Census Profile, 2016 Census
Smithers, Town [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Bulkley-Nechako, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Smithers, T
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Bulkley-Nechako, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Smithers, Town [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Smithers, Town [Census subdivision], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Bulkley-Nechako, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 5,401 ... ... 37,896 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,404 ... ... 39,208 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.1 ... ... -3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,389 ... ... 17,564 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,291 ... ... 15,101 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 353.6 ... ... 0.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 15.27 ... ... 73,361.00 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 5,405 2,625 2,775 37,895 19,355 18,540
0 to 14 years 975 480 495 7,290 3,775 3,515
0 to 4 years 295 140 160 2,315 1,195 1,120
5 to 9 years 350 175 165 2,520 1,345 1,175
10 to 14 years 335 165 165 2,455 1,235 1,220
15 to 64 years 3,565 1,780 1,790 24,975 12,745 12,225
15 to 19 years 370 195 175 2,550 1,330 1,220
20 to 24 years 350 195 155 2,110 1,130 980
25 to 29 years 350 180 175 2,155 1,085 1,075
30 to 34 years 355 165 190 2,210 1,095 1,115
35 to 39 years 355 165 185 2,135 1,055 1,080
40 to 44 years 370 190 180 2,285 1,150 1,140
45 to 49 years 350 170 175 2,495 1,225 1,265
50 to 54 years 395 190 200 3,000 1,515 1,490
55 to 59 years 375 190 185 3,180 1,640 1,540
60 to 64 years 305 140 160 2,845 1,520 1,330
65 years and over 855 370 485 5,635 2,835 2,800
65 to 69 years 235 115 120 2,020 1,060 955
70 to 74 years 220 90 130 1,495 755 735
75 to 79 years 145 70 75 965 500 465
80 to 84 years 115 50 65 600 305 295
85 years and over 140 50 90 560 210 350
85 to 89 years 95 35 60 395 140 250
90 to 94 years 40 15 25 135 55 75
95 to 99 years 10 5 5 30 10 20
100 years and over 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.3 17.8 19.2 19.5 19.0
15 to 64 years 66.0 67.8 64.5 65.9 65.8 65.9
65 years and over 15.8 14.1 17.5 14.9 14.6 15.1
85 years and over 2.6 1.9 3.2 1.5 1.1 1.9
Average age of the population 39.8 38.8 40.7 39.9 39.6 40.1
Median age of the population 39.2 38.3 40.2 41.1 41.0 41.3
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,290 ... ... 15,105 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,520 ... ... 11,745 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ... 5 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 655 ... ... 1,865 ... ...
Semi-detached house 120 ... ... 265 ... ...
Row house 90 ... ... 495 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 30 ... ... 125 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 390 ... ... 930 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 50 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 120 ... ... 1,490 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,290 ... ... 15,100 ... ...
1 person 765 ... ... 3,915 ... ...
2 persons 755 ... ... 5,830 ... ...
3 persons 320 ... ... 2,015 ... ...
4 persons 285 ... ... 1,865 ... ...
5 or more persons 165 ... ... 1,475 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 5,290 ... ... 37,445 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,425 2,150 2,275 30,610 15,580 15,025
Married or living common law 2,480 1,240 1,245 19,105 9,545 9,565
Married 2,000 995 1,005 15,150 7,575 7,570
Living common law 480 240 240 3,960 1,970 1,990
Not married and not living common law 1,940 915 1,030 11,500 6,035 5,465
Never married 1,195 685 515 7,520 4,405 3,115
Separated 145 55 90 935 470 460
Divorced 310 120 185 1,540 780 760
Widowed 300 55 240 1,510 380 1,125
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,450 ... ... 10,990 ... ...
2 persons 750 ... ... 6,090 ... ...
3 persons 285 ... ... 1,955 ... ...
4 persons 275 ... ... 1,780 ... ...
5 or more persons 135 ... ... 1,165 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,450 ... ... 10,985 ... ...
Total couple families 1,220 ... ... 9,405 ... ...
Married couples 980 ... ... 7,420 ... ...
Common-law couples 240 ... ... 1,980 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 230 ... ... 1,585 ... ...
Female parent 180 ... ... 1,120 ... ...
Male parent 50 ... ... 465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,220 ... ... 9,400 ... ...
Couples without children 625 ... ... 5,125 ... ...
Couples with children 595 ... ... 4,280 ... ...
1 child 220 ... ... 1,545 ... ...
2 children 245 ... ... 1,630 ... ...
3 or more children 130 ... ... 1,095 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 230 ... ... 1,585 ... ...
1 child 125 ... ... 965 ... ...
2 children 70 ... ... 410 ... ...
3 or more children 40 ... ... 210 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,080 515 565 5,845 3,300 2,545
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,290 ... ... 15,105 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,425 ... ... 10,495 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 610 ... ... 4,950 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 810 ... ... 5,545 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 15 ... ... 240 ... ...
Non-census-family households 855 ... ... 4,365 ... ...
One-person households 760 ... ... 3,920 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 95 ... ... 450 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 5,315 2,595 2,720 37,675 19,295 18,375
English only 4,925 2,415 2,505 35,820 18,470 17,350
French only 5 0 5 10 5 5
English and French 375 170 205 1,795 805 990
Neither English nor French 15 5 10 45 20 30
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 5,320 2,600 2,720 37,675 19,295 18,380
English 5,230 2,555 2,675 37,230 19,075 18,160
French 60 30 30 360 195 165
English and French 5 5 5 40 15 20
Neither English nor French 15 5 10 45 15 30
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 65 35 30 380 200 175
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 5,315 2,595 2,720 37,675 19,300 18,375
Single responses 5,255 2,565 2,690 37,290 19,115 18,180
Official languages 4,715 2,340 2,375 33,800 17,435 16,370
English 4,645 2,305 2,345 33,390 17,220 16,175
French 70 35 35 410 220 195
Non-official languages 540 225 315 3,485 1,680 1,805
Aboriginal languages 25 10 15 600 300 300
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 560 285 280
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 10 560 285 275
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 5 0 10 5 10
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 5 5 540 275 260
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 20 10 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 520 215 300 2,880 1,380 1,505
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 10 15 35 15 20
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 25 10 20 35 15 20
Amharic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Arabic 20 5 10 25 15 15
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 0 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 10 20 45 15 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vietnamese 25 10 20 35 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 55 20 30 165 50 110
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 5 5 15 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 5 0 5 5 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 15 25 135 45 95
Waray-Waray 0 5 5 5 5 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 5 0 15 10 0
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tamil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Telugu 0 5 0 0 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 350 145 200 2,380 1,165 1,210
Albanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 30 15 15 175 85 85
Baltic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 35 15 20 170 80 90
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Croatian 5 5 0 10 5 0
Czech 5 5 0 15 10 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 10 40 15 25
Russian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Serbian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0 15 5 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 5 10 5 5
Ukrainian 5 0 0 40 20 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 240 100 135 1,750 865 885
Afrikaans 5 5 5 30 20 10
Danish 5 0 0 20 5 15
Dutch 105 45 60 360 175 190
Frisian 10 5 5 20 10 5
German 105 45 65 1,285 640 650
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 0 10 0 5
Swedish 10 5 5 20 10 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 5 5 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 5 0 0 5 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 15 5 10 145 70 70
Indo-Aryan languages 10 10 5 140 70 70
Bengali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hindi 5 5 0 15 5 5
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 10 120 55 65
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Urdu 5 0 5 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 60 25 40 305 145 160
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Italian 30 10 20 70 35 40
Portuguese 15 10 5 100 55 45
Romanian 0 0 0 0 0 5
Spanish 15 5 10 125 45 80
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 10 10 5 30 15 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 5 0 5 20 5 15
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 10 25 15 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 5
Lingala 10 5 5 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 5 0 5
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 5 5
Sign languages 5 5 0 10 0 5
American Sign Language 0 5 0 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 5 15 105 45 60
Chinese languages 20 5 10 100 45 55
Cantonese 5 0 0 30 10 15
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 0 10 35 15 20
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 40 15 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 5 50 25 20
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5 30 15 15
Hungarian 0 0 0 20 10 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 60 35 30 380 180 200
English and French 15 10 5 55 25 30
English and non-official language 45 20 20 315 155 160
French and non-official language 0 5 5 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 5,315 2,595 2,720 37,675 19,295 18,380
Single responses 5,210 2,555 2,650 37,110 19,050 18,060
Official languages 5,065 2,495 2,570 36,255 18,650 17,605
English 5,035 2,480 2,560 36,170 18,605 17,560
French 30 20 15 80 45 40
Non-official languages 145 65 85 855 400 455
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 175 85 85
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 160 85 75
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 160 80 80
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 5 155 80 75
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 140 60 80 685 315 370
Afro-Asiatic languages 25 15 15 30 20 20
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 30 15 15 35 15 20
Amharic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Arabic 30 15 15 30 15 15
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 5 10 25 10 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Vietnamese 20 5 10 25 10 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 20 10 10 50 20 25
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 0 5 0
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 5 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 5 10 40 20 25
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 60 25 30 495 230 265
Albanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 5 0 5 30 10 15
Baltic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 10 0 5 25 10 20
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Croatian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Russian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Serbian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 25 15 10 290 140 150
Afrikaans 10 5 0 25 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 0 0 5 10 5 10
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 15 5 5 250 120 130
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 5 5 0 75 35 35
Indo-Aryan languages 5 5 5 70 35 35
Bengali 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 5 70 35 35
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 25 10 15 110 45 65
Catalan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italian 10 5 10 15 10 10
Portuguese 5 5 5 35 15 20
Romanian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Spanish 0 0 0 55 20 35
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 15 5 10
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 0 10 0 5
American Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 15 5 10 50 20 25
Chinese languages 15 5 5 50 20 30
Cantonese 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 5 0 5 20 10 10
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5 20 10 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Multiple responses 105 40 65 560 245 315
English and French 10 5 5 30 15 15
English and non-official language 100 35 60 530 230 300
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 5 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 5,315 2,595 2,720 37,670 19,295 18,380
None 5,000 2,455 2,545 35,490 18,240 17,255
English 80 40 35 445 220 230
French 60 30 35 305 135 170
Non-official language 175 70 110 1,400 690 715
Aboriginal 10 5 10 480 235 240
Non-Aboriginal 165 65 100 925 445 480
English and French 0 0 0 5 0 0
English and non-official language 0 0 0 5 5 5
French and non-official language 0 5 0 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,315 2,110 2,210 30,175 15,410 14,765
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,200 2,060 2,140 29,035 14,960 14,070
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,120 50,926 30,162 34,688 49,465 25,738
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,205 2,060 2,140 29,060 14,980 14,080
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,199 43,206 27,557 31,480 42,941 24,363
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,945 1,960 1,985 26,140 13,880 12,265
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,365 47,232 24,736 33,252 48,967 23,129
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,775 1,135 1,640 19,535 8,795 10,740
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,504 6,592 6,405 6,559 6,813 6,398
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,485 1,780 1,710 22,890 12,380 10,510
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,064 46,741 24,269 33,322 50,656 23,022
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,315 2,080 2,235 30,175 15,430 14,750
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,195 2,040 2,155 28,960 14,885 14,075
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,132 56,199 36,613 45,293 56,152 33,809
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,195 2,040 2,160 29,000 14,910 14,085
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,957 46,210 32,107 38,178 46,002 29,894
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,930 1,905 2,020 26,020 13,745 12,280
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,510 55,209 32,478 44,261 55,370 31,823
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,725 1,130 1,600 19,515 8,780 10,735
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,255 8,203 8,291 8,199 8,518 7,939
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,490 1,750 1,735 22,890 12,315 10,580
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,344 51,976 30,630 43,106 54,117 30,292
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,315 2,080 2,235 30,175 15,425 14,750
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,400 835 570 8,685 5,345 3,340
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,393 67,952 41,844 60,400 71,280 42,131
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,895 72,259 51,707 63,523 72,647 48,927
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.8 83.0 87.8 91.1 81.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.3 79.7 68.2 75.1 79.5 67.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 8.0 17.1 12.2 8.9 18.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,315 2,105 2,210 30,175 15,410 14,765
Without total income 115 45 65 1,140 450 695
With total income 4,200 2,055 2,145 29,035 14,965 14,070
Percentage with total income 97.3 97.6 97.1 96.2 97.1 95.3
Under $10,000 (including loss) 495 210 280 4,460 1,755 2,700
$10,000 to $19,999 630 235 395 4,510 1,665 2,845
$20,000 to $29,999 575 185 390 3,935 1,560 2,370
$30,000 to $39,999 540 205 340 3,225 1,345 1,875
$40,000 to $49,999 425 180 240 2,600 1,200 1,405
$50,000 to $59,999 360 195 160 2,020 1,110 915
$60,000 to $69,999 315 210 110 1,835 1,230 605
$70,000 to $79,999 265 185 80 1,680 1,225 460
$80,000 to $89,999 190 135 55 1,340 1,010 325
$90,000 to $99,999 115 85 25 1,100 885 215
$100,000 and over 300 235 60 2,320 1,975 345
$100,000 to $149,999 240 190 50 1,850 1,580 275
$150,000 and over 60 50 10 470 395 75
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,315 2,105 2,210 30,175 15,410 14,765
Without after-tax income 110 45 65 1,115 430 685
With after-tax income 4,200 2,060 2,140 29,060 14,980 14,075
Percentage with after-tax income 97.3 97.9 96.8 96.3 97.2 95.3
Under $10,000 (including loss) 505 220 290 4,575 1,820 2,750
$10,000 to $19,999 690 255 435 4,790 1,805 2,985
$20,000 to $29,999 705 255 450 4,600 1,865 2,735
$30,000 to $39,999 575 215 355 3,580 1,570 2,010
$40,000 to $49,999 505 250 255 2,940 1,485 1,455
$50,000 to $59,999 435 295 140 2,515 1,705 810
$60,000 to $69,999 305 205 100 2,055 1,515 540
$70,000 to $79,999 185 135 50 1,655 1,280 375
$80,000 and over 300 230 65 2,345 1,940 410
$80,000 to $89,999 115 75 35 985 795 190
$90,000 to $99,999 55 40 15 500 425 75
$100,000 and over 130 110 20 860 720 140
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,315 2,105 2,210 30,175 15,410 14,760
Without employment income 825 325 500 7,280 3,030 4,250
With employment income 3,485 1,780 1,710 22,895 12,380 10,510
Percentage with employment income 80.8 84.6 77.4 75.9 80.3 71.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 570 270 300 3,770 1,695 2,075
$5,000 to $9,999 245 95 150 1,695 705 985
$10,000 to $19,999 450 155 295 2,845 1,105 1,740
$20,000 to $29,999 385 150 235 2,410 955 1,455
$30,000 to $39,999 345 135 205 2,135 860 1,275
$40,000 to $49,999 300 125 175 1,760 815 940
$50,000 to $59,999 230 130 100 1,415 800 615
$60,000 to $69,999 255 170 85 1,515 1,060 455
$70,000 to $79,999 215 165 55 1,410 1,075 335
$80,000 and over 490 380 105 3,940 3,305 635
$80,000 to $89,999 145 105 40 1,150 895 250
$90,000 to $99,999 105 80 25 955 795 160
$100,000 and over 235 200 40 1,840 1,615 225
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,290 ... ... 15,100 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,610 ... ... 76,008 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,839 ... ... 65,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 765 ... ... 3,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,504 ... ... 36,551 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,536 ... ... 32,589 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,530 ... ... 11,185 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,227 ... ... 91,415 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,526 ... ... 79,067 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,290 ... ... 15,100 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,461 ... ... 86,862 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,372 ... ... 73,311 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 765 ... ... 3,890 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,011 ... ... 48,047 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,166 ... ... 40,398 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,530 ... ... 11,210 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,639 ... ... 100,334 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,935 ... ... 84,734 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,290 ... ... 15,100 ... ...
Under $5,000 25 ... ... 260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15 ... ... 180 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 55 ... ... 335 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 90 ... ... 595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 105 ... ... 615 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 90 ... ... 565 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 110 ... ... 630 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 85 ... ... 605 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 65 ... ... 500 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 80 ... ... 530 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 165 ... ... 1,015 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 175 ... ... 1,070 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 170 ... ... 1,020 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 160 ... ... 1,045 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 160 ... ... 930 ... ...
$100,000 and over 735 ... ... 5,210 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 305 ... ... 1,995 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 180 ... ... 1,300 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 165 ... ... 1,235 ... ...
$200,000 and over 90 ... ... 685 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,290 ... ... 15,100 ... ...
Under $5,000 25 ... ... 270 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 10 ... ... 180 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 60 ... ... 345 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 95 ... ... 615 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 130 ... ... 690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 110 ... ... 705 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 110 ... ... 680 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 100 ... ... 665 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 105 ... ... 625 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 95 ... ... 645 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 200 ... ... 1,330 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 205 ... ... 1,290 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 220 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 180 ... ... 1,130 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 145 ... ... 1,005 ... ...
$100,000 and over 500 ... ... 3,610 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 260 ... ... 1,805 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 125 ... ... 895 ... ...
$150,000 and over 115 ... ... 910 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,460 ... ... 10,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,082 ... ... 90,536 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,448 ... ... 78,330 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 600 ... ... 4,835 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,952 ... ... 83,589 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,496 ... ... 72,470 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 600 ... ... 4,310 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,302 ... ... 112,038 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,176 ... ... 95,159 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 220 ... ... 1,440 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,760 ... ... 48,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,064 ... ... 44,014 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,455 ... ... 10,920 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,903 ... ... 98,963 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,021 ... ... 83,659 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 590 ... ... 4,820 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,257 ... ... 92,897 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,386 ... ... 77,901 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 595 ... ... 4,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,099 ... ... 121,723 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,322 ... ... 102,810 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 230 ... ... 1,475 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,147 ... ... 57,557 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,903 ... ... 50,313 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 990 485 505 4,915 2,830 2,090
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,496 45,184 30,656 34,991 42,795 28,941
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,147 39,008 28,096 31,440 37,419 26,888
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 975 545 440 4,915 2,910 2,005
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,248 47,125 45,160 47,015 50,987 41,255
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,215 39,564 38,782 39,380 41,877 35,760
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 5,290 2,585 2,710 37,445 19,175 18,270
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,525 1,130 1,390 18,445 9,140 9,305
In the bottom decile 390 195 200 3,805 1,960 1,845
In the second decile 500 180 320 3,620 1,645 1,975
In the third decile 450 210 245 3,440 1,715 1,730
In the fourth decile 550 240 310 3,710 1,845 1,865
In the fifth decile 630 310 325 3,860 1,970 1,890
In the top half of the distribution 2,770 1,455 1,315 19,000 10,040 8,960
In the sixth decile 570 285 285 3,725 1,885 1,835
In the seventh decile 650 350 305 4,220 2,215 2,005
In the eighth decile 625 330 300 3,955 2,120 1,835
In the ninth decile 555 295 255 4,145 2,235 1,910
In the top decile 370 195 175 2,960 1,580 1,380
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 5,295 2,585 2,705 34,620 17,680 16,940
0 to 17 years 1,200 590 605 8,035 4,170 3,870
0 to 5 years 370 180 185 2,530 1,310 1,220
18 to 64 years 3,315 1,655 1,655 21,405 10,855 10,545
65 years and over 780 340 440 5,175 2,650 2,525
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 630 260 370 4,470 2,130 2,335
0 to 17 years 165 80 85 1,280 680 595
0 to 5 years 50 20 30 420 235 180
18 to 64 years 345 140 205 2,335 1,055 1,280
65 years and over 120 35 80 855 395 465
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.9 10.1 13.7 12.9 12.0 13.8
0 to 17 years (%) 13.8 13.6 14.0 15.9 16.3 15.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 11.1 16.2 16.6 17.9 14.8
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 8.5 12.4 10.9 9.7 12.1
65 years and over (%) 15.4 10.3 18.2 16.5 14.9 18.4
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 255 135 125 1,655 890 760
0 to 17 years 60 30 30 480 290 195
0 to 5 years 15 5 10 150 95 55
18 to 64 years 185 95 85 1,085 555 525
65 years and over 10 10 5 95 50 40
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.8 5.2 4.6 4.8 5.0 4.5
0 to 17 years (%) 5.0 5.1 5.0 6.0 7.0 5.0
0 to 5 years (%) 4.1 2.8 5.4 5.9 7.3 4.5
18 to 64 years (%) 5.6 5.7 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0
65 years and over (%) 1.3 2.9 1.1 1.8 1.9 1.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 5,295 2,585 2,705 37,445 19,175 18,270
Official languages 5,275 2,580 2,695 37,415 19,160 18,250
English 5,270 2,580 2,690 37,405 19,165 18,240
French 365 175 200 1,785 765 1,025
Non-official languages 595 290 300 4,815 2,420 2,400
Aboriginal languages 45 25 20 1,320 675 645
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 35 20 15 1,235 625 605
Northern Athabaskan languages 35 20 15 1,235 630 605
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 10 25 0 15
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 25 20 0 1,190 610 580
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 10 0 10
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 10 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 10 0 40 30 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 35 30 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 555 270 285 3,505 1,745 1,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 10 0 20 10 10
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 10 10 10 25 15 10
Amharic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Arabic 0 10 10 20 10 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 10 0 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 0 0 25 10 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 10 0 0
Vietnamese 10 0 10 20 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 80 50 25 265 95 165
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 10 10 0 15 10 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 45 30 235 75 160
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 405 185 220 2,960 1,525 1,435
Albanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 40 30 15 205 115 90
Baltic languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Latvian 0 0 0 10 10 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavic languages 40 30 15 195 105 90
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Croatian 10 10 0 30 10 20
Czech 0 10 0 30 25 0
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 25 10 15 45 20 20
Russian 0 0 0 30 10 30
Serbian 10 0 0 20 15 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0 30 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ukrainian 10 0 0 30 10 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 235 110 130 2,005 1,070 935
Afrikaans 0 0 0 50 20 30
Danish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Dutch 95 40 55 440 240 200
Frisian 10 0 10 20 10 15
German 120 60 60 1,465 795 675
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 10 0 0 0
Swedish 15 10 0 35 15 25
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Greek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 10 10 10 160 70 90
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 10 150 70 80
Bengali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hindi 10 10 0 20 15 10
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 0 0 140 60 80
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0 0 0 10
Iranian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 125 55 70 675 330 340
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 40 10 40 125 40 80
Portuguese 0 0 10 120 75 40
Romanian 0 0 0 10 10 0
Spanish 70 40 25 435 215 220
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 20 0 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 30 15 15
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 10
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 10 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 10 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 10 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 10 0 20 10 15
American Sign Language 10 0 0 10 10 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 40 15 25 95 40 55
Chinese languages 40 15 25 100 40 55
Cantonese 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 10 25 10 20
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 15 55 25 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 0 0 0 0 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 0 10 35 25 10
Estonian 10 0 0 10 10 0
Finnish 10 10 10 15 10 10
Hungarian 0 0 0 15 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 5,290 2,585 2,705 37,445 19,175 18,270
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 5,095 2,490 2,605 36,195 18,610 17,585
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,240 600 640 8,685 4,485 4,200
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,855 1,890 1,965 27,505 14,130 13,380
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 200 95 100 1,250 560 690
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 5,290 2,585 2,710 37,445 19,175 18,270
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 4,705 2,340 2,355 33,595 17,355 16,245
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 535 205 335 3,635 1,700 1,935
Before 1981 295 100 200 2,125 1,040 1,085
1981 to 1990 45 20 25 345 185 155
1991 to 2000 60 25 35 380 170 215
2001 to 2010 95 55 45 470 200 275
2001 to 2005 45 15 25 180 60 115
2006 to 2010 55 40 15 290 135 155
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 40 10 25 320 115 200
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 55 35 15 215 120 95
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 535 205 330 3,635 1,705 1,930
Under 5 years 105 35 70 515 220 290
5 to 14 years 105 45 60 870 500 370
15 to 24 years 120 45 80 875 375 500
25 to 44 years 150 60 90 1,185 520 665
45 years and over 50 20 35 190 85 100
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 535 205 330 3,635 1,705 1,930
Americas 100 35 70 1,315 575 740
Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0 0 10
El Salvador 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guyana 10 0 0 0 10 10
Haiti 0 0 0 10 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0 85 40 40
Peru 0 0 0 10 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 25 65 1,120 495 625
Other places of birth in Americas 0 10 0 80 35 45
Europe 270 110 165 1,590 835 755
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0 15 10 10
France 0 0 0 10 10 0
Germany 50 25 25 390 225 165
Greece 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0 15 10 10
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 10 15 10 10
Italy 25 0 20 35 10 25
Netherlands 75 40 40 255 160 100
Poland 15 10 15 40 25 20
Portugal 10 0 10 45 20 25
Romania 0 0 0 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0 10 10 10
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 10 0 10
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 50 10 40 460 200 260
Other places of birth in Europe 30 25 0 290 170 115
Africa 25 0 20 120 55 70
Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0 10 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0 15 10 15
Somalia 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 15 55 20 35
Other places of birth in Africa 10 10 0 35 25 10
Asia 120 45 75 515 195 320
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 0 0 0
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 30 15 20 55 25 30
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 10 0 10
India 10 10 0 95 50 45
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 0 0 0 10
Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 10 0 10
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 10 0 10 40 25 20
Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Philippines 45 15 30 185 45 140
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 0 0 0
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10 0 10 20 10 10
Taiwan 0 0 0 10 0 10
Viet Nam 10 10 0 30 10 15
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 10 65 25 35
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 20 15 10 95 50 45
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 40 15 25 320 115 205
Americas 10 10 10 80 35 50
Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10 0 10 55 20 35
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 30 10 20
Europe 10 0 10 60 25 35
France 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0 20 10 10
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 0 0 0
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0