Data tables, 2016 Census

Mother Tongue (269), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age (15A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 100% Data The letter C inside a yellow triangle - correction

Data table

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This table details mother tongue , knowledge of official languages , age and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Canada
Data quality
Mother tongue (269) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 1 34,767,255 23,757,525 4,144,685 6,216,070 648,970
Single responses 33,948,620 23,250,110 4,101,730 5,951,605 645,175
Official languages 26,627,555 17,704,470 3,818,695 5,095,730 8,660
English 19,460,850 17,662,110 4,800 1,786,525 7,410
French 7,166,705 42,355 3,813,895 3,309,205 1,245
Non-official languages 7,321,060 5,545,640 283,040 855,870 636,515
Aboriginal languages 195,700 164,995 13,870 9,450 7,385
Algonquian languages 130,455 107,760 13,400 6,280 3,005
Blackfoot 2,815 2,790 0 15 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 67,800 12,875 5,340 2,430
Atikamekw 6,155 5 5,390 310 450
Montagnais (Innu) 10,235 1,520 7,395 875 440
Moose Cree 105 100 0 5 0
Naskapi 1,210 965 15 135 95
Northern East Cree 315 235 0 75 5
Plains Cree 3,065 3,010 0 35 20
Southern East Cree 45 30 0 15 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 1,405 0 25 10
Woods Cree 1,840 1,800 0 20 20
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 58,735 75 3,850 1,385
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,995 6,715 10 245 20
Malecite 300 300 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 6,420 10 240 20
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 30,415 515 675 545
Algonquin 1,265 280 480 475 25
Ojibway 17,890 17,460 20 175 230
Oji-Cree 12,855 12,525 20 25 285
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 140 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 35 0 5 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 16,910 10 110 335
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 16,865 15 105 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 115 110 0 5 0
Beaver 190 190 0 0 0
Carrier 1,030 1,015 0 10 5
Chilcotin 655 645 0 5 10
Dene 10,700 10,430 10 45 210
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,650 1,585 0 0 55
Gwich'in 255 250 0 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 75 0 5 5
Sekani 90 85 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,990 1,910 5 25 50
North Slavey (Hare) 765 735 0 10 20
South Slavey 945 915 0 10 20
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 260 5 10 5
Tahltan languages 275 270 0 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 175 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 95 0 5 0
Tutchone languages 290 285 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 220 220 0 5 0
Southern Tutchone 70 70 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 55 50 0 5 0
Haida 80 70 0 5 0
Inuit languages 36,545 29,345 405 2,810 3,990
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,020 1,000 0 5 15
Inuktitut 35,210 28,075 390 2,775 3,965
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 310 265 15 30 10
Iroquoian languages 1,120 1,010 20 80 5
Cayuga 40 40 0 0 0
Mohawk 985 895 15 75 5
Oneida 60 55 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 0 15 0
Kutenai 105 100 0 0 5
Michif 465 390 0 70 10
Salish languages 2,305 2,275 0 25 0
Comox 80 85 0 0 0
Halkomelem 480 470 0 5 0
Lillooet 315 310 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 265 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 435 0 10 5
Squamish 40 40 0 0 0
Straits 85 80 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 335 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 255 0 5 0
Siouan languages 4,290 4,260 0 15 15
Dakota 1,210 1,200 0 5 5
Stoney 3,025 3,015 0 0 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 50 50 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 90 0 5 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 1,465 0 10 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 875 0 5 0
Nisga'a 395 395 5 5 0
Tsimshian 200 195 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 810 795 0 10 0
Haisla 95 95 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 100 95 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 320 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 280 275 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 590 520 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 5,380,645 269,170 846,420 629,135
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,360 311,690 74,845 140,700 48,130
Berber languages 22,135 335 12,620 8,555 620
Kabyle 13,150 200 7,820 4,735 400
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 135 4,805 3,825 220
Cushitic languages 42,885 35,225 705 3,670 3,285
Bilen 805 650 0 25 125
Oromo 4,960 4,500 5 95 365
Somali 36,755 29,860 675 3,490 2,725
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 210 20 65 65
Semitic languages 509,195 275,415 61,370 128,225 44,185
Amharic 22,470 20,510 45 1,130 775
Arabic 419,890 198,950 61,120 122,125 37,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 13,060 35 290 2,690
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,550 4,425 10 130 980
Harari 1,320 1,210 0 55 60
Hebrew 19,530 15,375 110 3,695 350
Maltese 5,565 5,385 5 135 30
Tigrigna 16,645 14,755 30 520 1,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,150 1,745 15 135 260
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 720 150 245 40
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 118,195 9,655 23,700 25,170
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,935 3,055 4,495 2,645
Vietnamese 156,425 108,145 6,585 19,180 22,520
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 120 10 25 10
Austronesian languages 511,480 494,210 810 11,785 4,685
Bikol 1,790 1,725 0 45 15
Cebuano 19,895 19,270 10 450 160
Fijian 745 720 0 10 15
Hiligaynon 6,885 6,645 5 175 60
Ilocano 26,345 25,450 5 515 375
Malagasy 1,430 20 595 795 20
Malay 12,275 11,220 20 735 295
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,045 3,930 5 65 45
Pangasinan 1,390 1,360 0 15 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 418,905 115 8,790 3,570
Waray-Waray 1,110 1,075 0 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 3,890 55 150 100
Creole languages 72,125 5,490 36,390 28,145 2,105
Haitian Creole 3,035 185 1,410 1,355 80
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 2,020 34,865 25,250 1,975
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 3,285 115 1,545 45
Dravidian languages 189,405 165,140 495 11,220 12,545
Kannada 3,970 3,695 0 190 90
Malayalam 28,565 26,905 5 700 955
Tamil 140,720 119,430 490 9,800 10,995
Telugu 15,655 14,660 0 510 490
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 485 455 0 20 10
Hmong-Mien languages 795 705 5 25 60
Indo-European languages 3,877,335 2,981,485 116,750 520,675 258,420
Albanian 26,895 21,125 870 2,715 2,190
Armenian 33,455 15,045 1,225 14,650 2,535
Balto-Slavic languages 701,980 577,445 12,735 80,955 30,845
Baltic languages 12,530 10,555 20 1,805 145
Latvian 5,455 4,595 5 805 50
Lithuanian 7,080 5,960 15 1,000 100
Slavic languages 689,445 566,890 12,715 79,145 30,700
Belarusan 810 615 15 120 55
Bosnian 12,210 9,655 775 1,180 600
Bulgarian 20,020 11,460 1,470 6,395 695
Croatian 48,205 43,190 290 3,580 1,140
Czech 22,290 19,160 125 2,650 355
Macedonian 16,770 15,270 25 770 710
Polish 181,710 154,065 1,470 19,465 6,700
Russian 188,255 141,715 6,290 26,685 13,570
Serbian 57,350 47,980 695 6,015 2,660
Serbo-Croatian 9,550 6,970 600 1,665 320
Slovak 17,585 15,070 80 1,695 740
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,785 8,760 20 935 70
Ukrainian 102,480 90,845 820 7,790 3,030
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,420 2,130 30 200 55
Celtic languages 2,695 2,250 40 380 20
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 925 0 150 15
Welsh 1,070 955 5 115 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 370 35 125 5
Germanic languages 538,760 479,190 1,335 44,130 14,115
Afrikaans 10,260 9,755 5 430 70
Danish 12,630 11,770 5 840 20
Dutch 99,020 89,645 130 8,865 375
Frisian 2,100 1,985 0 110 5
German 384,040 343,850 1,020 27,310 11,860
Icelandic 1,290 1,180 0 105 10
Norwegian 4,615 4,220 0 390 5
Swedish 6,840 5,795 15 1,005 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 2,560 95 1,230 10
Yiddish 13,555 8,215 25 3,585 1,730
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 225 35 265 10
Greek 106,525 71,965 540 27,400 6,620
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 1,108,315 6,255 74,030 124,155
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 911,325 1,900 46,585 104,950
Bengali 73,125 62,240 325 7,635 2,925
Gujarati 108,780 94,150 185 5,260 9,180
Hindi 110,645 102,265 50 4,340 3,980
Kashmiri 570 540 0 20 10
Konkani 3,330 3,135 25 145 30
Marathi 8,295 7,670 0 430 200
Nepali 18,270 14,080 485 1,120 2,590
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 980 0 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 410,825 405 14,825 75,630
Sindhi 11,860 10,640 20 830 365
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 15,295 5 710 325
Urdu 210,820 189,515 405 11,225 9,675
Iranian languages 242,805 192,680 4,270 27,090 18,765
Kurdish 11,705 9,290 310 730 1,380
Pashto 16,905 14,100 125 965 1,715
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 169,295 3,835 25,395 15,665
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,185 4,305 85 350 445
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 706,155 93,755 276,415 77,940
Catalan 865 400 70 380 15
Italian 375,635 236,025 15,940 99,975 23,695
Portuguese 221,540 155,415 10,995 33,530 21,595
Romanian 96,660 45,685 9,365 37,540 4,070
Spanish 458,850 268,175 57,355 104,780 28,540
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 715 450 30 210 25
Japanese 43,645 38,285 205 2,710 2,440
Kartvelian languages 1,715 1,330 20 150 215
Georgian 1,715 1,330 20 150 215
Korean 153,425 130,280 235 6,500 16,405
Mongolic languages 1,575 1,285 35 150 100
Mongolian 1,570 1,285 35 150 100
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 50,050 15,865 23,330 2,130
Akan (Twi) 13,460 12,255 25 990 190
Bamanankan 1,540 25 785 710 15
Edo 1,670 1,590 5 60 15
Ewe 1,760 795 375 570 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,830 145 1,260 1,335 85
Ga 920 830 0 85 10
Ganda 1,295 1,215 0 70 5
Igbo 4,230 4,000 0 205 30
Lingala 3,810 130 1,900 1,745 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 305 1,850 3,360 335
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 895 1,005 3,190 155
Shona 3,185 3,035 5 125 25
Swahili 13,375 7,565 1,920 3,285 600
Wolof 3,990 160 1,655 2,080 100
Yoruba 9,080 8,630 50 350 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 8,465 5,030 5,175 465
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 5,130 205 305 230
Dinka 2,120 1,985 0 40 90
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,750 3,145 200 265 135
Sign languages 7,500 3,295 565 370 3,270
American Sign Language 2,685 1,815 5 105 760
Quebec Sign Language 695 5 380 130 180
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,125 1,480 180 140 2,330
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 957,070 8,165 58,310 245,665
Chinese languages 1,253,360 943,835 8,115 57,995 243,420
Cantonese 565,275 419,535 2,120 22,510 121,110
Hakka 10,910 8,630 70 575 1,630
Mandarin 592,040 452,490 4,745 30,230 104,575
Min Dong 1,230 640 0 25 565
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,800 22,740 600 2,090 6,370
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 8,925 85 625 3,285
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,575 30,430 500 1,890 5,755
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 435 5 40 130
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,855 13,240 50 320 2,245
Burmese 3,585 3,205 5 75 300
Karenic languages 4,705 3,555 20 20 1,110
Tibetan 6,165 5,315 10 180 660
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 1,165 15 50 175
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 15,495 1,690 3,125 1,700
Lao 12,670 7,525 1,590 2,545 1,015
Thai 9,260 7,910 100 575 670
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 85 65 0 5 15
Turkic languages 40,140 28,890 2,430 5,610 3,220
Azerbaijani 3,255 2,600 30 350 280
Turkish 32,815 23,130 2,275 4,800 2,610
Uyghur 1,040 780 40 125 95
Uzbek 1,720 1,360 30 180 145
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 1,020 50 150 95
Uralic languages 81,980 69,985 500 9,040 2,460
Estonian 5,445 4,625 0 775 40
Finnish 15,295 14,115 10 995 170
Hungarian 61,235 51,230 485 7,265 2,250
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,685 2,630 310 570 180
Multiple responses 818,635 507,415 42,955 264,470 3,795
English and French 165,325 17,110 4,365 143,745 105
English and non-official language 533,260 483,320 435 46,560 2,950
French and non-official language 86,150 3,590 37,250 44,715 590
English, French and non-official language 33,900 3,385 915 29,450 150

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016056.

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