Data tables, 2016 Census

Mother Tongue (269), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age (15A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada and Forward Sortation Areas, 2016 Census - 100% Data

Data table

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This table details mother tongue , knowledge of official languages , age and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Canada
Data quality
Mother tongue (269) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 1 34,767,250 23,757,525 4,144,690 6,216,070 648,970
Single responses 33,948,620 23,250,105 4,101,735 5,951,600 645,175
Official languages 26,627,555 17,704,470 3,818,695 5,095,730 8,660
English 19,460,850 17,662,115 4,795 1,786,525 7,415
French 7,166,705 42,355 3,813,895 3,309,205 1,250
Non-official languages 7,321,065 5,545,640 283,040 855,870 636,515
Aboriginal languages 195,700 164,995 13,870 9,450 7,380
Algonquian languages 130,450 107,760 13,400 6,285 3,010
Blackfoot 2,820 2,790 0 15 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 67,800 12,875 5,340 2,435
Atikamekw 6,150 5 5,385 310 450
Montagnais (Innu) 10,235 1,520 7,395 880 440
Moose Cree 100 100 0 5 0
Naskapi 1,205 965 15 130 100
Northern East Cree 310 230 0 75 5
Plains Cree 3,065 3,010 0 35 20
Southern East Cree 45 25 0 15 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 1,405 0 25 10
Woods Cree 1,840 1,800 0 20 20
Cree, n.o.s. 64,045 58,740 75 3,850 1,385
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 6,720 10 245 20
Malecite 305 295 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 6,420 5 240 20
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 30,410 520 675 545
Algonquin 1,260 280 480 475 25
Ojibway 17,890 17,465 20 175 230
Oji-Cree 12,850 12,525 20 20 285
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 145 0 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 35 0 10 0
Athabaskan languages 17,370 16,915 10 110 335
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,320 16,865 10 105 335
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 110 0 0 0
Beaver 190 190 0 0 0
Carrier 1,030 1,015 0 10 0
Chilcotin 655 640 0 5 10
Dene 10,700 10,430 5 50 215
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,650 1,590 0 5 55
Gwich'in 255 250 0 5 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 75 0 5 0
Sekani 90 90 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,990 1,910 5 25 50
North Slavey (Hare) 765 735 0 10 20
South Slavey 950 915 0 10 20
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 260 0 5 10
Tahltan languages 275 270 0 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 180 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 95 0 5 0
Tutchone languages 290 285 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 220 215 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 70 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 55 50 0 0 0
Haida 80 75 0 5 0
Inuit languages 36,545 29,340 405 2,810 3,990
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,020 1,000 0 0 15
Inuktitut 35,210 28,080 395 2,775 3,965
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 310 260 10 30 5
Iroquoian languages 1,115 1,010 20 85 5
Cayuga 40 40 0 5 0
Mohawk 980 890 15 70 5
Oneida 60 55 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 5 10 0
Kutenai 105 105 0 0 5
Michif 465 390 5 70 5
Salish languages 2,305 2,280 0 25 0
Comox 85 85 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 470 0 5 0
Lillooet 310 310 0 0 0
Okanagan 275 265 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 435 0 10 5
Squamish 40 40 0 5 0
Straits 80 80 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 340 335 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 260 255 0 5 0
Siouan languages 4,290 4,265 0 15 10
Dakota 1,210 1,200 0 5 5
Stoney 3,025 3,010 0 5 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 50 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 95 0 5 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 1,460 5 10 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 875 0 5 5
Nisga'a 395 395 5 0 0
Tsimshian 200 200 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 810 790 0 10 5
Haisla 95 90 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 95 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 320 0 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 280 275 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 590 520 30 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 5,380,640 269,170 846,420 629,135
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 311,690 74,845 140,700 48,125
Berber languages 22,135 335 12,620 8,560 620
Kabyle 13,150 200 7,820 4,735 400
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 140 4,800 3,820 220
Cushitic languages 42,885 35,230 705 3,670 3,280
Bilen 800 655 0 25 125
Oromo 4,960 4,500 5 95 360
Somali 36,760 29,865 675 3,490 2,730
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 210 25 65 65
Semitic languages 509,195 275,415 61,370 128,220 44,185
Amharic 22,465 20,510 50 1,130 780
Arabic 419,890 198,945 61,120 122,125 37,700
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 13,060 35 290 2,690
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,550 4,425 10 130 985
Harari 1,320 1,210 5 50 55
Hebrew 19,530 15,375 110 3,695 350
Maltese 5,565 5,390 5 135 30
Tigrigna 16,650 14,755 30 520 1,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,745 15 140 255
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 720 145 245 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,730 118,195 9,660 23,705 25,170
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,935 3,060 4,500 2,645
Vietnamese 156,430 108,145 6,585 19,180 22,515
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 125 10 25 15
Austronesian languages 511,480 494,210 810 11,785 4,680
Bikol 1,785 1,725 0 50 15
Cebuano 19,890 19,275 10 455 160
Fijian 745 720 0 5 20
Hiligaynon 6,885 6,645 5 175 60
Ilocano 26,345 25,450 5 515 375
Malagasy 1,425 15 595 800 15
Malay 12,275 11,220 20 740 295
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 3,930 0 65 40
Pangasinan 1,390 1,360 0 15 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 418,900 110 8,795 3,570
Waray-Waray 1,110 1,075 0 20 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 3,895 50 145 100
Creole languages 72,125 5,490 36,385 28,150 2,100
Haitian Creole 3,035 185 1,410 1,355 80
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 2,020 34,865 25,250 1,980
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 3,290 110 1,545 45
Dravidian languages 189,405 165,145 495 11,225 12,545
Kannada 3,975 3,695 0 190 85
Malayalam 28,570 26,900 5 695 960
Tamil 140,720 119,430 490 9,800 11,000
Telugu 15,660 14,660 5 505 490
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 455 0 25 15
Hmong-Mien languages 795 705 5 25 65
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 2,981,485 116,750 520,670 258,420
Albanian 26,895 21,120 870 2,710 2,190
Armenian 33,455 15,045 1,225 14,650 2,535
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 577,445 12,730 80,955 30,845
Baltic languages 12,530 10,560 20 1,805 145
Latvian 5,455 4,595 5 805 45
Lithuanian 7,075 5,960 15 1,000 100
Slavic languages 689,445 566,885 12,710 79,150 30,695
Belarusan 810 615 15 125 55
Bosnian 12,210 9,655 780 1,185 600
Bulgarian 20,020 11,460 1,470 6,395 695
Croatian 48,205 43,195 290 3,580 1,135
Czech 22,295 19,165 125 2,650 355
Macedonian 16,770 15,270 25 775 710
Polish 181,710 154,070 1,470 19,470 6,700
Russian 188,255 141,710 6,290 26,685 13,570
Serbian 57,350 47,985 690 6,010 2,665
Serbo-Croatian 9,550 6,965 600 1,665 315
Slovak 17,585 15,065 85 1,695 745
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 8,765 20 935 70
Ukrainian 102,480 90,845 815 7,790 3,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,420 2,130 30 200 55
Celtic languages 2,695 2,250 40 385 20
Scottish Gaelic 1,095 925 5 150 15
Welsh 1,075 955 0 110 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 370 35 125 5
Germanic languages 538,765 479,190 1,335 44,130 14,115
Afrikaans 10,265 9,755 10 430 70
Danish 12,630 11,765 5 835 20
Dutch 99,020 89,645 130 8,865 375
Frisian 2,100 1,985 0 105 5
German 384,040 343,850 1,020 27,310 11,860
Icelandic 1,285 1,180 0 105 5
Norwegian 4,615 4,220 5 385 10
Swedish 6,840 5,795 20 1,000 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 2,560 95 1,230 10
Yiddish 13,555 8,215 25 3,585 1,730
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 225 30 260 10
Greek 106,520 71,965 540 27,400 6,620
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 1,108,315 6,255 74,025 124,155
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 911,325 1,900 46,580 104,950
Bengali 73,125 62,240 325 7,635 2,925
Gujarati 108,780 94,150 185 5,260 9,180
Hindi 110,645 102,265 55 4,340 3,980
Kashmiri 570 535 0 20 10
Konkani 3,335 3,130 20 145 35
Marathi 8,295 7,665 0 430 195
Nepali 18,275 14,080 485 1,120 2,590
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 980 5 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,675 410,820 400 14,820 75,630
Sindhi 11,865 10,645 20 835 365
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 15,295 0 715 320
Urdu 210,820 189,515 405 11,220 9,675
Iranian languages 242,810 192,680 4,270 27,090 18,760
Kurdish 11,705 9,285 305 730 1,375
Pashto 16,910 14,100 125 965 1,720
Persian (Farsi) 214,195 169,295 3,835 25,400 15,670
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 4,305 85 350 440
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,275 706,155 93,755 276,415 77,940
Catalan 865 400 65 380 20
Italian 375,640 236,025 15,940 99,980 23,695
Portuguese 221,540 155,420 10,995 33,530 21,595
Romanian 96,660 45,690 9,365 37,545 4,070
Spanish 458,850 268,175 57,355 104,775 28,540
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 455 35 210 20
Japanese 43,645 38,285 205 2,710 2,440
Kartvelian languages 1,710 1,330 20 150 215
Georgian 1,715 1,325 25 150 215
Korean 153,425 130,280 235 6,495 16,405
Mongolic languages 1,575 1,285 40 155 100
Mongolian 1,575 1,285 35 155 100
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 50,050 15,865 23,330 2,130
Akan (Twi) 13,460 12,255 20 990 190
Bamanankan 1,535 25 785 705 15
Edo 1,675 1,595 5 60 10
Ewe 1,760 800 375 570 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,830 145 1,260 1,335 85
Ga 920 830 0 85 10
Ganda 1,295 1,215 0 75 10
Igbo 4,235 4,000 0 200 30
Lingala 3,810 130 1,900 1,745 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 305 1,850 3,360 335
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 900 1,005 3,190 155
Shona 3,185 3,035 0 125 25
Swahili 13,370 7,560 1,920 3,285 600
Wolof 3,995 155 1,655 2,075 100
Yoruba 9,085 8,630 50 350 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 8,465 5,025 5,175 465
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 5,130 205 305 230
Dinka 2,120 1,985 0 45 90
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 3,145 205 265 140
Sign languages 7,500 3,295 565 370 3,270
American Sign Language 2,680 1,815 5 105 760
Quebec Sign Language 695 0 380 130 185
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,125 1,475 180 135 2,330
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 957,070 8,165 58,315 245,665
Chinese languages 1,253,360 943,830 8,115 57,995 243,420
Cantonese 565,270 419,535 2,115 22,515 121,105
Hakka 10,910 8,630 70 575 1,635
Mandarin 592,040 452,490 4,745 30,230 104,575
Min Dong 1,235 640 0 20 565
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,800 22,740 595 2,095 6,370
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,920 8,925 85 630 3,285
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,575 30,435 500 1,895 5,755
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 615 435 10 40 130
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,855 13,240 50 320 2,245
Burmese 3,585 3,205 0 70 300
Karenic languages 4,705 3,555 20 15 1,115
Tibetan 6,165 5,315 10 180 660
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 1,165 15 50 170
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 15,495 1,685 3,125 1,705
Lao 12,670 7,525 1,590 2,545 1,015
Thai 9,255 7,905 100 580 675
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 85 65 0 5 15
Turkic languages 40,140 28,885 2,425 5,605 3,220
Azerbaijani 3,255 2,595 30 350 280
Turkish 32,815 23,130 2,275 4,800 2,610
Uyghur 1,035 780 35 130 95
Uzbek 1,720 1,365 30 175 145
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 1,020 55 155 90
Uralic languages 81,980 69,980 500 9,040 2,460
Estonian 5,445 4,625 0 775 40
Finnish 15,290 14,115 15 1,000 170
Hungarian 61,235 51,230 485 7,270 2,250
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,630 310 575 175
Multiple responses 818,635 507,415 42,955 264,470 3,795
English and French 165,325 17,110 4,360 143,745 105
English and non-official language 533,260 483,325 435 46,555 2,945
French and non-official language 86,150 3,595 37,250 44,720 595
English, French and non-official language 33,900 3,385 915 29,450 155

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016058.

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