Census Profile, 2016 Census
Halifax [Census metropolitan area], Nova Scotia and Canada [Country]

Select a table view
Download  Hierarchies 
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halifax
Nova Scotia
[Census metropolitan area]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Halifax [Census metropolitan area], Nova Scotia  Map : Halifax [Census metropolitan area], Nova Scotia Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 403,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 390,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 187,478  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 173,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 73.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,496.31  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 403,390 195,330 208,060 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 60,535 30,915 29,620 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 19,790 10,085 9,710 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 20,745 10,620 10,125 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 19,995 10,210 9,790 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 279,680 136,280 143,400 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 22,340 11,320 11,020 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 30,225 15,020 15,210 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 30,200 15,180 15,025 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 27,470 13,495 13,980 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 25,715 12,285 13,430 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 26,645 12,810 13,835 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 27,740 13,170 14,565 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 32,665 15,860 16,805 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 30,610 14,815 15,795 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 26,065 12,330 13,735 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 63,175 28,135 35,040 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 22,510 10,635 11,880 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 15,525 7,250 8,275 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 10,440 4,700 5,740 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 7,505 3,195 4,305 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 7,190 2,355 4,835 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 4,410 1,585 2,820 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 2,120 610 1,505 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 605 145 460 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 60 10 50 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.8 14.2 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.3 69.8 68.9 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.7 14.4 16.8 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.9 39.9 41.8 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.0 39.8 42.1 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 86,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 61,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 11,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 6,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 36,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 51,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 64,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 27,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 21,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 9,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 397,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 342,850 164,415 178,440 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 192,590 96,120 96,470 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 154,070 76,915 77,155 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 38,515 19,205 19,310 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 150,265 68,295 81,970 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 102,415 52,850 49,565 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 9,785 4,175 5,605 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 20,615 7,610 13,000 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 17,450 3,655 13,800 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 113,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 62,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 24,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 19,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 6,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 113,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 94,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 75,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 19,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 18,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 15,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 3,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 94,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 50,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 44,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 19,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 17,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 6,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 18,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 11,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 84,200 39,385 44,815 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 109,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 60,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 62,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 51,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 399,575 193,735 205,840 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 347,440 170,905 176,530 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 340 160 180 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 49,585 21,650 27,935 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 2,205 1,020 1,190 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 399,575 193,735 205,840 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 386,355 187,275 199,075 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 9,900 4,910 4,985 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 1,210 570 640 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 2,115 975 1,140 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,500 5,195 5,305 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.6 2.7 2.6 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 399,575 193,730 205,840 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 394,420 191,200 203,225 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 363,560 175,515 188,045 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 353,415 170,515 182,900 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 10,145 4,995 5,145 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 30,865 15,685 15,180 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 80 40 35 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 60 35 25 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 30 25 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 5 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 55 25 25 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 15 5 10 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 10 5 10 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,790 15,645 15,145 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,025 3,845 3,175 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 10 10 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 5 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 115 60 55 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 5 5 5 805 455 350
Oromo 55 35 25 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 50 25 25 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 6,895 3,780 3,115 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 110 50 60 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 6,430 3,545 2,880 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 5 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 195 105 90 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 5 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 140 65 75 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 405 200 205 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 395 195 200 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 1,665 730 935 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 5 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 105 45 60 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 50 15 30 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 35 15 20 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 5 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,420 630 790 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 60 40 15 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 30 25 5 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 870 510 360 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 30 15 15 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 310 165 140 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 255 160 100 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 265 170 105 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 12,660 6,405 6,255 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 250 120 125 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 30 20 10 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 2,790 1,350 1,440 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 55 15 40 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 25 10 15 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 30 5 25 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 2,730 1,340 1,395 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 5 0 5 810 385 430
Bosnian 115 60 55 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 40 20 20 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 190 90 95 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 145 70 70 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 15 10 5 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 590 290 305 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 1,155 565 585 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 110 50 55 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 35 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 85 40 40 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 190 95 100 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 45 20 25 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 1,090 540 550
Welsh 15 15 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 2,075 995 1,075 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 80 40 40 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 100 60 35 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 490 235 255 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 5 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 1,205 555 645 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 30 15 15 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 75 45 35 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 65 25 40 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 15 10 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 660 335 325 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 4,295 2,350 1,950 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 2,950 1,645 1,300 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 440 270 175 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 175 115 60 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 655 395 265 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 10 0 5 565 300 265
Konkani 5 0 5 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 65 35 30 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 530 255 275 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 475 250 220 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 15 10 5 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 70 75 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 440 240 195 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 1,330 685 640 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 110 60 50 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 65 40 30 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 1,145 590 560 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 2,515 1,210 1,305 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 10 5 5 865 440 425
Italian 555 290 265 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 385 185 205 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 185 90 95 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 1,375 640 735 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 255 65 185 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 5 0 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 900 380 520 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 5 5 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 535 275 260 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 35 15 20 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 10 5 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 10 0 5 1,670 770 900
Ewe 30 25 10 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 5 5 5 920 445 470
Ganda 20 5 15 1,295 625 665
Igbo 35 20 15 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 10 5 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 15 30 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 25 15 15 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 120 60 65 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 5 5 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 55 30 25 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 55 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 30 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 10 5 5 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 115 55 60 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 55 25 25 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 30 35 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,500 2,745 2,755 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 5,480 2,735 2,740 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 925 425 500 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 20 10 10 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 3,950 1,970 1,975 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 45 50 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 20 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 250 180 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 5 5 5 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5 0 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 90 35 50 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 5 5 5 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 85 30 50 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 390 215 175 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 255 135 115 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 5 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 110 60 50 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 240 100 140 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 25 10 15 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 40 10 30 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 175 80 95 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 5,150 2,535 2,615 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 1,775 815 960 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 3,045 1,555 1,485 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 175 90 85 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 160 75 85 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 399,575 193,735 205,840 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 391,285 189,555 201,725 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 374,880 181,210 193,665 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 371,215 179,410 191,800 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 3,660 1,800 1,860 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 16,405 8,345 8,060 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 15 10 5 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 5 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 5 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,390 8,335 8,050 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,190 2,215 1,980 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 75 35 40 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 5 5 0 620 330 285
Oromo 45 20 20 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 25 10 15 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 4,115 2,175 1,945 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 50 25 30 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 3,845 2,045 1,800 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 115 65 50 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 95 40 55 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 255 125 130 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 255 125 130 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 895 430 460 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 50 20 30 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 15 10 5 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 0 0 0 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 825 405 420 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 20 10 5 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 390 230 165 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 10 5 10 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 135 75 60 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 120 65 50 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 130 75 50 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 5,505 2,765 2,740 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 110 55 55 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 15 10 10 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 1,275 625 650 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 20 5 15 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 5 5 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 10 5 10 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 1,255 620 635 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 65 35 30 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 20 15 10 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 60 20 35 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 40 25 20 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 180 80 100 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 740 365 370 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 60 30 30 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 25 10 10 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 45 30 20 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 15 10 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 360 170 185 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 20 15 10 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 5 0 5 855 410 445
Dutch 45 25 25 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 240 115 125 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 25 10 15 270 120 150
Norwegian 10 5 5 345 145 200
Swedish 5 5 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 245 125 125 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 2,550 1,335 1,215 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 1,650 885 765 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 225 125 105 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 95 60 35 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 280 180 105 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 25 15 15 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 475 235 240 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 100 105 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 0 5 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 40 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 250 130 120 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 895 445 450 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 85 45 35 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 35 15 15 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 775 380 395 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 935 430 500 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 5 0 5 355 165 190
Italian 130 55 75 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 150 70 85 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 60 25 35 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 585 275 310 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 80 25 50 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 610 270 340 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 150 70 75 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 5 0 415 175 240
Ewe 10 10 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 5 250 105 140
Ganda 5 0 5 345 160 185
Igbo 15 5 10 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 5 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 50 25 30 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 5 5 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 20 10 10 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 5 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 155 75 80 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 65 30 35 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 45 45 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,825 1,965 1,865 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 3,825 1,960 1,860 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 525 280 250 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 5 0 5 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 2,935 1,475 1,455 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 20 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 170 120 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 15 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 0 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 30 10 15 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 195 100 95 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 120 65 55 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 70 35 30 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 50 25 25 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 5 5 0 975 365 610
Finnish 5 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 45 25 25 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 8,295 4,175 4,115 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 1,155 535 620 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 6,810 3,475 3,335 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 65 40 25 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 260 125 130 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 399,575 193,735 205,840 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 370,645 179,735 190,910 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 9,220 4,715 4,500 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 8,485 3,710 4,780 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 10,605 5,290 5,320 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 105 45 55 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 10,500 5,240 5,260 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 125 55 70 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 190 90 100 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 305 140 165 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 337,215 161,965 175,250 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,835 155,495 168,340 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,089 42,874 31,004 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,945 155,515 168,435 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,754 36,910 27,847 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 293,570 143,465 150,105 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,893 41,760 29,205 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,470 93,715 129,765 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,496 3,892 4,737 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 243,395 121,815 121,585 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,240 40,169 29,594 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 337,210 161,965 175,245 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 324,115 155,475 168,640 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,429 55,049 38,482 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 324,225 155,505 168,720 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,502 43,439 32,031 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 293,715 143,570 150,150 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,940 55,168 37,117 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 224,080 93,415 130,665 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,937 6,831 7,013 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 243,395 121,865 121,535 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,079 51,868 36,269 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 337,210 161,965 175,250 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 125,080 67,375 57,705 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,704 58,003 45,756 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,471 69,022 52,655 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.4 86.0 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.3 74.0 67.8 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.6 14.0 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 337,215 161,965 175,250 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 13,380 6,470 6,905 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 323,835 155,495 168,340 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.0 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,175 19,485 24,690 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 49,890 19,075 30,815 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 43,125 16,950 26,180 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 40,205 17,350 22,855 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 35,125 16,250 18,880 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 27,080 14,190 12,890 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 21,015 12,085 8,930 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 17,485 10,065 7,425 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 13,780 8,055 5,720 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 8,685 5,610 3,075 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 23,265 16,395 6,870 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 15,955 10,955 5,005 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 7,305 5,435 1,870 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 337,210 161,965 175,250 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 13,265 6,455 6,810 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 323,945 155,510 168,435 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.0 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,280 19,870 26,405 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 53,335 20,640 32,695 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 53,080 21,540 31,540 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 50,375 22,485 27,890 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 39,430 20,345 19,080 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 28,465 16,480 11,980 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 21,130 12,340 8,790 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 11,720 7,570 4,150 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 20,145 14,240 5,905 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 6,510 4,395 2,115 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 3,930 2,715 1,215 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 9,710 7,130 2,580 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 337,215 161,965 175,250 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 93,820 40,150 53,665 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 243,395 121,815 121,580 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.2 69.4 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 30,555 13,935 16,620 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 19,565 8,465 11,095 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 32,145 14,035 18,110 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 27,995 12,400 15,595 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 27,200 11,875 15,330 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 23,805 10,935 12,870 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 18,570 9,855 8,715 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 15,070 8,815 6,255 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 13,695 7,870 5,825 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 34,795 23,630 11,165 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 11,185 6,575 4,615 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 6,745 4,560 2,185 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 16,865 12,500 4,370 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 51,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 122,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,754  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,104  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 51,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,657  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,398  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 122,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 53,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 9,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 173,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 35,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 10,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 113,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,366  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,061  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,567  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,319  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 44,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 17,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,308  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 113,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,483  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,542  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,264  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 44,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,993  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 17,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,771  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 75,935 36,000 39,930 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,382 32,060 30,864 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,151 28,435 27,912 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 75,880 35,780 40,105 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,406 40,479 38,449 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,585 32,916 32,290 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 397,630 192,815 204,820 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 200,095 93,985 106,110 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 45,320 21,880 23,435 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 36,810 16,250 20,560 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 37,695 17,410 20,285 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 39,240 18,550 20,685 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 41,030 19,890 21,140 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 197,535 98,830 98,705 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 41,390 20,585 20,805 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 42,875 21,440 21,435 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 43,135 21,500 21,635 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 38,760 19,485 19,275 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 31,380 15,825 15,555 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 397,375 192,700 204,675 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 72,900 37,150 35,750 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 23,875 12,155 11,715 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 264,835 128,505 136,330 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 59,640 27,040 32,600 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 58,825 27,410 31,415 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 13,690 6,970 6,720 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 5,085 2,545 2,545 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 38,000 17,830 20,165 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 7,135 2,605 4,530 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.2 15.3 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.8 18.8 18.8 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.3 20.9 21.7 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.9 14.8 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.6 13.9 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,240 18,730 19,510 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 7,785 3,980 3,805 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 2,990 1,525 1,465 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 28,880 14,140 14,745 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 1,570 610 960 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 12.5 12.5 12.5 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.8 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.3 2.9 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 397,630 192,815 204,820 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 395,460 191,890 203,565 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 395,190 191,770 203,420 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 49,665 21,765 27,900 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 43,820 21,810 22,010 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 190 80 110 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 160 60 100 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 155 60 90 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 10 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 150 65 90 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 10 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 10 10 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 10 10 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 10 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,635 21,735 21,900 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,825 5,290 4,530 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 25 15 10 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 25 15 15 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 145 50 90 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 20 10 15 1,085 625 470
Oromo 35 15 20 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 80 25 55 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 9,750 5,270 4,475 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 255 140 125 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 8,845 4,765 4,080 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 575 340 235 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 10 10 10 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 140 70 70 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 460 205 250 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 15 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 445 200 240 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 2,265 985 1,280 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 10 0 10 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 110 55 60 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 10 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 55 10 45 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 45 10 35 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,155 940 1,210 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 10 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 20 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 225 105 115 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 90 40 50 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 1,205 690 515 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 70 40 35 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 490 260 230 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 365 220 140 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 335 200 130 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 20,810 10,305 10,505 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 380 180 195 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 75 45 30 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 3,190 1,515 1,680 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 65 20 45 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 20 10 15 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 40 15 30 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 3,150 1,500 1,645 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 10 0 10 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 120 50 70 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 45 20 20 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 230 85 140 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 155 80 75 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 70 40 30 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 645 290 355 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 1,665 840 830 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 135 60 80 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 100 60 45 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 95 45 50 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 15 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 260 125 135 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 305 145 160 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 200 90 110 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 10 10 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 4,310 2,100 2,210 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 240 110 135 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 135 75 60 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 740 315 425 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 10 0 10 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 3,010 1,510 1,495 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 70 30 40 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 80 65 15 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 175 70 105 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 25 15 15 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 1,195 605 590 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 5,660 3,165 2,495 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 4,225 2,405 1,825 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 540 305 240 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 200 125 70 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 2,005 1,150 855 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 10 0 10 905 490 420
Konkani 20 15 10 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 105 65 35 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 620 315 305 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 25 0 15 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 815 455 365 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 10 0 10 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 110 95 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 880 545 340 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 1,450 780 670 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 180 100 75 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 60 40 20 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 1,240 655 585 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 6,610 3,040 3,575 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 20 10 10 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 1,220 615 605 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 675 375 305 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 210 125 85 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 4,830 2,110 2,720 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 635 245 395 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 10 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 1,195 505 685 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 10 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 1,145 625 525 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 35 15 15 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 10 10 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 70 40 35 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 25 15 15 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 55 15 40 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 75 40 30 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 30 15 20 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 120 55 65 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 55 40 25 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 335 190 150 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 30 15 20 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 220 110 105 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 235 135 100 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 30 15 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 10 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 930 315 615 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 560 180 380 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 375 140 230 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,840 2,980 2,860 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 5,825 2,975 2,845 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 1,250 600 650 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 50 25 25 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 4,540 2,275 2,265 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 150 60 90 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 20 25 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 250 155 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 0 15 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 15 0 15 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 165 75 90 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 15 10 10 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 150 75 80 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 535 280 255 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 395 190 210 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 10 0 10 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 105 65 45 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 245 120 125 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 40 20 20 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 50 15 30 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 145 80 65 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 397,635 192,815 204,820 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 376,250 181,630 194,620 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 69,480 35,410 34,070 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 306,770 146,215 160,550 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 21,380 11,185 10,200 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 397,635 192,815 204,820 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 352,625 169,835 182,795 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,205 18,415 18,795 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 10,100 4,910 5,185 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 3,035 1,530 1,505 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 4,895 2,365 2,525 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 9,760 4,925 4,840 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 3,755 1,890 1,865 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 6,005 3,035 2,970 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,425 4,680 4,740 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,800 4,565 3,235 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,205 18,415 18,795 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 4,640 2,225 2,415 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 6,965 3,525 3,445 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 6,625 3,185 3,445 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 16,235 8,050 8,185 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 2,735 1,435 1,305 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,210 18,415 18,795 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 5,480 2,565 2,915 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 130 60 70 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 115 65 50 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 80 40 40 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 140 65 75 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 40 15 25 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 345 135 210 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 225 110 115 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 80 25 60 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 170 100 75 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,225 1,480 1,745 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 925 470 455 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 12,255 6,210 6,045 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 195 100 95 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 130 50 80 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 340 185 155 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 1,150 580 570 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 450 235 215 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 80 40 45 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 280 100 180 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 380 215 165 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 465 185 280 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 460 195 270 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 180 115 60 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 150 90 60 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 505 250 255 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 35 25 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 270 130 145 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,900 3,105 2,795 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 1,250 595 650 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 3,025 1,565 1,460 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 15 10 10 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 725 375 355 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 170 90 80 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 120 70 50 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 70 45 25 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria