Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Canada [Country]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 225 30 200 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 158,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 20,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 79,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 105,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 124,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 58,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 55,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 30,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 123,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 54,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 53,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 22,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 213,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 177,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 35,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 32,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 8,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 99,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 113,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 42,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 49,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 21,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 24,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 12,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 243,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 124,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 105,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 5 5 5 100 50 55
Naskapi 10 5 5 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 315 125 190
Plains Cree 10 5 5 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 5 5 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 5 5 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 25 10 15 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 70 25 45 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 5 0 5 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 330 110 215 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 295 95 200 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 20 10 15 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 375 195 180 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 250 130 120 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 50 25 25 805 455 350
Oromo 215 120 95 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 365 195 170
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 1,455 680 770 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 60 30 30 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 355 190 160 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 30 10 20 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 905 440 460 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 30 15 15 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 370 120 245 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 575 225 345 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 55 25 25 1,430 665 760
Malay 395 160 235 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 30 15 15 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 225 115 105 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 660 345 315 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 485 270 220 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 660 325 335 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 465 235 230 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 455 200 260 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 250 110 140 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 210 85 125 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 40 20 20 810 385 430
Bosnian 600 275 325 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 845 390 455 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 1,005 460 540 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 915 405 505 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 65 25 40 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,705 810 890 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 570 260 315 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 110 50 60 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 1,090 540 550
Welsh 50 15 35 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 530 295 235
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 160 80 85 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 295 135 165 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 40 20 20 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 20 10 10 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 135 60 75 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 275 140 135 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 175 95 75 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 525 280 240
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 20 10 10 565 300 265
Konkani 105 55 50 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 290 150 140 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 925 440 485 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 270 120 145 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 655 335 315 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 1,025 520 510 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 30 15 15 865 440 425
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 720 380 340
Japanese 990 300 685 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 1,715 910 805
Georgian 30 15 25 1,715 910 805
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 30 15 20 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 75 30 50 1,535 815 720
Edo 35 20 20 1,670 770 900
Ewe 75 30 50 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 60 30 30 920 445 470
Ganda 125 55 65 1,295 625 665
Igbo 180 90 95 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 320 120 205 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 110 40 70 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 1,100 485 615 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 80 35 45 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 240 125 110 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 90 45 45 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 220 105 120 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 75 30 50 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 155 65 90 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 50 25 25 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 225 120 110 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 325 155 165 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 95 50 40 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 345 155 190 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 345 90 255 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 1,390 705 685 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 10 5 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 65 30 40 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 150 70 80 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 300 120 185 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 5 5 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 15 10 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 165 75 90
Inuktitut 120 45 70 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 220 110 115 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 180 85 95 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 30 15 10 620 330 285
Oromo 130 70 60 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 185 85 95
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 845 400 445 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 20 5 10 735 335 400
Hebrew 135 80 60 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 5 0 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 415 195 220 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 5 5 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 125 55 70 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 230 105 120 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 10 10 10 435 220 210
Malay 120 50 70 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 10 5 5 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 75 45 35 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 280 150 135 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 1,285 615 665 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 195 105 90 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 295 140 155 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 205 95 110 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 105 45 60 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 55 25 35 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 45 25 25 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 20 10 10 230 105 120
Bosnian 305 150 150 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 400 190 210 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 330 150 180 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 205 100 110 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 15 10 5 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 1,005 500 505 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 195 90 105 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 505 230 275 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 5 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 915 415 495 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 35 20 20 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 25 10 10 855 410 445
Dutch 145 70 80 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 625 275 355 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 10 5 10 345 145 200
Swedish 55 35 20 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 15 10 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 625 300 325 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 605 310 300 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 1,285 650 635 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 5 0 135 70 70
Konkani 35 15 20 720 355 370
Marathi 110 50 60 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 730 360 375 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 65 30 40 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 370 195 175 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 645 310 335 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 15 5 10 355 165 190
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 1,190 555 635 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 180 85 95
Japanese 385 140 250 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 1,040 565 475
Georgian 5 5 5 1,035 565 475
Korean 1,140 530 615 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 910 440 470
Mongolian 15 10 5 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 10 5 10 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 20 5 15 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 825 400 425
Ga 15 5 5 250 105 140
Ganda 30 10 20 345 160 185
Igbo 55 25 25 1,000 485 510
Lingala 65 20 45 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 1,530 670 865
Shona 20 10 10 1,035 475 560
Swahili 380 175 210 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 30 15 15 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 55 30 25 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 25 15 10 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 305 165 145 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 105 50 60 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 50 15 30 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 15 5 5 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 145 65 80 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 250 120 130 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 70 35 35 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 165 70 95 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 95 30 65 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 855 415 440 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 1,245 640 610
Turkish 745 360 380 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 5 5 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 35 15 20 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 455 230 225
Uralic languages 500 240 265 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 20 10 15 975 365 610
Finnish 35 15 20 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 445 210 230 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 405 150 255 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 156,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 37,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 120,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 46,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 10 0 10 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 10 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 20 10 10 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 545 225 320
Plains Cree 10 10 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 15 10 10 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 10 10 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 45 25 25 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 195 70 125 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 15 0 10 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 585 220 365 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 530 200 325 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 55 15 35 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 540 285 260 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 420 220 195 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 90 55 35 1,085 625 470
Oromo 380 170 210 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 480 220 265
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 40 25 15 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 65 25 40 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 25 10 20 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 565 210 355 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 0 10 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 705 300 405 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 105 55 45 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 615 270 345 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 55 20 35 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 465 235 235 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 835 375 460 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 795 420 375 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 785 385 410 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 665 350 315 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 530 225 305 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 260 105 155 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 270 120 150 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 125 60 60 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,830 905 930 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 1,315 570 750 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 95 35 65 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 910 380 530 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 395 190 205 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 85 30 55 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 405 200 205 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 425 195 235 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 55 15 35 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 45 20 20 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 345 145 200 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 605 295 310 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 355 185 175 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 10 10 10 905 490 420
Konkani 140 75 65 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 565 310 255 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 1,275 640 635 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 495 220 280 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 755 395 355 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 1,400 755 645 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 80 30 45 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 40 15 25 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 40 25 20 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 155 70 85 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 95 40 60 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 205 80 125 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 165 85 80 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 215 65 145 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 300 165 135 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 175 60 115 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 200 110 95 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 755 400 355 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 190 85 105 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 875 305 570 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 265 125 140 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 40 20 25 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 305 145 160 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 365 185 180 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 50 30 25 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 460 200 255 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 610 230 385 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 45 25 15 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 80 20 60 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 245 115 130 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 480 220 260 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 990 445 545 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 1,270 485 780 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 1,375 635 735 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 1,290 540 755 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 820 365 455 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 800 385 420 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 910 475 430 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 825 425 405 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 1,965 995 970 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 1,025 485 545 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 1,065 540 525 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 1,230 570 660 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 2,400