebec includes all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. The official language minority population of the country overall and of every province and territory other than Quebec includes individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016071.

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