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Census Profile, 2016 Census
Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta and Calgary [Census metropolitan area], Alberta

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary, CY
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Calgary
Alberta
[Census metropolitan area]
Data quality , Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta Data quality : Calgary [Census metropolitan area], Alberta  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,239,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,392,609  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,096,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,214,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 489,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 544,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,693  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,501.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 272.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 825.56  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,110.21  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,239,220 618,245 620,975 1,392,610 695,130 697,480
0 to 14 years 226,980 116,520 110,460 261,455 134,160 127,295
0 to 4 years 77,985 40,055 37,930 89,105 45,740 43,365
5 to 9 years 79,365 40,865 38,500 91,800 47,295 44,510
10 to 14 years 69,630 35,600 34,030 80,545 41,125 39,420
15 to 64 years 873,835 438,600 435,235 978,150 490,645 487,505
15 to 19 years 69,730 35,750 33,985 79,480 40,845 38,635
20 to 24 years 78,640 39,855 38,785 86,685 44,005 42,680
25 to 29 years 100,140 49,745 50,390 109,505 54,295 55,210
30 to 34 years 109,445 54,705 54,740 121,380 60,440 60,940
35 to 39 years 100,400 49,855 50,540 112,890 55,980 56,905
40 to 44 years 93,405 46,790 46,615 105,290 52,705 52,585
45 to 49 years 87,810 44,415 43,400 98,845 50,050 48,800
50 to 54 years 86,890 43,590 43,295 97,860 48,970 48,890
55 to 59 years 82,265 41,220 41,045 92,715 46,440 46,275
60 to 64 years 65,120 32,675 32,440 73,495 36,915 36,580
65 years and over 138,405 63,120 75,285 153,005 70,325 82,680
65 to 69 years 48,920 23,915 25,005 55,100 27,040 28,060
70 to 74 years 31,590 15,040 16,550 35,250 16,940 18,310
75 to 79 years 22,715 10,220 12,495 24,900 11,275 13,625
80 to 84 years 17,315 7,495 9,820 18,705 8,165 10,540
85 years and over 17,860 6,455 11,410 19,055 6,910 12,145
85 to 89 years 11,435 4,505 6,930 12,215 4,835 7,380
90 to 94 years 4,925 1,595 3,335 5,230 1,690 3,535
95 to 99 years 1,335 335 1,000 1,440 360 1,080
100 years and over 160 15 145 165 25 145
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 18.8 17.8 18.8 19.3 18.3
15 to 64 years 70.5 70.9 70.1 70.2 70.6 69.9
65 years and over 11.2 10.2 12.1 11.0 10.1 11.9
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.8 1.4 1.0 1.7
Average age of the population 37.6 37.0 38.2 37.4 36.8 38.0
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.1 36.6 36.2 37.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 262,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 32,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 168,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 29,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 44,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 21,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 72,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 114,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 150,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 169,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 78,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 75,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 47,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 1,222,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,374,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,012,245 501,720 510,520 1,131,155 560,970 570,185
Married or living common law 596,630 299,175 297,455 677,550 339,600 337,945
Married 506,625 254,030 252,600 575,690 288,535 287,160
Living common law 90,005 45,145 44,860 101,855 51,070 50,785
Not married and not living common law 415,610 202,545 213,065 453,610 221,365 232,240
Never married 293,200 160,610 132,585 319,635 175,235 144,400
Separated 22,285 9,740 12,545 24,765 10,830 13,940
Divorced 62,270 24,270 38,000 68,000 26,635 41,365
Widowed 37,860 7,920 29,935 41,205 8,670 32,535
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 337,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 381,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 155,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 175,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 75,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 74,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 30,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 337,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 381,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 289,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 329,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 244,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 278,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 44,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 47,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 37,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 10,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 289,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 329,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 126,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 163,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 62,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 71,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 29,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 47,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 29,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 13,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 219,585 112,510 107,075 235,085 120,495 114,590
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 310,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 352,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 115,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 195,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 12,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 143,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 114,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 29,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,227,995 612,735 615,255 1,381,340 689,610 691,730
English only 1,108,175 558,845 549,330 1,249,525 630,300 619,225
French only 1,170 510 660 1,270 555 715
English and French 89,400 41,380 48,015 100,425 46,430 54,000
Neither English nor French 29,245 11,995 17,250 30,125 12,325 17,795
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 1,381,345 689,610 691,730
English 1,172,990 587,775 585,215 1,322,640 662,890 659,745
French 18,965 9,605 9,365 21,435 10,870 10,570
English and French 7,405 3,665 3,740 7,780 3,845 3,940
Neither English nor French 28,630 11,690 16,945 29,485 12,010 17,475
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 22,670 11,440 11,230 25,325 12,785 12,540
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 1,381,345 689,610 691,730
Single responses 1,189,870 594,175 595,695 1,341,085 670,010 671,080
Official languages 824,965 418,045 406,920 957,770 485,025 472,745
English 806,815 408,850 397,965 937,055 474,525 462,530
French 18,150 9,195 8,955 20,715 10,500 10,215
Non-official languages 364,905 176,130 188,775 383,320 184,985 198,335
Aboriginal languages 690 255 440 800 295 505
Algonquian languages 485 185 300 530 205 325
Blackfoot 225 85 135 240 90 145
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 80 115 215 90 130
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 50 20 30 55 20 35
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 5 10 5 10
Woods Cree 10 0 5 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 125 55 70 140 65 75
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 15 45 60 10 50
Algonquin 0 5 0 0 5 0
Ojibway 55 10 45 55 10 40
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 55 20 30 95 30 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 50 20 35 100 35 65
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 10 10 20 5 15
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 5 0 5
Gwich'in 5 0 0 5 5 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 20 5 10 65 20 40
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 5 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 10 20 10 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 5 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 15 5 10
Salish languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 95 25 65 110 35 75
Dakota 20 10 15 25 10 15
Stoney 70 20 50 85 25 60
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 25 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 364,210 175,875 188,335 382,515 184,685 197,830
Afro-Asiatic languages 28,975 15,200 13,775 29,655 15,570 14,085
Berber languages 135 75 60 140 80 65
Kabyle 60 30 30 65 30 35
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 45 30 75 50 30
Cushitic languages 2,460 1,225 1,240 2,475 1,230 1,245
Bilen 50 25 20 50 30 20
Oromo 940 485 460 955 490 460
Somali 1,460 705 755 1,460 705 755
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 26,340 13,875 12,465 27,000 14,230 12,765
Amharic 4,050 1,955 2,090 4,075 1,970 2,105
Arabic 18,390 9,875 8,510 18,965 10,190 8,775
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 150 130 295 160 135
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 40 40 90 45 45
Harari 70 40 30 75 40 35
Hebrew 480 240 240 500 255 250
Maltese 30 15 20 35 15 20
Tigrigna 2,750 1,460 1,290 2,755 1,465 1,295
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 100 110 210 105 105
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 40 30 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,400 6,260 7,140 14,430 6,740 7,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 840 400 435 880 420 460
Vietnamese 12,550 5,855 6,695 13,540 6,315 7,225
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 5 5 5
Austronesian languages 46,440 20,160 26,280 48,360 20,915 27,445
Bikol 190 80 105 200 95 110
Cebuano 1,930 825 1,105 2,015 860 1,160
Fijian 40 20 15 45 30 20
Hiligaynon 665 260 400 690 275 415
Ilocano 2,545 1,110 1,435 2,595 1,125 1,475
Malagasy 25 10 15 20 10 15
Malay 765 330 430 800 345 455
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 260 130 130 265 135 135
Pangasinan 125 50 75 125 55 75
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 39,285 17,065 22,215 40,955 17,730 23,230
Waray-Waray 140 70 75 150 65 80
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 470 195 275 485 205 285
Creole languages 605 305 300 635 325 310
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 20 15 10
Creole, n.o.s. 410 205 210 435 215 215
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 95 85 185 95 85
Dravidian languages 5,145 2,675 2,470 5,260 2,735 2,525
Kannada 285 140 145 285 140 145
Malayalam 2,085 1,075 1,015 2,130 1,095 1,030
Tamil 1,815 960 855 1,865 985 880
Telugu 930 495 435 950 505 450
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 25 15 15
Hmong-Mien languages 90 45 45 95 45 45
Indo-European languages 175,540 86,895 88,640 187,695 92,925 94,775
Albanian 1,325 700 625 1,365 720 645
Armenian 245 125 120 255 135 120
Balto-Slavic languages 29,595 13,845 15,750 31,330 14,650 16,675
Baltic languages 495 230 265 535 255 280
Latvian 170 75 90 190 90 95
Lithuanian 325 155 170 340 160 180
Slavic languages 29,105 13,615 15,485 30,795 14,400 16,395
Belarusan 20 10 10 20 10 10
Bosnian 780 390 395 850 420 430
Bulgarian 925 475 450 945 485 460
Croatian 1,890 930 960 2,100 1,040 1,065
Czech 1,360 640 725 1,495 700 795
Macedonian 150 75 75 160 75 85
Polish 7,680 3,610 4,065 8,150 3,830 4,315
Russian 9,255 4,185 5,070 9,555 4,310 5,240
Serbian 1,815 910 905 1,865 930 930
Serbo-Croatian 515 245 265 525 255 270
Slovak 1,075 520 555 1,175 575 600
Slovene (Slovenian) 235 105 135 270 115 155
Ukrainian 3,345 1,485 1,860 3,625 1,605 2,020
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 65 40 25
Celtic languages 115 60 60 140 70 65
Scottish Gaelic 50 20 25 50 25 30
Welsh 55 30 25 65 35 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 25 15 10
Germanic languages 15,660 7,500 8,155 18,575 8,965 9,615
Afrikaans 800 395 405 960 475 490
Danish 750 385 370 860 450 410
Dutch 3,435 1,720 1,720 4,040 2,015 2,025
Frisian 30 15 15 40 20 20
German 9,895 4,655 5,245 11,865 5,640 6,225
Icelandic 60 35 30 70 35 30
Norwegian 225 90 130 245 100 145
Swedish 275 125 155 295 130 165
Vlaams (Flemish) 90 45 50 100 50 50
Yiddish 80 40 45 80 40 45
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 15 5 5
Greek 1,470 735 735 1,590 795 795
Indo-Iranian languages 87,130 44,155 42,975 91,785 46,490 45,295
Indo-Aryan languages 74,315 37,490 36,825 78,710 39,685 39,030
Bengali 4,070 2,080 1,985 4,140 2,115 2,025
Gujarati 5,390 2,715 2,675 5,575 2,810 2,765
Hindi 7,050 3,595 3,455 7,390 3,765 3,625
Kashmiri 80 45 40 85 45 35
Konkani 165 85 85 175 90 85
Marathi 845 435 410 845 435 410
Nepali 1,925 1,010 915 1,940 1,020 920
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 45 100 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35,780 18,020 17,760 38,840 19,535 19,305
Sindhi 1,675 785 890 1,740 820 920
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 925 450 470 955 465 495
Urdu 16,320 8,220 8,095 16,930 8,530 8,405
Iranian languages 11,875 6,170 5,705 12,115 6,310 5,805
Kurdish 740 395 345 750 400 350
Pashto 1,610 825 785 1,640 840 800
Persian (Farsi) 9,525 4,955 4,570 9,725 5,065 4,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 935 490 445 955 505 455
Italic (Romance) languages 39,990 19,765 20,225 42,660 21,100 21,565
Catalan 45 15 30 45 20 25
Italian 5,000 2,550 2,455 5,430 2,765 2,660
Portuguese 3,360 1,600 1,760 3,700 1,770 1,930
Romanian 4,495 2,285 2,210 4,795 2,455 2,335
Spanish 27,075 13,310 13,765 28,685 14,080 14,600
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Japanese 2,310 815 1,495 2,420 845 1,580
Kartvelian languages 130 70 55 130 75 60
Georgian 125 70 55 135 75 55
Korean 8,880 4,110 4,770 9,220 4,280 4,945
Mongolic languages 450 210 240 450 215 235
Mongolian 450 210 240 450 215 240
Niger-Congo languages 5,580 2,865 2,720 5,910 3,035 2,875
Akan (Twi) 640 335 305 705 370 335
Bamanankan 10 5 5 15 5 5
Edo 100 65 40 100 65 40
Ewe 60 35 25 60 35 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 35 80 40 35
Ga 55 30 25 70 35 30
Ganda 40 20 20 45 15 25
Igbo 680 365 320 705 380 330
Lingala 85 35 45 85 40 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 140 70 75 150 75 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 60 60 125 65 60
Shona 290 145 145 320 155 165
Swahili 760 370 390 795 390 410
Wolof 120 65 55 120 65 50
Yoruba 1,375 720 650 1,430 755 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,040 515 525 1,110 545 560
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,495 735 755 1,515 750 765
Dinka 720 360 360 725 365 360
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 770 375 395 785 380 405
Sign languages 235 130 105 260 150 110
American Sign Language 85 45 45 95 55 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 90 60 160 95 70
Sino-Tibetan languages 68,130 32,075 36,060 69,200 32,555 36,645
Chinese languages 66,895 31,460 35,430 67,960 31,940 36,015
Cantonese 33,700 15,840 17,865 34,235 16,085 18,150
Hakka 340 155 190 345 155 185
Mandarin 28,355 13,370 14,985 28,740 13,540 15,200
Min Dong 45 20 25 45 20 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,675 745 925 1,720 765 955
Wu (Shanghainese) 370 170 195 380 175 205
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,400 1,155 1,245 2,480 1,195 1,290
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 10 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,240 610 620 1,240 615 625
Burmese 260 135 130 265 140 130
Karenic languages 280 130 150 280 135 145
Tibetan 545 280 270 550 280 270
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 145 65 80 150 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 365 640 1,115 400 715
Lao 430 200 235 470 210 255
Thai 565 165 400 635 185 450
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages 1,725 945 775 1,775 975 805
Azerbaijani 240 135 105 240 135 105
Turkish 1,210 685 525 1,265 715 555
Uyghur 60 25 30 60 30 30
Uzbek 70 35 40 75 40 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 140 65 80
Uralic languages 3,760 1,810 1,950 4,060 1,960 2,105
Estonian 85 45 45 95 50 45
Finnish 280 105 170 325 130 195
Hungarian 3,395 1,655 1,735 3,640 1,785 1,860
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 195 130 330 195 135
Multiple responses 38,125 18,560 19,560 40,255 19,605 20,650
English and French 3,195 1,530 1,670 3,600 1,715 1,885
English and non-official language 33,170 16,195 16,975 34,805 17,005 17,800
French and non-official language 1,005 510 490 1,060 550 510
English, French and non-official language 750 320 430 795 340 455
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,227,990 612,735 615,255 1,381,345 689,610 691,735
Single responses 1,145,000 572,180 572,820 1,294,345 647,120 647,220
Official languages 932,600 468,485 464,115 1,073,700 539,385 534,315
English 924,945 464,585 460,360 1,065,075 534,990 530,085
French 7,650 3,905 3,750 8,625 4,395 4,230
Non-official languages 212,405 103,695 108,710 220,640 107,735 112,905
Aboriginal languages 185 90 95 210 105 110
Algonquian languages 125 65 60 145 75 65
Blackfoot 60 30 30 65 30 30
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 30 25 70 40 35
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 55 30 25 60 30 25
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 5 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 5 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 15 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 20 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 5 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 0 5 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 5 5 0 5
Michif 5 5 5 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 25 10 15 40 15 25
Dakota 15 0 5 10 0 10
Stoney 15 10 5 25 10 15
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 212,220 103,610 108,615 220,435 107,630 112,800
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,955 9,170 8,785 18,255 9,320 8,935
Berber languages 60 35 25 65 40 25
Kabyle 25 15 10 30 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 35 20 15
Cushitic languages 1,640 800 845 1,645 805 845
Bilen 50 25 25 45 25 25
Oromo 705 345 350 705 350 360
Somali 890 425 465 885 425 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Semitic languages 16,240 8,325 7,910 16,525 8,475 8,055
Amharic 2,705 1,295 1,405 2,730 1,310 1,420
Arabic 10,795 5,585 5,200 11,010 5,690 5,320
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 95 95 200 105 100
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 70 35 30 80 40 35
Harari 45 25 25 50 25 25
Hebrew 240 120 120 260 130 130
Maltese 5 0 5 5 5 5
Tigrigna 2,045 1,085 955 2,045 1,095 955
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 145 70 75
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 15 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,780 4,135 4,645 9,365 4,400 4,970
Khmer (Cambodian) 430 210 215 440 215 225
Vietnamese 8,350 3,920 4,425 8,925 4,185 4,740
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 24,830 11,580 13,255 25,700 11,990 13,710
Bikol 30 15 20 45 25 20
Cebuano 820 385 430 865 410 455
Fijian 15 10 5 15 10 5
Hiligaynon 205 90 110 205 95 115
Ilocano 1,020 475 545 1,030 480 545
Malagasy 15 5 10 10 5 5
Malay 230 125 105 235 125 110
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 35 65 30 30
Pangasinan 20 5 10 15 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,235 10,355 11,880 23,010 10,720 12,290
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 50 25 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 145 65 85
Creole languages 280 145 140 290 145 140
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 210 110 110 220 110 105
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 65 35 30
Dravidian languages 3,120 1,590 1,535 3,185 1,615 1,565
Kannada 115 60 55 115 60 55
Malayalam 1,280 650 630 1,295 655 635
Tamil 1,160 585 570 1,190 600 590
Telugu 550 285 265 560 290 270
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 55 25 30 60 30 35
Indo-European languages 97,370 48,430 48,940 102,690 51,075 51,620
Albanian 610 330 285 620 335 285
Armenian 105 50 55 105 55 55
Balto-Slavic languages 13,305 6,505 6,800 13,865 6,775 7,085
Baltic languages 230 120 110 240 130 110
Latvian 75 45 35 85 45 40
Lithuanian 150 80 70 155 80 70
Slavic languages 13,075 6,385 6,695 13,625 6,645 6,980
Belarusan 5 0 0 0 0 5
Bosnian 350 175 175 390 195 195
Bulgarian 470 240 230 485 240 235
Croatian 675 335 345 745 365 380
Czech 395 190 200 430 205 220
Macedonian 80 35 40 80 45 45
Polish 3,130 1,515 1,615 3,275 1,585 1,690
Russian 5,645 2,730 2,915 5,785 2,800 2,985
Serbian 930 455 470 945 465 480
Serbo-Croatian 175 90 90 180 90 90
Slovak 420 205 210 465 225 240
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 25 40 15 25
Ukrainian 760 385 370 790 395 395
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 10 10
Celtic languages 15 10 5 15 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 5 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 2,050 965 1,090 2,725 1,300 1,430
Afrikaans 405 195 215 505 240 265
Danish 60 25 30 70 30 35
Dutch 395 195 200 490 235 255
Frisian 5 0 0 5 0 5
German 1,075 505 580 1,540 730 810
Icelandic 15 10 5 15 10 5
Norwegian 25 10 15 25 10 15
Swedish 50 20 25 50 25 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 10 5 5
Yiddish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Greek 475 225 255 500 230 265
Indo-Iranian languages 58,850 29,535 29,315 61,795 30,995 30,800
Indo-Aryan languages 50,505 25,335 25,170 53,300 26,715 26,585
Bengali 2,715 1,360 1,355 2,745 1,375 1,370
Gujarati 3,055 1,530 1,525 3,125 1,565 1,560
Hindi 3,980 2,050 1,930 4,130 2,125 2,010
Kashmiri 45 25 25 45 20 25
Konkani 35 15 15 30 15 15
Marathi 445 225 215 445 225 215
Nepali 1,330 685 645 1,340 690 645
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 20 50 25 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,985 13,525 13,460 29,100 14,565 14,535
Sindhi 720 320 405 745 330 415
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 470 235 240 490 245 245
Urdu 10,685 5,345 5,345 11,065 5,530 5,535
Iranian languages 7,855 3,950 3,905 7,995 4,025 3,965
Kurdish 450 230 220 460 235 225
Pashto 1,030 520 505 1,055 535 520
Persian (Farsi) 6,375 3,195 3,175 6,480 3,255 3,225
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 490 250 240 500 255 245
Italic (Romance) languages 21,950 10,805 11,145 23,070 11,375 11,695
Catalan 20 10 15 20 10 10
Italian 1,215 535 680 1,270 565 705
Portuguese 1,645 790 855 1,770 860 910
Romanian 2,330 1,195 1,135 2,470 1,280 1,190
Spanish 16,740 8,270 8,470 17,540 8,665 8,875
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 1,070 470 600 1,105 485 625
Kartvelian languages 80 45 35 80 45 35
Georgian 80 45 35 85 45 35
Korean 6,340 3,015 3,325 6,565 3,130 3,435
Mongolic languages 280 130 145 280 135 145
Mongolian 280 130 145 280 135 145
Niger-Congo languages 1,745 840 905 1,825 875 950
Akan (Twi) 300 155 145 330 170 160
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Edo 25 10 15 25 10 15
Ewe 15 5 5 15 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 20 20 40 25 20
Ga 15 10 5 25 10 15
Ganda 0 0 0 0 5 0
Igbo 130 65 70 135 65 75
Lingala 25 5 20 25 10 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 30 60 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 25 10 15
Shona 95 40 55 95 40 55
Swahili 340 150 185 345 155 190
Wolof 65 35 30 60 35 30
Yoruba 330 160 170 345 170 180
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 265 130 140 280 135 145
Nilo-Saharan languages 900 435 465 910 440 475
Dinka 440 215 225 445 215 230
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 460 220 240 465 220 245
Sign languages 315 180 135 335 195 145
American Sign Language 80 40 40 90 45 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 235 140 95 255 155 100
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,320 22,040 24,280 46,860 22,300 24,565
Chinese languages 45,440 21,595 23,845 45,985 21,855 24,125
Cantonese 22,030 10,280 11,750 22,245 10,380 11,860
Hakka 100 35 65 95 35 60
Mandarin 20,880 10,115 10,765 21,140 10,245 10,895
Min Dong 5 5 5 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 670 295 380 675 295 385
Wu (Shanghainese) 210 105 100 210 110 105
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,550 770 785 1,605 795 815
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 875 440 440 875 440 440
Burmese 175 85 85 175 85 90
Karenic languages 235 105 125 235 110 130
Tibetan 400 210 190 400 210 190
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 70 35 35
Tai-Kadai languages 380 170 215 420 185 235
Lao 175 80 95 190 85 105
Thai 195 85 115 225 100 130
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 5 0 5
Turkic languages 975 515 465 1,000 520 475
Azerbaijani 105 55 45 105 55 45
Turkish 730 390 345 755 400 355
Uyghur 40 20 25 45 20 25
Uzbek 55 25 30 55 25 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 45 20 25
Uralic languages 1,300 635 660 1,380 680 705
Estonian 15 5 10 15 5 10
Finnish 35 20 15 55 30 25
Hungarian 1,245 610 635 1,310 645 665
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 110 70 45
Multiple responses 82,990 40,555 42,435 87,000 42,490 44,510
English and French 2,155 1,080 1,075 2,450 1,215 1,230
English and non-official language 79,255 38,725 40,530 82,870 40,470 42,400
French and non-official language 365 180 190 390 190 200
English, French and non-official language 1,210 570 645 1,290 610 680
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 1,381,345 689,615 691,730
None 1,014,475 509,200 505,275 1,154,535 579,705 574,830
English 92,865 46,230 46,640 97,375 48,485 48,900
French 11,900 5,445 6,460 13,880 6,315 7,565
Non-official language 104,880 49,940 54,940 111,480 53,085 58,390
Aboriginal 605 235 370 690 280 415
Non-Aboriginal 104,275 49,700 54,570 110,785 52,805 57,980
English and French 645 325 320 675 340 340
English and non-official language 2,065 1,050 1,015 2,145 1,095 1,045
French and non-official language 1,135 540 600 1,220 575 650
English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 35 20 15
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 996,060 494,565 501,495 1,113,985 553,435 560,545
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,615 469,550 476,070 1,058,110 525,830 532,275
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,333 52,567 35,523 43,974 53,951 35,687
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,805 469,600 476,200 1,058,325 525,890 532,440
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,526 45,397 32,360 39,003 46,422 32,464
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 884,260 449,220 435,035 991,395 504,130 487,265
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,209 52,402 34,920 43,801 53,736 34,999
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 544,200 215,790 328,410 603,670 236,975 366,695
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,946 1,859 3,371 3,050 2,073 3,390
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 770,235 400,100 370,135 863,730 449,090 414,640
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,651 52,203 36,026 44,080 53,428 35,946
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 996,120 494,600 501,525 1,113,965 553,420 560,545
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 946,230 469,750 476,475 1,058,645 525,895 532,750
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,741 85,451 50,281 69,177 88,050 50,548
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 946,390 469,800 476,590 1,058,830 525,945 532,885
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,891 66,207 41,751 54,906 68,058 41,925
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 884,545 449,360 435,190 991,730 504,230 487,500
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,494 86,269 50,141 69,906 88,800 50,363
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 544,120 215,640 328,475 603,830 236,925 366,905
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,455 6,376 6,506 6,470 6,455 6,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 770,370 400,145 370,220 863,730 448,880 414,845
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,566 79,599 48,317 65,505 81,526 48,170
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 996,115 494,600 501,520 1,113,965 553,425 560,545
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 361,435 205,885 155,550 407,690 233,060 174,625
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,915 73,266 57,818 66,442 74,517 57,725
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 89,570 103,761 70,786 91,015 106,334 70,571
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.6 96.6 91.2 94.7 96.7 91.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.3 79.2 74.1 77.0 78.9 73.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.4 3.4 8.8 5.3 3.3 8.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 996,060 494,560 501,495 1,113,985 553,440 560,545
Without total income 50,440 25,010 25,425 55,875 27,610 28,270
With total income 945,615 469,550 476,070 1,058,110 525,830 532,275
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.9 94.9 95.0 95.0 95.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 123,490 48,715 74,780 137,795 53,675 84,125
$10,000 to $19,999 118,360 47,940 70,420 130,050 51,980 78,065
$20,000 to $29,999 107,775 43,800 63,980 118,615 47,765 70,850
$30,000 to $39,999 92,335 41,430 50,905 102,090 45,305 56,780
$40,000 to $49,999 88,770 42,425 46,340 98,245 46,560 51,680
$50,000 to $59,999 76,030 38,275 37,750 85,120 42,580 42,540
$60,000 to $69,999 62,505 33,360 29,145 70,325 37,550 32,780
$70,000 to $79,999 50,165 28,230 21,930 56,815 32,105 24,710
$80,000 to $89,999 40,150 23,135 17,015 45,800 26,625 19,175
$90,000 to $99,999 34,095 19,475 14,620 38,945 22,460 16,485
$100,000 and over 151,945 102,765 49,180 174,305 119,220 55,090
$100,000 to $149,999 83,680 52,265 31,415 96,090 60,925 35,165
$150,000 and over 68,265 50,500 17,770 78,215 58,290 19,930
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 996,060 494,565 501,495 1,113,985 553,440 560,545
Without after-tax income 50,250 24,960 25,290 55,655 27,550 28,110
With after-tax income 945,805 469,600 476,200 1,058,330 525,890 532,440
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 126,445 49,655 76,795 141,235 54,750 86,490
$10,000 to $19,999 123,495 50,260 73,235 135,750 54,530 81,220
$20,000 to $29,999 124,575 51,395 73,180 137,235 56,100 81,140
$30,000 to $39,999 115,600 53,865 61,730 127,800 58,980 68,820
$40,000 to $49,999 107,305 53,480 53,820 119,540 59,170 60,375
$50,000 to $59,999 83,880 44,665 39,215 94,345 50,305 44,040
$60,000 to $69,999 62,925 35,635 27,290 71,485 40,765 30,720
$70,000 to $79,999 47,940 27,740 20,200 54,845 32,040 22,800
$80,000 and over 153,640 102,905 50,740 176,090 119,260 56,830
$80,000 to $89,999 36,175 21,090 15,085 41,415 24,490 16,920
$90,000 to $99,999 24,895 15,460 9,435 28,595 18,085 10,510
$100,000 and over 92,575 66,355 26,220 106,080 76,690 29,390
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 996,060 494,560 501,495 1,113,985 553,440 560,545
Without employment income 225,825 94,465 131,365 250,255 104,350 145,910
With employment income 770,235 400,100 370,135 863,730 449,090 414,640
Percentage with employment income 77.3 80.9 73.8 77.5 81.1 74.0
Under $5,000 (including loss) 80,405 36,480 43,935 90,985 41,065 49,920
$5,000 to $9,999 49,695 21,210 28,490 55,495 23,595 31,900
$10,000 to $19,999 84,830 36,960 47,870 94,220 40,565 53,660
$20,000 to $29,999 73,285 31,745 41,545 81,015 34,610 46,405
$30,000 to $39,999 70,585 32,870 37,715 77,870 35,925 41,945
$40,000 to $49,999 69,295 33,670 35,620 76,565 36,805 39,755
$50,000 to $59,999 60,915 30,840 30,075 67,875 34,070 33,800
$60,000 to $69,999 50,390 27,590 22,795 56,520 30,975 25,545
$70,000 to $79,999 41,340 23,475 17,870 46,780 26,710 20,070
$80,000 and over 189,485 125,275 64,215 216,400 144,765 71,640
$80,000 to $89,999 33,865 19,910 13,955 38,545 22,880 15,665
$90,000 to $99,999 29,740 17,070 12,665 33,975 19,695 14,275
$100,000 and over 125,885 88,300 37,590 143,885 102,185 41,695
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,334  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 114,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,342  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,659  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,957  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 352,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 397,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,403  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 117,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 466,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 137,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,919  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 109,274  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,867  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 114,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 71,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,649  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,974  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 352,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 397,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 158,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 162,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,221  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 28,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 226,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 258,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 42,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 54,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 73,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 35,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 33,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 31,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 183,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 209,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 57,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 85,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 331,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 375,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,963  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 113,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,329  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,303  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 163,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,376  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,496  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,076  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,746  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 331,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 375,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 159,323  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 162,881  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,269  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,783  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 113,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 154,614  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,808  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,663  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 163,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 183,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 188,019  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,593  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 42,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 88,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,267  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 187,270 98,085 89,180 199,990 104,835 95,160
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,339 47,217 41,240 44,763 47,895 41,394
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,945 40,894 36,765 39,249 41,382 36,880
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 186,880 98,015 88,865 199,555 104,735 94,825
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 60,494 65,469 55,006 60,832 66,027 55,095
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,024 52,251 45,465 49,266 52,646 45,533
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,222,325 610,570 611,755 1,374,650 687,050 687,600
In the bottom half of the distribution 453,645 221,015 232,630 495,670 241,190 254,485
In the bottom decile 90,080 44,995 45,085 96,955 48,270 48,680
In the second decile 80,640 37,540 43,105 86,825 40,300 46,525
In the third decile 87,230 41,835 45,390 95,100 45,585 49,515
In the fourth decile 93,300 45,835 47,460 102,905 50,495 52,410
In the fifth decile 102,395 50,805 51,590 113,890 56,535 57,355
In the top half of the distribution 768,680 389,560 379,125 878,980 445,860 433,120
In the sixth decile 109,200 54,675 54,525 123,065 61,590 61,480
In the seventh decile 117,280 58,930 58,350 133,460 67,065 66,395
In the eighth decile 130,300 65,880 64,420 148,820 75,330 73,490
In the ninth decile 156,320 78,930 77,390 180,235 91,125 89,105
In the top decile 255,580 131,145 124,435 293,410 150,755 142,650
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,222,325 610,575 611,755 1,373,010 686,215 686,790
0 to 17 years 267,250 137,070 130,175 307,210 157,515 149,690
0 to 5 years 93,505 47,960 45,550 106,845 54,790 52,055
18 to 64 years 827,250 413,850 413,395 924,220 462,145 462,075
65 years and over 127,825 59,645 68,180 141,575 66,550 75,020
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,505 54,495 59,010 121,990 58,430 63,565
0 to 17 years 34,415 17,720 16,695 37,410 19,210 18,195
0 to 5 years 12,405 6,375 6,030 13,335 6,835 6,500
18 to 64 years 68,340 32,690 35,650 73,095 34,830 38,270
65 years and over 10,750 4,085 6,665 11,485 4,390 7,100
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.9 9.6 8.9 8.5 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.9 12.9 12.8 12.2 12.2 12.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.3 13.3 13.2 12.5 12.5 12.5
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 7.9 8.6 7.9 7.5 8.3
65 years and over (%) 8.4 6.8 9.8 8.1 6.6 9.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 106,240 52,725 53,510 111,150 55,085 56,065
0 to 17 years 28,440 14,665 13,775 30,055 15,465 14,595
0 to 5 years 10,190 5,245 4,945 10,685 5,475 5,210
18 to 64 years 71,435 35,475 35,960 74,510 36,940 37,570
65 years and over 6,365 2,590 3,780 6,585 2,685 3,905
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.6 8.7 8.1 8.0 8.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.7 10.6 9.8 9.8 9.8
0 to 5 years (%) 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.0 10.0 10.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.7 8.1 8.0 8.1
65 years and over (%) 5.0 4.3 5.5 4.7 4.0 5.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,222,405 610,605 611,800 1,374,650 687,050 687,600
Official languages 1,193,310 598,385 594,930 1,344,650 674,485 670,160
English 1,192,105 597,855 594,250 1,343,335 673,895 669,440
French 90,250 41,750 48,490 101,440 46,945 54,495
Non-official languages 460,425 223,355 237,065 484,740 235,150 249,590
Aboriginal languages 1,140 445 700 1,305 515 785
Algonquian languages 820 320 500 920 365 555
Blackfoot 340 115 220 355 120 230
Cree-Montagnais languages 395 170 225 480 215 270
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 10 0 15 0 0
Plains Cree 90 35 55 135 70 65
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 10 0 0
Woods Cree 55 15 40 65 10 55
Cree, n.o.s. 235 110 115 255 120 140
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 40 60 110 45 60
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 90 35 55 95 40 55
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 10 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 130 55 75 175 75 95
Northern Athabaskan languages 125 55 70 175 75 95
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 10 10 10 0 0
Dene 20 10 10 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 10 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 85 40 50 135 60 75
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 10 0 10 10 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35 15 20 40 10 25
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 10 10 25 10 10
Inuktitut 10 10 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 20 20 10 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 10 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 115 30 90 130 35 100
Dakota 65 25 35 60 25 35
Stoney 80 20 65 95 15 75
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 10 10 15 10 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 10 10 15 10 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 0 15 10 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 459,295 222,920 236,375 483,460 234,650 248,815
Afro-Asiatic languages 40,620 21,290 19,330 41,755 21,940 19,815
Berber languages 200 140 60 200 140 60
Kabyle 110 60 45 110 60 45
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 80 10 90 80 15
Cushitic languages 3,580 1,825 1,760 3,580 1,825 1,760
Bilen 65 40 25 65 45 25
Oromo 1,370 715 655 1,370 715 655
Somali 2,175 1,085 1,090 2,175 1,085 1,090
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 25 10 15
Semitic languages 37,460 19,700 17,760 38,585 20,340 18,240
Amharic 5,740 2,905 2,835 5,780 2,930 2,845
Arabic 27,555 14,645 12,905 28,530 15,190 13,345
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 155 335 170 165
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 90 45 50 120 55 60
Harari 100 50 45 95 50 45
Hebrew 1,550 745 810 1,610 775 835
Maltese 30 20 15 40 30 10
Tigrigna 3,555 1,925 1,630 3,565 1,935 1,630
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 245 135 110 250 140 110
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 160 90 65 170 105 70
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,275 8,245 9,035 18,485 8,785 9,695
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,140 620 520 1,200 655 545
Vietnamese 16,190 7,650 8,540 17,345 8,165 9,180
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 58,445 25,225 33,215 60,875 26,185 34,690
Bikol 165 70 100 170 65 105
Cebuano 2,675 1,205 1,475 2,825 1,250 1,575
Fijian 120 65 50 140 75 60
Hiligaynon 920 365 560 930 365 565
Ilocano 3,640 1,580 2,065 3,690 1,595 2,100
Malagasy 45 15 25 45 20 20
Malay 1,440 675 765 1,505 710 795
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 415 205 210 445 215 230
Pangasinan 205 80 120 205 80 120
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,265 23,695 31,570 57,570 24,600 32,975
Waray-Waray 190 70 115 195 80 115
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 555 230 320 570 240 335
Creole languages 1,665 820 845 1,790 890 895
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 80 45 35
Creole, n.o.s. 1,070 535 540 1,110 560 555
Creole languages, n.i.e. 565 270 295 600 295 310
Dravidian languages 7,040 3,690 3,355 7,230 3,795 3,440
Kannada 530 270 270 540 270 275
Malayalam 2,475 1,305 1,170 2,605 1,375 1,230
Tamil 3,165 1,655 1,505 3,215 1,695 1,520
Telugu 1,290 675 615 1,290 680 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 75 40 40
Hmong-Mien languages 85 40 40 85 40 45
Indo-European languages 231,885 115,155 116,730 248,155 123,285 124,870
Albanian 1,680 885 795 1,735 915 825
Armenian 295 165 130 295 165 130
Balto-Slavic languages 34,560 16,785 17,780 36,635 17,825 18,810
Baltic languages 585 280 310 645 310 335
Latvian 230 110 115 265 140 125
Lithuanian 355 165 195 380 170 210
Slavic languages 34,195 16,615 17,580 36,225 17,635 18,595
Belarusan 70 30 40 70 30 45
Bosnian 1,230 655 575 1,330 715 615
Bulgarian 1,075 575 500 1,100 590 515
Croatian 2,515 1,245 1,275 2,770 1,375 1,390
Czech 1,620 770 855 1,795 840 955
Macedonian 270 145 120 275 150 125
Polish 8,920 4,255 4,660 9,565 4,595 4,970
Russian 13,255 6,395 6,860 13,705 6,585 7,115
Serbian 2,305 1,140 1,160 2,365 1,170 1,195
Serbo-Croatian 570 305 260 575 315 260
Slovak 1,460 800 655 1,605 880 725
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 130 150 330 155 170
Ukrainian 4,455 2,020 2,440 4,770 2,165 2,605
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 70 35 40
Celtic languages 440 210 235 465 220 245
Scottish Gaelic 165 75 90 170 85 85
Welsh 90 50 35 110 65 50
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 190 75 115 190 75 110
Germanic languages 24,095 11,910 12,185 27,585 13,695 13,890
Afrikaans 1,650 890 755 1,955 1,040 920
Danish 930 445 490 1,060 500 560
Dutch 4,235 2,085 2,150 4,940 2,445 2,495
Frisian 55 25 30 65 25 35
German 16,720 8,360 8,360 19,080 9,585 9,490
Icelandic 80 40 40 80 40 45
Norwegian 450 175 280 495 195 300
Swedish 600 280 320 640 310 330
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 60 50 125 60 65
Yiddish 175 95 80 175 100 75
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 70 25 45
Greek 2,310 1,165 1,145 2,490 1,255 1,235
Indo-Iranian languages 108,445 55,085 53,365 114,370 58,080 56,290
Indo-Aryan languages 96,045 48,500 47,545 101,665 51,330 50,335
Bengali 4,990 2,500 2,485 5,050 2,540 2,510
Gujarati 8,355 4,065 4,290 8,585 4,165 4,420
Hindi 28,410 14,550 13,855 29,820 15,285 14,535
Kashmiri 60 45 20 65 45 20
Konkani 375 195 180 380 200 185
Marathi 1,545 800 740 1,545 805 740
Nepali 2,215 1,225 990 2,220 1,225 995
Oriya (Odia) 150 70 75 145 75 75
Punjabi (Panjabi) 47,135 23,930 23,205 51,070 25,905 25,165
Sindhi 2,630 1,160 1,475 2,765 1,220 1,540
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,355 680 685 1,395 690 700
Urdu 24,965 12,745 12,225 26,020 13,300 12,720
Iranian languages 13,280 6,975 6,310 13,580 7,145 6,435
Kurdish 950 525 430 1,005 545 460
Pashto 2,160 1,165 995 2,185 1,180 1,005
Persian (Farsi) 10,520 5,530 4,995 10,760 5,670 5,090
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,135 615 525 1,170 635 535
Italic (Romance) languages 65,745 31,920 33,825 70,645 34,285 36,360
Catalan 70 40 30 85 45 35
Italian 8,875 4,385 4,485 9,565 4,720 4,840
Portuguese 4,955 2,430 2,525 5,365 2,635 2,730
Romanian 5,580 2,885 2,695 5,945 3,095 2,850
Spanish 48,685 23,475 25,205 52,265 25,140 27,120
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 75 45 30
Japanese 4,140 1,865 2,275 4,400 1,990 2,415
Kartvelian languages 125 75 50 140 90 50
Georgian 125 75 55 140 90 50
Korean 9,895 4,585 5,305 10,240 4,790 5,455
Mongolic languages 650 305 345 660 310 350
Mongolian 655 305 345 660 305 350
Niger-Congo languages 11,365 5,780 5,585 12,065 6,090 5,970
Akan (Twi) 1,045 560 485 1,150 610 545
Bamanankan 15 10 10 20 10 10
Edo 215 130 85 240 145 95
Ewe 70 30 35 75 35 40
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 130 75 60 135 80 60
Ga 85 55 35 115 65 50
Ganda 75 30 45 80 30 45
Igbo 1,430 750 685 1,495 785 710
Lingala 420 225 195 430 225 195
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 95 75 170 95 80
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 40 60 105 40 60
Shona 475 205 270 510 225 285
Swahili 2,290 1,145 1,150 2,420 1,195 1,230
Wolof 330 195 135 330 195 135
Yoruba 3,260 1,670 1,595 3,455 1,750 1,705
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,055 995 1,060 2,195 1,055 1,145
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,650 760 890 1,695 780 915
Dinka 785 385 405 785 380 400
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 875 385 490 915 400 515
Sign languages 1,495 630 870 1,685 715 970
American Sign Language 805 305 500 905 350 560
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 710 335 370 790 375 415
Sino-Tibetan languages 78,985 37,685 41,305 80,270 38,240 42,030
Chinese languages 77,495 36,955 40,540 78,780 37,515 41,265
Cantonese 42,445 20,090 22,355 43,115 20,355 22,755
Hakka 425 180 245 425 180 245
Mandarin 38,805 18,290 20,515 39,405 18,550 20,855
Min Dong 65 35 25 60 35 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,350 990 1,360 2,415 1,010 1,400
Wu (Shanghainese) 570 245 320 575 245 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,020 1,485 1,540 3,105 1,545 1,570
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,520 730 785 1,525 735 795
Burmese 345 160 185 345 160 180
Karenic languages 295 145 150 295 140 150
Tibetan 805 400 395 800 400 400
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 60 95 155 60 95
Tai-Kadai languages 1,330 550 780 1,510 625 885
Lao 555 255 300 635 300 335
Thai 840 320 520 975 380 595
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 10 0
Turkic languages 2,525 1,340 1,185 2,585 1,380 1,205
Azerbaijani 350 165 180 350 165 180
Turkish 1,650 940 710 1,710 980 735
Uyghur 130 65 70 135 65 70
Uzbek 250 110 135 245 110 135
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 205 95 110 200 90 110
Uralic languages 4,550 2,185 2,360 4,810 2,310 2,505
Estonian 110 50 60 110 50 60
Finnish 300 140 160 350 160 190
Hungarian 4,135 1,995 2,135 4,350 2,100 2,250
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 770 435 335 785 440 345
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,222,405 610,605 611,795 1,374,650 687,050 687,600
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,075,485 539,490 535,990 1,220,070 612,475 607,590
Canadian citizens aged under 18 242,840 124,485 118,360 282,095 144,675 137,420
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 832,640 415,005 417,635 937,975 467,800 470,170
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 146,925 71,120 75,805 154,585 74,575 80,010
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,222,405 610,610 611,795 1,374,650 687,050 687,600
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 813,490 411,785 401,705 942,785 477,115 465,665
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 383,065 185,855 197,210 404,700 196,445 208,260
Before 1981 63,925 31,830 32,095 69,585 34,700 34,885
1981 to 1990 38,270 18,190 20,075 41,035 19,545 21,495
1991 to 2000 64,815 31,015 33,800 68,565 32,850 35,715
2001 to 2010 126,390 61,375 65,015 132,260 64,205 68,055
2001 to 2005 56,820 27,785 29,035 59,300 28,975 30,325
2006 to 2010 69,570 33,590 35,985 72,960 35,235 37,730
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 89,665 43,440 46,220 93,255 45,140 48,115
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 25,850 12,965 12,880 27,170 13,490 13,680
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 383,065 185,855 197,210 404,700 196,440 208,260
Under 5 years 34,960 17,830 17,130 37,370 19,075 18,295
5 to 14 years 64,790 33,705 31,085 69,005 35,815 33,190
15 to 24 years 74,550 34,270 40,285 79,350 36,525 42,825
25 to 44 years 172,855 83,030 89,820 181,400 87,250 94,150
45 years and over 35,905 17,020 18,880 37,575 17,775 19,800
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 383,060 185,855 197,205 404,705 196,445 208,255
Americas 41,020 19,550 21,465 44,350 21,140 23,205
Brazil 1,420 640 780 1,470 675 800
Colombia 5,580 2,645 2,935 5,805 2,755 3,050
El Salvador 2,335 1,180 1,155 2,450 1,240 1,215
Guyana 825 410 415 865 435 430
Haiti 490 260 235 525 280 250
Jamaica 2,835 1,280 1,550 3,085 1,405 1,680
Mexico 4,110 2,050 2,055 4,480 2,200 2,290
Peru 1,080 440 635 1,115 475 645
Trinidad and Tobago 1,375 655 720 1,470 720 750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,715 4,915 5,800 12,110 5,550 6,560
Other places of birth in Americas 10,265 5,080 5,185 10,965 5,415 5,550
Europe 72,990 36,520 36,470 81,045 40,575 40,470
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,945 990 955 2,065 1,060 1,010
Croatia 1,220 635 580 1,310 685 630
France 1,200 585 610 1,285 635 655
Germany 5,710 2,725 2,985 6,485 3,080 3,400
Greece 890 470 425 940 490 450
Hungary 1,840 925 920 1,965 970 990
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,620 850 765 1,685 895 790
Italy 3,625 1,950 1,675 3,855 2,070 1,790
Netherlands 2,890 1,540 1,355 3,385 1,815 1,570
Poland 6,420 3,030 3,390 6,845 3,240 3,600
Portugal 1,075 480 590 1,165 535 635
Romania 4,250 2,135 2,115 4,515 2,260 2,255
Russian Federation 3,875 1,685 2,195 4,000 1,720 2,285
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,060 530 530 1,120 575 550
Ukraine 2,855 1,315 1,545 2,965 1,365 1,600
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 22,150 11,440 10,705 26,175 13,470 12,710
Other places of birth in Europe 10,360 5,230 5,135 11,270 5,715 5,560
Africa 39,220 20,070 19,155 40,865 20,905 19,960
Algeria 745 400 340 770 415 355
Egypt 2,850 1,515 1,330 2,930 1,565 1,365
Ethiopia 5,195 2,565 2,625 5,230 2,585 2,645
Kenya 2,610 1,275 1,330 2,735 1,330 1,405
Morocco 660 340 315 685 360 325
Nigeria 7,385 3,830 3,560 7,685 3,995 3,695
Somalia 1,340 635 710 1,340 630 710
South Africa, Republic of 2,655 1,395 1,265 3,015 1,570 1,440
Other places of birth in Africa 15,790 8,115 7,675 16,470 8,460 8,015
Asia 226,295 107,935 118,360 234,535 111,835 122,705
Afghanistan 3,200 1,715 1,480 3,285 1,765 1,520
Bangladesh 3,110 1,595 1,515 3,145 1,615 1,530
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 34,550 15,930 18,620 34,945 16,100 18,840
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10,925 5,310 5,615 11,115 5,390 5,720