Data tables, 2016 Census

Language Used at Work (263), Single and multiple responses of language used at work (3), Mother Tongue (8), Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 (21) and Age (10) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over Who Worked Since 2015, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

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This table details language used at work , single and multiple responses of language used at work , mother tongue , industry - north american industry classification system 2012 and age for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since 2015, in private households in Canada
Data quality
Language used at work (263) Single and multiple responses of language used at work (3)
Total - Single and multiple responses of language used at workFootnote 2 Single responses of language used at workFootnote 3 Multiple responses of language used at workFootnote 4
Total - Language used at workFootnote 5 19,956,255 16,891,440 3,064,810
Official languages 19,804,505 16,745,655 3,058,850
English 17,127,700 14,099,735 3,027,960
French 4,986,900 2,645,920 2,340,980
Non-official languages 970,905 145,785 825,120
Aboriginal languages 68,330 5,705 62,630
Algonquian languages 43,350 3,070 40,280
Blackfoot 1,350 20 1,330
Cree-Montagnais languages 28,765 2,435 26,325
Atikamekw 1,680 195 1,490
Montagnais (Innu) 3,610 535 3,075
Moose Cree 30 0 30
Naskapi 525 80 440
Northern East Cree 140 20 125
Plains Cree 720 10 710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 290 10 285
Woods Cree 350 10 345
Cree, n.o.s. 21,425 1,580 19,840
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,785 200 2,590
Malecite 155 10 150
Mi'kmaq 2,635 195 2,440
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10,470 420 10,050
Algonquin 420 10 410
Ojibway 5,630 225 5,400
Oji-Cree 4,365 175 4,190
Ottawa (Odawa) 60 0 60
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15
Athabaskan languages 4,650 175 4,480
Northern Athabaskan languages 4,620 175 4,450
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 20 0 15
Beaver 50 0 55
Carrier 230 15 215
Chilcotin 165 0 165
Dene 2,715 105 2,610
Dogrib (Tlicho) 565 30 540
Gwich'in 60 10 65
Sarsi (Sarcee) 25 0 25
Sekani 0 0 10
Slavey-Hare languages 665 20 645
North Slavey (Hare) 275 15 260
South Slavey 340 0 335
Slavey, n.o.s. 50 0 50
Tahltan languages 55 0 60
Kaska (Nahani) 40 0 45
Tahltan 15 0 15
Tutchone languages 70 0 65
Northern Tutchone 35 0 35
Southern Tutchone 35 0 35
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 25 0 30
Haida 120 0 120
Inuit languages 16,915 2,285 14,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 365 10 355
Inuktitut 16,470 2,275 14,195
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 80 0 80
Iroquoian languages 475 20 455
Cayuga 35 10 30
Mohawk 400 20 385
Oneida 25 0 25
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 15
Kutenai 90 0 85
Michif 115 0 115
Salish languages 925 55 865
Comox 20 0 20
Halkomelem 245 10 235
Lillooet 70 10 60
Okanagan 155 10 140
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 175 10 165
Squamish 40 0 40
Straits 90 15 75
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 50 0 45
Salish languages, n.i.e. 85 10 80
Siouan languages 990 40 950
Dakota 215 10 210
Stoney 765 35 730
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Tlingit 45 10 45
Tsimshian languages 345 10 335
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 150 10 145
Nisga'a 155 0 150
Tsimshian 45 0 40
Wakashan languages 230 20 210
Haisla 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 20 0 20
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 115 10 100
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 70 10 65
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 105 20 85
Non-Aboriginal languages 902,615 140,080 762,525
Afro-Asiatic languages 45,290 3,805 41,485
Berber languages 345 15 330
Kabyle 205 10 190
Berber languages, n.i.e. 140 0 140
Cushitic languages 1,485 160 1,325
Bilen 55 10 50
Oromo 155 20 135
Somali 1,275 130 1,145
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Semitic languages 43,500 3,625 39,875
Amharic 1,045 100 950
Arabic 36,060 2,945 33,115
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 890 115 775
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 280 20 265
Harari 10 0 10
Hebrew 4,610 295 4,310
Maltese 55 10 45
Tigrigna 490 80 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 185 55 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 27,000 4,980 22,015
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,575 230 1,350
Vietnamese 25,415 4,755 20,665
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 15
Austronesian languages 48,795 1,390 47,400
Bikol 10 0 0
Cebuano 435 25 410
Fijian 15 0 20
Hiligaynon 145 10 140
Ilocano 530 35 495
Malagasy 15 0 20
Malay 580 60 520
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 10 35
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 46,965 1,230 45,735
Waray-Waray 10 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 170 25 145
Creole languages 4,095 180 3,910
Haitian Creole 160 0 150
Creole, n.o.s. 3,605 165 3,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 335 10 320
Dravidian languages 11,355 1,100 10,260
Kannada 55 0 55
Malayalam 510 35 480
Tamil 10,575 1,025 9,555
Telugu 225 35 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 25 0 20
Indo-European languages 425,405 45,245 380,155
Albanian 1,345 190 1,155
Armenian 1,855 195 1,665
Balto-Slavic languages 54,530 4,590 49,940
Baltic languages 360 20 340
Latvian 110 0 110
Lithuanian 250 20 230
Slavic languages 54,185 4,570 49,610
Belarusan 15 0 15
Bosnian 715 70 645
Bulgarian 720 105 610
Croatian 1,860 105 1,750
Czech 465 35 430
Macedonian 490 55 440
Polish 15,115 1,000 14,115
Russian 23,985 2,415 21,570
Serbian 3,795 225 3,565
Serbo-Croatian 355 15 340
Slovak 480 35 450
Slovene (Slovenian) 125 0 125
Ukrainian 6,430 500 5,925
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 0 60
Celtic languages 250 10 235
Scottish Gaelic 165 10 165
Welsh 40 0 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 0 40
Germanic languages 43,890 5,965 37,920
Afrikaans 415 20 395
Danish 335 30 305
Dutch 4,550 380 4,165
Frisian 70 0 65
German 33,815 4,665 29,155
Icelandic 55 0 55
Norwegian 240 20 220
Swedish 485 25 460
Vlaams (Flemish) 85 10 75
Yiddish 1,650 520 1,125
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,230 285 1,945
Greek 8,450 405 8,040
Indo-Iranian languages 157,300 23,145 134,165
Indo-Aryan languages 134,695 20,710 113,990
Bengali 2,490 255 2,230
Gujarati 3,440 680 2,760
Hindi 16,885 780 16,105
Kashmiri 0 0 10
Konkani 25 0 25
Marathi 60 25 40
Nepali 925 110 810
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 97,550 18,075 79,470
Sindhi 160 10 155
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 405 15 385
Urdu 14,110 755 13,355
Iranian languages 22,430 2,420 20,010
Kurdish 615 110 500
Pashto 355 25 325
Persian (Farsi) 21,490 2,275 19,210
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 280 10 270
Italic (Romance) languages 158,370 10,745 147,620
Catalan 55 0 60
Italian 28,380 625 27,755
Portuguese 29,555 3,540 26,015
Romanian 4,240 395 3,845
Spanish 96,525 6,175 90,350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 585 10 575
Japanese 11,305 1,150 10,160
Kartvelian languages 100 20 85
Georgian 100 20 85
Korean 29,630 6,005 23,630
Mongolic languages 115 10 115
Mongolian 115 0 110
Niger-Congo languages 2,695 110 2,585
Akan (Twi) 525 20 510
Bamanankan 35 0 30
Edo 30 0 30
Ewe 40 10 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 0 25
Ga 35 0 35
Ganda 50 0 55
Igbo 160 0 160
Lingala 185 10 175
Rundi (Kirundi) 95 0 95
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 0 70
Shona 45 0 45
Swahili 635 45 595
Wolof 105 10 105
Yoruba 285 10 285
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 390 15 375
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 0 60
Dinka 30 0 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 0 30
Sign languages 11,725 890 10,835
American Sign Language 5,550 395 5,155
Quebec Sign Language 1,000 25 975
Sign languages, n.i.e 5,220 470 4,750
Sino-Tibetan languages 277,955 74,230 203,725
Chinese languages 276,825 74,080 202,745
Cantonese 126,985 35,725 91,260
Hakka 195 60 130
Mandarin 147,370 35,905 111,465
Min Dong 55 0 50
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,360 365 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 245 70 170
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,410 1,955 6,455
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,165 150 1,010
Burmese 235 35 200
Karenic languages 500 80 420
Tibetan 350 35 315
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 90 10 85
Tai-Kadai languages 2,745 260 2,485
Lao 740 70 670
Thai 2,005 185 1,815
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Turkic languages 3,175 390 2,780
Azerbaijani 110 0 110
Turkish 2,935 385 2,555
Uyghur 45 0 40
Uzbek 55 0 45
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 0 30
Uralic languages 2,995 270 2,730
Estonian 160 0 160
Finnish 645 30 615
Hungarian 2,190 235 1,955
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 275 45 230

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The category 'Total - Single and multiple responses of language used at work' indicates the number of respondents who reported each language, either as their only response, or in combination with another language. Total responses represent the sum of single and multiple responses of the language used at work received in the census.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A single response to the language used at work occurs when a respondent provides one language only.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

A multiple response to the language used at work occurs when a respondent provides two or more languages.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Refers to the language used at work, as reported on May 10, 2016 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2015.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

This is a total population count. The sum of the languages in this table is greater than the total population count because a person may report more than one language in the census.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016094.

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